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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 08/26] locking: Remove spin_unlock_wait() generic definitions
On Fri, Jun 30, 2017 at 02:13:39PM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 30, 2017 at 05:38:15AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Fri, Jun 30, 2017 at 10:19:29AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Thu, Jun 29, 2017 at 05:01:16PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > > There is no agreed-upon definition of spin_unlock_wait()'s semantics,
> > > > and it appears that all callers could do just as well with a lock/unlock
> > > > pair. This commit therefore removes spin_unlock_wait() and related
> > > > definitions from core code.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > > > Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> > > > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> > > > Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> > > > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > > > Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
> > > > Cc: Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
> > > > Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> > > > ---
> > > > include/asm-generic/qspinlock.h | 14 -----
> > > > include/linux/spinlock.h | 31 -----------
> > > > include/linux/spinlock_up.h | 6 ---
> > > > kernel/locking/qspinlock.c | 117 ----------------------------------------
> > > > 4 files changed, 168 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > [...]
> > >
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c b/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> > > > index b2caec7315af..64a9051e4c2c 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/locking/qspinlock.c
> > > > @@ -267,123 +267,6 @@ static __always_inline u32 __pv_wait_head_or_lock(struct qspinlock *lock,
> > > > #define queued_spin_lock_slowpath native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath
> > > > #endif
> > > >
> > > > -/*
> > > > - * Various notes on spin_is_locked() and spin_unlock_wait(), which are
> > > > - * 'interesting' functions:
> > > > - *
> > > > - * PROBLEM: some architectures have an interesting issue with atomic ACQUIRE
> > > > - * operations in that the ACQUIRE applies to the LOAD _not_ the STORE (ARM64,
> > > > - * PPC). Also qspinlock has a similar issue per construction, the setting of
> > > > - * the locked byte can be unordered acquiring the lock proper.
> > > > - *
> > > > - * This gets to be 'interesting' in the following cases, where the /should/s
> > > > - * end up false because of this issue.
> > > > - *
> > > > - *
> > > > - * CASE 1:
> > > > - *
> > > > - * So the spin_is_locked() correctness issue comes from something like:
> > > > - *
> > > > - * CPU0 CPU1
> > > > - *
> > > > - * global_lock(); local_lock(i)
> > > > - * spin_lock(&G) spin_lock(&L[i])
> > > > - * for (i) if (!spin_is_locked(&G)) {
> > > > - * spin_unlock_wait(&L[i]); smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep();
> > > > - * return;
> > > > - * }
> > > > - * // deal with fail
> > > > - *
> > > > - * Where it is important CPU1 sees G locked or CPU0 sees L[i] locked such
> > > > - * that there is exclusion between the two critical sections.
> > > > - *
> > > > - * The load from spin_is_locked(&G) /should/ be constrained by the ACQUIRE from
> > > > - * spin_lock(&L[i]), and similarly the load(s) from spin_unlock_wait(&L[i])
> > > > - * /should/ be constrained by the ACQUIRE from spin_lock(&G).
> > > > - *
> > > > - * Similarly, later stuff is constrained by the ACQUIRE from CTRL+RMB.
> > >
> > > Might be worth keeping this comment about spin_is_locked, since we're not
> > > removing that guy just yet!
> >
> > Ah, all the examples had spin_unlock_wait() in them. So what I need to
> > do is to create a spin_unlock_wait()-free example to illustrate the
> > text starting with "The load from spin_is_locked(", correct?
>
> Yeah, I think so.
>
> > I also need to check all uses of spin_is_locked(). There might no
> > longer be any that rely on any particular ordering...
>
> Right. I think we're looking for the "insane case" as per 38b850a73034
> (which was apparently used by ipc/sem.c at the time, but no longer).
>
> There's a usage in kernel/debug/debug_core.c, but it doesn't fill me with
> joy.

That is indeed an interesting one... But my first round will be what
semantics the implementations seem to provide:

Acquire courtesy of TSO: s390, sparc, x86.
Acquire: ia64 (in reality fully ordered).
Control dependency: alpha, arc, arm, blackfin, hexagon, m32r, mn10300, tile,
xtensa.
Control dependency plus leading full barrier: arm64, powerpc.
UP-only: c6x, cris, frv, h8300, m68k, microblaze nios2, openrisc, um, unicore32.

Special cases:
metag: Acquire if !CONFIG_METAG_SMP_WRITE_REORDERING.
Otherwise control dependency?
mips: Control dependency, acquire if CONFIG_CPU_CAVIUM_OCTEON.
parisc: Acquire courtesy of TSO, but why barrier in smp_load_acquire?
sh: Acquire if one of SH4A, SH5, or J2, otherwise acquire? UP-only?

Are these correct, or am I missing something with any of them?

Thanx, Paul

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