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Subject[PATCH v9 00/51] powerpc, mm: Memory Protection Keys
Memory protection keys enable applications to protect its
address space from inadvertent access from or corruption
by itself.

These patches along with the pte-bit freeing patch series
enables the protection key feature on powerpc; 4k and 64k
hashpage kernels. It also changes the generic and x86
code to expose memkey features through sysfs. Finally
testcases and Documentation is updated.

All patches can be found at -- memkey.v9

The overall idea:
A process allocates a key and associates it with
an address range within its address space.
The process then can dynamically set read/write
permissions on the key without involving the
kernel. Any code that violates the permissions
of the address space; as defined by its associated
key, will receive a segmentation fault.

This patch series enables the feature on PPC64 HPTE

ISA3.0 section 5.7.13 describes the detailed

Highlevel view of the design:
When an application associates a key with a address
address range, program the key in the Linux PTE.
When the MMU detects a page fault, allocate a hash
page and program the key into HPTE. And finally
when the MMU detects a key violation; due to
invalid application access, invoke the registered
signal handler and provide the violated key number.

This patch series has passed all the protection key
tests available in the selftest directory.The
tests are updated to work on both x86 and powerpc.
The selftests have passed on x86 and powerpc hardware.

version v9:
(1) used jump-labels to optimize code
-- Balbir
(2) fixed a register initialization bug noted
by Balbir
(3) fixed inappropriate use of paca to pass
siginfo and keys to signal handler
(4) Cleanup of comment style not to be right
justified -- mpe
(5) restructured the patches to depend on the
availability of VM_PKEY_BIT4 in
(6) Incorporated comments from Dave Hansen
towards changes to selftest and got
them tested on x86.

version v8:
(1) Contents of the AMR register withdrawn from
the siginfo structure. Applications can always
read the AMR register.
(2) AMR/IAMR/UAMOR are now available through
ptrace system call. -- thanks to Thiago
(3) code changes to handle legacy power cpus
that do not support execute-disable.
(4) incorporates many code improvement

version v7:
(1) refers to device tree property to enable
protection keys.
(2) adds 4K PTE support.
(3) fixes a couple of bugs noticed by Thiago
(4) decouples this patch series from arch-
independent code. This patch series can
now stand by itself, with one kludge
version v7:
(1) refers to device tree property to enable
protection keys.
(2) adds 4K PTE support.
(3) fixes a couple of bugs noticed by Thiago
(4) decouples this patch series from arch-
independent code. This patch series can
now stand by itself, with one kludge

version v6:
(1) selftest changes are broken down into 20
incremental patches.
(2) A separate key allocation mask that
added for powerpc
(3) pkey feature is enabled for 64K HPT case
only. RPT and 4k HPT is disabled.
(4) Documentation is updated to better
capture the semantics.
(5) introduced arch_pkeys_enabled() to find
if an arch enables pkeys. Correspond-
ing change the logic that displays
key value in smaps.
(6) code rearranged in many places based on
comments from Dave Hansen, Balbir,
(7) fixed one bug where a bogus key could be
associated successfully in

version v5:
(1) reverted back to the old design -- store
the key in the pte, instead of bypassing
it. The v4 design slowed down the hash
page path.
(2) detects key violation when kernel is told
to access user pages.
(3) further refined the patches into smaller
consumable units
(4) page faults handlers captures the fault-
ing key
from the pte instead of the vma. This
closes a race between where the key
update in the vma and a key fault caused
by the key programmed in the pte.
(5) a key created with access-denied should
also set it up to deny write. Fixed it.
(6) protection-key number is displayed in
smaps the x86 way.

version v4:
(1) patches no more depend on the pte bits
to program the hpte
-- comment by Balbir
(2) documentation updates
(3) fixed a bug in the selftest.
(4) unlike x86, powerpc lets signal handler
change key permission bits; the
change will persist across signal
handler boundaries. Earlier we
allowed the signal handler to
modify a field in the siginfo
structure which would than be used
by the kernel to program the key
protection register (AMR)
-- resolves a issue raised by Ben.
"Calls to sys_swapcontext with a
made-up context will end up with a
crap AMR if done by code who didn't
know about that register".
(5) these changes enable protection keys on
4k-page kernel aswell.

version v3:
(1) split the patches into smaller consumable
(2) added the ability to disable execute
permission on a key at creation.
(3) rename calc_pte_to_hpte_pkey_bits() to
-- suggested by Anshuman
(4) some code optimization and clarity in
(5) A bug fix while invalidating a hpte slot
in __hash_page_4K()
-- noticed by Aneesh

version v2:
(1) documentation and selftest added.
(2) fixed a bug in 4k hpte backed 64k pte
where page invalidation was not
done correctly, and initialization
of second-part-of-the-pte was not
done correctly if the pte was not
yet Hashed with a hpte.
-- Reported by Aneesh.
(3) Fixed ABI breakage caused in siginfo
-- Reported by Anshuman.

version v1: Initial version

Ram Pai (47):
mm, powerpc, x86: define VM_PKEY_BITx bits if CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS
is enabled
mm, powerpc, x86: introduce an additional vma bit for powerpc pkey
powerpc: initial pkey plumbing
powerpc: track allocation status of all pkeys
powerpc: helper function to read,write AMR,IAMR,UAMOR registers
powerpc: helper functions to initialize AMR, IAMR and UAMOR registers
powerpc: cleanup AMR, IAMR when a key is allocated or freed
powerpc: implementation for arch_set_user_pkey_access()
powerpc: ability to create execute-disabled pkeys
powerpc: store and restore the pkey state across context switches
powerpc: introduce execute-only pkey
powerpc: ability to associate pkey to a vma
powerpc: implementation for arch_override_mprotect_pkey()
powerpc: map vma key-protection bits to pte key bits.
powerpc: Program HPTE key protection bits
powerpc: helper to validate key-access permissions of a pte
powerpc: check key protection for user page access
powerpc: implementation for arch_vma_access_permitted()
powerpc: Handle exceptions caused by pkey violation
powerpc: introduce get_mm_addr_key() helper
powerpc: Deliver SEGV signal on pkey violation
powerpc: Enable pkey subsystem
powerpc: sys_pkey_alloc() and sys_pkey_free() system calls
powerpc: sys_pkey_mprotect() system call
powerpc: add sys_pkey_modify() system call
mm, x86 : introduce arch_pkeys_enabled()
mm: display pkey in smaps if arch_pkeys_enabled() is true
Documentation/x86: Move protecton key documentation to arch neutral
Documentation/vm: PowerPC specific updates to memory protection keys
selftest/x86: Move protecton key selftest to arch neutral directory
selftest/vm: rename all references to pkru to a generic name
selftest/vm: move generic definitions to header file
selftest/vm: typecast the pkey register
selftest/vm: generic function to handle shadow key register
selftest/vm: fix the wrong assert in pkey_disable_set()
selftest/vm: fixed bugs in pkey_disable_clear()
selftest/vm: clear the bits in shadow reg when a pkey is freed.
selftest/vm: fix alloc_random_pkey() to make it really random
selftest/vm: introduce two arch independent abstraction
selftest/vm: pkey register should match shadow pkey
selftest/vm: generic cleanup
selftest/vm: powerpc implementation for generic abstraction
selftest/vm: fix an assertion in test_pkey_alloc_exhaust()
selftest/vm: associate key on a mapped page and detect access
selftest/vm: associate key on a mapped page and detect write
selftest/vm: detect write violation on a mapped access-denied-key
selftest/vm: sub-page allocator

Thiago Jung Bauermann (4):
powerpc/ptrace: Add memory protection key regset
mm/mprotect, powerpc/mm/pkeys, x86/mm/pkeys: Add sysfs interface
selftests/powerpc: Add ptrace tests for Protection Key register
selftests/powerpc: Add core file test for Protection Key register

Documentation/vm/protection-keys.txt | 161 +++
Documentation/x86/protection-keys.txt | 85 --
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 15 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu-hash.h | 5 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/mmu.h | 10 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h | 42 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/bug.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/cputable.h | 15 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mman.h | 13 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h | 9 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 24 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h | 247 ++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h | 5 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/systbl.h | 4 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/unistd.h | 6 +-
arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/elf.h | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/mman.h | 6 +
arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h | 4 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S | 9 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c | 7 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/prom.c | 18 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace.c | 66 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c | 19 +-
arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile | 1 +
arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c | 49 +-
arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c | 29 +
arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c | 2 +
arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c | 463 +++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 4 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c | 5 +
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 8 -
arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c | 9 +
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 16 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 12 +-
include/linux/pkeys.h | 7 +-
include/uapi/linux/elf.h | 1 +
mm/mprotect.c | 88 ++
tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/include/reg.h | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/ptrace/Makefile | 5 +-
tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/ptrace/core-pkey.c | 438 ++++++
.../testing/selftests/powerpc/ptrace/ptrace-pkey.c | 443 ++++++
tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/vm/pkey-helpers.h | 405 ++++++
tools/testing/selftests/vm/protection_keys.c | 1464 ++++++++++++++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/x86/Makefile | 2 +-
tools/testing/selftests/x86/pkey-helpers.h | 220 ---
tools/testing/selftests/x86/protection_keys.c | 1395 -------------------
48 files changed, 4095 insertions(+), 1747 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/vm/protection-keys.txt
delete mode 100644 Documentation/x86/protection-keys.txt
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/pkeys.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/ptrace/core-pkey.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/powerpc/ptrace/ptrace-pkey.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/pkey-helpers.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/protection_keys.c
delete mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/x86/pkey-helpers.h
delete mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/x86/protection_keys.c

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