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Subject[PATCH v16 13/13] task_isolation self test
Date
This code tests various aspects of task_isolation.

Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
---
tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/Makefile | 6 +
tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/config | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/isolation.c | 643 +++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 651 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/config
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/isolation.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index ff805643b5f7..ab781b99d3c9 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ TARGETS += splice
TARGETS += static_keys
TARGETS += sync
TARGETS += sysctl
+TARGETS += task_isolation
ifneq (1, $(quicktest))
TARGETS += timers
endif
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..74d060b493f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+CFLAGS += -O2 -g -W -Wall
+LDFLAGS += -pthread
+
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := isolation
+
+include ../lib.mk
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/config b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/config
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..34edfbca0423
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/config
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/isolation.c b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/isolation.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9c0b49619b40
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/task_isolation/isolation.c
@@ -0,0 +1,643 @@
+/*
+ * This test program tests the features of task isolation.
+ *
+ * - Makes sure enabling task isolation fails if you are unaffinitized
+ * or on a non-task-isolation cpu.
+ *
+ * - Validates that various synchronous exceptions are fatal in isolation
+ * mode:
+ *
+ * * Page fault
+ * * System call
+ * * TLB invalidation from another thread [1]
+ * * Unaligned access [2]
+ *
+ * - Tests that taking a user-defined signal for the above faults works.
+ *
+ * - Tests that you can prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION, 0) to turn isolation off.
+ *
+ * - Tests that receiving a signal turns isolation off.
+ *
+ * - Tests that having another process schedule into the core where the
+ * isolation process is running correctly kills the isolation process.
+ *
+ * [1] TLB invalidations do not cause IPIs on some platforms, e.g. arm64
+ * [2] Unaligned access only causes exceptions on some platforms, e.g. tile
+ *
+ *
+ * You must be running under a kernel configured with TASK_ISOLATION.
+ *
+ * You must have booted with e.g. "nohz_full=1-15 isolcpus=1-15" to
+ * enable some task-isolation cores. If you get interrupt reports, you
+ * can also add the boot argument "task_isolation_debug" to learn more.
+ * If you get jitter but no reports, define DEBUG_TASK_ISOLATION to add
+ * isolation checks in every user_exit() call.
+ *
+ * NOTE: you must disable the code in tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick()
+ * that limits the tick delta to the maximum scheduler deferment
+ * by making it conditional not just on "!ts->inidle" but also
+ * on !current->task_isolation_flags. This is around line 756
+ * in kernel/time/tick-sched.c (as of kernel 4.14).
+ *
+ *
+ * To compile the test program, run "make".
+ *
+ * Run the program as "./isolation" and if you want to run the
+ * jitter-detection loop for longer than 10 giga-cycles, specify the
+ * number of giga-cycles to run it for as a command-line argument.
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/prctl.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include "../kselftest.h"
+
+#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))
+#define READ_ONCE(x) (*(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x))
+#define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) (*(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val))
+
+#ifndef PR_TASK_ISOLATION /* Not in system headers yet? */
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION 48
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE (1 << 0)
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_SET_SIG(sig) (((sig) & 0x7f) << 8)
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_GET_SIG(bits) (((bits) >> 8) & 0x7f)
+#endif
+
+/* The cpu we are using for isolation tests. */
+static int task_isolation_cpu;
+
+/* Overall status, maintained as tests run. */
+static int exit_status = KSFT_PASS;
+
+/* Data shared between parent and children. */
+static struct {
+ /* Set to true when the parent's isolation prctl is successful. */
+ bool parent_isolated;
+} *shared;
+
+/* Set affinity to a single cpu or die if trying to do so fails. */
+static void set_my_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ cpu_set_t set;
+ int rc;
+
+ CPU_ZERO(&set);
+ CPU_SET(cpu, &set);
+ rc = sched_setaffinity(0, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &set);
+ assert(rc == 0);
+}
+
+#define timeout_init(tv) gettimeofday((tv), NULL)
+
+static int timeout(struct timeval *start, double secs)
+{
+ struct timeval tv;
+ double time;
+
+ gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
+ time = (tv.tv_sec - start->tv_sec) +
+ (tv.tv_usec - start->tv_usec) / 1000000.0;
+ return time >= secs;
+}
+
+static inline int prctl_isolation(int flags)
+{
+ return prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION, flags, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void set_task_isolation(int flags)
+{
+ int rc;
+ struct timeval start;
+
+ /* Wait for up to a second for the kernel to isolate this core. */
+ timeout_init(&start);
+ do {
+ rc = prctl_isolation(flags);
+ if (rc == 0 || errno != EAGAIN)
+ break;
+ } while (!timeout(&start, 1));
+ if (rc != 0) {
+ prctl_isolation(0);
+ printf("couldn't enable isolation (%d): FAIL\n", errno);
+ ksft_exit_fail();
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Run a child process in task isolation mode and report its status.
+ * The child does mlockall() and moves itself to the task isolation cpu.
+ * It then runs SETUP_FUNC (if specified), calls prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION)
+ * with FLAGS (if non-zero), and then invokes TEST_FUNC and exits
+ * with its status.
+ */
+static int run_test(void (*setup_func)(), int (*test_func)(), int flags)
+{
+ int pid, rc, status;
+
+ fflush(stdout);
+ pid = fork();
+ assert(pid >= 0);
+ if (pid != 0) {
+ /* In parent; wait for child and return its status. */
+ waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
+ return status;
+ }
+
+ /* In child. */
+ rc = mlockall(MCL_CURRENT);
+ assert(rc == 0);
+ set_my_cpu(task_isolation_cpu);
+ if (setup_func)
+ setup_func();
+ if (flags)
+ set_task_isolation(flags);
+ rc = test_func();
+ exit(rc);
+}
+
+/* Run a test and make sure it exits with success. */
+static void test_ok(const char *testname, void (*setup_func)(),
+ int (*test_func)())
+{
+ int status;
+
+ status = run_test(setup_func, test_func, PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE);
+ if (status == KSFT_PASS) {
+ printf("%s: OK\n", testname);
+ } else {
+ printf("%s: FAIL (%#x)\n", testname, status);
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Run a test and ensure it is killed with SIGKILL by default,
+ * for whatever misdemeanor is committed in TEST_FUNC.
+ * Also test it with SIGUSR1 as well to make sure that works.
+ */
+static void test_killed(const char *testname, void (*setup_func)(),
+ int (*test_func)())
+{
+ int status;
+
+ status = run_test(setup_func, test_func, PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE);
+ if (WIFSIGNALED(status) && WTERMSIG(status) == SIGKILL) {
+ printf("%s: OK\n", testname);
+ } else {
+ printf("%s: FAIL (%#x)\n", testname, status);
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ }
+
+ status = run_test(setup_func, test_func,
+ PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE |
+ PR_TASK_ISOLATION_SET_SIG(SIGUSR1));
+ if (WIFSIGNALED(status) && WTERMSIG(status) == SIGUSR1) {
+ printf("%s (SIGUSR1): OK\n", testname);
+ } else {
+ printf("%s (SIGUSR1): FAIL (%#x)\n", testname, status);
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ }
+}
+
+/* Mapping address passed from setup function to test function. */
+static char *fault_file_mapping;
+
+/* mmap() a file in so we can test touching an unmapped page. */
+static void setup_fault(void)
+{
+ char fault_file[] = "/tmp/isolation_XXXXXX";
+ int fd, rc;
+
+ fd = mkstemp(fault_file);
+ assert(fd >= 0);
+ rc = ftruncate(fd, getpagesize());
+ assert(rc == 0);
+ fault_file_mapping = mmap(NULL, getpagesize(), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+ assert(fault_file_mapping != MAP_FAILED);
+ close(fd);
+ unlink(fault_file);
+}
+
+/* Now touch the unmapped page (and be killed). */
+static int do_fault(void)
+{
+ *fault_file_mapping = 1;
+ return KSFT_FAIL;
+}
+
+/* Make a syscall (and be killed). */
+static int do_syscall(void)
+{
+ static const char *msg = "goodbye, world\n";
+ int rc;
+
+ rc = write(STDOUT_FILENO, msg, strlen(msg));
+ assert(rc == (int)strlen(msg));
+ return KSFT_FAIL;
+}
+
+/* Turn isolation back off and don't be killed. */
+static int do_syscall_off(void)
+{
+ const char *msg = "==> hello, world\n";
+ int rc;
+
+ prctl_isolation(0);
+ rc = write(STDOUT_FILENO, msg, strlen(msg));
+ assert(rc == (int)strlen(msg));
+ return KSFT_PASS;
+}
+
+/* Test that isolation is off in signal handlers. */
+static void segv_handler(int sig)
+{
+ printf("Received signal %d successfully\n", sig);
+ exit(0);
+}
+
+static void setup_segv(void)
+{
+ signal(SIGSEGV, segv_handler);
+}
+
+static int do_segv(void)
+{
+ *(volatile int *)0 = 0;
+ return KSFT_FAIL; /* should not get here */
+}
+
+/* ARM64 uses tlbi instructions so doesn't need to interrupt the remote core. */
+#ifndef __aarch64__
+#define TEST_MUNMAP
+
+/*
+ * Fork a thread that will munmap() after a short while.
+ * It will deliver a TLB flush to the task isolation core.
+ */
+
+static void *start_munmap(void *p)
+{
+ usleep(500000); /* 0.5s */
+ munmap(p, getpagesize());
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void setup_munmap(void)
+{
+ pthread_t thr;
+ void *p;
+ int rc;
+
+ /* First, go back to cpu 0 and allocate some memory. */
+ set_my_cpu(0);
+ p = mmap(0, getpagesize(), PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_POPULATE|MAP_PRIVATE, 0, 0);
+ assert(p != MAP_FAILED);
+
+ /*
+ * Now fire up a thread that will wait half a second on cpu 0
+ * and then munmap the mapping.
+ */
+ rc = pthread_create(&thr, NULL, start_munmap, p);
+ assert(rc == 0);
+
+ /* Back to the task-isolation cpu. */
+ set_my_cpu(task_isolation_cpu);
+}
+
+/* Global variable to avoid the compiler outsmarting us. */
+int munmap_spin;
+
+static int do_munmap(void)
+{
+ while (munmap_spin < 1000000000)
+ WRITE_ONCE(munmap_spin, munmap_spin + 1);
+ return KSFT_FAIL;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __tilegx__
+#define TEST_UNALIGNED
+
+/*
+ * Make an unaligned access (and be killed).
+ * Only for tilegx, since other platforms don't do in-kernel fixups.
+ */
+static int do_unaligned(void)
+{
+ static int buf[2];
+ int *addr = (int *)((char *)buf + 1);
+
+ READ_ONCE(*addr);
+
+ asm("nop");
+ return KSFT_FAIL;
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Test to make sure that if a process is scheduled to run on the same core
+ * as a task isolation process, the task isolation process will be signalled.
+ */
+
+static void setup_schedule(void)
+{
+ struct timeval start;
+ int rc, child_pid;
+
+ /*
+ * First, go back to cpu 0 to ensure that the child we create here
+ * doesn't race with task isolation by the parent in do_schedule().
+ */
+ set_my_cpu(0);
+
+ /* Fork and fault in all memory in both. */
+ child_pid = fork();
+ assert(child_pid >= 0);
+ rc = mlockall(MCL_CURRENT);
+ assert(rc == 0);
+ if (child_pid != 0) {
+ /* Send parent back to the task isolation cpu. */
+ set_my_cpu(task_isolation_cpu);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * In child. Wait until parent notifies us that it has completed
+ * its prctl, then reschedule onto its cpu.
+ */
+ timeout_init(&start);
+ while (!shared->parent_isolated) {
+ if (timeout(&start, 1)) {
+ printf("child: no parent post-prctl\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ }
+ set_my_cpu(task_isolation_cpu);
+
+ /*
+ * We are now running on the task isolation cpu, which should have
+ * killed the parent by forcing the OS to run the scheduler. No
+ * need to run any code beyond just invoking exit().
+ */
+ exit(0);
+}
+
+static int do_schedule(void)
+{
+ struct timeval start;
+
+ /* Notify the child to switch to our cpu. */
+ shared->parent_isolated = true;
+
+ /*
+ * Wait for child to come disturb us. Note that we require
+ * gettimeofday() to run via vDSO for this waiting idiom to work;
+ * if it were a syscall we would get signalled just for calling it.
+ */
+ timeout_init(&start);
+ while (!timeout(&start, 5))
+ ;
+ printf("parent: no interrupt from scheduler\n");
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+#ifdef __tile__
+#include <arch/spr_def.h>
+#endif
+
+static inline u_int64_t get_cycle_count(void)
+{
+#ifdef __x86_64__
+ unsigned int lower, upper;
+
+ asm volatile("rdtsc" : "=a"(lower), "=d"(upper));
+ return lower | ((unsigned long)upper << 32);
+#elif defined(__tile__)
+ return __insn_mfspr(SPR_CYCLE);
+#elif defined(__aarch64__)
+ unsigned long vtick;
+
+ asm volatile("mrs %0, cntvct_el0" : "=r" (vtick));
+ return vtick;
+#elif defined(__arm__)
+ u_int64_t cval;
+
+ asm volatile("mrrc p15, 1, %Q0, %R0, c14" : "=r" (cval));
+ return cval;
+#else
+#error Unsupported architecture
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+ * Histogram of cycle counts up to HISTSIZE cycles. Any loop that takes
+ * more than this number of cycles is considered an error, since we likely
+ * entered the kernel (rather than just, say, having to refetch caches
+ * lines or equivalent).
+ */
+#define HISTSIZE 600
+static long hist[HISTSIZE];
+
+/* Information on loss of control of the cpu (more than HISTSIZE cycles). */
+struct jitter_info {
+ unsigned long at; /* cycle of jitter event */
+ long cycles; /* how long we lost the cpu for */
+};
+#define MAX_EVENTS 100
+static struct jitter_info jitter[MAX_EVENTS];
+static unsigned int count; /* index into jitter[] */
+
+static void jitter_summarize(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ printf("INFO: loop times:\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < HISTSIZE; ++i)
+ if (hist[i])
+ printf(" %d cycles (count: %ld)\n", i, hist[i]);
+
+ if (count)
+ printf("ERROR: jitter:\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
+ printf(" %ld: %ld cycles\n", jitter[i].at, jitter[i].cycles);
+ if (count == ARRAY_SIZE(jitter))
+ printf(" ... more\n");
+}
+
+/*
+ * A DEBUG_TASK_ISOLATION kernel will issue a SIGUSR right after this
+ * variable is set, during the prctl_isolation(0). Handle that case
+ * by checking the variable and basically ignoring the signal.
+ */
+static bool jitter_test_complete;
+
+static void jitter_handler(int sig)
+{
+ if (jitter_test_complete)
+ return;
+
+ if (sig == SIGUSR1) {
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ printf("ERROR: Program unexpectedly entered kernel.\n");
+ }
+ jitter_summarize();
+ exit(exit_status);
+}
+
+static void test_jitter(unsigned long waitticks)
+{
+ u_int64_t start, last, elapsed;
+ int rc;
+
+ printf("testing task isolation jitter for %ld ticks\n", waitticks);
+
+ signal(SIGINT, jitter_handler);
+ signal(SIGUSR1, jitter_handler);
+ set_my_cpu(task_isolation_cpu);
+ rc = mlockall(MCL_CURRENT);
+ assert(rc == 0);
+
+ set_task_isolation(PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE |
+ PR_TASK_ISOLATION_SET_SIG(SIGUSR1));
+
+ last = start = get_cycle_count();
+ do {
+ u_int64_t next = get_cycle_count();
+ u_int64_t delta = next - last;
+
+ elapsed = next - start;
+ if (__builtin_expect(delta > HISTSIZE, 0)) {
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ if (count < ARRAY_SIZE(jitter)) {
+ jitter[count].cycles = delta;
+ jitter[count].at = elapsed;
+ WRITE_ONCE(count, count + 1);
+ }
+ } else {
+ hist[delta]++;
+ }
+ last = next;
+
+ } while (elapsed < waitticks);
+
+ jitter_test_complete = true;
+ prctl_isolation(0);
+ jitter_summarize();
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ /* How many billion ticks to wait after running the other tests? */
+ unsigned long waitticks;
+ char buf[100];
+ char *result, *end;
+ FILE *f;
+
+ if (argc == 1)
+ waitticks = 10;
+ else if (argc == 2)
+ waitticks = strtol(argv[1], NULL, 10);
+ else {
+ printf("syntax: isolation [gigaticks]\n");
+ ksft_exit_fail();
+ }
+ waitticks *= 1000000000;
+
+ /* Get a core from the /sys nohz_full device. */
+ f = fopen("/sys/devices/system/cpu/nohz_full", "r");
+ if (f == NULL)
+ ksft_exit_skip("/sys nohz_full: SKIP (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
+ result = fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f);
+ assert(result == buf);
+ fclose(f);
+ if (*buf == '\n')
+ ksft_exit_skip("No nohz_full cores configured.\n");
+ task_isolation_cpu = strtol(buf, &end, 10);
+ assert(end != buf);
+ assert(*end == ',' || *end == '-' || *end == '\n');
+ assert(task_isolation_cpu >= 0);
+
+ /* Make sure it matches the first core from the /sys isolated device. */
+ f = fopen("/sys/devices/system/cpu/isolated", "r");
+ if (f == NULL)
+ ksft_exit_skip("/sys isolated: SKIP (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
+ result = fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f);
+ assert(result == buf);
+ fclose(f);
+ if (*buf == '\n')
+ ksft_exit_skip("No isolated cores configured.\n");
+ if (task_isolation_cpu != strtol(buf, &end, 10))
+ ksft_exit_skip("Isolated and nohz_full cores don't match.\n");
+ assert(end != buf);
+ assert(*end == ',' || *end == '-' || *end == '\n');
+
+ printf("/sys devices: OK (using task isolation cpu %d)\n",
+ task_isolation_cpu);
+
+ /* Test to see if with no mask set, we fail. */
+ if (prctl_isolation(PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE) == 0 ||
+ errno != EINVAL) {
+ printf("prctl unaffinitized: FAIL\n");
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ } else {
+ printf("prctl unaffinitized: OK\n");
+ }
+
+ /* Or if affinitized to the wrong cpu. */
+ set_my_cpu(0);
+ if (prctl_isolation(PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE) == 0 ||
+ errno != EINVAL) {
+ printf("prctl on cpu 0: FAIL\n");
+ exit_status = KSFT_FAIL;
+ } else {
+ printf("prctl on cpu 0: OK\n");
+ }
+
+ /* Allocate some memory to be used for parent/child communication. */
+ shared = mmap(0, getpagesize(), PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_SHARED, 0, 0);
+ assert(shared != MAP_FAILED);
+
+ /* Run the positive tests. */
+#ifndef DEBUG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ test_ok("test_off", NULL, do_syscall_off);
+ test_ok("test_segv", setup_segv, do_segv);
+#endif
+
+ /* Run the negative tests. */
+ test_killed("test_fault", setup_fault, do_fault);
+ test_killed("test_syscall", NULL, do_syscall);
+#ifdef TEST_MUNMAP
+ test_killed("test_munmap", setup_munmap, do_munmap);
+#endif
+#ifdef TEST_UNALIGNED
+ test_killed("test_unaligned", NULL, do_unaligned);
+#endif
+ test_killed("test_schedule", setup_schedule, do_schedule);
+
+ /* Exit failure if any test failed. */
+ if (exit_status != KSFT_PASS) {
+ printf("Skipping jitter testing due to test failures\n");
+ return exit_status;
+ }
+
+ test_jitter(waitticks);
+
+ return exit_status;
+}
--
2.1.2
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