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SubjectRe: [PATCH/RFC 0/4] perf annotate: Add --source-only option and the new source code TUI view
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On Wednesday, June 28, 2017 5:18:08 AM CEST Taeung Song wrote:
> Hi,
>
> The --source-only option and new source code TUI view can show
> the result of performance analysis based on full source code per
> symbol(function). (Namhyung Kim told me this idea and it was also requested
> by others some time ago..)
>
> If someone wants to see the cause, he/she will need to dig into the asm.
> But before that, looking at the source level can give a hint or clue
> for the problem.
>
> For example, if target symbol is 'hex2u64' of util/util.c,
> the output is like below.
>
> $ perf annotate --source-only --stdio -s hex2u64
> Percent | Source code of util.c for cycles:ppp (42 samples)
> -----------------------------------------------------------------
> 0.00 : 354 * While we find nice hex chars, build a long_val.
> 0.00 : 355 * Return number of chars processed.
> 0.00 : 356 */
> 0.00 : 357 int hex2u64(const char *ptr, u64 *long_val)
> 2.38 : 358 {
> 2.38 : 359 const char *p = ptr;
> 0.00 : 360 *long_val = 0;
> 0.00 : 361
> 30.95 : 362 while (*p) {
> 23.81 : 363 const int hex_val = hex(*p);
> 0.00 : 364
> 14.29 : 365 if (hex_val < 0)
> 0.00 : 366 break;
> 0.00 : 367
> 26.19 : 368 *long_val = (*long_val << 4) | hex_val;
> 0.00 : 369 p++;
> 0.00 : 370 }
> 0.00 : 371
> 0.00 : 372 return p - ptr;
> 0.00 : 373 }
>
> And I added many perf developers into Cc: because I want to listen to your
> opinions about this new feature, if you don't mind.
>
> If you give some feedback, I'd appreciate it! :)

Thanks Taeung,

I requested this feature some time ago and it's really cool to see someone
step up and implement it - much appreciated!

I just tested it out on my pet-example that leverages C++ instead of C:

~~~~~
#include <complex>
#include <cmath>
#include <random>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
uniform_real_distribution<double> uniform(-1E5, 1E5);
default_random_engine engine;
double s = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < 10000000; ++i) {
s += norm(complex<double>(uniform(engine), uniform(engine)));
}
cout << s << '\n';
return 0;
}
~~~~~

Compile it with:

g++ -O2 -g -std=c++11 test.cpp -o test

Then record it with perf:

perf record --call-graph dwarf ./test

Then analyse it with `perf report`. You'll see one entry for main with
something like:

+ 100.00% 39.69% cpp-inlining cpp-inlining [.] main

Select it and annotate it, then switch to your new source-only view:

main test.cpp
│ 30
│ 31 using namespace std;
│ 32
│ 33 int main()
│+ 34 {
│ 35 uniform_real_distribution<double> uniform(-1E5, 1E5);
│ 36 default_random_engine engine;
│+ 37 double s = 0;
│+ 38 for (int i = 0; i < 10000000; ++i) {
4.88 │+ 39 s += norm(complex<double>(uniform(engine),
uniform(engine)));
│ 40 }
│ 41 cout << s << '\n';
│ 42 return 0;
│+ 43 }

Note: the line numbers are off b/c my file contains a file-header on-top.
Ignore that.

Note2: There is no column header shown, so it's unclear what the first column
represents.

Note 3: report showed 39.69% self cost in main, 100.00% inclusive. annotate
shows 4.88... What is that?

What this shows, is that it's extremely important to visualize inclusive cost
_and_ self cost in this view. Additionally, we need to account for inlining.
Right now, we only see the self cost that is directly within main, I suspect.
For C++ this is usually very misleading, and basically makes the annotate view
completely useless for application-level profiling. If a second column would
be added with the inclusive cost with the ability to drill down, then I could
easily see myself using this view.

I would appreciate if you could take this into account.

Thanks a lot


--
Milian Wolff | milian.wolff@kdab.com | Senior Software Engineer
KDAB (Deutschland) GmbH&Co KG, a KDAB Group company
Tel: +49-30-521325470
KDAB - The Qt Experts[unhandled content-type:application/pkcs7-signature]
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