lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Dec]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 1/5] add infrastructure for tagging functions as error injectable
On Fri, 15 Dec 2017 14:12:52 -0500
Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com> wrote:

> From: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>
>
> Using BPF we can override kprob'ed functions and return arbitrary
> values. Obviously this can be a bit unsafe, so make this feature opt-in
> for functions. Simply tag a function with KPROBE_ERROR_INJECT_SYMBOL in
> order to give BPF access to that function for error injection purposes.
>
> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>
> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> ---
> include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 10 +++
> include/linux/bpf.h | 11 +++
> include/linux/kprobes.h | 1 +
> include/linux/module.h | 5 ++
> kernel/kprobes.c | 163 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/module.c | 6 +-
> 6 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> index ee8b707d9fa9..a2e8582d094a 100644
> --- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> +++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> @@ -136,6 +136,15 @@
> #define KPROBE_BLACKLIST()
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
> +#define ERROR_INJECT_LIST() . = ALIGN(8); \
> + VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_kprobe_error_inject_list) = .; \
> + KEEP(*(_kprobe_error_inject_list)) \
> + VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop_kprobe_error_inject_list) = .;
> +#else
> +#define ERROR_INJECT_LIST()
> +#endif
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING
> #define FTRACE_EVENTS() . = ALIGN(8); \
> VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_ftrace_events) = .; \
> @@ -564,6 +573,7 @@
> FTRACE_EVENTS() \
> TRACE_SYSCALLS() \
> KPROBE_BLACKLIST() \
> + ERROR_INJECT_LIST() \
> MEM_DISCARD(init.rodata) \
> CLK_OF_TABLES() \
> RESERVEDMEM_OF_TABLES() \
> diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> index e55e4255a210..7f4d2a953173 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -576,4 +576,15 @@ extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_sock_map_update_proto;
> void bpf_user_rnd_init_once(void);
> u64 bpf_user_rnd_u32(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
>
> +#if defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__)
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE

BTW, CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE is also confusable name.
Since this feature override a function to just return with
some return value (as far as I understand, or would you
also plan to modify execution path inside a function?),
I think it should be better CONFIG_BPF_FUNCTION_OVERRIDE or
CONFIG_BPF_EXECUTION_OVERRIDE.

Indeed, BPF is based on kprobes, but it seems you are limiting it
with ftrace (function-call trace) (I'm not sure the reason why),
so using "kprobes" for this feature seems strange for me.

The idea in this patch itself (marking injectable function on
a list) is OK to me.

Thank you,

> +#define BPF_ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(fname) \
> +static unsigned long __used \
> + __attribute__((__section__("_kprobe_error_inject_list"))) \
> + _eil_addr_##fname = (unsigned long)fname;
> +#else
> +#define BPF_ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(fname)
> +#endif
> +#endif
> +
> #endif /* _LINUX_BPF_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/kprobes.h b/include/linux/kprobes.h
> index 9440a2fc8893..963fd364f3d6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kprobes.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kprobes.h
> @@ -271,6 +271,7 @@ extern bool arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset);
> extern bool kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset);
>
> extern bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr);
> +extern bool within_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long addr);
>
> struct kprobe_insn_cache {
> struct mutex mutex;
> diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
> index c69b49abe877..548fa09fa806 100644
> --- a/include/linux/module.h
> +++ b/include/linux/module.h
> @@ -475,6 +475,11 @@ struct module {
> ctor_fn_t *ctors;
> unsigned int num_ctors;
> #endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
> + unsigned int num_kprobe_ei_funcs;
> + unsigned long *kprobe_ei_funcs;
> +#endif
> } ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout;
> #ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT
> #define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {}
> diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
> index da2ccf142358..b4aab48ad258 100644
> --- a/kernel/kprobes.c
> +++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
> @@ -83,6 +83,16 @@ static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash)
> return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock);
> }
>
> +/* List of symbols that can be overriden for error injection. */
> +static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_error_injection_list);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_ei_mutex);
> +struct kprobe_ei_entry {
> + struct list_head list;
> + unsigned long start_addr;
> + unsigned long end_addr;
> + void *priv;
> +};
> +
> /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */
> static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist);
>
> @@ -1394,6 +1404,17 @@ bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr)
> return false;
> }
>
> +bool within_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long addr)
> +{
> + struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_error_injection_list, list) {
> + if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr)
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field
> * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol.
> @@ -2168,6 +2189,86 @@ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
> +/* Markers of the _kprobe_error_inject_list section */
> +extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_error_inject_list[];
> +extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_error_inject_list[];
> +
> +/*
> + * Lookup and populate the kprobe_error_injection_list.
> + *
> + * For safety reasons we only allow certain functions to be overriden with
> + * bpf_error_injection, so we need to populate the list of the symbols that have
> + * been marked as safe for overriding.
> + */
> +static void populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long *start,
> + unsigned long *end,
> + void *priv)
> +{
> + unsigned long *iter;
> + struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent;
> + unsigned long entry, offset = 0, size = 0;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> + for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) {
> + entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter);
> +
> + if (!kernel_text_address(entry) ||
> + !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) {
> + pr_err("Failed to find error inject entry at %p\n",
> + (void *)entry);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ent)
> + break;
> + ent->start_addr = entry;
> + ent->end_addr = entry + size;
> + ent->priv = priv;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list);
> + list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_error_injection_list);
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static void __init populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list(void)
> +{
> + populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(__start_kprobe_error_inject_list,
> + __stop_kprobe_error_inject_list,
> + NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static void module_load_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *mod)
> +{
> + if (!mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs)
> + return;
> + populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(mod->kprobe_ei_funcs,
> + mod->kprobe_ei_funcs +
> + mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs, mod);
> +}
> +
> +static void module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *mod)
> +{
> + struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent, *n;
> + if (!mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs)
> + return;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_error_injection_list, list) {
> + if (ent->priv == mod) {
> + list_del_init(&ent->list);
> + kfree(ent);
> + }
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline void __init populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list(void) {}
> +static inline void module_load_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *m) {}
> +static inline void module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *m) {}
> +#endif
> +
> /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */
> static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
> unsigned long val, void *data)
> @@ -2178,6 +2279,11 @@ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
> unsigned int i;
> int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING);
>
> + if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING)
> + module_load_kprobe_ei_list(mod);
> + else if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING)
> + module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(mod);
> +
> if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE)
> return NOTIFY_DONE;
>
> @@ -2240,6 +2346,8 @@ static int __init init_kprobes(void)
> pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n");
> }
>
> + populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list();
> +
> if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) {
> /* lookup the function address from its name */
> for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) {
> @@ -2407,6 +2515,56 @@ static const struct file_operations debugfs_kprobe_blacklist_ops = {
> .release = seq_release,
> };
>
> +/*
> + * kprobes/error_injection_list -- shows which functions can be overriden for
> + * error injection.
> + * */
> +static void *kprobe_ei_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> + return seq_list_start(&kprobe_error_injection_list, *pos);
> +}
> +
> +static void kprobe_ei_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> +{
> + mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static void *kprobe_ei_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> + return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_error_injection_list, pos);
> +}
> +
> +static int kprobe_ei_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> +{
> + char buffer[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN];
> + struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent =
> + list_entry(v, struct kprobe_ei_entry, list);
> +
> + sprint_symbol(buffer, ent->start_addr);
> + seq_printf(m, "%s\n", buffer);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct seq_operations kprobe_ei_seq_ops = {
> + .start = kprobe_ei_seq_start,
> + .next = kprobe_ei_seq_next,
> + .stop = kprobe_ei_seq_stop,
> + .show = kprobe_ei_seq_show,
> +};
> +
> +static int kprobe_ei_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + return seq_open(filp, &kprobe_ei_seq_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations debugfs_kprobe_ei_ops = {
> + .open = kprobe_ei_open,
> + .read = seq_read,
> + .llseek = seq_lseek,
> + .release = seq_release,
> +};
> +
> static void arm_all_kprobes(void)
> {
> struct hlist_head *head;
> @@ -2548,6 +2706,11 @@ static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void)
> if (!file)
> goto error;
>
> + file = debugfs_create_file("error_injection_list", 0444, dir, NULL,
> + &debugfs_kprobe_ei_ops);
> + if (!file)
> + goto error;
> +
> return 0;
>
> error:
> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
> index dea01ac9cb74..bd695bfdc5c4 100644
> --- a/kernel/module.c
> +++ b/kernel/module.c
> @@ -3118,7 +3118,11 @@ static int find_module_sections(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
> sizeof(*mod->ftrace_callsites),
> &mod->num_ftrace_callsites);
> #endif
> -
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
> + mod->kprobe_ei_funcs = section_objs(info, "_kprobe_error_inject_list",
> + sizeof(*mod->kprobe_ei_funcs),
> + &mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs);
> +#endif
> mod->extable = section_objs(info, "__ex_table",
> sizeof(*mod->extable), &mod->num_exentries);
>
> --
> 2.7.5
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-12-19 07:30    [W:0.161 / U:1.968 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site