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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: cfi: convert inline functions to macros
Am Mittwoch, 11. Oktober 2017, 15:54:10 CET schrieb Arnd Bergmann:
> The map_word_() functions, dating back to linux-2.6.8, try to perform
> bitwise operations on a 'map_word' structure. This may have worked
> with compilers that were current then (gcc-3.4 or earlier), but end
> up being rather inefficient on any version I could try now (gcc-4.4 or
> higher). Specifically we hit a problem analyzed in gcc PR81715 where we
> fail to reuse the stack space for local variables.
> This can be seen immediately in the stack consumption for
> cfi_staa_erase_varsize() and other functions that (with CONFIG_KASAN)
> can be up to 2200 bytes. Changing the inline functions into macros brings
> this down to 1280 bytes. Without KASAN, the same problem exists, but
> the stack consumption is lower to start with, my patch shrinks it from
> 920 to 496 bytes on with arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc-5.4, and saves around
> 1KB in .text size for cfi_cmdset_0020.c, as it avoids copying map_word
> structures for each call to one of these helpers.
> With the latest gcc-8 snapshot, the problem is fixed in upstream gcc,
> but nobody uses that yet, so we should still work around it in mainline
> kernels and probably backport the workaround to stable kernels as well.
> We had a couple of other functions that suffered from the same gcc bug,
> and all of those had a simpler workaround involving dummy variables
> in the inline function. Unfortunately that did not work here, the
> macro hack was the best I could come up with.
> It would also be helpful to have someone to a little performance testing
> on the patch, to see how much it helps in terms of CPU utilitzation.
> Link:
> Cc:
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <>

Acked-by: Richard Weinberger <>

Marek, I know you are not super happy with this patch but IMHO this is the
solution with the least hassle.
While functions offer better type checking I think this functions are trivial
enough to exist as macros too.
Also forcing users to upgrade/fix their compilers is only possible in a
perfect world.


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