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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 3/5] mm, hugetlb: do not rely on overcommit limit during migration
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On 12/04/2017 06:01 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>
> hugepage migration relies on __alloc_buddy_huge_page to get a new page.
> This has 2 main disadvantages.
> 1) it doesn't allow to migrate any huge page if the pool is used
> completely which is not an exceptional case as the pool is static and
> unused memory is just wasted.
> 2) it leads to a weird semantic when migration between two numa nodes
> might increase the pool size of the destination NUMA node while the page
> is in use. The issue is caused by per NUMA node surplus pages tracking
> (see free_huge_page).
>
> Address both issues by changing the way how we allocate and account
> pages allocated for migration. Those should temporal by definition.
> So we mark them that way (we will abuse page flags in the 3rd page)
> and update free_huge_page to free such pages to the page allocator.
> Page migration path then just transfers the temporal status from the
> new page to the old one which will be freed on the last reference.
> The global surplus count will never change during this path

The global and per-node user visible count of huge pages will be
temporarily increased by one during this path. This should not
be an issue.

> but we still
> have to be careful when migrating a per-node suprlus page. This is now
> handled in move_hugetlb_state which is called from the migration path
> and it copies the hugetlb specific page state and fixes up the
> accounting when needed
>
> Rename __alloc_buddy_huge_page to __alloc_surplus_huge_page to better
> reflect its purpose. The new allocation routine for the migration path
> is __alloc_migrate_huge_page.
>
> The user visible effect of this patch is that migrated pages are really
> temporal and they travel between NUMA nodes as per the migration
> request:
> Before migration
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/free_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:1
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/surplus_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/free_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/surplus_hugepages:0
>
> After
>
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/free_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node0/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/surplus_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/free_hugepages:0
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages:1
> /sys/devices/system/node/node1/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/surplus_hugepages:0
>
> with the previous implementation, both nodes would have nr_hugepages:1
> until the page is freed.

With the previous implementation, the migration would have failed unless
nr_overcommit_hugepages was explicitly set. Correct?

>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
> include/linux/hugetlb.h | 3 ++
> mm/hugetlb.c | 111 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> mm/migrate.c | 3 +-
> 3 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> index 6e3696c7b35a..1a9c89850e4a 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> @@ -119,6 +119,7 @@ long hugetlb_unreserve_pages(struct inode *inode, long start, long end,
> long freed);
> bool isolate_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list);
> void putback_active_hugepage(struct page *page);
> +void move_hugetlb_state(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage, int reason);
> void free_huge_page(struct page *page);
> void hugetlb_fix_reserve_counts(struct inode *inode);
> extern struct mutex *hugetlb_fault_mutex_table;
> @@ -157,6 +158,7 @@ unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> unsigned long address, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot);
>
> bool is_hugetlb_entry_migration(pte_t pte);
> +
> #else /* !CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
>
> static inline void reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> @@ -197,6 +199,7 @@ static inline bool isolate_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list)
> return false;
> }
> #define putback_active_hugepage(p) do {} while (0)
> +#define move_hugetlb_state(old, new, reason) do {} while (0)
>
> static inline unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> unsigned long address, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot)
> diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
> index ac105fb32620..a1b8b2888ec9 100644
> --- a/mm/hugetlb.c
> +++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
> @@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
> #include <linux/hugetlb_cgroup.h>
> #include <linux/node.h>
> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
> +#include <linux/page_owner.h>
> #include "internal.h"
>
> int hugetlb_max_hstate __read_mostly;
> @@ -1217,6 +1218,28 @@ static void clear_page_huge_active(struct page *page)
> ClearPagePrivate(&page[1]);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Internal hugetlb specific page flag. Do not use outside of the hugetlb
> + * code
> + */
> +static inline bool PageHugeTemporary(struct page *page)
> +{
> + if (!PageHuge(page))
> + return false;
> +
> + return (unsigned long)page[2].mapping == -1U;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void SetPageHugeTemporary(struct page *page)
> +{
> + page[2].mapping = (void *)-1U;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void ClearPageHugeTemporary(struct page *page)
> +{
> + page[2].mapping = NULL;
> +}
> +
> void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
> {
> /*
> @@ -1251,7 +1274,11 @@ void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
> if (restore_reserve)
> h->resv_huge_pages++;
>
> - if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]) {
> + if (PageHugeTemporary(page)) {
> + list_del(&page->lru);
> + ClearPageHugeTemporary(page);
> + update_and_free_page(h, page);
> + } else if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]) {
> /* remove the page from active list */
> list_del(&page->lru);
> update_and_free_page(h, page);
> @@ -1505,7 +1532,10 @@ int dissolve_free_huge_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
> return rc;
> }
>
> -static struct page *__alloc_buddy_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> +/*
> + * Allocates a fresh surplus page from the page allocator.
> + */
> +static struct page *__alloc_surplus_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> int nid, nodemask_t *nmask)
> {
> struct page *page;
> @@ -1569,6 +1599,28 @@ static struct page *__alloc_buddy_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> return page;
> }
>
> +static struct page *__alloc_migrate_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> + int nid, nodemask_t *nmask)
> +{
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + if (hstate_is_gigantic(h))
> + return NULL;
> +
> + page = __hugetlb_alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nmask);
> + if (!page)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + /*
> + * We do not account these pages as surplus because they are only
> + * temporary and will be released properly on the last reference
> + */
> + prep_new_huge_page(h, page, page_to_nid(page));
> + SetPageHugeTemporary(page);
> +
> + return page;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Use the VMA's mpolicy to allocate a huge page from the buddy.
> */
> @@ -1583,17 +1635,13 @@ struct page *__alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol(struct hstate *h,
> nodemask_t *nodemask;
>
> nid = huge_node(vma, addr, gfp_mask, &mpol, &nodemask);
> - page = __alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nodemask);
> + page = __alloc_surplus_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nodemask);
> mpol_cond_put(mpol);
>
> return page;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * This allocation function is useful in the context where vma is irrelevant.
> - * E.g. soft-offlining uses this function because it only cares physical
> - * address of error page.
> - */
> +/* page migration callback function */
> struct page *alloc_huge_page_node(struct hstate *h, int nid)
> {
> gfp_t gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h);
> @@ -1608,12 +1656,12 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page_node(struct hstate *h, int nid)
> spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
>
> if (!page)
> - page = __alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, NULL);
> + page = __alloc_migrate_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, NULL);
>
> return page;
> }
>
> -
> +/* page migration callback function */
> struct page *alloc_huge_page_nodemask(struct hstate *h, int preferred_nid,
> nodemask_t *nmask)
> {
> @@ -1631,9 +1679,7 @@ struct page *alloc_huge_page_nodemask(struct hstate *h, int preferred_nid,
> }
> spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
>
> - /* No reservations, try to overcommit */
> -
> - return __alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, preferred_nid, nmask);
> + return __alloc_migrate_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, preferred_nid, nmask);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -1661,7 +1707,7 @@ static int gather_surplus_pages(struct hstate *h, int delta)
> retry:
> spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
> for (i = 0; i < needed; i++) {
> - page = __alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, htlb_alloc_mask(h),
> + page = __alloc_surplus_huge_page(h, htlb_alloc_mask(h),
> NUMA_NO_NODE, NULL);
> if (!page) {
> alloc_ok = false;
> @@ -2258,7 +2304,7 @@ static unsigned long set_max_huge_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count,
> * First take pages out of surplus state. Then make up the
> * remaining difference by allocating fresh huge pages.
> *
> - * We might race with __alloc_buddy_huge_page() here and be unable
> + * We might race with __alloc_surplus_huge_page() here and be unable
> * to convert a surplus huge page to a normal huge page. That is
> * not critical, though, it just means the overall size of the
> * pool might be one hugepage larger than it needs to be, but
> @@ -2301,7 +2347,7 @@ static unsigned long set_max_huge_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count,
> * By placing pages into the surplus state independent of the
> * overcommit value, we are allowing the surplus pool size to
> * exceed overcommit. There are few sane options here. Since
> - * __alloc_buddy_huge_page() is checking the global counter,
> + * __alloc_surplus_huge_page() is checking the global counter,
> * though, we'll note that we're not allowed to exceed surplus
> * and won't grow the pool anywhere else. Not until one of the
> * sysctls are changed, or the surplus pages go out of use.
> @@ -4775,3 +4821,36 @@ void putback_active_hugepage(struct page *page)
> spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
> put_page(page);
> }
> +
> +void move_hugetlb_state(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage, int reason)
> +{
> + struct hstate *h = page_hstate(oldpage);
> +
> + hugetlb_cgroup_migrate(oldpage, newpage);
> + set_page_owner_migrate_reason(newpage, reason);
> +
> + /*
> + * transfer temporary state of the new huge page. This is
> + * reverse to other transitions because the newpage is going to
> + * be final while the old one will be freed so it takes over
> + * the temporary status.
> + *
> + * Also note that we have to transfer the per-node surplus state
> + * here as well otherwise the global surplus count will not match
> + * the per-node's.
> + */
> + if (PageHugeTemporary(newpage)) {
> + int old_nid = page_to_nid(oldpage);
> + int new_nid = page_to_nid(newpage);
> +
> + SetPageHugeTemporary(oldpage);
> + ClearPageHugeTemporary(newpage);
> +
> + spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock);
> + if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[old_nid]) {
> + h->surplus_huge_pages_node[old_nid]--;
> + h->surplus_huge_pages_node[new_nid]++;
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
> + }
> +}

In the previous version of this patch, I asked about handling of 'free' huge
pages. I did a little digging and IIUC, we do not attempt migration of
free huge pages. The routine isolate_huge_page() has this check:

if (!page_huge_active(page) || !get_page_unless_zero(page)) {
ret = false;
goto unlock;
}

I believe one of your motivations for this effort was memory offlining.
So, this implies that a memory area can not be offlined if it contains
a free (not in use) huge page? Just FYI and may be something we want to
address later.

My other issues were addressed.

Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
--
Mike Kravetz

> diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
> index 4d0be47a322a..1e5525a25691 100644
> --- a/mm/migrate.c
> +++ b/mm/migrate.c
> @@ -1323,9 +1323,8 @@ static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
> put_anon_vma(anon_vma);
>
> if (rc == MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS) {
> - hugetlb_cgroup_migrate(hpage, new_hpage);
> + move_hugetlb_state(hpage, new_hpage, reason);
> put_new_page = NULL;
> - set_page_owner_migrate_reason(new_hpage, reason);
> }
>
> unlock_page(hpage);
>

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