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SubjectRe: [PATCH] tpm: remove type and name fields from the I2C Infineon OF table entries
On Sat, Dec 16, 2017 at 08:59:06PM +0100, Javier Martinez Canillas wrote:
> On 12/15/2017 01:03 PM, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> > Hi
> >
> > Some basic questions about DT, which I'm not expert of.
> >
> > On Mon, Dec 04, 2017 at 06:39:16PM +0100, Javier Martinez Canillas wrote:
> >> The commit 21dc02eab989 ("tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c: Add OF attributes type
> >> and name to the of_device_id table entries") added type and name fields
> >> to the OF device ID table entries for the I2C Infineon TPM driver.
> >>
> >> The only justification for the change in the commit message is that it's
> >> probably a good idea to have these fields populated in the OF entries.
> >>
> >> But I don't think that's true. In fact, I believe that's not correct to
> >> add these fields for the following reasons:
> >>
> >> * The struct of_device_id .type field matches the device_type property
> >> in the Device Tree nodes. The ePAPR document says that new use of the
> >> property is deprecated and should only be included in cpu and memory
> >> nodes for compatibility with the IEEE 1275-derived Device Trees.
> >> Also, mainline Device Tree source files don't include this property
> >> in the TPM nodes defined.
> >>
> >> * The struct of_device_id .name field matches the Device Tree node name
> >> but the ePAPR document says that the node name should be generic and
> >> reflect the function of the device, not it's programming model. So in
> >> the case of TPM chips, it should just be "tpm" but the name fields are
> >> set in the OF table entries to the actual device model (i.e: slb9645tt).
> >
> > So why the name field is not changed to "tpm"?
> >
>
> We could, but why would do that? Drivers usually don't care about the node name
> used by the DTS and most DT bindings are not strict about that. There are some
> exceptions (e.g: regulators bindings) but in most cases is up to the developer
> to define whatever node name is suitable for that DT node.
>
> In fact, this driver is the first one I have ever seen that sets a .name field.
> What most drivers only use to match is the compatible string.
>
> Also, it seems that "tpm" is not the only used node name for TPM device nodes.
> At least "tpm_tis" and "vtpm" are used by looking at mainline DTS and bindings
> documents. And who knows if an out-of-tree DTB uses "tpm2" for example?
>
> Finally, the other two drivers for I2C TPM devices (atmel and nuvoton) don't
> set a .name, so if we change in this driver we probably would need to change
> in those too for consistency. And have a proper DT binding doc so users know
> that using "tpm" as node name is a requirement.
>
> >> Now, from a practical point of view this means that the OF module aliases
> >> for the supported devices include the name and type of the device entries:
> >>
> >> $ modinfo drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.ko | grep alias
> >> alias: of:Nslb9645ttTtpm*Cinfineon,slb9645ttC*
> >> alias: of:Nslb9645ttTtpm*Cinfineon,slb9645tt
> >> alias: of:Nslb9635ttTtpm*Cinfineon,slb9635ttC*
> >> alias: of:Nslb9635ttTtpm*Cinfineon,slb9635tt
> >> alias: of:Ntpm_i2c_infineonTtpm*Cinfineon,tpm_i2c_infineonC*
> >> alias: of:Ntpm_i2c_infineonTtpm*Cinfineon,tpm_i2c_infineon
> >>
> >> But since the device_type isn't set in the tpm DT nodes and the node name
> >> is a generic one, the reported MODALIAS when a device is registered via OF
> >> won't match the driver's module aliases:
> >>
> >> $ cat /sys/class/tpm/tpm0/device/modalias
> >> of:NtpmT<NULL>Cinfineon,slb9645tt
> >>
> >> So remove these fields from the OF entries to allow the module aliases to
> >> match the MODALIAS reported by the kernel when the device is registered:
> >>
> >> $ modinfo drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.ko | grep alias
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,slb9645ttC*
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,slb9645tt
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,slb9635ttC*
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,slb9635tt
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,tpm_i2c_infineonC*
> >> alias: of:N*T*Cinfineon,tpm_i2c_infineon
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Javier Martinez Canillas <javierm@redhat.com>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c | 21 +++------------------
> >> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c
> >> index 79d6bbb58e39..005c38879b2e 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_i2c_infineon.c
> >> @@ -675,24 +675,9 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, tpm_tis_i2c_table);
> >>
> >> #ifdef CONFIG_OF
> >> static const struct of_device_id tpm_tis_i2c_of_match[] = {
> >> - {
> >> - .name = "tpm_i2c_infineon",
> >> - .type = "tpm",
> >> - .compatible = "infineon,tpm_i2c_infineon",
> >> - .data = (void *)0
> >> - },
> >> - {
> >> - .name = "slb9635tt",
> >> - .type = "tpm",
> >> - .compatible = "infineon,slb9635tt",
> >> - .data = (void *)0
> >> - },
> >> - {
> >> - .name = "slb9645tt",
> >> - .type = "tpm",
> >> - .compatible = "infineon,slb9645tt",
> >> - .data = (void *)1
> >> - },
> >> + { .compatible = "infineon,tpm_i2c_infineon", .data = (void *)0 },
> >> + { .compatible = "infineon,slb9635tt", .data = (void *)0 },
> >> + { .compatible = "infineon,slb9645tt", .data = (void *)1 },
> >> {},
> >> };
> >> MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, tpm_tis_i2c_of_match);
> >> --
> >> 2.14.3
> >>
> >
> > What does the "data" field mean?
> >
>
> The field is used to store data that's associated with an entry in the OF table.
> It's used by drivers to have per device configuration data to avoid the need to
> have different drivers for similar devices.
>
> Although it seems that's not used by this particular driver, so they might be
> removed on a follow-up patch. Hard to say that the 0 and 1 magic numbers mean.
>
> As an example, the tpm_i2c_nuvoton driver store in the .data field whether a
> TPM device is a 2.0 or 1.2:
>
> static const struct of_device_id i2c_nuvoton_of_match[] = {
> {.compatible = "nuvoton,npct501"},
> {.compatible = "winbond,wpct301"},
> {.compatible = "nuvoton,npct601", .data = OF_IS_TPM2},
> {},
> };
>
> static int i2c_nuvoton_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> {
> ...
> if (dev->of_node) {
> const struct of_device_id *of_id;
>
> of_id = of_match_device(dev->driver->of_match_table, dev);
> if (of_id && of_id->data == OF_IS_TPM2)
> chip->flags |= TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2;
> } else
> if (id->driver_data == I2C_IS_TPM2)
> chip->flags |= TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2;
> ...
> }
>
> > /Jarkko
> >
>
> Best regards,
> --
> Javier Martinez Canillas
> Software Engineer - Desktop Hardware Enablement
> Red Hat

Thank you for the lessons :-)

Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>

/Jarkko

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