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Subject[PATCH mm] introduce reverse buddy concept to reduce buddy fragment
Date
From: z00281421 <z00281421@notesmail.huawei.com>


Signed-off-by: z00281421 <z00281421@notesmail.huawei.com>
---
include/linux/gfp.h | 8 +-
include/linux/mmzone.h | 2 +
include/linux/page-flags.h | 9 ++
include/linux/thread_info.h | 5 +-
mm/compaction.c | 17 ++++
mm/internal.h | 7 ++
mm/page_alloc.c | 222 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
mm/vmstat.c | 5 +-
8 files changed, 251 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
index db373b9..f63d4d9 100644
--- a/include/linux/gfp.h
+++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
#define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM 0x400000u
#define ___GFP_WRITE 0x800000u
#define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM 0x1000000u
+#define ___GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY 0x2000000u
/* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */

/*
@@ -171,6 +172,10 @@
* __GFP_NOTRACK_FALSE_POSITIVE is an alias of __GFP_NOTRACK. It's a means of
* distinguishing in the source between false positives and allocations that
* cannot be supported (e.g. page tables).
+ *
+ * __GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY does not allocate pages from reverse buddy list
+ * of current order. It make sure that allocation is alignment to same order
+ * with length order.
*/
#define __GFP_COLD ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_COLD)
#define __GFP_NOWARN ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOWARN)
@@ -178,9 +183,10 @@
#define __GFP_ZERO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ZERO)
#define __GFP_NOTRACK ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOTRACK)
#define __GFP_NOTRACK_FALSE_POSITIVE (__GFP_NOTRACK)
+#define __GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY)

/* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */
-#define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT 25
+#define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT 26
#define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1))

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 8e02b37..94237fe 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -89,7 +89,9 @@ enum {

struct free_area {
struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES];
+ struct list_head free_list_reverse[MIGRATE_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
+ unsigned long nr_free_reverse;
};

struct pglist_data;
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 6b5818d..39d17d7 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -675,6 +675,15 @@ static inline int TestClearPageDoubleMap(struct page *page)
#define PAGE_KMEMCG_MAPCOUNT_VALUE (-512)
PAGE_MAPCOUNT_OPS(Kmemcg, KMEMCG)

+/*
+ * ReverseBuddy is enabled for the buddy allocator that allow allocating
+ * two adjacent same free order blocks other than buddy blocks and
+ * composing them as a order + 1 block. It is for reducing buddy
+ * fragment.
+ */
+#define PAGE_REVERSE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE (-1024)
+PAGE_MAPCOUNT_OPS(ReverseBuddy, REVERSE_BUDDY)
+
extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page);

__PAGEFLAG(Isolated, isolated, PF_ANY);
diff --git a/include/linux/thread_info.h b/include/linux/thread_info.h
index 5837387..b4a1605 100644
--- a/include/linux/thread_info.h
+++ b/include/linux/thread_info.h
@@ -28,9 +28,10 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
# define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_NOTRACK | \
- __GFP_ZERO)
+ __GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY | __GFP_ZERO)
#else
-# define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_NOTRACK)
+# define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_NOTRACK | \
+ __GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY)
#endif

/*
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 0fdfde0..a43f169 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -768,6 +768,20 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(struct zone *zone)
continue;
}

+ if (PageReverseBuddy(page)) {
+ unsigned long freepage_order = page_order_unsafe(page);
+
+ /*
+ * Without lock, we cannot be sure that what we got is
+ * a valid page order. Consider only values in the
+ * valid order range to prevent low_pfn overflow.
+ */
+ if (freepage_order > 0 &&
+ freepage_order < MAX_ORDER - 1)
+ low_pfn += (1UL << (freepage_order + 1)) - 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+
/*
* Regardless of being on LRU, compound pages such as THP and
* hugetlbfs are not to be compacted. We can potentially save
@@ -1005,6 +1019,9 @@ static bool suitable_migration_target(struct compact_control *cc,
return false;
}

+ if (PageReverseBuddy(page))
+ return false;
+
/* If the block is MIGRATE_MOVABLE or MIGRATE_CMA, allow migration */
if (migrate_async_suitable(get_pageblock_migratetype(page)))
return true;
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index ccfc2a2..439b0a8 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -143,6 +143,13 @@ struct alloc_context {
return page_pfn ^ (1 << order);
}

+static inline unsigned long
+__find_reverse_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order)
+{
+ return (page_pfn & (1 << order)) ? page_pfn + (1 << order) :
+ page_pfn - (1 << order);
+}
+
extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn,
unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone);

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 9f9623d..ee1dc1b 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -715,6 +715,18 @@ static inline void rmv_page_order(struct page *page)
set_page_private(page, 0);
}

+static inline void set_reverse_page_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
+{
+ set_page_private(page, order);
+ __SetPageReverseBuddy(page);
+}
+
+static inline void rmv_reverse_page_order(struct page *page)
+{
+ __ClearPageReverseBuddy(page);
+ set_page_private(page, 0);
+}
+
/*
* This function checks whether a page is free && is the buddy
* we can do coalesce a page and its buddy if
@@ -758,6 +770,120 @@ static inline int page_is_buddy(struct page *page, struct page *buddy,
return 0;
}

+static inline int page_is_reverse_buddy(struct page *page, struct page *buddy,
+ unsigned int order)
+{
+ if (PageReverseBuddy(buddy) && page_order(buddy) == order) {
+ /*
+ * zone check is done late to avoid uselessly
+ * calculating zone/node ids for pages that could
+ * never merge.
+ */
+ if (page_zone_id(page) != page_zone_id(buddy))
+ return 0;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(buddy) != 0, buddy);
+
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline
+void set_reverse_free_area(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
+ unsigned int order, int migratetype)
+{
+ unsigned long buddy_pfn;
+ unsigned long reserve_buddy_pfn;
+ struct page *reverse_buddy;
+ struct free_area *area;
+
+ if (order > MAX_ORDER - 3)
+ return;
+ if (unlikely(is_migrate_isolate(migratetype)))
+ return;
+ buddy_pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+ reserve_buddy_pfn = __find_reverse_buddy_pfn(buddy_pfn, order);
+ if ((buddy_pfn ^ reserve_buddy_pfn) & ~(pageblock_nr_pages - 1))
+ return;
+ if (!pfn_valid_within(reserve_buddy_pfn))
+ return;
+ reverse_buddy = pfn_to_page(reserve_buddy_pfn);
+ if (page_zone_id(page) != page_zone_id(reverse_buddy))
+ return;
+ if (PageBuddy(reverse_buddy) &&
+ page_order(reverse_buddy) == order) {
+ area = &zone->free_area[order];
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ rmv_page_order(page);
+ area->nr_free--;
+ set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
+ list_del(&reverse_buddy->lru);
+ rmv_page_order(reverse_buddy);
+ area->nr_free--;
+ set_pcppage_migratetype(reverse_buddy, migratetype);
+ area++;
+ if (buddy_pfn < reserve_buddy_pfn) {
+ list_add(&page->lru,
+ &area->free_list_reverse[migratetype]);
+ area->nr_free_reverse++;
+ set_reverse_page_order(page, order);
+ set_reverse_page_order(reverse_buddy, order);
+ } else {
+ list_add(&reverse_buddy->lru,
+ &area->free_list_reverse[migratetype]);
+ area->nr_free_reverse++;
+ set_reverse_page_order(reverse_buddy, order);
+ set_reverse_page_order(page, order);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static inline
+void rmv_reverse_free_area(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
+ unsigned int order, int migratetype)
+{
+ unsigned long pfn, buddy_pfn;
+ unsigned long reserve_buddy_pfn;
+ struct page *buddy, *reverse_buddy;
+ struct free_area *area;
+
+ pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+ buddy_pfn = __find_buddy_index(pfn, order);
+ buddy = page + (buddy_pfn - pfn);
+ if (!pfn_valid_within(buddy_pfn))
+ return;
+ if (!page_is_reverse_buddy(page, buddy, order))
+ return;
+
+ area = &zone->free_area[order];
+ reserve_buddy_pfn = __find_reverse_buddy_pfn(buddy_pfn, order);
+ reverse_buddy = pfn_to_page(reserve_buddy_pfn);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageReverseBuddy(reverse_buddy) ||
+ page_order(reverse_buddy) != order, reverse_buddy);
+ if (buddy_pfn < reserve_buddy_pfn) {
+ list_move(&buddy->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(buddy);
+ area[1].nr_free_reverse--;
+ area->nr_free++;
+ set_page_order(buddy, order);
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(reverse_buddy);
+ list_add(&reverse_buddy->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+ area->nr_free++;
+ set_page_order(reverse_buddy, order);
+ } else {
+ list_move(&reverse_buddy->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(reverse_buddy);
+ area[1].nr_free_reverse--;
+ area->nr_free++;
+ set_page_order(reverse_buddy, order);
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(buddy);
+ list_add(&buddy->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+ area->nr_free++;
+ set_page_order(buddy, order);
+ }
+}
+
/*
* Freeing function for a buddy system allocator.
*
@@ -805,6 +931,7 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(pfn & ((1 << order) - 1), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(bad_range(zone, page), page);

+ rmv_reverse_free_area(zone, page, order, migratetype);
continue_merging:
while (order < max_order - 1) {
buddy_pfn = __find_buddy_pfn(pfn, order);
@@ -882,6 +1009,7 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
list_add(&page->lru, &zone->free_area[order].free_list[migratetype]);
out:
zone->free_area[order].nr_free++;
+ set_reverse_free_area(zone, page, order, migratetype);
}

/*
@@ -1238,14 +1366,24 @@ void __meminit reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end)

static void __free_pages_ok(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
{
+ bool reverse_buddy;
int migratetype;
unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);

if (!free_pages_prepare(page, order, true))
return;

+ reverse_buddy = order &&
+ ((pfn & ((1 << order) - 1)) == (1 << (order - 1)));
migratetype = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
- free_one_page(page_zone(page), page, pfn, order, migratetype);
+ if (!reverse_buddy)
+ free_one_page(page_zone(page), page, pfn, order, migratetype);
+ else {
+ free_one_page(page_zone(page), page,
+ pfn, order - 1, migratetype);
+ free_one_page(page_zone(page), page + (1 << (order - 1)),
+ pfn + (1 << (order - 1)), order - 1, migratetype);
+ }
}

static void __init __free_pages_boot_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
@@ -1651,6 +1789,25 @@ static inline void expand(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
}
}

+static inline void expand_reverse(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
+ int low, int high, struct free_area *area,
+ int migratetype)
+{
+ struct page *reverse_buddy;
+
+ reverse_buddy = page + (1 << (high - 1));
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(reverse_buddy);
+ set_pcppage_migratetype(reverse_buddy, migratetype);
+ if (high > low) {
+ area--;
+ high--;
+ expand(zone, page, low, high, area, migratetype);
+ list_add(&reverse_buddy->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
+ area->nr_free++;
+ set_page_order(reverse_buddy, high);
+ }
+}
+
static void check_new_page_bad(struct page *page)
{
const char *bad_reason = NULL;
@@ -1785,25 +1942,45 @@ static void prep_new_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags
*/
static inline
struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
- int migratetype)
+ int migratetype, gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
+ bool reverse_buddy;
unsigned int current_order;
struct free_area *area;
struct page *page;

+ reverse_buddy = !!(gfp_flags & __GFP_NOREVERSEBUDDY);
/* Find a page of the appropriate size in the preferred list */
for (current_order = order; current_order < MAX_ORDER; ++current_order) {
area = &(zone->free_area[current_order]);
page = list_first_entry_or_null(&area->free_list[migratetype],
struct page, lru);
- if (!page)
+ if (page) {
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ rmv_page_order(page);
+ area->nr_free--;
+ expand(zone, page, order,
+ current_order, area, migratetype);
+ set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
+ return page;
+ }
+ if (current_order + reverse_buddy == 0 ||
+ current_order + reverse_buddy > MAX_ORDER - 2)
continue;
- list_del(&page->lru);
- rmv_page_order(page);
- area->nr_free--;
- expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area, migratetype);
- set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
- return page;
+ area += reverse_buddy;
+ page = list_first_entry_or_null(
+ &area->free_list_reverse[migratetype],
+ struct page, lru);
+ if (page) {
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ rmv_reverse_page_order(page);
+ area->nr_free_reverse--;
+ expand_reverse(zone, page, order,
+ current_order + reverse_buddy,
+ area, migratetype);
+ set_pcppage_migratetype(page, migratetype);
+ return page;
+ }
}

return NULL;
@@ -1828,13 +2005,13 @@ struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,

#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
static struct page *__rmqueue_cma_fallback(struct zone *zone,
- unsigned int order)
+ unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
- return __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order, MIGRATE_CMA);
+ return __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order, MIGRATE_CMA, gfp_flags);
}
#else
static inline struct page *__rmqueue_cma_fallback(struct zone *zone,
- unsigned int order) { return NULL; }
+ unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags) { return NULL; }
#endif

/*
@@ -2136,7 +2313,8 @@ static bool unreserve_highatomic_pageblock(const struct alloc_context *ac,

/* Remove an element from the buddy allocator from the fallback list */
static inline struct page *
-__rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int start_migratetype)
+__rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int start_migratetype,
+ gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
struct free_area *area;
unsigned int current_order;
@@ -2190,17 +2368,18 @@ static bool unreserve_highatomic_pageblock(const struct alloc_context *ac,
* Call me with the zone->lock already held.
*/
static struct page *__rmqueue(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
- int migratetype)
+ int migratetype, gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
struct page *page;

- page = __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order, migratetype);
+ page = __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order, migratetype, gfp_flags);
if (unlikely(!page)) {
if (migratetype == MIGRATE_MOVABLE)
- page = __rmqueue_cma_fallback(zone, order);
+ page = __rmqueue_cma_fallback(zone, order, gfp_flags);

if (!page)
- page = __rmqueue_fallback(zone, order, migratetype);
+ page = __rmqueue_fallback(zone, order, migratetype,
+ gfp_flags);
}

trace_mm_page_alloc_zone_locked(page, order, migratetype);
@@ -2221,7 +2400,7 @@ static int rmqueue_bulk(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,

spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
for (i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
- struct page *page = __rmqueue(zone, order, migratetype);
+ struct page *page = __rmqueue(zone, order, migratetype, 0);
if (unlikely(page == NULL))
break;

@@ -2718,12 +2897,13 @@ struct page *rmqueue(struct zone *preferred_zone,
do {
page = NULL;
if (alloc_flags & ALLOC_HARDER) {
- page = __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order, MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC);
+ page = __rmqueue_smallest(zone, order,
+ MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC, gfp_flags);
if (page)
trace_mm_page_alloc_zone_locked(page, order, migratetype);
}
if (!page)
- page = __rmqueue(zone, order, migratetype);
+ page = __rmqueue(zone, order, migratetype, gfp_flags);
} while (page && check_new_pages(page, order));
spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
if (!page)
@@ -5286,7 +5466,9 @@ static void __meminit zone_init_free_lists(struct zone *zone)
unsigned int order, t;
for_each_migratetype_order(order, t) {
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zone->free_area[order].free_list[t]);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zone->free_area[order].free_list_reverse[t]);
zone->free_area[order].nr_free = 0;
+ zone->free_area[order].nr_free_reverse = 0;
}
}

diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 69f9aff..26007df 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1146,10 +1146,13 @@ static void frag_show_print(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
{
int order;

- seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
+ seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s\n", pgdat->node_id, zone->name);
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order)
seq_printf(m, "%6lu ", zone->free_area[order].nr_free);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
+ for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order)
+ seq_printf(m, "%6lu ", zone->free_area[order].nr_free_reverse);
+ seq_putc(m, '\n');
}

/*
--
1.7.9.5
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