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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kfree_rcu() should use the new kfree_bulk() interface for freeing rcu structures
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On 12/19/2017 02:12 PM, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> On Tue, Dec 19, 2017 at 09:41:58PM +0100, Jesper Dangaard Brouer wrote:
>> If I had to implement this: I would choose to do the optimization in
>> __rcu_process_callbacks() create small on-call-stack ptr-array for
>> kfree_bulk(). I would only optimize the case that call kfree()
>> directly. In the while(list) loop I would defer calling
>> __rcu_reclaim() for __is_kfree_rcu_offset(head->func), and instead add
>> them to the ptr-array (and flush if the array is full in loop, and
>> kfree_bulk flush after loop).
>>
>> The real advantage of kfree_bulk() comes from amortizing the per kfree
>> (behind-the-scenes) sync cost. There is an additional benefit, because
>> objects comes from RCU and will hit a slower path in SLUB. The SLUB
>> allocator is very fast for objects that gets recycled quickly (short
>> lifetime), non-locked (cpu-local) double-cmpxchg. But slower for
>> longer-lived/more-outstanding objects, as this hits a slower code-path,
>> fully locked (cross-cpu) double-cmpxchg.
> Something like this ... (compile tested only)
>
> Considerably less code; Rao, what do you think?
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> index 59c471de342a..5ac4ed077233 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> @@ -174,20 +174,19 @@ static inline void debug_rcu_head_unqueue(struct rcu_head *head)
> }
> #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */
>
> -void kfree(const void *);
> -
> /*
> * Reclaim the specified callback, either by invoking it (non-lazy case)
> * or freeing it directly (lazy case). Return true if lazy, false otherwise.
> */
> -static inline bool __rcu_reclaim(const char *rn, struct rcu_head *head)
> +static inline bool __rcu_reclaim(const char *rn, struct rcu_head *head, void **kfree,
> + unsigned int *idx)
> {
> unsigned long offset = (unsigned long)head->func;
>
> rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_callback_map);
> if (__is_kfree_rcu_offset(offset)) {
> RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_invoke_kfree_callback(rn, head, offset);)
> - kfree((void *)head - offset);
> + kfree[*idx++] = (void *)head - offset;
> rcu_lock_release(&rcu_callback_map);
> return true;
> } else {
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> index f9c0ca2ccf0c..7e13979b4697 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> @@ -2725,6 +2725,8 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> struct rcu_head *rhp;
> struct rcu_cblist rcl = RCU_CBLIST_INITIALIZER(rcl);
> long bl, count;
> + void *to_free[16];
> + unsigned int to_free_idx = 0;
>
> /* If no callbacks are ready, just return. */
> if (!rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
> @@ -2755,8 +2757,10 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&rcl);
> for (; rhp; rhp = rcu_cblist_dequeue(&rcl)) {
> debug_rcu_head_unqueue(rhp);
> - if (__rcu_reclaim(rsp->name, rhp))
> + if (__rcu_reclaim(rsp->name, rhp, to_free, &to_free_idx))
> rcu_cblist_dequeued_lazy(&rcl);
> + if (to_free_idx == 16)
> + kfree_bulk(16, to_free);
> /*
> * Stop only if limit reached and CPU has something to do.
> * Note: The rcl structure counts down from zero.
> @@ -2766,6 +2770,8 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> (!is_idle_task(current) && !rcu_is_callbacks_kthread())))
> break;
> }
> + if (to_free_idx)
> + kfree_bulk(to_free_idx, to_free);
>
> local_irq_save(flags);
> count = -rcl.len;
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> index db85ca3975f1..4127be06759b 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
> @@ -2189,6 +2189,8 @@ static int rcu_nocb_kthread(void *arg)
> struct rcu_head *next;
> struct rcu_head **tail;
> struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
> + void *to_free[16];
> + unsigned int to_free_idx = 0;
>
> /* Each pass through this loop invokes one batch of callbacks */
> for (;;) {
> @@ -2226,13 +2228,18 @@ static int rcu_nocb_kthread(void *arg)
> }
> debug_rcu_head_unqueue(list);
> local_bh_disable();
> - if (__rcu_reclaim(rdp->rsp->name, list))
> + if (__rcu_reclaim(rdp->rsp->name, list, to_free,
> + &to_free_idx))
> cl++;
> c++;
> + if (to_free_idx == 16)
> + kfree_bulk(16, to_free);
> local_bh_enable();
> cond_resched_rcu_qs();
> list = next;
> }
> + if (to_free_idx)
> + kfree_bulk(to_free_idx, to_free);
> trace_rcu_batch_end(rdp->rsp->name, c, !!list, 0, 0, 1);
> smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* _add after CB invocation. */
> atomic_long_add(-c, &rdp->nocb_q_count);
This is definitely less code and I believe this is what I tried initially.
With this approach we are accumulating for one cycle only and
__call_rcu() is called for each object, though I am not sure if that is
an issue because my change has to hold a lock. If everyone else thinks
this is good enough than we should just go with this, there is no need
to make unnecessary changes.

Please let me know so I do not have to submit a patch :-)

Shoaib.

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