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Subject[PATCH v1] regulator: Add driver for voltage controlled regulators
Date
The output voltage of a voltage controlled regulator can be controlled
through the voltage of another regulator. The current version of this
driver assumes that the output voltage is a linear function of the control
voltage.

Signed-off-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
---
Note: The current version of the driver has a known limitation: If an
input supply is configured besides the control supply the two regulators
must have no common ancestor, otherwise the spinlock of the ancestor
would be acquired twice by the core code. One possible solution would be
to configure the control regulator through a string instead of a phandle,
i.e. not specifying it as supply.

.../devicetree/bindings/regulator/vctrl.txt | 56 +++
drivers/regulator/Kconfig | 7 +
drivers/regulator/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/regulator/vctrl-regulator.c | 525 +++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 589 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/regulator/vctrl.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/regulator/vctrl-regulator.c

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/regulator/vctrl.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/regulator/vctrl.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ba3c9b2f61b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/regulator/vctrl.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+Bindings for Voltage controlled regulators
+==========================================
+
+Required properties:
+--------------------
+- compatible : must be "vctrl-regulator".
+- ctrl-supply: : a phandle for the regulator supplying the control
+ voltage.
+- output-voltage-range : an array of two integer values specifying the range
+ (min/max) of the output voltage. The min/max voltage
+ constraints of the regulator (if specified) must not
+ exceed this range.
+- ctrl-voltage-range : an array of two integer values specifying the range
+ (min/max) of the control voltage. The values of
+ ctrl-voltage-range and output-voltage-range are used
+ for the conversion between output and control voltage.
+ The min/max values of ctrl-voltage-range must specify
+ the control voltage needed to generate the min/max
+ output voltage.
+
+Optional properties:
+--------------------
+- ovp-threshold-percent : overvoltage protection (OVP) threshold of the
+ regulator in percent. Some regulators have an OVP
+ circuitry which shuts down the regulator when the
+ actual output voltage deviates beyond a certain
+ margin from the expected value for a given control
+ voltage. On larger voltage decreases this can occur
+ undesiredly since the output voltage does not adjust
+ inmediately to changes in the control voltage. To
+ avoid this situation the vctrl driver breaks down
+ larger voltage decreases into multiple steps, where
+ each step is within the OVP threshold.
+- min-slew-down-rate : Describes how slowly the regulator voltage will decay
+ down in the worst case (lightest expected load).
+ Specified in uV / us (like main regulator ramp rate).
+ This value is required when ovp-threshold-percent is
+ specified.
+
+Example:
+
+ vctrl_reg {
+ compatible = "vctrl-regulator";
+ regulator-name = "vctrl_reg";
+
+ ctrl-supply = <&ctrl_supply>;
+
+ regulator-min-microvolt = <800000>;
+ regulator-max-microvolt = <1500000>;
+
+ output-voltage-range = <800000 1500000>;
+ ctrl-voltage-range = <200000 500000>;
+
+ slew-rate = <225>;
+ ovp-threshold-percent = <16>;
+ };
diff --git a/drivers/regulator/Kconfig b/drivers/regulator/Kconfig
index 936f7ccc9736..da83a3abe288 100644
--- a/drivers/regulator/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/regulator/Kconfig
@@ -843,6 +843,13 @@ config REGULATOR_TWL4030
This driver supports the voltage regulators provided by
this family of companion chips.

+config REGULATOR_VCTRL
+ tristate "Voltage controlled regulators"
+ depends on OF
+ help
+ This driver provides support for voltage regulators whose output
+ voltage is controlled by the voltage of another regulator.
+
config REGULATOR_VEXPRESS
tristate "Versatile Express regulators"
depends on VEXPRESS_CONFIG
diff --git a/drivers/regulator/Makefile b/drivers/regulator/Makefile
index 14294692beb9..e246e148a7f9 100644
--- a/drivers/regulator/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/regulator/Makefile
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_TPS65910) += tps65910-regulator.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_TPS65912) += tps65912-regulator.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_TPS80031) += tps80031-regulator.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_TWL4030) += twl-regulator.o twl6030-regulator.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_VCTRL) += vctrl-regulator.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_VEXPRESS) += vexpress-regulator.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_WM831X) += wm831x-dcdc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_REGULATOR_WM831X) += wm831x-isink.o
diff --git a/drivers/regulator/vctrl-regulator.c b/drivers/regulator/vctrl-regulator.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6487f23da335
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/regulator/vctrl-regulator.c
@@ -0,0 +1,525 @@
+/*
+ * Driver for voltage controller regulators
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Google, Inc.
+ *
+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/regulator/driver.h>
+#include <linux/regulator/of_regulator.h>
+#include <linux/sort.h>
+
+struct vctrl_voltage_range {
+ int min_uV;
+ int max_uV;
+};
+
+struct vctrl_voltage_ranges {
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range ctrl;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range out;
+};
+
+struct vctrl_voltage_table {
+ int ctrl;
+ int out;
+};
+
+struct vctrl_data {
+ struct regulator_dev *rdev;
+ struct regulator_desc desc;
+ struct regulator *ctrl_supply;
+ unsigned int min_slew_down_rate;
+ unsigned int ovp_threshold;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_ranges vrange;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_table *vtable;
+ unsigned int sel;
+};
+
+static int vctrl_calc_ctrl_voltage(struct vctrl_data *vctrl, int out_uV)
+{
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *ctrl = &vctrl->vrange.ctrl;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *out = &vctrl->vrange.out;
+
+ return ctrl->min_uV +
+ DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL((s64)(out_uV - out->min_uV) *
+ (ctrl->max_uV - ctrl->min_uV),
+ out->max_uV - out->min_uV);
+}
+
+static int vctrl_calc_output_voltage(struct vctrl_data *vctrl, int ctrl_uV)
+{
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *ctrl = &vctrl->vrange.ctrl;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *out = &vctrl->vrange.out;
+
+ if (ctrl_uV < 0) {
+ pr_err("vctrl: failed to get control voltage\n");
+ return ctrl_uV;
+ }
+
+ if (ctrl_uV < ctrl->min_uV)
+ return out->min_uV;
+
+ if (ctrl_uV > ctrl->max_uV)
+ return out->max_uV;
+
+ return out->min_uV +
+ DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL((s64)(ctrl_uV - ctrl->min_uV) *
+ (out->max_uV - out->min_uV),
+ ctrl->max_uV - ctrl->min_uV);
+}
+
+static int vctrl_get_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
+ int ctrl_uV = regulator_get_voltage(vctrl->ctrl_supply);
+
+ return vctrl_calc_output_voltage(vctrl, ctrl_uV);
+}
+
+static int vctrl_set_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+ int req_min_uV, int req_max_uV,
+ unsigned int *selector)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
+ struct regulator *ctrl_supply = vctrl->ctrl_supply;
+ int orig_ctrl_uV = regulator_get_voltage(ctrl_supply);
+ int uV = vctrl_calc_output_voltage(vctrl, orig_ctrl_uV);
+ int ret;
+
+ if (req_min_uV >= uV || !vctrl->ovp_threshold)
+ /* voltage rising or no OVP */
+ return regulator_set_voltage(
+ ctrl_supply,
+ vctrl_calc_ctrl_voltage(vctrl, req_min_uV),
+ vctrl_calc_ctrl_voltage(vctrl, req_max_uV));
+
+ while (uV > req_min_uV) {
+ int max_drop_uV = (uV * vctrl->ovp_threshold) / 100;
+ int next_uV;
+ int next_ctrl_uV;
+ int delay;
+
+ /* Make sure no infinite loop even in crazy cases */
+ if (max_drop_uV == 0)
+ max_drop_uV = 1;
+
+ next_uV = max_t(int, req_min_uV, uV - max_drop_uV);
+ next_ctrl_uV = vctrl_calc_ctrl_voltage(vctrl, next_uV);
+
+ ret = regulator_set_voltage(ctrl_supply,
+ next_ctrl_uV,
+ next_ctrl_uV);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err;
+
+ delay = DIV_ROUND_UP(uV - next_uV, vctrl->min_slew_down_rate);
+ usleep_range(delay, delay + DIV_ROUND_UP(delay, 10));
+
+ uV = next_uV;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ /* Try to go back to original voltage */
+ regulator_set_voltage(ctrl_supply, orig_ctrl_uV, orig_ctrl_uV);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_get_voltage_sel(struct regulator_dev *rdev)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
+
+ return vctrl->sel;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_set_voltage_sel(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+ unsigned int selector)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
+ struct regulator *ctrl_supply = vctrl->ctrl_supply;
+ unsigned int orig_sel = vctrl->sel;
+ int target_uV;
+ int uV;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (selector >= rdev->desc->n_voltages)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ uV = vctrl->vtable[orig_sel].out;
+ target_uV = vctrl->vtable[selector].out;
+
+ if (target_uV >= uV || !vctrl->ovp_threshold) {
+ /* voltage rising or no OVP */
+ ret = regulator_set_voltage(ctrl_supply,
+ vctrl->vtable[selector].ctrl,
+ vctrl->vtable[selector].ctrl);
+ if (!ret)
+ vctrl->sel = selector;
+
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ while (vctrl->sel != selector) {
+ int uV = vctrl->vtable[vctrl->sel].out;
+ int max_drop_uV = (uV * vctrl->ovp_threshold) / 100;
+ int next_uV = max_t(int, target_uV, uV - max_drop_uV);
+ unsigned int next_sel = vctrl->sel;
+ int delay;
+
+ /* Find lowest voltage above the OVP threshold */
+ if (vctrl->vtable[0].out >= next_uV) {
+ next_sel = 0;
+ } else {
+ int i;
+ /*
+ * Backward traversal should be faster on average for
+ * gradual changes due to OVP.
+ */
+ for (i = vctrl->sel - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+ if (vctrl->vtable[i].out < next_uV) {
+ next_sel = i + 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (next_sel == vctrl->sel) {
+ /*
+ * The voltage change can not be performed without
+ * exceeding the OVP threshold.
+ */
+ dev_err(&rdev->dev,
+ "voltage change would exceed OVP threshold\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ ret = regulator_set_voltage(ctrl_supply,
+ vctrl->vtable[next_sel].ctrl,
+ vctrl->vtable[next_sel].ctrl);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&rdev->dev,
+ "failed to set control voltage to %duV\n",
+ vctrl->vtable[next_sel].ctrl);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ vctrl->sel = next_sel;
+
+ delay = DIV_ROUND_UP(uV - vctrl->vtable[next_sel].out,
+ vctrl->min_slew_down_rate);
+ usleep_range(delay, delay + DIV_ROUND_UP(delay, 10));
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ if (vctrl->sel != orig_sel) {
+ /* Try to go back to original voltage */
+ if (!regulator_set_voltage(ctrl_supply,
+ vctrl->vtable[orig_sel].ctrl,
+ vctrl->vtable[orig_sel].ctrl))
+ vctrl->sel = orig_sel;
+ else
+ dev_warn(&rdev->dev,
+ "failed to restore original voltage\n");
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_list_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+ unsigned int selector)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
+
+ if (selector >= rdev->desc->n_voltages)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return vctrl->vtable[selector].out;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_parse_dt(struct platform_device *pdev,
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
+ u32 pval;
+ u32 vrange_ctrl[2];
+ u32 vrange_out[2];
+
+ ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "ovp-threshold-percent", &pval);
+ if (!ret) {
+ vctrl->ovp_threshold = pval;
+ if (vctrl->ovp_threshold > 100) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "ovp-threshold-percent (%u) > 100\n",
+ vctrl->ovp_threshold);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "min-slew-down-rate", &pval);
+ if (!ret) {
+ vctrl->min_slew_down_rate = pval;
+
+ /* We use the value as int and as divider; sanity check */
+ if (vctrl->min_slew_down_rate == 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "min-slew-down-rate must not be 0\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ } else if (vctrl->min_slew_down_rate > INT_MAX) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "min-slew-down-rate (%u) too big\n",
+ vctrl->min_slew_down_rate);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (vctrl->ovp_threshold && !vctrl->min_slew_down_rate) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+ "ovp-threshold-percent requires min-slew-down-rate\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ ret = of_property_read_u32_array(np, "ctrl-voltage-range", vrange_ctrl,
+ 2);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to read ctrl-voltage-range: %d\n",
+ ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (vrange_ctrl[0] >= vrange_ctrl[1]) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "ctrl-voltage-range is invalid: %d-%d\n",
+ vrange_ctrl[0], vrange_ctrl[1]);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ ret = of_property_read_u32_array(np, "output-voltage-range", vrange_out,
+ 2);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to read output-voltage-range: %d\n",
+ ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (vrange_out[0] >= vrange_out[1]) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "output-voltage-range is invalid: %d-%d\n",
+ vrange_out[0], vrange_out[1]);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ vctrl->vrange.ctrl.min_uV = vrange_ctrl[0];
+ vctrl->vrange.ctrl.max_uV = vrange_ctrl[1];
+ vctrl->vrange.out.min_uV = vrange_out[0];
+ vctrl->vrange.out.max_uV = vrange_out[1];
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_cmp_ctrl_uV(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ const struct vctrl_voltage_table *at = a;
+ const struct vctrl_voltage_table *bt = b;
+
+ return at->ctrl - bt->ctrl;
+}
+
+static int vctrl_init_vtable(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ struct regulator_desc *rdesc = &vctrl->desc;
+ struct regulator *ctrl_supply = vctrl->ctrl_supply;
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *vrange_ctrl = &vctrl->vrange.ctrl;
+ int n_voltages;
+ int ctrl_uV;
+ int i, idx_vt;
+
+ n_voltages = regulator_count_voltages(ctrl_supply);
+ rdesc->n_voltages = n_voltages;
+
+ /* determine number of steps within the range of the vctrl regulator */
+ for (i = 0; i < n_voltages; i++) {
+ ctrl_uV = regulator_list_voltage(ctrl_supply, i);
+
+ if (ctrl_uV < vrange_ctrl->min_uV ||
+ ctrl_uV > vrange_ctrl->max_uV) {
+ rdesc->n_voltages--;
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (rdesc->n_voltages == 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "invalid configuration\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ vctrl->vtable = devm_kmalloc_array(
+ &pdev->dev, sizeof(struct vctrl_voltage_table),
+ rdesc->n_voltages, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vctrl->vtable)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* create mapping control <=> output voltage */
+ for (i = 0, idx_vt = 0; i < n_voltages; i++) {
+ ctrl_uV = regulator_list_voltage(ctrl_supply, i);
+
+ if (ctrl_uV < vrange_ctrl->min_uV ||
+ ctrl_uV > vrange_ctrl->max_uV)
+ continue;
+
+ vctrl->vtable[idx_vt].ctrl = ctrl_uV;
+ vctrl->vtable[idx_vt].out =
+ vctrl_calc_output_voltage(vctrl, ctrl_uV);
+ idx_vt++;
+ }
+
+ /* we rely on the table to be ordered by ascending voltage */
+ sort(vctrl->vtable, rdesc->n_voltages,
+ sizeof(struct vctrl_voltage_table), vctrl_cmp_ctrl_uV,
+ NULL);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct regulator_ops vctrl_ops_cont = {
+ .get_voltage = vctrl_get_voltage,
+ .set_voltage = vctrl_set_voltage,
+};
+
+static const struct regulator_ops vctrl_ops_non_cont = {
+ .set_voltage_sel = vctrl_set_voltage_sel,
+ .get_voltage_sel = vctrl_get_voltage_sel,
+ .list_voltage = vctrl_list_voltage,
+ .map_voltage = regulator_map_voltage_iterate,
+};
+
+static int vctrl_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
+ struct vctrl_data *vctrl;
+ const struct regulator_init_data *init_data;
+ struct regulator_desc *rdesc;
+ struct regulator_config cfg = { };
+ struct vctrl_voltage_range *vrange_ctrl;
+ int ctrl_uV;
+ int ret;
+
+ vctrl = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(struct vctrl_data),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vctrl)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, vctrl);
+
+ vctrl->ctrl_supply = devm_regulator_get(&pdev->dev, "ctrl");
+ if (IS_ERR(vctrl->ctrl_supply))
+ return PTR_ERR(vctrl->ctrl_supply);
+
+ ret = vctrl_parse_dt(pdev, vctrl);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ vrange_ctrl = &vctrl->vrange.ctrl;
+
+ rdesc = &vctrl->desc;
+ rdesc->name = "vctrl";
+ rdesc->type = REGULATOR_VOLTAGE;
+ rdesc->owner = THIS_MODULE;
+
+ /* determine if the voltage range of the control supply is continuous */
+ if ((regulator_count_voltages(vctrl->ctrl_supply) == 1) &&
+ regulator_is_supported_voltage(vctrl->ctrl_supply,
+ vrange_ctrl->min_uV,
+ vrange_ctrl->min_uV) &&
+ regulator_is_supported_voltage(vctrl->ctrl_supply,
+ vrange_ctrl->max_uV,
+ vrange_ctrl->max_uV)) {
+ rdesc->continuous_voltage_range = true;
+ rdesc->ops = &vctrl_ops_cont;
+ } else {
+ rdesc->ops = &vctrl_ops_non_cont;
+ }
+
+ init_data = of_get_regulator_init_data(&pdev->dev, np, rdesc);
+ if (!init_data)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ cfg.of_node = np;
+ cfg.dev = &pdev->dev;
+ cfg.driver_data = vctrl;
+ cfg.init_data = init_data;
+
+ if (!rdesc->continuous_voltage_range) {
+ ret = vctrl_init_vtable(pdev);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ctrl_uV = regulator_get_voltage(vctrl->ctrl_supply);
+ if (ctrl_uV < 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to get control voltage\n");
+ return ctrl_uV;
+ }
+
+ /* determine current voltage selector from control voltage */
+ if (ctrl_uV < vrange_ctrl->min_uV) {
+ vctrl->sel = 0;
+ } else if (ctrl_uV > vrange_ctrl->max_uV) {
+ vctrl->sel = rdesc->n_voltages - 1;
+ } else {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < rdesc->n_voltages; i++) {
+ if (ctrl_uV == vctrl->vtable[i].ctrl) {
+ vctrl->sel = i;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ vctrl->rdev = devm_regulator_register(&pdev->dev, rdesc, &cfg);
+ if (IS_ERR(vctrl->rdev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(vctrl->rdev);
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to register regulator: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id vctrl_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "vctrl-regulator", },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, vctrl_of_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver vctrl_driver = {
+ .probe = vctrl_probe,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "vctrl-regulator",
+ .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(vctrl_of_match),
+ },
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(vctrl_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Voltage Controlled Regulator Driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.11.0.483.g087da7b7c-goog
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