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Subject[PATCH v2 1/5] mm: migrate NUMA stats from per-zone to per-node
Date
There is not really any use to get NUMA stats separated by zone, and
current per-zone NUMA stats is only consumed in /proc/zoneinfo. For code
cleanup purpose, we move NUMA stats from per-zone to per-node and reuse the
existed per-cpu infrastructure.

Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kemi Wang <kemi.wang@intel.com>
---
drivers/base/node.c | 23 +++----
include/linux/mmzone.h | 27 ++++----
include/linux/vmstat.h | 31 ---------
mm/mempolicy.c | 2 +-
mm/page_alloc.c | 16 +++--
mm/vmstat.c | 177 +++++--------------------------------------------
6 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 230 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/node.c b/drivers/base/node.c
index ee090ab..a045ea1 100644
--- a/drivers/base/node.c
+++ b/drivers/base/node.c
@@ -169,13 +169,14 @@ static ssize_t node_read_numastat(struct device *dev,
"interleave_hit %lu\n"
"local_node %lu\n"
"other_node %lu\n",
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_HIT),
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_MISS),
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_FOREIGN),
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT),
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_LOCAL),
- sum_zone_numa_state(dev->id, NUMA_OTHER));
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_HIT),
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_MISS),
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_FOREIGN),
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT),
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_LOCAL),
+ node_page_state(NODE_DATA(dev->id), NUMA_OTHER));
}
+
static DEVICE_ATTR(numastat, S_IRUGO, node_read_numastat, NULL);

static ssize_t node_read_vmstat(struct device *dev,
@@ -190,17 +191,9 @@ static ssize_t node_read_vmstat(struct device *dev,
n += sprintf(buf+n, "%s %lu\n", vmstat_text[i],
sum_zone_node_page_state(nid, i));

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- n += sprintf(buf+n, "%s %lu\n",
- vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS],
- sum_zone_numa_state(nid, i));
-#endif
-
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
n += sprintf(buf+n, "%s %lu\n",
- vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS +
- NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS],
+ vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS],
node_page_state(pgdat, i));

return n;
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 67f2e3c..c06d880 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -115,20 +115,6 @@ struct zone_padding {
#define ZONE_PADDING(name)
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-enum numa_stat_item {
- NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */
- NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */
- NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */
- NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */
- NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */
- NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */
- NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS
-};
-#else
-#define NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS 0
-#endif
-
enum zone_stat_item {
/* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */
NR_FREE_PAGES,
@@ -151,7 +137,18 @@ enum zone_stat_item {
NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS };

enum node_stat_item {
- NR_LRU_BASE,
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+ NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */
+ NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */
+ NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */
+ NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */
+ NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */
+ NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */
+ NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS,
+#else
+#define NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS 0
+#endif
+ NR_LRU_BASE = NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS,
NR_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_LRU_BASE, /* must match order of LRU_[IN]ACTIVE */
NR_ACTIVE_ANON, /* " " " " " */
NR_INACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */
diff --git a/include/linux/vmstat.h b/include/linux/vmstat.h
index 1779c98..80bf290 100644
--- a/include/linux/vmstat.h
+++ b/include/linux/vmstat.h
@@ -118,37 +118,8 @@ static inline void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu)
* Zone and node-based page accounting with per cpu differentials.
*/
extern atomic_long_t vm_zone_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS];
-extern atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS];
extern atomic_long_t vm_node_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS];

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-static inline void zone_numa_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone,
- enum numa_stat_item item)
-{
- atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_numa_stat[item]);
- atomic_long_add(x, &vm_numa_stat[item]);
-}
-
-static inline unsigned long global_numa_state(enum numa_stat_item item)
-{
- long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_numa_stat[item]);
-
- return x;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned long zone_numa_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone,
- enum numa_stat_item item)
-{
- long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_numa_stat[item]);
- int cpu;
-
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
- x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_numa_stat_diff[item];
-
- return x;
-}
-#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */
-
static inline void zone_page_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone,
enum zone_stat_item item)
{
@@ -234,10 +205,8 @@ static inline unsigned long node_page_state_snapshot(pg_data_t *pgdat,


#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-extern void __inc_numa_state(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item);
extern unsigned long sum_zone_node_page_state(int node,
enum zone_stat_item item);
-extern unsigned long sum_zone_numa_state(int node, enum numa_stat_item item);
extern unsigned long node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
enum node_stat_item item);
#else
diff --git a/mm/mempolicy.c b/mm/mempolicy.c
index 4ce44d3..b2293e3 100644
--- a/mm/mempolicy.c
+++ b/mm/mempolicy.c
@@ -1920,7 +1920,7 @@ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order,
return page;
if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) {
preempt_disable();
- __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT);
+ inc_node_state(page_pgdat(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT);
preempt_enable();
}
return page;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 7e5e775..81e8d8f 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2793,22 +2793,24 @@ int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
static inline void zone_statistics(struct zone *preferred_zone, struct zone *z)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- enum numa_stat_item local_stat = NUMA_LOCAL;
+ int preferred_nid = preferred_zone->node;
+ int nid = z->node;
+ enum node_stat_item local_stat = NUMA_LOCAL;

/* skip numa counters update if numa stats is disabled */
if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key))
return;

- if (z->node != numa_node_id())
+ if (nid != numa_node_id())
local_stat = NUMA_OTHER;

- if (z->node == preferred_zone->node)
- __inc_numa_state(z, NUMA_HIT);
+ if (nid == preferred_nid)
+ inc_node_state(NODE_DATA(nid), NUMA_HIT);
else {
- __inc_numa_state(z, NUMA_MISS);
- __inc_numa_state(preferred_zone, NUMA_FOREIGN);
+ inc_node_state(NODE_DATA(nid), NUMA_MISS);
+ inc_node_state(NODE_DATA(preferred_nid), NUMA_FOREIGN);
}
- __inc_numa_state(z, local_stat);
+ inc_node_state(NODE_DATA(nid), local_stat);
#endif
}

diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 40b2db6..1dd12ae 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -30,46 +30,44 @@

#include "internal.h"

-#define NUMA_STATS_THRESHOLD (U16_MAX - 2)
-
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
int sysctl_vm_numa_stat = ENABLE_NUMA_STAT;

-/* zero numa counters within a zone */
-static void zero_zone_numa_counters(struct zone *zone)
+/* zero numa stats within a node */
+static void zero_node_numa_stats(int node)
{
int item, cpu;

for (item = 0; item < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; item++) {
- atomic_long_set(&zone->vm_numa_stat[item], 0);
+ atomic_long_set(&(NODE_DATA(node)->vm_stat[item]), 0);
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
- per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_numa_stat_diff[item]
- = 0;
+ per_cpu_ptr(NODE_DATA(node)->per_cpu_nodestats,
+ cpu)->vm_node_stat_diff[item] = 0;
}
}

-/* zero numa counters of all the populated zones */
-static void zero_zones_numa_counters(void)
+/* zero numa stats of all the online nodes */
+static void zero_nodes_numa_stats(void)
{
- struct zone *zone;
+ int node;

- for_each_populated_zone(zone)
- zero_zone_numa_counters(zone);
+ for_each_online_node(node)
+ zero_node_numa_stats(node);
}

-/* zero global numa counters */
-static void zero_global_numa_counters(void)
+/* zero global numa stats */
+static void zero_global_numa_stats(void)
{
int item;

for (item = 0; item < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; item++)
- atomic_long_set(&vm_numa_stat[item], 0);
+ atomic_long_set(&vm_node_stat[item], 0);
}

static void invalid_numa_statistics(void)
{
- zero_zones_numa_counters();
- zero_global_numa_counters();
+ zero_nodes_numa_stats();
+ zero_global_numa_stats();
}

static DEFINE_MUTEX(vm_numa_stat_lock);
@@ -160,10 +158,8 @@ void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu)
* vm_stat contains the global counters
*/
atomic_long_t vm_zone_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS] __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
-atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS] __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
atomic_long_t vm_node_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS] __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_zone_stat);
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_numa_stat);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_node_stat);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -679,32 +675,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(dec_node_page_state);
* Fold a differential into the global counters.
* Returns the number of counters updated.
*/
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-static int fold_diff(int *zone_diff, int *numa_diff, int *node_diff)
-{
- int i;
- int changes = 0;
-
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (zone_diff[i]) {
- atomic_long_add(zone_diff[i], &vm_zone_stat[i]);
- changes++;
- }
-
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (numa_diff[i]) {
- atomic_long_add(numa_diff[i], &vm_numa_stat[i]);
- changes++;
- }
-
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (node_diff[i]) {
- atomic_long_add(node_diff[i], &vm_node_stat[i]);
- changes++;
- }
- return changes;
-}
-#else
static int fold_diff(int *zone_diff, int *node_diff)
{
int i;
@@ -723,7 +693,6 @@ static int fold_diff(int *zone_diff, int *node_diff)
}
return changes;
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

/*
* Update the zone counters for the current cpu.
@@ -747,9 +716,6 @@ static int refresh_cpu_vm_stats(bool do_pagesets)
struct zone *zone;
int i;
int global_zone_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- int global_numa_diff[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
-#endif
int global_node_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
int changes = 0;

@@ -771,18 +737,6 @@ static int refresh_cpu_vm_stats(bool do_pagesets)
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
- int v;
-
- v = this_cpu_xchg(p->vm_numa_stat_diff[i], 0);
- if (v) {
-
- atomic_long_add(v, &zone->vm_numa_stat[i]);
- global_numa_diff[i] += v;
- __this_cpu_write(p->expire, 3);
- }
- }
-
if (do_pagesets) {
cond_resched();
/*
@@ -829,12 +783,7 @@ static int refresh_cpu_vm_stats(bool do_pagesets)
}
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- changes += fold_diff(global_zone_diff, global_numa_diff,
- global_node_diff);
-#else
changes += fold_diff(global_zone_diff, global_node_diff);
-#endif
return changes;
}

@@ -849,9 +798,6 @@ void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu)
struct zone *zone;
int i;
int global_zone_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- int global_numa_diff[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };
-#endif
int global_node_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS] = { 0, };

for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
@@ -868,18 +814,6 @@ void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu)
atomic_long_add(v, &zone->vm_stat[i]);
global_zone_diff[i] += v;
}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (p->vm_numa_stat_diff[i]) {
- int v;
-
- v = p->vm_numa_stat_diff[i];
- p->vm_numa_stat_diff[i] = 0;
- atomic_long_add(v, &zone->vm_numa_stat[i]);
- global_numa_diff[i] += v;
- }
-#endif
}

for_each_online_pgdat(pgdat) {
@@ -898,11 +832,7 @@ void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu)
}
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- fold_diff(global_zone_diff, global_numa_diff, global_node_diff);
-#else
fold_diff(global_zone_diff, global_node_diff);
-#endif
}

/*
@@ -920,36 +850,10 @@ void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *pset)
atomic_long_add(v, &zone->vm_stat[i]);
atomic_long_add(v, &vm_zone_stat[i]);
}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- if (pset->vm_numa_stat_diff[i]) {
- int v = pset->vm_numa_stat_diff[i];
-
- pset->vm_numa_stat_diff[i] = 0;
- atomic_long_add(v, &zone->vm_numa_stat[i]);
- atomic_long_add(v, &vm_numa_stat[i]);
- }
-#endif
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-void __inc_numa_state(struct zone *zone,
- enum numa_stat_item item)
-{
- struct per_cpu_pageset __percpu *pcp = zone->pageset;
- u16 __percpu *p = pcp->vm_numa_stat_diff + item;
- u16 v;
-
- v = __this_cpu_inc_return(*p);
-
- if (unlikely(v > NUMA_STATS_THRESHOLD)) {
- zone_numa_state_add(v, zone, item);
- __this_cpu_write(*p, 0);
- }
-}
-
/*
* Determine the per node value of a stat item. This function
* is called frequently in a NUMA machine, so try to be as
@@ -969,23 +873,6 @@ unsigned long sum_zone_node_page_state(int node,
}

/*
- * Determine the per node value of a numa stat item. To avoid deviation,
- * the per cpu stat number in vm_numa_stat_diff[] is also included.
- */
-unsigned long sum_zone_numa_state(int node,
- enum numa_stat_item item)
-{
- struct zone *zones = NODE_DATA(node)->node_zones;
- int i;
- unsigned long count = 0;
-
- for (i = 0; i < MAX_NR_ZONES; i++)
- count += zone_numa_state_snapshot(zones + i, item);
-
- return count;
-}
-
-/*
* Determine the per node value of a stat item.
*/
unsigned long node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
@@ -1569,8 +1456,7 @@ static void zoneinfo_show_print(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
seq_printf(m, "\n per-node stats");
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
seq_printf(m, "\n %-12s %lu",
- vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS +
- NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS],
+ vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS],
node_page_state(pgdat, i));
}
}
@@ -1607,13 +1493,6 @@ static void zoneinfo_show_print(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat,
seq_printf(m, "\n %-12s %lu", vmstat_text[i],
zone_page_state(zone, i));

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- seq_printf(m, "\n %-12s %lu",
- vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS],
- zone_numa_state_snapshot(zone, i));
-#endif
-
seq_printf(m, "\n pagesets");
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
struct per_cpu_pageset *pageset;
@@ -1688,7 +1567,6 @@ static void *vmstat_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
if (*pos >= ARRAY_SIZE(vmstat_text))
return NULL;
stat_items_size = NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS * sizeof(unsigned long) +
- NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS * sizeof(unsigned long) +
NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS * sizeof(unsigned long) +
NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS * sizeof(unsigned long);

@@ -1704,12 +1582,6 @@ static void *vmstat_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
v[i] = global_zone_page_state(i);
v += NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS;

-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
- v[i] = global_numa_state(i);
- v += NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS;
-#endif
-
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
v[i] = global_node_page_state(i);
v += NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS;
@@ -1811,16 +1683,6 @@ int vmstat_refresh(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
err = -EINVAL;
}
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
- val = atomic_long_read(&vm_numa_stat[i]);
- if (val < 0) {
- pr_warn("%s: %s %ld\n",
- __func__, vmstat_text[i + NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS], val);
- err = -EINVAL;
- }
- }
-#endif
if (err)
return err;
if (write)
@@ -1862,9 +1724,6 @@ static bool need_update(int cpu)
struct per_cpu_pageset *p = per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu);

BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(p->vm_stat_diff[0]) != 1);
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(p->vm_numa_stat_diff[0]) != 2);
-#endif

/*
* The fast way of checking if there are any vmstat diffs.
@@ -1872,10 +1731,6 @@ static bool need_update(int cpu)
*/
if (memchr_inv(p->vm_stat_diff, 0, NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS))
return true;
-#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- if (memchr_inv(p->vm_numa_stat_diff, 0, NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS))
- return true;
-#endif
}
return false;
}
--
2.7.4
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