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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86,kvm: move qemu/guest FPU switching out to vcpu_run
2017-12-04 10:15+0800, Wanpeng Li:
> 2017-11-14 13:12 GMT+08:00 Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>:
> > Currently, every time a VCPU is scheduled out, the host kernel will
> > first save the guest FPU/xstate context, then load the qemu userspace
> > FPU context, only to then immediately save the qemu userspace FPU
> > context back to memory. When scheduling in a VCPU, the same extraneous
> > FPU loads and saves are done.
> >
> > This could be avoided by moving from a model where the guest FPU is
> > loaded and stored with preemption disabled, to a model where the
> > qemu userspace FPU is swapped out for the guest FPU context for
> > the duration of the KVM_RUN ioctl.
> >
> > This is done under the VCPU mutex, which is also taken when other
> > tasks inspect the VCPU FPU context, so the code should already be
> > safe for this change. That should come as no surprise, given that
> > s390 already has this optimization.
> >
> > No performance changes were detected in quick ping-pong tests on
> > my 4 socket system, which is expected since an FPU+xstate load is
> > on the order of 0.1us, while ping-ponging between CPUs is on the
> > order of 20us, and somewhat noisy.
> >
> > There may be other tests where performance changes are noticeable.
>
> The kvm/queue has the below splatting:
>
> [ 650.866212] Bad FPU state detected at kvm_put_guest_fpu+0x7d/0x210
> [kvm], reinitializing FPU registers.
> [ 650.866232] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 650.866241] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 2583 at arch/x86/mm/extable.c:103
> ex_handler_fprestore+0x5f/0x70
> [ 650.866473] libahci wmi hid pinctrl_sunrisepoint video pinctrl_intel
> [ 650.866496] CPU: 2 PID: 2583 Comm: qemu-system-x86 Not tainted 4.14.0+ #7
> [ 650.866500] Hardware name: Dell Inc. OptiPlex 7040/0JCTF8, BIOS
> 1.4.9 09/12/2016
> [ 650.866503] task: ffff97a095a28000 task.stack: ffffa71c8585c000
> [ 650.866509] RIP: 0010:ex_handler_fprestore+0x5f/0x70
> [ 650.866512] RSP: 0018:ffffa71c8585fc28 EFLAGS: 00010282
> [ 650.866519] RAX: 000000000000005b RBX: ffffa71c8585fc68 RCX: 0000000000000006
> [ 650.866522] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffffb4d35333 RDI: 0000000000000282
> [ 650.866526] RBP: 000000000000000d R08: 00000000fddae359 R09: 0000000000000000
> [ 650.866529] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> [ 650.866532] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff97a095a30000 R15: 000055824b58e280
> [ 650.866536] FS: 00007f6f8f22c700(0000) GS:ffff97a09ca00000(0000)
> knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 650.866540] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 650.866543] CR2: 00007f6f993f3000 CR3: 00000003d4aae005 CR4: 00000000003626e0
> [ 650.866547] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> [ 650.866550] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> [ 650.866554] Call Trace:
> [ 650.866559] fixup_exception+0x32/0x40
> [ 650.866567] do_general_protection+0xa0/0x1b0
> [ 650.866574] general_protection+0x22/0x30
> [ 650.866595] RIP: 0010:kvm_put_guest_fpu+0x7d/0x210 [kvm]
> [ 650.866599] RSP: 0018:ffffa71c8585fd18 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 650.866605] RAX: 00000000ffffffff RBX: ffff97a095a30000 RCX: 0000000000000001
> [ 650.866608] RDX: 00000000ffffffff RSI: 00000000f7d5d46a RDI: ffff97a095a30b80
> [ 650.866611] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 00000000fddae359 R09: ffff97a095a28968
> [ 650.866615] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 00000000e8d39b88 R12: ffff97a095a31bc0
> [ 650.866618] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff97a095a30000 R15: 000055824b58e280
> [ 650.866650] ? kvm_put_guest_fpu+0x27/0x210 [kvm]

Looks like we're calling put when the fpu was not loaded. The simplest
fix would be:

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index e0367f688547..064eba25c215 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -7842,7 +7842,8 @@ void kvm_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool init_event)
* To avoid have the INIT path from kvm_apic_has_events() that be
* called with loaded FPU and does not let userspace fix the state.
*/
- kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
+ if (init_event)
+ kvm_put_guest_fpu(vcpu);
mpx_state_buffer = get_xsave_addr(&vcpu->arch.guest_fpu.state.xsave,
XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS);
if (mpx_state_buffer)
@@ -7851,6 +7852,8 @@ void kvm_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool init_event)
XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR);
if (mpx_state_buffer)
memset(mpx_state_buffer, 0, sizeof(struct mpx_bndcsr));
+ if (init_event)
+ kvm_load_guest_fpu(vcpu);
}

if (!init_event) {
I'll carry that until there is a nicer solution, thanks for the report.

> [ 650.866670] kvm_vcpu_reset+0x1be/0x250 [kvm]
> [ 650.866689] kvm_arch_vcpu_setup+0x2c/0x50 [kvm]
> [ 650.866707] kvm_vm_ioctl+0x31a/0x820 [kvm]
> [ 650.866712] ? __lock_acquire+0x809/0x1410
> [ 650.866721] ? __lock_acquire+0x809/0x1410
> [ 650.866734] do_vfs_ioctl+0x9f/0x6c0
> [ 650.866743] ? __fget+0x108/0x1f0
> [ 650.866752] SyS_ioctl+0x74/0x80
> [ 650.866757] ? do_syscall_64+0xc4/0x3d0
> [ 650.866764] do_syscall_64+0x8a/0x3d0
> [ 650.866769] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x1a/0x1c
> [ 650.866781] entry_SYSCALL64_slow_path+0x25/0x25
> [ 650.866785] RIP: 0033:0x7f6f973a0f07
> [ 650.866788] RSP: 002b:00007f6f8f22b968 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
> 0000000000000010
> [ 650.866795] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000000000000ae41 RCX: 00007f6f973a0f07
> [ 650.866798] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 000000000000ae41 RDI: 000000000000000b
> [ 650.866802] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000558248e26a40 R09: 000055824b58e280
> [ 650.866805] R10: 0000558249593f40 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 000055824b55ec90
> [ 650.866808] R13: 00007ffd274d79ff R14: 00007f6f8f22c9c0 R15: 000055824b58e280
> [ 650.867014] ---[ end trace 2c5d6cfaba0ee1b3 ]---

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