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Subjectprecedence bug in MAKE_PROCESS_CPUCLOCK macro?
I'm seeing the following warning compiling with Clang:

kernel/time/posix-cpu-timers.c:1397:29: warning: shifting a negative
signed value is undefined
[-Wshift-negative-value]
return posix_cpu_clock_get(THREAD_CLOCK, tp);
^~~~~~~~~~~~
kernel/time/posix-cpu-timers.c:1367:22: note: expanded from macro 'THREAD_CLOCK'
#define THREAD_CLOCK MAKE_THREAD_CPUCLOCK(0, CPUCLOCK_SCHED)
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/posix-timers.h:48:2: note: expanded from macro
'MAKE_THREAD_CPUCLOCK'
MAKE_PROCESS_CPUCLOCK((tid), (clock) | CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK)
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/posix-timers.h:46:23: note: expanded from macro
'MAKE_PROCESS_CPUCLOCK'
((~(clockid_t) (pid) << 3) | (clockid_t) (clock))
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ^

If I understand C's operator precedence rules
(http://en.cppreference.com/w/c/language/operator_precedence)
correctly, then I suspect the problem is in the sub-expression:

(~(clockid_t) (pid) << 3)

where pid (an argument to the macro) is first cast to a clockid_t (aka
[signed] int), then negated, then shifted by 3 (oops, undefined
behavior).

Should the result after negation be cast to an unsigned int, or should
the left shift happen before negation?

CPUCLOCK_PID and CLOCKID_TO_FD seem to shift then negate, but
FD_TO_CLOCKID seems to have the same issue as MAKE_PROCESS_CPUCLOCK.

Changing the sub-expression to:

(~(clockid_t) ((pid) << 3))

changes what it evaluates to. Changing it to:

(~(unsigned) (pid) << 3)

or

((unsigned) ~(clockid_t) (pid) << 3)

or

(((unsigned) ~(clockid_t) (pid)) << 3) /* ugly */

does not.

I'm happy to send a patch with your suggestion.

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