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Subject[PATCH v3 net-next 04/12] bpf/verifier: track signed and unsigned min/max values
Date
Allows us to, sometimes, combine information from a signed check of one
bound and an unsigned check of the other.
We now track the full range of possible values, rather than restricting
ourselves to [0, 1<<30) and considering anything beyond that as
unknown. While this is probably not necessary, it makes the code more
straightforward and symmetrical between signed and unsigned bounds.

Signed-off-by: Edward Cree <ecree@solarflare.com>
---
include/linux/bpf_verifier.h | 22 +-
include/linux/tnum.h | 2 +
kernel/bpf/tnum.c | 16 +
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 727 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
4 files changed, 471 insertions(+), 296 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h b/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
index ca7e2ce..84c6576 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
@@ -11,11 +11,15 @@
#include <linux/filter.h> /* for MAX_BPF_STACK */
#include <linux/tnum.h>

- /* Just some arbitrary values so we can safely do math without overflowing and
- * are obviously wrong for any sort of memory access.
- */
-#define BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE (1024 * 1024 * 1024)
-#define BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE -1
+/* Maximum variable offset umax_value permitted when resolving memory accesses.
+ * In practice this is far bigger than any realistic pointer offset; this limit
+ * ensures that umax_value + (int)off + (int)size cannot overflow a u64.
+ */
+#define BPF_MAX_VAR_OFF (1ULL << 31)
+/* Maximum variable size permitted for ARG_CONST_SIZE[_OR_ZERO]. This ensures
+ * that converting umax_value to int cannot overflow.
+ */
+#define BPF_MAX_VAR_SIZ INT_MAX

struct bpf_reg_state {
enum bpf_reg_type type;
@@ -38,7 +42,7 @@ struct bpf_reg_state {
* PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL, we have to NULL-check it _first_.
*/
u32 id;
- /* These three fields must be last. See states_equal() */
+ /* These five fields must be last. See states_equal() */
/* For scalar types (SCALAR_VALUE), this represents our knowledge of
* the actual value.
* For pointer types, this represents the variable part of the offset
@@ -51,8 +55,10 @@ struct bpf_reg_state {
* These refer to the same value as var_off, not necessarily the actual
* contents of the register.
*/
- s64 min_value; /* minimum possible (s64)value */
- u64 max_value; /* maximum possible (u64)value */
+ s64 smin_value; /* minimum possible (s64)value */
+ s64 smax_value; /* maximum possible (s64)value */
+ u64 umin_value; /* minimum possible (u64)value */
+ u64 umax_value; /* maximum possible (u64)value */
};

enum bpf_stack_slot_type {
diff --git a/include/linux/tnum.h b/include/linux/tnum.h
index a0b07bf..0d2d3da 100644
--- a/include/linux/tnum.h
+++ b/include/linux/tnum.h
@@ -17,6 +17,8 @@ struct tnum {
struct tnum tnum_const(u64 value);
/* A completely unknown value */
extern const struct tnum tnum_unknown;
+/* A value that's unknown except that @min <= value <= @max */
+struct tnum tnum_range(u64 min, u64 max);

/* Arithmetic and logical ops */
/* Shift a tnum left (by a fixed shift) */
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/tnum.c b/kernel/bpf/tnum.c
index 92eeeb1..1f4bf68 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/tnum.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/tnum.c
@@ -17,6 +17,22 @@ struct tnum tnum_const(u64 value)
return TNUM(value, 0);
}

+struct tnum tnum_range(u64 min, u64 max)
+{
+ u64 chi = min ^ max, delta;
+ u8 bits = fls64(chi);
+
+ /* special case, needed because 1ULL << 64 is undefined */
+ if (bits > 63)
+ return tnum_unknown;
+ /* e.g. if chi = 4, bits = 3, delta = (1<<3) - 1 = 7.
+ * if chi = 0, bits = 0, delta = (1<<0) - 1 = 0, so we return
+ * constant min (since min == max).
+ */
+ delta = (1ULL << bits) - 1;
+ return TNUM(min & ~delta, delta);
+}
+
struct tnum tnum_lshift(struct tnum a, u8 shift)
{
return TNUM(a.value << shift, a.mask << shift);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 82823f1..d45c1d1 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -234,12 +234,20 @@ static void print_verifier_state(struct bpf_verifier_state *state)
verbose(",ks=%d,vs=%d",
reg->map_ptr->key_size,
reg->map_ptr->value_size);
- if (reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- verbose(",min_value=%lld",
- (long long)reg->min_value);
- if (reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- verbose(",max_value=%llu",
- (unsigned long long)reg->max_value);
+ if (reg->smin_value != reg->umin_value &&
+ reg->smin_value != S64_MIN)
+ verbose(",smin_value=%lld",
+ (long long)reg->smin_value);
+ if (reg->smax_value != reg->umax_value &&
+ reg->smax_value != S64_MAX)
+ verbose(",smax_value=%lld",
+ (long long)reg->smax_value);
+ if (reg->umin_value != 0)
+ verbose(",umin_value=%llu",
+ (unsigned long long)reg->umin_value);
+ if (reg->umax_value != U64_MAX)
+ verbose(",umax_value=%llu",
+ (unsigned long long)reg->umax_value);
if (!tnum_is_unknown(reg->var_off)) {
char tn_buf[48];

@@ -466,14 +474,25 @@ static const int caller_saved[CALLER_SAVED_REGS] = {

static void __mark_reg_not_init(struct bpf_reg_state *reg);

+/* Mark the unknown part of a register (variable offset or scalar value) as
+ * known to have the value @imm.
+ */
+static void __mark_reg_known(struct bpf_reg_state *reg, u64 imm)
+{
+ reg->id = 0;
+ reg->var_off = tnum_const(imm);
+ reg->smin_value = (s64)imm;
+ reg->smax_value = (s64)imm;
+ reg->umin_value = imm;
+ reg->umax_value = imm;
+}
+
/* Mark the 'variable offset' part of a register as zero. This should be
* used only on registers holding a pointer type.
*/
static void __mark_reg_known_zero(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
{
- reg->var_off = tnum_const(0);
- reg->min_value = 0;
- reg->max_value = 0;
+ __mark_reg_known(reg, 0);
}

static void mark_reg_known_zero(struct bpf_reg_state *regs, u32 regno)
@@ -488,6 +507,72 @@ static void mark_reg_known_zero(struct bpf_reg_state *regs, u32 regno)
__mark_reg_known_zero(regs + regno);
}

+/* Attempts to improve min/max values based on var_off information */
+static void __update_reg_bounds(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
+{
+ /* min signed is max(sign bit) | min(other bits) */
+ reg->smin_value = max_t(s64, reg->smin_value,
+ reg->var_off.value | (reg->var_off.mask & S64_MIN));
+ /* max signed is min(sign bit) | max(other bits) */
+ reg->smax_value = min_t(s64, reg->smax_value,
+ reg->var_off.value | (reg->var_off.mask & S64_MAX));
+ reg->umin_value = max(reg->umin_value, reg->var_off.value);
+ reg->umax_value = min(reg->umax_value,
+ reg->var_off.value | reg->var_off.mask);
+}
+
+/* Uses signed min/max values to inform unsigned, and vice-versa */
+static void __reg_deduce_bounds(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
+{
+ /* Learn sign from signed bounds.
+ * If we cannot cross the sign boundary, then signed and unsigned bounds
+ * are the same, so combine. This works even in the negative case, e.g.
+ * -3 s<= x s<= -1 implies 0xf...fd u<= x u<= 0xf...ff.
+ */
+ if (reg->smin_value >= 0 || reg->smax_value < 0) {
+ reg->smin_value = reg->umin_value = max_t(u64, reg->smin_value,
+ reg->umin_value);
+ reg->smax_value = reg->umax_value = min_t(u64, reg->smax_value,
+ reg->umax_value);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* Learn sign from unsigned bounds. Signed bounds cross the sign
+ * boundary, so we must be careful.
+ */
+ if ((s64)reg->umax_value >= 0) {
+ /* Positive. We can't learn anything from the smin, but smax
+ * is positive, hence safe.
+ */
+ reg->smin_value = reg->umin_value;
+ reg->smax_value = reg->umax_value = min_t(u64, reg->smax_value,
+ reg->umax_value);
+ } else if ((s64)reg->umin_value < 0) {
+ /* Negative. We can't learn anything from the smax, but smin
+ * is negative, hence safe.
+ */
+ reg->smin_value = reg->umin_value = max_t(u64, reg->smin_value,
+ reg->umin_value);
+ reg->smax_value = reg->umax_value;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Attempts to improve var_off based on unsigned min/max information */
+static void __reg_bound_offset(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
+{
+ reg->var_off = tnum_intersect(reg->var_off,
+ tnum_range(reg->umin_value,
+ reg->umax_value));
+}
+
+/* Reset the min/max bounds of a register */
+static void __mark_reg_unbounded(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
+{
+ reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ reg->umin_value = 0;
+ reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
+}
+
/* Mark a register as having a completely unknown (scalar) value. */
static void __mark_reg_unknown(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
{
@@ -495,8 +580,7 @@ static void __mark_reg_unknown(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
reg->id = 0;
reg->off = 0;
reg->var_off = tnum_unknown;
- reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
+ __mark_reg_unbounded(reg);
}

static void mark_reg_unknown(struct bpf_reg_state *regs, u32 regno)
@@ -723,26 +807,27 @@ static int check_map_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
* index'es we need to make sure that whatever we use
* will have a set floor within our range.
*/
- if (reg->min_value < 0) {
+ if (reg->smin_value < 0) {
verbose("R%d min value is negative, either use unsigned index or do a if (index >=0) check.\n",
regno);
return -EACCES;
}
- err = __check_map_access(env, regno, reg->min_value + off, size);
+ err = __check_map_access(env, regno, reg->smin_value + off, size);
if (err) {
verbose("R%d min value is outside of the array range\n", regno);
return err;
}

- /* If we haven't set a max value then we need to bail
- * since we can't be sure we won't do bad things.
+ /* If we haven't set a max value then we need to bail since we can't be
+ * sure we won't do bad things.
+ * If reg->umax_value + off could overflow, treat that as unbounded too.
*/
- if (reg->max_value == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE) {
+ if (reg->umax_value >= BPF_MAX_VAR_OFF) {
verbose("R%d unbounded memory access, make sure to bounds check any array access into a map\n",
regno);
return -EACCES;
}
- err = __check_map_access(env, regno, reg->max_value + off, size);
+ err = __check_map_access(env, regno, reg->umax_value + off, size);
if (err)
verbose("R%d max value is outside of the array range\n", regno);
return err;
@@ -805,7 +890,7 @@ static int check_packet_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno, int off,
/* We don't allow negative numbers, because we aren't tracking enough
* detail to prove they're safe.
*/
- if (reg->min_value < 0) {
+ if (reg->smin_value < 0) {
verbose("R%d min value is negative, either use unsigned index or do a if (index >=0) check.\n",
regno);
return -EACCES;
@@ -1081,12 +1166,7 @@ static int check_mem_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int insn_idx, u32 regn
/* b/h/w load zero-extends, mark upper bits as known 0 */
state->regs[value_regno].var_off = tnum_cast(
state->regs[value_regno].var_off, size);
- /* sign bit is known zero, so we can bound the value */
- state->regs[value_regno].min_value = 0;
- state->regs[value_regno].max_value = min_t(u64,
- state->regs[value_regno].var_off.value |
- state->regs[value_regno].var_off.mask,
- BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE);
+ __update_reg_bounds(&state->regs[value_regno]);
}
return err;
}
@@ -1339,13 +1419,13 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
*/
meta = NULL;

- if (reg->min_value < 0) {
+ if (reg->smin_value < 0) {
verbose("R%d min value is negative, either use unsigned or 'var &= const'\n",
regno);
return -EACCES;
}

- if (reg->min_value == 0) {
+ if (reg->umin_value == 0) {
err = check_helper_mem_access(env, regno - 1, 0,
zero_size_allowed,
meta);
@@ -1353,13 +1433,13 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
return err;
}

- if (reg->max_value == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE) {
+ if (reg->umax_value >= BPF_MAX_VAR_SIZ) {
verbose("R%d unbounded memory access, use 'var &= const' or 'if (var < const)'\n",
regno);
return -EACCES;
}
err = check_helper_mem_access(env, regno - 1,
- reg->max_value,
+ reg->umax_value,
zero_size_allowed, meta);
}

@@ -1594,33 +1674,35 @@ static int check_call(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int func_id, int insn_idx)
return 0;
}

-static void check_reg_overflow(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
-{
- if (reg->max_value > BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
- if (reg->min_value < BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE ||
- reg->min_value > BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
-}
-
static void coerce_reg_to_32(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
{
- /* 32-bit values can't be negative as an s64 */
- if (reg->min_value < 0)
- reg->min_value = 0;
/* clear high 32 bits */
reg->var_off = tnum_cast(reg->var_off, 4);
- /* Did value become known? Then update bounds */
- if (tnum_is_const(reg->var_off)) {
- if ((s64)reg->var_off.value > BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- reg->min_value = reg->var_off.value;
- if (reg->var_off.value < BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- reg->max_value = reg->var_off.value;
- }
+ /* Update bounds */
+ __update_reg_bounds(reg);
+}
+
+static bool signed_add_overflows(s64 a, s64 b)
+{
+ /* Do the add in u64, where overflow is well-defined */
+ s64 res = (s64)((u64)a + (u64)b);
+
+ if (b < 0)
+ return res > a;
+ return res < a;
+}
+
+static bool signed_sub_overflows(s64 a, s64 b)
+{
+ /* Do the sub in u64, where overflow is well-defined */
+ s64 res = (s64)((u64)a - (u64)b);
+
+ if (b < 0)
+ return res < a;
+ return res > a;
}

/* Handles arithmetic on a pointer and a scalar: computes new min/max and var_off.
- * Caller must check_reg_overflow all argument regs beforehand.
* Caller should also handle BPF_MOV case separately.
* If we return -EACCES, caller may want to try again treating pointer as a
* scalar. So we only emit a diagnostic if !env->allow_ptr_leaks.
@@ -1632,16 +1714,23 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
{
struct bpf_reg_state *regs = env->cur_state.regs, *dst_reg;
bool known = tnum_is_const(off_reg->var_off);
- s64 min_val = off_reg->min_value;
- u64 max_val = off_reg->max_value;
+ s64 smin_val = off_reg->smin_value, smax_val = off_reg->smax_value,
+ smin_ptr = ptr_reg->smin_value, smax_ptr = ptr_reg->smax_value;
+ u64 umin_val = off_reg->umin_value, umax_val = off_reg->umax_value,
+ umin_ptr = ptr_reg->umin_value, umax_ptr = ptr_reg->umax_value;
u8 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
u32 dst = insn->dst_reg;

dst_reg = &regs[dst];

- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(known && (min_val != max_val))) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(known && (smin_val != smax_val))) {
+ print_verifier_state(&env->cur_state);
+ verbose("verifier internal error: known but bad sbounds\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(known && (umin_val != umax_val))) {
print_verifier_state(&env->cur_state);
- verbose("verifier internal error\n");
+ verbose("verifier internal error: known but bad ubounds\n");
return -EINVAL;
}

@@ -1683,21 +1772,17 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
/* We can take a fixed offset as long as it doesn't overflow
* the s32 'off' field
*/
- if (known && (ptr_reg->off + min_val ==
- (s64)(s32)(ptr_reg->off + min_val))) {
+ if (known && (ptr_reg->off + smin_val ==
+ (s64)(s32)(ptr_reg->off + smin_val))) {
/* pointer += K. Accumulate it into fixed offset */
- dst_reg->min_value = ptr_reg->min_value;
- dst_reg->max_value = ptr_reg->max_value;
+ dst_reg->smin_value = smin_ptr;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = smax_ptr;
+ dst_reg->umin_value = umin_ptr;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = umax_ptr;
dst_reg->var_off = ptr_reg->var_off;
- dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off + min_val;
+ dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off + smin_val;
break;
}
- if (max_val == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE) {
- if (!env->allow_ptr_leaks)
- verbose("R%d tried to add unbounded value to pointer\n",
- dst);
- return -EACCES;
- }
/* A new variable offset is created. Note that off_reg->off
* == 0, since it's a scalar.
* dst_reg gets the pointer type and since some positive
@@ -1706,12 +1791,22 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
* added into the variable offset, and we copy the fixed offset
* from ptr_reg.
*/
- if (min_val <= BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value += min_val;
- if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value += max_val;
+ if (signed_add_overflows(smin_ptr, smin_val) ||
+ signed_add_overflows(smax_ptr, smax_val)) {
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->smin_value = smin_ptr + smin_val;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = smax_ptr + smax_val;
+ }
+ if (umin_ptr + umin_val < umin_ptr ||
+ umax_ptr + umax_val < umax_ptr) {
+ dst_reg->umin_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->umin_value = umin_ptr + umin_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = umax_ptr + umax_val;
+ }
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_add(ptr_reg->var_off, off_reg->var_off);
dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off;
dst_reg->id = ++env->id_gen;
@@ -1737,40 +1832,43 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
dst);
return -EACCES;
}
- if (known && (ptr_reg->off - min_val ==
- (s64)(s32)(ptr_reg->off - min_val))) {
+ if (known && (ptr_reg->off - smin_val ==
+ (s64)(s32)(ptr_reg->off - smin_val))) {
/* pointer -= K. Subtract it from fixed offset */
- dst_reg->min_value = ptr_reg->min_value;
- dst_reg->max_value = ptr_reg->max_value;
+ dst_reg->smin_value = smin_ptr;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = smax_ptr;
+ dst_reg->umin_value = umin_ptr;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = umax_ptr;
dst_reg->var_off = ptr_reg->var_off;
dst_reg->id = ptr_reg->id;
- dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off - min_val;
+ dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off - smin_val;
break;
}
- /* Subtracting a negative value will just confuse everything.
- * This can happen if off_reg is an immediate.
- */
- if ((s64)max_val < 0) {
- if (!env->allow_ptr_leaks)
- verbose("R%d tried to subtract negative max_val %lld from pointer\n",
- dst, (s64)max_val);
- return -EACCES;
- }
/* A new variable offset is created. If the subtrahend is known
* nonnegative, then any reg->range we had before is still good.
*/
- if (max_val >= BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value -= max_val;
- if (min_val <= BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value -= min_val;
+ if (signed_sub_overflows(smin_ptr, smax_val) ||
+ signed_sub_overflows(smax_ptr, smin_val)) {
+ /* Overflow possible, we know nothing */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->smin_value = smin_ptr - smax_val;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = smax_ptr - smin_val;
+ }
+ if (umin_ptr < umax_val) {
+ /* Overflow possible, we know nothing */
+ dst_reg->umin_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ /* Cannot overflow (as long as bounds are consistent) */
+ dst_reg->umin_value = umin_ptr - umax_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = umax_ptr - umin_val;
+ }
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_sub(ptr_reg->var_off, off_reg->var_off);
dst_reg->off = ptr_reg->off;
dst_reg->id = ++env->id_gen;
- if (ptr_reg->type == PTR_TO_PACKET && min_val < 0)
+ if (ptr_reg->type == PTR_TO_PACKET && smin_val < 0)
/* something was added to pkt_ptr, set range to zero */
dst_reg->range = 0;
break;
@@ -1793,7 +1891,9 @@ static int adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
return -EACCES;
}

- check_reg_overflow(dst_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(dst_reg);
+ __reg_bound_offset(dst_reg);
return 0;
}

@@ -1803,10 +1903,10 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
struct bpf_reg_state *src_reg)
{
struct bpf_reg_state *regs = env->cur_state.regs;
- s64 min_val = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- u64 max_val = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
u8 opcode = BPF_OP(insn->code);
bool src_known, dst_known;
+ s64 smin_val, smax_val;
+ u64 umin_val, umax_val;

if (BPF_CLASS(insn->code) != BPF_ALU64) {
/* 32-bit ALU ops are (32,32)->64 */
@@ -1818,147 +1918,207 @@ static int adjust_scalar_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
coerce_reg_to_32(dst_reg);
coerce_reg_to_32(src_reg);
}
- min_val = src_reg->min_value;
- max_val = src_reg->max_value;
+ smin_val = src_reg->smin_value;
+ smax_val = src_reg->smax_value;
+ umin_val = src_reg->umin_value;
+ umax_val = src_reg->umax_value;
src_known = tnum_is_const(src_reg->var_off);
dst_known = tnum_is_const(dst_reg->var_off);

switch (opcode) {
case BPF_ADD:
- if (min_val == BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value += min_val;
- /* if max_val is MAX_RANGE, this will saturate dst->max */
- if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value += max_val;
+ if (signed_add_overflows(dst_reg->smin_value, smin_val) ||
+ signed_add_overflows(dst_reg->smax_value, smax_val)) {
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->smin_value += smin_val;
+ dst_reg->smax_value += smax_val;
+ }
+ if (dst_reg->umin_value + umin_val < umin_val ||
+ dst_reg->umax_value + umax_val < umax_val) {
+ dst_reg->umin_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->umin_value += umin_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value += umax_val;
+ }
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_add(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
break;
case BPF_SUB:
- if (max_val == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value -= max_val;
- if (min_val == BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
- if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value -= min_val;
+ if (signed_sub_overflows(dst_reg->smin_value, smax_val) ||
+ signed_sub_overflows(dst_reg->smax_value, smin_val)) {
+ /* Overflow possible, we know nothing */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->smin_value -= smax_val;
+ dst_reg->smax_value -= smin_val;
+ }
+ if (dst_reg->umin_value < umax_val) {
+ /* Overflow possible, we know nothing */
+ dst_reg->umin_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ /* Cannot overflow (as long as bounds are consistent) */
+ dst_reg->umin_value -= umax_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value -= umin_val;
+ }
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_sub(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
break;
case BPF_MUL:
- if (min_val < 0 || dst_reg->min_value < 0) {
+ dst_reg->var_off = tnum_mul(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
+ if (smin_val < 0 || dst_reg->smin_value < 0) {
/* Ain't nobody got time to multiply that sign */
- __mark_reg_unknown(dst_reg);
+ __mark_reg_unbounded(dst_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
break;
}
- dst_reg->min_value *= min_val;
- /* if max_val is MAX_RANGE, this will saturate dst->max.
- * We know MAX_RANGE ** 2 won't overflow a u64, because
- * MAX_RANGE itself fits in a u32.
+ /* Both values are positive, so we can work with unsigned and
+ * copy the result to signed (unless it exceeds S64_MAX).
*/
- BUILD_BUG_ON(BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE > (u32)-1);
- if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value *= max_val;
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_mul(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
+ if (umax_val > U32_MAX || dst_reg->umax_value > U32_MAX) {
+ /* Potential overflow, we know nothing */
+ __mark_reg_unbounded(dst_reg);
+ /* (except what we can learn from the var_off) */
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
+ break;
+ }
+ dst_reg->umin_value *= umin_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value *= umax_val;
+ if (dst_reg->umax_value > S64_MAX) {
+ /* Overflow possible, we know nothing */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ dst_reg->smin_value = dst_reg->umin_value;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = dst_reg->umax_value;
+ }
break;
case BPF_AND:
if (src_known && dst_known) {
- u64 value = dst_reg->var_off.value & src_reg->var_off.value;
-
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_const(value);
- dst_reg->min_value = dst_reg->max_value = min_t(u64,
- value, BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE);
+ __mark_reg_known(dst_reg, dst_reg->var_off.value &
+ src_reg->var_off.value);
break;
}
- /* Lose min_value when AND'ing negative numbers, ain't nobody
- * got time for that. Otherwise we get our minimum from the
- * var_off, since that's inherently bitwise.
- * Our maximum is the minimum of the operands' maxima.
+ /* We get our minimum from the var_off, since that's inherently
+ * bitwise. Our maximum is the minimum of the operands' maxima.
*/
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_and(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
- if (min_val < 0 && dst_reg->min_value < 0)
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- else
- dst_reg->min_value = dst_reg->var_off.value;
- dst_reg->max_value = min(dst_reg->max_value, max_val);
+ dst_reg->umin_value = dst_reg->var_off.value;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = min(dst_reg->umax_value, umax_val);
+ if (dst_reg->smin_value < 0 || smin_val < 0) {
+ /* Lose signed bounds when ANDing negative numbers,
+ * ain't nobody got time for that.
+ */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ } else {
+ /* ANDing two positives gives a positive, so safe to
+ * cast result into s64.
+ */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = dst_reg->umin_value;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = dst_reg->umax_value;
+ }
+ /* We may learn something more from the var_off */
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
break;
case BPF_OR:
if (src_known && dst_known) {
- u64 value = dst_reg->var_off.value | src_reg->var_off.value;
-
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_const(value);
- dst_reg->min_value = dst_reg->max_value = min_t(u64,
- value, BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE);
+ __mark_reg_known(dst_reg, dst_reg->var_off.value |
+ src_reg->var_off.value);
break;
}
- /* Lose ranges when OR'ing negative numbers, ain't nobody got
- * time for that. Otherwise we get our maximum from the var_off,
- * and our minimum is the maximum of the operands' minima.
+ /* We get our maximum from the var_off, and our minimum is the
+ * maximum of the operands' minima
*/
dst_reg->var_off = tnum_or(dst_reg->var_off, src_reg->var_off);
- if (min_val < 0 || dst_reg->min_value < 0) {
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- dst_reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
+ dst_reg->umin_value = max(dst_reg->umin_value, umin_val);
+ dst_reg->umax_value = dst_reg->var_off.value |
+ dst_reg->var_off.mask;
+ if (dst_reg->smin_value < 0 || smin_val < 0) {
+ /* Lose signed bounds when ORing negative numbers,
+ * ain't nobody got time for that.
+ */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
} else {
- dst_reg->min_value = max(dst_reg->min_value, min_val);
- dst_reg->max_value = dst_reg->var_off.value | dst_reg->var_off.mask;
+ /* ORing two positives gives a positive, so safe to
+ * cast result into s64.
+ */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = dst_reg->umin_value;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = dst_reg->umax_value;
}
+ /* We may learn something more from the var_off */
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
break;
case BPF_LSH:
- if (min_val < 0) {
- /* LSH by a negative number is undefined */
+ if (umax_val > 63) {
+ /* Shifts greater than 63 are undefined. This includes
+ * shifts by a negative number.
+ */
mark_reg_unknown(regs, insn->dst_reg);
break;
}
- /* Gotta have special overflow logic here, if we're shifting
- * more than MAX_RANGE then just assume we have an invalid
- * range.
+ /* We lose all sign bit information (except what we can pick
+ * up from var_off)
*/
- if (min_val > ilog2(BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)) {
- dst_reg->min_value = BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE;
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_unknown;
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ /* If we might shift our top bit out, then we know nothing */
+ if (dst_reg->umax_value > 1ULL << (63 - umax_val)) {
+ dst_reg->umin_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->umax_value = U64_MAX;
} else {
- if (dst_reg->min_value != BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE)
- dst_reg->min_value <<= min_val;
- if (src_known)
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_lshift(dst_reg->var_off, min_val);
- else
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_lshift(tnum_unknown, min_val);
+ dst_reg->umin_value <<= umin_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value <<= umax_val;
}
- if (max_val > ilog2(BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE))
- dst_reg->max_value = BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE;
- else if (dst_reg->max_value != BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value <<= max_val;
+ if (src_known)
+ dst_reg->var_off = tnum_lshift(dst_reg->var_off, umin_val);
+ else
+ dst_reg->var_off = tnum_lshift(tnum_unknown, umin_val);
+ /* We may learn something more from the var_off */
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
break;
case BPF_RSH:
- if (min_val < 0) {
- /* RSH by a negative number is undefined */
+ if (umax_val > 63) {
+ /* Shifts greater than 63 are undefined. This includes
+ * shifts by a negative number.
+ */
mark_reg_unknown(regs, insn->dst_reg);
break;
}
/* BPF_RSH is an unsigned shift, so make the appropriate casts */
- if (dst_reg->min_value < 0) {
- if (min_val)
+ if (dst_reg->smin_value < 0) {
+ if (umin_val) {
/* Sign bit will be cleared */
- dst_reg->min_value = 0;
+ dst_reg->smin_value = 0;
+ } else {
+ /* Lost sign bit information */
+ dst_reg->smin_value = S64_MIN;
+ dst_reg->smax_value = S64_MAX;
+ }
} else {
- dst_reg->min_value =
- (u64)(dst_reg->min_value) >> min_val;
+ dst_reg->smin_value =
+ (u64)(dst_reg->smin_value) >> umax_val;
}
if (src_known)
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_rshift(dst_reg->var_off, min_val);
+ dst_reg->var_off = tnum_rshift(dst_reg->var_off,
+ umin_val);
else
- dst_reg->var_off = tnum_rshift(tnum_unknown, min_val);
- if (dst_reg->max_value == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE)
- dst_reg->max_value = ~0;
- dst_reg->max_value >>= max_val;
+ dst_reg->var_off = tnum_rshift(tnum_unknown, umin_val);
+ dst_reg->umin_value >>= umax_val;
+ dst_reg->umax_value >>= umin_val;
+ /* We may learn something more from the var_off */
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
break;
default:
mark_reg_unknown(regs, insn->dst_reg);
break;
}

- check_reg_overflow(dst_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(dst_reg);
+ __reg_bound_offset(dst_reg);
return 0;
}

@@ -1974,14 +2134,11 @@ static int adjust_reg_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
int rc;

dst_reg = &regs[insn->dst_reg];
- check_reg_overflow(dst_reg);
src_reg = NULL;
if (dst_reg->type != SCALAR_VALUE)
ptr_reg = dst_reg;
if (BPF_SRC(insn->code) == BPF_X) {
src_reg = &regs[insn->src_reg];
- check_reg_overflow(src_reg);
-
if (src_reg->type != SCALAR_VALUE) {
if (dst_reg->type != SCALAR_VALUE) {
/* Combining two pointers by any ALU op yields
@@ -2028,9 +2185,7 @@ static int adjust_reg_min_max_vals(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
* need to be able to read from this state.
*/
off_reg.type = SCALAR_VALUE;
- off_reg.var_off = tnum_const(insn->imm);
- off_reg.min_value = insn->imm;
- off_reg.max_value = insn->imm;
+ __mark_reg_known(&off_reg, insn->imm);
src_reg = &off_reg;
if (ptr_reg) { /* pointer += K */
rc = adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(env, insn,
@@ -2136,22 +2291,17 @@ static int check_alu_op(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, struct bpf_insn *insn)
return -EACCES;
}
mark_reg_unknown(regs, insn->dst_reg);
- /* high 32 bits are known zero. But this is
- * still out of range for max_value, so leave
- * that.
- */
+ /* high 32 bits are known zero. */
regs[insn->dst_reg].var_off = tnum_cast(
regs[insn->dst_reg].var_off, 4);
+ __update_reg_bounds(&regs[insn->dst_reg]);
}
} else {
/* case: R = imm
* remember the value we stored into this reg
*/
regs[insn->dst_reg].type = SCALAR_VALUE;
- regs[insn->dst_reg].var_off = tnum_const(insn->imm);
- regs[insn->dst_reg].max_value = insn->imm;
- regs[insn->dst_reg].min_value = insn->imm;
- regs[insn->dst_reg].id = 0;
+ __mark_reg_known(regs + insn->dst_reg, insn->imm);
}

} else if (opcode > BPF_END) {
@@ -2218,6 +2368,12 @@ static void find_good_pkt_pointers(struct bpf_verifier_state *state,
/* This doesn't give us any range */
return;

+ if (dst_reg->umax_value > MAX_PACKET_OFF)
+ /* Risk of overflow. For instance, ptr + (1<<63) may be less
+ * than pkt_end, but that's because it's also less than pkt.
+ */
+ return;
+
/* LLVM can generate two kind of checks:
*
* Type 1:
@@ -2249,16 +2405,24 @@ static void find_good_pkt_pointers(struct bpf_verifier_state *state,
*/

for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_REG; i++)
- if (regs[i].type == PTR_TO_PACKET && regs[i].id == dst_reg->id)
+ if (regs[i].type == PTR_TO_PACKET && regs[i].id == dst_reg->id) {
+ if (regs[i].umax_value > MAX_PACKET_OFF)
+ /* Risk of overflow, see above */
+ continue;
/* keep the maximum range already checked */
regs[i].range = max_t(u32, regs[i].range, dst_reg->off);
+ }

for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_STACK; i += BPF_REG_SIZE) {
if (state->stack_slot_type[i] != STACK_SPILL)
continue;
reg = &state->spilled_regs[i / BPF_REG_SIZE];
- if (reg->type == PTR_TO_PACKET && reg->id == dst_reg->id)
+ if (reg->type == PTR_TO_PACKET && reg->id == dst_reg->id) {
+ if (reg->umax_value > MAX_PACKET_OFF)
+ /* Risk of overflow, see above */
+ continue;
reg->range = max_t(u32, reg->range, dst_reg->off);
+ }
}
}

@@ -2276,60 +2440,44 @@ static void reg_set_min_max(struct bpf_reg_state *true_reg,
/* If this is false then we know nothing Jon Snow, but if it is
* true then we know for sure.
*/
- true_reg->max_value = true_reg->min_value = val;
- true_reg->var_off = tnum_const(val);
+ __mark_reg_known(true_reg, val);
break;
case BPF_JNE:
/* If this is true we know nothing Jon Snow, but if it is false
* we know the value for sure;
*/
- false_reg->max_value = false_reg->min_value = val;
- false_reg->var_off = tnum_const(val);
+ __mark_reg_known(false_reg, val);
break;
case BPF_JGT:
- /* Unsigned comparison, can only tell us about max_value (since
- * min_value is signed), unless we learn sign bit.
- */
- false_reg->max_value = val;
- /* If we're not unsigned-greater-than a positive value, then
- * we can't be negative.
- */
- if ((s64)val >= 0 && false_reg->min_value < 0)
- false_reg->min_value = 0;
+ false_reg->umax_value = min(false_reg->umax_value, val);
+ true_reg->umin_value = max(true_reg->umin_value, val + 1);
break;
case BPF_JSGT:
- /* Signed comparison, can only tell us about min_value (since
- * max_value is unsigned), unless we already know sign bit.
- */
- true_reg->min_value = val + 1;
- /* If we're not signed-greater than val, and we're not negative,
- * then we can't be unsigned-greater than val either.
- */
- if (false_reg->min_value >= 0)
- false_reg->max_value = val;
+ false_reg->smax_value = min_t(s64, false_reg->smax_value, val);
+ true_reg->smin_value = max_t(s64, true_reg->smin_value, val + 1);
break;
case BPF_JGE:
- false_reg->max_value = val - 1;
- /* If we're not unsigned-ge a positive value, then we can't be
- * negative.
- */
- if ((s64)val >= 0 && false_reg->min_value < 0)
- false_reg->min_value = 0;
+ false_reg->umax_value = min(false_reg->umax_value, val - 1);
+ true_reg->umin_value = max(true_reg->umin_value, val);
break;
case BPF_JSGE:
- true_reg->min_value = val;
- /* If we're not signed-ge val, and we're not negative, then we
- * can't be unsigned-ge val either.
- */
- if (false_reg->min_value >= 0)
- false_reg->max_value = val - 1;
+ false_reg->smax_value = min_t(s64, false_reg->smax_value, val - 1);
+ true_reg->smin_value = max_t(s64, true_reg->smin_value, val);
break;
default:
break;
}
-
- check_reg_overflow(false_reg);
- check_reg_overflow(true_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(false_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(true_reg);
+ /* We might have learned some bits from the bounds. */
+ __reg_bound_offset(false_reg);
+ __reg_bound_offset(true_reg);
+ /* Intersecting with the old var_off might have improved our bounds
+ * slightly. e.g. if umax was 0x7f...f and var_off was (0; 0xf...fc),
+ * then new var_off is (0; 0x7f...fc) which improves our umax.
+ */
+ __update_reg_bounds(false_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(true_reg);
}

/* Same as above, but for the case that dst_reg holds a constant and src_reg is
@@ -2344,74 +2492,76 @@ static void reg_set_min_max_inv(struct bpf_reg_state *true_reg,
/* If this is false then we know nothing Jon Snow, but if it is
* true then we know for sure.
*/
- true_reg->max_value = true_reg->min_value = val;
- true_reg->var_off = tnum_const(val);
+ __mark_reg_known(true_reg, val);
break;
case BPF_JNE:
/* If this is true we know nothing Jon Snow, but if it is false
* we know the value for sure;
*/
- false_reg->max_value = false_reg->min_value = val;
- false_reg->var_off = tnum_const(val);
+ __mark_reg_known(false_reg, val);
break;
case BPF_JGT:
- /* Unsigned comparison, can only tell us about max_value (since
- * min_value is signed), unless we learn sign bit.
- */
- true_reg->max_value = val - 1;
- /* If a positive value is unsigned-greater-than us, then we
- * can't be negative.
- */
- if ((s64)val >= 0 && true_reg->min_value < 0)
- true_reg->min_value = 0;
+ true_reg->umax_value = min(true_reg->umax_value, val - 1);
+ false_reg->umin_value = max(false_reg->umin_value, val);
break;
case BPF_JSGT:
- /* Signed comparison, can only tell us about min_value (since
- * max_value is unsigned), unless we already know sign bit.
- */
- false_reg->min_value = val;
- /* If val is signed-greater-than us, and we're not negative,
- * then val must be unsigned-greater-than us.
- */
- if (true_reg->min_value >= 0)
- true_reg->max_value = val - 1;
+ true_reg->smax_value = min_t(s64, true_reg->smax_value, val - 1);
+ false_reg->smin_value = max_t(s64, false_reg->smin_value, val);
break;
case BPF_JGE:
- true_reg->max_value = val;
- /* If a positive value is unsigned-ge us, then we can't be
- * negative.
- */
- if ((s64)val >= 0 && true_reg->min_value < 0)
- true_reg->min_value = 0;
+ true_reg->umax_value = min(true_reg->umax_value, val);
+ false_reg->umin_value = max(false_reg->umin_value, val + 1);
break;
case BPF_JSGE:
- false_reg->min_value = val + 1;
- /* If val is signed-ge us, and we're not negative, then val
- * must be unsigned-ge us.
- */
- if (true_reg->min_value >= 0)
- true_reg->max_value = val;
+ true_reg->smax_value = min_t(s64, true_reg->smax_value, val);
+ false_reg->smin_value = max_t(s64, false_reg->smin_value, val + 1);
break;
default:
break;
}

- check_reg_overflow(false_reg);
- check_reg_overflow(true_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(false_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(true_reg);
+ /* We might have learned some bits from the bounds. */
+ __reg_bound_offset(false_reg);
+ __reg_bound_offset(true_reg);
+ /* Intersecting with the old var_off might have improved our bounds
+ * slightly. e.g. if umax was 0x7f...f and var_off was (0; 0xf...fc),
+ * then new var_off is (0; 0x7f...fc) which improves our umax.
+ */
+ __update_reg_bounds(false_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(true_reg);
}

/* Regs are known to be equal, so intersect their min/max/var_off */
static void __reg_combine_min_max(struct bpf_reg_state *src_reg,
struct bpf_reg_state *dst_reg)
{
- src_reg->min_value = dst_reg->min_value = max(src_reg->min_value,
- dst_reg->min_value);
- src_reg->max_value = dst_reg->max_value = min(src_reg->max_value,
- dst_reg->max_value);
+ src_reg->umin_value = dst_reg->umin_value = max(src_reg->umin_value,
+ dst_reg->umin_value);
+ src_reg->umax_value = dst_reg->umax_value = min(src_reg->umax_value,
+ dst_reg->umax_value);
+ src_reg->smin_value = dst_reg->smin_value = max(src_reg->smin_value,
+ dst_reg->smin_value);
+ src_reg->smax_value = dst_reg->smax_value = min(src_reg->smax_value,
+ dst_reg->smax_value);
src_reg->var_off = dst_reg->var_off = tnum_intersect(src_reg->var_off,
dst_reg->var_off);
- check_reg_overflow(src_reg);
- check_reg_overflow(dst_reg);
+ /* We might have learned new bounds from the var_off. */
+ __update_reg_bounds(src_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
+ /* We might have learned something about the sign bit. */
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(src_reg);
+ __reg_deduce_bounds(dst_reg);
+ /* We might have learned some bits from the bounds. */
+ __reg_bound_offset(src_reg);
+ __reg_bound_offset(dst_reg);
+ /* Intersecting with the old var_off might have improved our bounds
+ * slightly. e.g. if umax was 0x7f...f and var_off was (0; 0xf...fc),
+ * then new var_off is (0; 0x7f...fc) which improves our umax.
+ */
+ __update_reg_bounds(src_reg);
+ __update_reg_bounds(dst_reg);
}

static void reg_combine_min_max(struct bpf_reg_state *true_src,
@@ -2426,6 +2576,7 @@ static void reg_combine_min_max(struct bpf_reg_state *true_src,
break;
case BPF_JNE:
__reg_combine_min_max(false_src, false_dst);
+ break;
}
}

@@ -2439,11 +2590,11 @@ static void mark_map_reg(struct bpf_reg_state *regs, u32 regno, u32 id,
* have been known-zero, because we don't allow pointer
* arithmetic on pointers that might be NULL.
*/
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(reg->min_value || reg->max_value ||
- reg->var_off.value || reg->var_off.mask ||
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(reg->smin_value || reg->smax_value ||
+ !tnum_equals_const(reg->var_off, 0) ||
reg->off)) {
- reg->min_value = reg->max_value = reg->off = 0;
- reg->var_off = tnum_const(0);
+ __mark_reg_known_zero(reg);
+ reg->off = 0;
}
if (is_null) {
reg->type = SCALAR_VALUE;
@@ -2635,11 +2786,7 @@ static int check_ld_imm(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, struct bpf_insn *insn)
u64 imm = ((u64)(insn + 1)->imm << 32) | (u32)insn->imm;

regs[insn->dst_reg].type = SCALAR_VALUE;
- regs[insn->dst_reg].min_value = imm;
- regs[insn->dst_reg].max_value = imm;
- check_reg_overflow(&regs[insn->dst_reg]);
- regs[insn->dst_reg].var_off = tnum_const(imm);
- regs[insn->dst_reg].id = 0;
+ __mark_reg_known(&regs[insn->dst_reg], imm);
return 0;
}

@@ -2927,8 +3074,10 @@ static int check_cfg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
static bool range_within(struct bpf_reg_state *old,
struct bpf_reg_state *cur)
{
- return old->min_value <= cur->min_value &&
- old->max_value >= cur->max_value;
+ return old->umin_value <= cur->umin_value &&
+ old->umax_value >= cur->umax_value &&
+ old->smin_value <= cur->smin_value &&
+ old->smax_value >= cur->smax_value;
}

/* Returns true if (rold safe implies rcur safe) */
@@ -2955,8 +3104,10 @@ static bool regsafe(struct bpf_reg_state *rold,
* equal, because we can't know anything about the
* scalar value of the pointer in the new value.
*/
- return rold->min_value == BPF_REGISTER_MIN_RANGE &&
- rold->max_value == BPF_REGISTER_MAX_RANGE &&
+ return rold->umin_value == 0 &&
+ rold->umax_value == U64_MAX &&
+ rold->smin_value == S64_MIN &&
+ rold->smax_value == S64_MAX &&
tnum_is_unknown(rold->var_off);
}
case PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE:
\
 
 \ /
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