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Subject[PATCH 4.4 30/78] inet: frag: release spinlock before calling icmp_send()
Date
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>


[ Upstream commit ec4fbd64751de18729eaa816ec69e4b504b5a7a2 ]

Dmitry reported a lockdep splat [1] (false positive) that we can fix
by releasing the spinlock before calling icmp_send() from ip_expire()

This is a false positive because sending an ICMP message can not
possibly re-enter the IP frag engine.

[1]
[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
4.10.0+ #29 Not tainted
-------------------------------------------------------
modprobe/12392 is trying to acquire lock:
(_xmit_ETHER#2){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff837a8182>] spin_lock
include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
(_xmit_ETHER#2){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff837a8182>] __netif_tx_lock
include/linux/netdevice.h:3486 [inline]
(_xmit_ETHER#2){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff837a8182>]
sch_direct_xmit+0x282/0x6d0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:180

but task is already holding lock:
(&(&q->lock)->rlock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8389a4d1>] spin_lock
include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
(&(&q->lock)->rlock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8389a4d1>]
ip_expire+0x51/0x6c0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:201

which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #1 (&(&q->lock)->rlock){+.-...}:
validate_chain kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2267 [inline]
__lock_acquire+0x2149/0x3430 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3340
lock_acquire+0x2a1/0x630 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3755
__raw_spin_lock include/linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:142 [inline]
_raw_spin_lock+0x33/0x50 kernel/locking/spinlock.c:151
spin_lock include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
ip_defrag+0x3a2/0x4130 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:669
ip_check_defrag+0x4e3/0x8b0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:713
packet_rcv_fanout+0x282/0x800 net/packet/af_packet.c:1459
deliver_skb net/core/dev.c:1834 [inline]
dev_queue_xmit_nit+0x294/0xa90 net/core/dev.c:1890
xmit_one net/core/dev.c:2903 [inline]
dev_hard_start_xmit+0x16b/0xab0 net/core/dev.c:2923
sch_direct_xmit+0x31f/0x6d0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:182
__dev_xmit_skb net/core/dev.c:3092 [inline]
__dev_queue_xmit+0x13e5/0x1e60 net/core/dev.c:3358
dev_queue_xmit+0x17/0x20 net/core/dev.c:3423
neigh_resolve_output+0x6b9/0xb10 net/core/neighbour.c:1308
neigh_output include/net/neighbour.h:478 [inline]
ip_finish_output2+0x8b8/0x15a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:228
ip_do_fragment+0x1d93/0x2720 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:672
ip_fragment.constprop.54+0x145/0x200 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:545
ip_finish_output+0x82d/0xe10 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:314
NF_HOOK_COND include/linux/netfilter.h:246 [inline]
ip_output+0x1f0/0x7a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:404
dst_output include/net/dst.h:486 [inline]
ip_local_out+0x95/0x170 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:124
ip_send_skb+0x3c/0xc0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1492
ip_push_pending_frames+0x64/0x80 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1512
raw_sendmsg+0x26de/0x3a00 net/ipv4/raw.c:655
inet_sendmsg+0x164/0x5b0 net/ipv4/af_inet.c:761
sock_sendmsg_nosec net/socket.c:633 [inline]
sock_sendmsg+0xca/0x110 net/socket.c:643
___sys_sendmsg+0x4a3/0x9f0 net/socket.c:1985
__sys_sendmmsg+0x25c/0x750 net/socket.c:2075
SYSC_sendmmsg net/socket.c:2106 [inline]
SyS_sendmmsg+0x35/0x60 net/socket.c:2101
do_syscall_64+0x2e8/0x930 arch/x86/entry/common.c:281
return_from_SYSCALL_64+0x0/0x7a

-> #0 (_xmit_ETHER#2){+.-...}:
check_prev_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1830 [inline]
check_prevs_add+0xa8f/0x19f0 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1940
validate_chain kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2267 [inline]
__lock_acquire+0x2149/0x3430 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3340
lock_acquire+0x2a1/0x630 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3755
__raw_spin_lock include/linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:142 [inline]
_raw_spin_lock+0x33/0x50 kernel/locking/spinlock.c:151
spin_lock include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
__netif_tx_lock include/linux/netdevice.h:3486 [inline]
sch_direct_xmit+0x282/0x6d0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:180
__dev_xmit_skb net/core/dev.c:3092 [inline]
__dev_queue_xmit+0x13e5/0x1e60 net/core/dev.c:3358
dev_queue_xmit+0x17/0x20 net/core/dev.c:3423
neigh_hh_output include/net/neighbour.h:468 [inline]
neigh_output include/net/neighbour.h:476 [inline]
ip_finish_output2+0xf6c/0x15a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:228
ip_finish_output+0xa29/0xe10 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:316
NF_HOOK_COND include/linux/netfilter.h:246 [inline]
ip_output+0x1f0/0x7a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:404
dst_output include/net/dst.h:486 [inline]
ip_local_out+0x95/0x170 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:124
ip_send_skb+0x3c/0xc0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1492
ip_push_pending_frames+0x64/0x80 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1512
icmp_push_reply+0x372/0x4d0 net/ipv4/icmp.c:394
icmp_send+0x156c/0x1c80 net/ipv4/icmp.c:754
ip_expire+0x40e/0x6c0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:239
call_timer_fn+0x241/0x820 kernel/time/timer.c:1268
expire_timers kernel/time/timer.c:1307 [inline]
__run_timers+0x960/0xcf0 kernel/time/timer.c:1601
run_timer_softirq+0x21/0x80 kernel/time/timer.c:1614
__do_softirq+0x31f/0xbe7 kernel/softirq.c:284
invoke_softirq kernel/softirq.c:364 [inline]
irq_exit+0x1cc/0x200 kernel/softirq.c:405
exiting_irq arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h:657 [inline]
smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x76/0xa0 arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c:962
apic_timer_interrupt+0x93/0xa0 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:707
__read_once_size include/linux/compiler.h:254 [inline]
atomic_read arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h:26 [inline]
rcu_dynticks_curr_cpu_in_eqs kernel/rcu/tree.c:350 [inline]
__rcu_is_watching kernel/rcu/tree.c:1133 [inline]
rcu_is_watching+0x83/0x110 kernel/rcu/tree.c:1147
rcu_read_lock_held+0x87/0xc0 kernel/rcu/update.c:293
radix_tree_deref_slot include/linux/radix-tree.h:238 [inline]
filemap_map_pages+0x6d4/0x1570 mm/filemap.c:2335
do_fault_around mm/memory.c:3231 [inline]
do_read_fault mm/memory.c:3265 [inline]
do_fault+0xbd5/0x2080 mm/memory.c:3370
handle_pte_fault mm/memory.c:3600 [inline]
__handle_mm_fault+0x1062/0x2cb0 mm/memory.c:3714
handle_mm_fault+0x1e2/0x480 mm/memory.c:3751
__do_page_fault+0x4f6/0xb60 arch/x86/mm/fault.c:1397
do_page_fault+0x54/0x70 arch/x86/mm/fault.c:1460
page_fault+0x28/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:1011

other info that might help us debug this:

Possible unsafe locking scenario:

CPU0 CPU1
---- ----
lock(&(&q->lock)->rlock);
lock(_xmit_ETHER#2);
lock(&(&q->lock)->rlock);
lock(_xmit_ETHER#2);

*** DEADLOCK ***

10 locks held by modprobe/12392:
#0: (&mm->mmap_sem){++++++}, at: [<ffffffff81329758>]
__do_page_fault+0x2b8/0xb60 arch/x86/mm/fault.c:1336
#1: (rcu_read_lock){......}, at: [<ffffffff8188cab6>]
filemap_map_pages+0x1e6/0x1570 mm/filemap.c:2324
#2: (&(ptlock_ptr(page))->rlock#2){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81984a78>]
spin_lock include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
#2: (&(ptlock_ptr(page))->rlock#2){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81984a78>]
pte_alloc_one_map mm/memory.c:2944 [inline]
#2: (&(ptlock_ptr(page))->rlock#2){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81984a78>]
alloc_set_pte+0x13b8/0x1b90 mm/memory.c:3072
#3: (((&q->timer))){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81627e72>]
lockdep_copy_map include/linux/lockdep.h:175 [inline]
#3: (((&q->timer))){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff81627e72>]
call_timer_fn+0x1c2/0x820 kernel/time/timer.c:1258
#4: (&(&q->lock)->rlock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8389a4d1>] spin_lock
include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
#4: (&(&q->lock)->rlock){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff8389a4d1>]
ip_expire+0x51/0x6c0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:201
#5: (rcu_read_lock){......}, at: [<ffffffff8389a633>]
ip_expire+0x1b3/0x6c0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:216
#6: (slock-AF_INET){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff839b3313>] spin_trylock
include/linux/spinlock.h:309 [inline]
#6: (slock-AF_INET){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff839b3313>] icmp_xmit_lock
net/ipv4/icmp.c:219 [inline]
#6: (slock-AF_INET){+.-...}, at: [<ffffffff839b3313>]
icmp_send+0x803/0x1c80 net/ipv4/icmp.c:681
#7: (rcu_read_lock_bh){......}, at: [<ffffffff838ab9a1>]
ip_finish_output2+0x2c1/0x15a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:198
#8: (rcu_read_lock_bh){......}, at: [<ffffffff836d1dee>]
__dev_queue_xmit+0x23e/0x1e60 net/core/dev.c:3324
#9: (dev->qdisc_running_key ?: &qdisc_running_key){+.....}, at:
[<ffffffff836d3a27>] dev_queue_xmit+0x17/0x20 net/core/dev.c:3423

stack backtrace:
CPU: 0 PID: 12392 Comm: modprobe Not tainted 4.10.0+ #29
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine,
BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
<IRQ>
__dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:16 [inline]
dump_stack+0x2ee/0x3ef lib/dump_stack.c:52
print_circular_bug+0x307/0x3b0 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1204
check_prev_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1830 [inline]
check_prevs_add+0xa8f/0x19f0 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1940
validate_chain kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2267 [inline]
__lock_acquire+0x2149/0x3430 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3340
lock_acquire+0x2a1/0x630 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3755
__raw_spin_lock include/linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:142 [inline]
_raw_spin_lock+0x33/0x50 kernel/locking/spinlock.c:151
spin_lock include/linux/spinlock.h:299 [inline]
__netif_tx_lock include/linux/netdevice.h:3486 [inline]
sch_direct_xmit+0x282/0x6d0 net/sched/sch_generic.c:180
__dev_xmit_skb net/core/dev.c:3092 [inline]
__dev_queue_xmit+0x13e5/0x1e60 net/core/dev.c:3358
dev_queue_xmit+0x17/0x20 net/core/dev.c:3423
neigh_hh_output include/net/neighbour.h:468 [inline]
neigh_output include/net/neighbour.h:476 [inline]
ip_finish_output2+0xf6c/0x15a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:228
ip_finish_output+0xa29/0xe10 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:316
NF_HOOK_COND include/linux/netfilter.h:246 [inline]
ip_output+0x1f0/0x7a0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:404
dst_output include/net/dst.h:486 [inline]
ip_local_out+0x95/0x170 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:124
ip_send_skb+0x3c/0xc0 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1492
ip_push_pending_frames+0x64/0x80 net/ipv4/ip_output.c:1512
icmp_push_reply+0x372/0x4d0 net/ipv4/icmp.c:394
icmp_send+0x156c/0x1c80 net/ipv4/icmp.c:754
ip_expire+0x40e/0x6c0 net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c:239
call_timer_fn+0x241/0x820 kernel/time/timer.c:1268
expire_timers kernel/time/timer.c:1307 [inline]
__run_timers+0x960/0xcf0 kernel/time/timer.c:1601
run_timer_softirq+0x21/0x80 kernel/time/timer.c:1614
__do_softirq+0x31f/0xbe7 kernel/softirq.c:284
invoke_softirq kernel/softirq.c:364 [inline]
irq_exit+0x1cc/0x200 kernel/softirq.c:405
exiting_irq arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h:657 [inline]
smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x76/0xa0 arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c:962
apic_timer_interrupt+0x93/0xa0 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:707
RIP: 0010:__read_once_size include/linux/compiler.h:254 [inline]
RIP: 0010:atomic_read arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h:26 [inline]
RIP: 0010:rcu_dynticks_curr_cpu_in_eqs kernel/rcu/tree.c:350 [inline]
RIP: 0010:__rcu_is_watching kernel/rcu/tree.c:1133 [inline]
RIP: 0010:rcu_is_watching+0x83/0x110 kernel/rcu/tree.c:1147
RSP: 0000:ffff8801c391f120 EFLAGS: 00000a03 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffff10
RAX: dffffc0000000000 RBX: ffff8801c391f148 RCX: 0000000000000000
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 000055edd4374000 RDI: ffff8801dbe1ae0c
RBP: ffff8801c391f1a0 R08: 0000000000000002 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: dffffc0000000000 R11: 0000000000000002 R12: 1ffff10038723e25
R13: ffff8801dbe1ae00 R14: ffff8801c391f680 R15: dffffc0000000000
</IRQ>
rcu_read_lock_held+0x87/0xc0 kernel/rcu/update.c:293
radix_tree_deref_slot include/linux/radix-tree.h:238 [inline]
filemap_map_pages+0x6d4/0x1570 mm/filemap.c:2335
do_fault_around mm/memory.c:3231 [inline]
do_read_fault mm/memory.c:3265 [inline]
do_fault+0xbd5/0x2080 mm/memory.c:3370
handle_pte_fault mm/memory.c:3600 [inline]
__handle_mm_fault+0x1062/0x2cb0 mm/memory.c:3714
handle_mm_fault+0x1e2/0x480 mm/memory.c:3751
__do_page_fault+0x4f6/0xb60 arch/x86/mm/fault.c:1397
do_page_fault+0x54/0x70 arch/x86/mm/fault.c:1460
page_fault+0x28/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:1011
RIP: 0033:0x7f83172f2786
RSP: 002b:00007fffe859ae80 EFLAGS: 00010293
RAX: 000055edd4373040 RBX: 00007f83175111c8 RCX: 000055edd4373238
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00007f8317510970
RBP: 00007fffe859afd0 R08: 0000000000000009 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000064 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 000055edd4373040
R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 00007fffe859afe8 R15: 0000000000000000

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@verizon.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c
@@ -200,6 +200,7 @@ static void ip_expire(unsigned long arg)
qp = container_of((struct inet_frag_queue *) arg, struct ipq, q);
net = container_of(qp->q.net, struct net, ipv4.frags);

+ rcu_read_lock();
spin_lock(&qp->q.lock);

if (qp->q.flags & INET_FRAG_COMPLETE)
@@ -209,7 +210,7 @@ static void ip_expire(unsigned long arg)
IP_INC_STATS_BH(net, IPSTATS_MIB_REASMFAILS);

if (!inet_frag_evicting(&qp->q)) {
- struct sk_buff *head = qp->q.fragments;
+ struct sk_buff *clone, *head = qp->q.fragments;
const struct iphdr *iph;
int err;

@@ -218,32 +219,40 @@ static void ip_expire(unsigned long arg)
if (!(qp->q.flags & INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN) || !qp->q.fragments)
goto out;

- rcu_read_lock();
head->dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, qp->iif);
if (!head->dev)
- goto out_rcu_unlock;
+ goto out;
+

/* skb has no dst, perform route lookup again */
iph = ip_hdr(head);
err = ip_route_input_noref(head, iph->daddr, iph->saddr,
iph->tos, head->dev);
if (err)
- goto out_rcu_unlock;
+ goto out;

/* Only an end host needs to send an ICMP
* "Fragment Reassembly Timeout" message, per RFC792.
*/
if (frag_expire_skip_icmp(qp->user) &&
(skb_rtable(head)->rt_type != RTN_LOCAL))
- goto out_rcu_unlock;
+ goto out;
+
+ clone = skb_clone(head, GFP_ATOMIC);

/* Send an ICMP "Fragment Reassembly Timeout" message. */
- icmp_send(head, ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED, ICMP_EXC_FRAGTIME, 0);
-out_rcu_unlock:
- rcu_read_unlock();
+ if (clone) {
+ spin_unlock(&qp->q.lock);
+ icmp_send(clone, ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED,
+ ICMP_EXC_FRAGTIME, 0);
+ consume_skb(clone);
+ goto out_rcu_unlock;
+ }
}
out:
spin_unlock(&qp->q.lock);
+out_rcu_unlock:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
ipq_put(qp);
}


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