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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v11 for 4.15 01/24] Restartable sequences system call
----- On Nov 16, 2017, at 4:08 PM, Thomas Gleixner tglx@linutronix.de wrote:

> On Tue, 14 Nov 2017, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
>> +#ifdef __KERNEL__
>> +# include <linux/types.h>
>> +#else /* #ifdef __KERNEL__ */
>
> Please drop these comments. They are distracting and not helpful at
> all. They are valuable for long #ideffed sections but then the normal form
> is:
>
> /* __KERNEL__ */
>
> /* !__KERNEL__ */
>

ok

>> +# include <stdint.h>
>> +#endif /* #else #ifdef __KERNEL__ */
>> +
>> +#include <asm/byteorder.h>
>> +
>> +#ifdef __LP64__
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint64_t field
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) field = (intptr_t)v
>> +#elif defined(__BYTE_ORDER) ? \
>> + __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN : defined(__BIG_ENDIAN)
>
> Can you please make this decision separate and propagate the result ?

Something like this ?

#ifdef __BYTE_ORDER
# if (__BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN)
# define RSEQ_BYTE_ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN
# else
# define RSEQ_BYTE_ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN
# endif
#else
# ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
# define RSEQ_BYTE_ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN
# else
# define RSEQ_BYTE_ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN
# endif
#endif

#ifdef __LP64__
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint64_t field
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) field = (intptr_t)v
#else
# ifdef RSEQ_BYTE_ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint32_t field ## _padding, field
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) \
field ## _padding = 0, field = (intptr_t)v
# else
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint32_t field, field ## _padding
# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) \
field = (intptr_t)v, field ## _padding = 0
# endif
#endif


>
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint32_t field ## _padding, field
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) \
>> + field ## _padding = 0, field = (intptr_t)v
>> +#else
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(field) uint32_t field, field ## _padding
>> +# define RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64_INIT_ONSTACK(field, v) \
>> + field = (intptr_t)v, field ## _padding = 0
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +enum rseq_flags {
>> + RSEQ_FLAG_UNREGISTER = (1 << 0),
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum rseq_cs_flags {
>> + RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT = (1U << 0),
>> + RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL = (1U << 1),
>> + RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE = (1U << 2),
>> +};
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * struct rseq_cs is aligned on 4 * 8 bytes to ensure it is always
>> + * contained within a single cache-line. It is usually declared as
>> + * link-time constant data.
>> + */
>> +struct rseq_cs {
>> + uint32_t version; /* Version of this structure. */
>> + uint32_t flags; /* enum rseq_cs_flags */
>> + RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(start_ip);
>> + RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(post_commit_offset); /* From start_ip */

I'll move the tail comments to their own line.

>> + RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(abort_ip);
>> +} __attribute__((aligned(4 * sizeof(uint64_t))));
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * struct rseq is aligned on 4 * 8 bytes to ensure it is always
>> + * contained within a single cache-line.
>> + *
>> + * A single struct rseq per thread is allowed.
>> + */
>> +struct rseq {
>> + /*
>> + * Restartable sequences cpu_id_start field. Updated by the
>> + * kernel, and read by user-space with single-copy atomicity
>> + * semantics. Aligned on 32-bit. Always contain a value in the
>
> contains

ok

>
>> + * range of possible CPUs, although the value may not be the
>> + * actual current CPU (e.g. if rseq is not initialized). This
>> + * CPU number value should always be confirmed against the value
>> + * of the cpu_id field.
>
> Who is supposed to confirm that? I think I know what the purpose of the
> field is, but from that comment it's not obvious at all.

Proposed update:

/*
* Restartable sequences cpu_id_start field. Updated by the
* kernel, and read by user-space with single-copy atomicity
* semantics. Aligned on 32-bit. Always contains a value in the
* range of possible CPUs, although the value may not be the
* actual current CPU (e.g. if rseq is not initialized). This
* CPU number value should always be compared against the value
* of the cpu_id field before performing a rseq commit or
* returning a value read from a data structure indexed using
* the cpu_id_start value.
*/
uint32_t cpu_id_start;

>
>> + */
>> + uint32_t cpu_id_start;
>> + /*
>> + * Restartable sequences cpu_id field. Updated by the kernel,
>> + * and read by user-space with single-copy atomicity semantics.
>
> Again. What's the purpose of reading it.
>

Update:

/*
* Restartable sequences cpu_id field. Updated by the kernel,
* and read by user-space with single-copy atomicity semantics.
* Aligned on 32-bit. Values RSEQ_CPU_ID_UNINITIALIZED and
* RSEQ_CPU_ID_REGISTRATION_FAILED have a special semantic: the
* former means "rseq uninitialized", and latter means "rseq
* initialization failed". This value is meant to be read within
* rseq critical sections and compared with the cpu_id_start
* value previously read, before performing the commit instruction,
* or read and compared with the cpu_id_start value before returning
* a value loaded from a data structure indexed using the
* cpu_id_start value.
*/
uint32_t cpu_id;


>> + * Aligned on 32-bit. Values -1U and -2U have a special
>> + * semantic: -1U means "rseq uninitialized", and -2U means "rseq
>> + * initialization failed".
>> + */
>> + uint32_t cpu_id;
>> + /*
>> + * Restartable sequences rseq_cs field.
>> + *
>> + * Contains NULL when no critical section is active for the current
>> + * thread, or holds a pointer to the currently active struct rseq_cs.
>> + *
>> + * Updated by user-space at the beginning of assembly instruction
>> + * sequence block, and by the kernel when it restarts an assembly
>> + * instruction sequence block, and when the kernel detects that it
>> + * is preempting or delivering a signal outside of the range
>> + * targeted by the rseq_cs. Also needs to be cleared by user-space
>> + * before reclaiming memory that contains the targeted struct
>> + * rseq_cs.
>
> This paragraph is pretty convoluted and it's not really clear what the
> actual purpose is and how it is supposed to be used.
>
> It's NULL when no critical section is active.
>
> It holds a pointer to a struct rseq_cs when a critical section is active. Fine
>
> Now the update rules:
>
> - By user space at the start of the critical section, i.e. user space
> sets the pointer to rseq_cs
>
> - By the kernel when it restarts a sequence block etc ....
>
> What happens to this field? Is the pointer updated or cleared or
> what? How is the kernel supposed to fiddle with the pointer?

The kernel sets it back to NULL when it encounters a non-NULL ptr, independently
of whether it was nesting over a rseq c.s. or not. Updating to:

* Updated by user-space, which sets the address of the currently
* active rseq_cs at the beginning of assembly instruction sequence
* block, and set to NULL by the kernel when it restarts an assembly
* instruction sequence block, as well as when the kernel detects that
* it is preempting or delivering a signal outside of the range
* targeted by the rseq_cs. Also needs to be set to NULL by user-space
* before reclaiming memory that contains the targeted struct rseq_cs.


>> + *
>> + * Read and set by the kernel with single-copy atomicity semantics.
>
> This looks like it's purely kernel owned, but above you say it's written by
> user space. There are no rules for user space?

Update:

* Read and set by the kernel with single-copy atomicity semantics.
* Set by user-space with single-copy atomicity semantics. Aligned
* on 64-bit.

>
>> + * Aligned on 64-bit.
>> + */
>> + RSEQ_FIELD_u32_u64(rseq_cs);
>> + /*
>> + * - RSEQ_DISABLE flag:
>> + *
>> + * Fallback fast-track flag for single-stepping.
>> + * Set by user-space if lack of progress is detected.
>> + * Cleared by user-space after rseq finish.
>> + * Read by the kernel.
>> + * - RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT
>> + * Inhibit instruction sequence block restart and event
>> + * counter increment on preemption for this thread.
>> + * - RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL
>> + * Inhibit instruction sequence block restart and event
>> + * counter increment on signal delivery for this thread.
>> + * - RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE
>> + * Inhibit instruction sequence block restart and event
>> + * counter increment on migration for this thread.
>
> That looks dangerous. You want to single step through the critical section
> and just ignore whether you've been preempted or migrated. How is that
> supposed to work?

If you're closely inspecting a program with single-stepping, and the user
really want to single-step through the rseq c.s., those flags can be set by
the user or debugger to allow this single-stepping to proceed. It's then up
to the user/tool to ensure mutual exclusion with other rseq c.s. by other
means. One of its uses is for implementers of rseq c.s. assembly code, where
they may want to single-step through that code while ensuring consistency
through other mechanisms (e.g. mutual exclusion, or running single-threaded).

>
>> +++ b/kernel/rseq.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,328 @@
>> + * Detailed algorithm of rseq user-space assembly sequences:
>> + *
>> + * Steps [1]-[3] (inclusive) need to be a sequence of instructions in
>> + * userspace that can handle being moved to the abort_ip between any
>> + * of those instructions.
> A sequence of instructions cannot be moved. Please describe this in
> technical correct wording.

Update:

* Steps [1]-[3] (inclusive) need to be a sequence of instructions in
* userspace that can handle being interrupted between any of those
* instructions, and then resumed to the abort_ip.

>
>> + * The abort_ip address needs to be less than start_ip, or
>> + * greater-or-equal the post_commit_ip. Step [5] and the failure
>
> s/the/than/

ok

>
>> + * code step [F1] need to be at addresses lesser than start_ip, or
>> + * greater-or-equal the post_commit_ip.
>
> Please describe that block visually for clarity
>
> init(rseq_cs)
> cpu = TLS->rseq::cpu_id
>
> start_ip -----------------
> [1] TLS->rseq::rseq_cs = rseq_cs
> barrier()
>
> [2] if (cpu != TLS->rseq::cpu_id)
> goto fail_ip;
>
> [3] last_instruction_in_cs()
> post_commit_ip ----------------
>
> The address of jump target fail_ip must be outside the critical region, i.e.
>
> fail_ip < start_ip || fail_ip >= post_commit_ip
>
> Some textual explanation along with that is certainly helpful, but.

Updated to:

* init(rseq_cs)
* cpu = TLS->rseq::cpu_id_start
* [1] TLS->rseq::rseq_cs = rseq_cs
* [start_ip] ----------------------------
* [2] if (cpu != TLS->rseq::cpu_id)
* goto abort_ip;
* [3] <last_instruction_in_cs>
* [post_commit_ip] ----------------------------
*
* The address of jump target abort_ip must be outside the critical
* region, i.e.:
*
* [abort_ip] < [start_ip] || [abort_ip] >= [post_commit_ip]

>
>> + * [start_ip]
>> + * 1. Userspace stores the address of the struct rseq_cs assembly
>> + * block descriptor into the rseq_cs field of the registered
>> + * struct rseq TLS area. This update is performed through a single
>> + * store, followed by a compiler barrier which prevents the
>> + * compiler from moving following loads or stores before this
>> + * store.

Actually, given that this all needs to be in an inline assembly, it
makes no sense to talk about "compiler barrier" anymore. I'll update
the last part.

The "[start_ip] tag moves just after the paragraph at "1.".


>> + *
>> + * 2. Userspace tests to see whether the current cpu_id field
>> + * match the cpu number loaded before start_ip. Manually jumping
>> + * to [F1] in case of a mismatch.
>
> Manually jumping?

"Branching to abort_ip" would be better indeed.

>
>> + *
>> + * Note that if we are preempted or interrupted by a signal
>
> Up to this point the description was technical, Now you start to
> impersonate. That's inconsistent at best.

ok

>
>> + * after [1] and before post_commit_ip, then the kernel
>
> How does the kernel know about being "after" [1]. Is there something else
> than start_ip and post_commit_id? According to this, yes. And that wants a
> name and wants to be shown in the visual block. I call it magic_ip for now.

It should have been "at or after":

* If the sequence is preempted or interrupted by a signal
* at or after start_ip and before post_commit_ip, then the kernel
* clears TLS->__rseq_abi::rseq_cs, then resumes execution at the
* abort_ip.

You bring a good point. Although it has no impact in practice, the
"start_ip" can indicate the address right *after* the store to rseq_cs.
I'll change the documentation and user-space implementation accordingly.

>
>> + * clears the rseq_cs field of struct rseq, then jumps us to
>> + * abort_ip.
>
> The kernel does not jump us.
>
> If the execution sequence gets preempted at an address >=
> magic_ip and < post_commit_ip, the kernel sets
> TLS->rseq::rseq_cs to NULL and sets the user space return ip to
> fail_ip before returning to user space, so the preempted
> execution resumes at fail_ip.
>
> Hmm?

Updated to:

* If the sequence is preempted or interrupted by a signal
* at or after start_ip and before post_commit_ip, then the kernel
* clears TLS->__rseq_abi::rseq_cs, and sets the user-space return
* ip to abort_ip before returning to user-space, so the preempted
* execution resumes at abort_ip.

>
>> + * 3. Userspace critical section final instruction before
>> + * post_commit_ip is the commit. The critical section is
>> + * self-terminating.
>> + * [post_commit_ip]
>> + *
>> + * 4. success
>> + *
>> + * On failure at [2]:
>> + *
>> + * [abort_ip]
>
> Now you introduce abort_ip. Why not use the same terminology consistently?
> Because it would make sense and not confuse the reader?

I use abort_ip everywhere. Not sure where you saw "fail_ip".

>
>> + * F1. goto failure label
>> + */
>> +
>> +static bool rseq_update_cpu_id(struct task_struct *t)
>> +{
>> + uint32_t cpu_id = raw_smp_processor_id();
>> +
>> + if (__put_user(cpu_id, &t->rseq->cpu_id_start))
>> + return false;
>> + if (__put_user(cpu_id, &t->rseq->cpu_id))
>> + return false;
>> + trace_rseq_update(t);
>> + return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static bool rseq_reset_rseq_cpu_id(struct task_struct *t)
>> +{
>> + uint32_t cpu_id_start = 0, cpu_id = -1U;
>
> Please do not use -1U. Define a proper symbol for it. Hardcoded constant
> numbers which have a special measing are annoying.

I'll add the following enum to uapi rseq.h:

enum rseq_cpu_id_state {
RSEQ_CPU_ID_UNINITIALIZED = -1,
RSEQ_CPU_ID_REGISTRATION_FAILED = -2,
};
And use it both in the user-space library and in the kernel
"reset" code.

>
>> + /*
>> + * Reset cpu_id_start to its initial state (0).
>> + */
>> + if (__put_user(cpu_id_start, &t->rseq->cpu_id_start))
>> + return false;
>
> Why bool? If the callsite propagates an error code return it right from
> here please.

ok, fixed.

>
>> + /*
>> + * Reset cpu_id to -1U, so any user coming in after unregistration can
>> + * figure out that rseq needs to be registered again.
>> + */
>> + if (__put_user(cpu_id, &t->rseq->cpu_id))
>> + return false;
>> + return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static bool rseq_get_rseq_cs(struct task_struct *t,
>> + void __user **start_ip,
>> + unsigned long *post_commit_offset,
>> + void __user **abort_ip,
>> + uint32_t *cs_flags)
>
> Please align the arguments with the argument in the first line
>

done.

>> +{
>> + unsigned long ptr;
>> + struct rseq_cs __user *urseq_cs;
>> + struct rseq_cs rseq_cs;
>> + u32 __user *usig;
>> + u32 sig;
>
> Please sort those variables by length in reverse fir tree order.

ok

>
>> +
>> + if (__get_user(ptr, &t->rseq->rseq_cs))
>> + return false;
>
> Call site stores an int and then returns -EFAULT. Works, but pretty is
> something else.

moving all return values to "int", and propagating result.

>
>> + if (!ptr)
>> + return true;
>
> What's wrong with 0 / -ERRORCODE returns which are the standard way in the
> kernel?

done

>
>> + urseq_cs = (struct rseq_cs __user *)ptr;
>> + if (copy_from_user(&rseq_cs, urseq_cs, sizeof(rseq_cs)))
>> + return false;
>> + /*
>> + * We need to clear rseq_cs upon entry into a signal handler
>> + * nested on top of a rseq assembly block, so the signal handler
>> + * will not be fixed up if itself interrupted by a nested signal
>> + * handler or preempted.
>
> This sentence does not parse.

Updating to:

/*
* The rseq_cs field is set to NULL on preemption or signal
* delivery on top of rseq assembly block, as well as on top
* of code outside of the rseq assembly block. This performs
* a lazy clear of the rseq_cs field.
*
* Set rseq_cs to NULL with single-copy atomicity.
*/
ptr = 0;
ret = __put_user(ptr, &t->rseq->rseq_cs);
if (ret)
return ret;
All the discussion about not fixing up while executing signal
handler was relevant with Paul Turner's original approach,
but now that we have rseq critical section descriptors that
contain the start_ip and post_commit_offset, guaranteeing that
the rseq_cs pointer is cleared before returning to a signal handler
is not relevant anymore.

I'll use __put_user rather than clear_user() in order to be consistent
with all other updates that provide single-copy atomicity guarantees.

>
>> + We also need to clear rseq_cs if we
>> + * preempt or deliver a signal on top of code outside of the
>> + * rseq assembly block, to ensure that a following preemption or
>> + * signal delivery will not try to perform a fixup needlessly.
>
> Please try to avoid the impersonation. We are not doing anything.

ok

>
>> + */
>> + if (clear_user(&t->rseq->rseq_cs, sizeof(t->rseq->rseq_cs)))
>> + return false;
>> + if (rseq_cs.version > 0)
>> + return false;

I'll add this check to ensure that abort_ip is not within the
rseq c.s., which would be invalid:

/* Ensure that abort_ip is not in the critical section. */
if (rseq_cs.abort_ip - rseq_cs.start_ip < rseq_cs.post_commit_offset)
return false;
>> + *cs_flags = rseq_cs.flags;
>> + *start_ip = (void __user *)rseq_cs.start_ip;
>> + *post_commit_offset = (unsigned long)rseq_cs.post_commit_offset;
>> + *abort_ip = (void __user *)rseq_cs.abort_ip;
>> + usig = (u32 __user *)(rseq_cs.abort_ip - sizeof(u32));
>
> Is there no way to avoid this abundant type casting? It's hard to find the
> code in the casts.

Following peterz' advice, I use unsigned long type now.

>
>> + if (get_user(sig, usig))
>> + return false;
>> + if (current->rseq_sig != sig) {
>> + printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING
>> + "Possible attack attempt. Unexpected rseq signature 0x%x, expecting 0x%x
>> (pid=%d, addr=%p).\n",
>> + sig, current->rseq_sig, current->pid, usig);
>> + return false;
>> + }
>> + return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rseq_need_restart(struct task_struct *t, uint32_t cs_flags)
>> +{
>> + bool need_restart = false;
>> + uint32_t flags;
>> +
>> + /* Get thread flags. */
>> + if (__get_user(flags, &t->rseq->flags))
>> + return -EFAULT;
>> +
>> + /* Take into account critical section flags. */
>
> Take critical section flags into account. Please
>

ok

>> + flags |= cs_flags;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Restart on signal can only be inhibited when restart on
>> + * preempt and restart on migrate are inhibited too. Otherwise,
>> + * a preempted signal handler could fail to restart the prior
>> + * execution context on sigreturn.
>> + */
>> + if (flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL) {
>> + if (!(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + if (!(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> + if (t->rseq_migrate
>> + && !(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE))
>
> if (t->rseq_migrate &&
> !(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE))
>
> please.
>
>> + need_restart = true;
>> + else if (t->rseq_preempt
>> + && !(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT))
>> + need_restart = true;
>> + else if (t->rseq_signal
>> + && !(flags & RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL))
>> + need_restart = true;
>
> If you make all of these rseq_flags explicit bits in a u32 then you can
> just do a simple
>
> if ((t->rseq_flags ^ flags) & t->rseq_flags)
>
> and you can probably simplify the above checks as well.

I don't think xor is the operation we want here. But yes, using
masks tremendously simplifies the code. I did those changes
following peterz' feedback:

event_mask = t->rseq_event_mask;
t->rseq_event_mask = 0;
event_mask &= ~flags;
if (event_mask)
return 1;
return 0;
>> +
>> + t->rseq_preempt = false;
>> + t->rseq_signal = false;
>> + t->rseq_migrate = false;
>
> This becomes a simple t->rseq_flags = 0;

yes.

>
>> + if (need_restart)
>> + return 1;
>> + return 0;
>
> Why are you having a bool in the first place if you have to convert it into
> a integer return value at the end. Sure the compiler can optimize that
> away, but still...

Changed to an "int".

>
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rseq_ip_fixup(struct pt_regs *regs)
>> +{
>> + struct task_struct *t = current;
>> + void __user *start_ip = NULL;
>> + unsigned long post_commit_offset = 0;
>> + void __user *abort_ip = NULL;
>> + uint32_t cs_flags = 0;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = rseq_get_rseq_cs(t, &start_ip, &post_commit_offset, &abort_ip,
>> + &cs_flags);
>> + trace_rseq_ip_fixup((void __user *)instruction_pointer(regs),
>> + start_ip, post_commit_offset, abort_ip, ret);
>> + if (!ret)
>> + return -EFAULT;
>
> This boolean logic is really horrible.

Changed to "int", returning the callee return value.

>
>> + ret = rseq_need_restart(t, cs_flags);
>> + if (ret < 0)
>> + return -EFAULT;
>
> Why can't you propagate ret?

done. It becomes:

ret = rseq_need_restart(t, cs_flags);
if (ret <= 0)
return ret;

>
>> + if (!ret)
>> + return 0;
>> + /*
>> + * Handle potentially not being within a critical section.
>> + * Unsigned comparison will be true when
>> + * ip < start_ip (wrap-around to large values), and when
>> + * ip >= start_ip + post_commit_offset.
>> + */
>> + if ((unsigned long)instruction_pointer(regs) - (unsigned long)start_ip
>> + >= post_commit_offset)
>
> Neither start_ip nor abort_ip need to be void __user * type. They are not
> accessed at all, So why not make them unsigned long and spare all the type
> cast mess here and in rseq_get_rseq_cs() ?

done as per peterz's feedback.

>
>> + return 1;
>> +
>> + instruction_pointer_set(regs, (unsigned long)abort_ip);
>> + return 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * This resume handler should always be executed between any of:
>
> Should? Or must?

Yes, must.

>
>> + * - preemption,
>> + * - signal delivery,
>> + * and return to user-space.
>> + *
>> + if (current->rseq) {
>> + /*
>> + * If rseq is already registered, check whether
>> + * the provided address differs from the prior
>> + * one.
>> + */
>> + if (current->rseq != rseq
>> + || current->rseq_len != rseq_len)
>
> Align as shown above please. Same for all other malformatted multi line
> conditionals.

done

>
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + if (current->rseq_sig != sig)
>> + return -EPERM;
>> + return -EBUSY; /* Already registered. */
>
> Please do not use tail comments. They disturb the reading flow.

ok. Will do:

/* Already registered. */
return -EBUSY;
>
>> + } else {
>> + /*
>> + * If there was no rseq previously registered,
>> + * we need to ensure the provided rseq is
>
> s/we need to// Like in changelogs. Describe it in imperative mood.

ok

>
>> + * properly aligned and valid.
>> + */
>> + if (!IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)rseq, __alignof__(*rseq))
>> + || rseq_len != sizeof(*rseq))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, rseq, rseq_len))
>> + return -EFAULT;
>> + current->rseq = rseq;
>> + current->rseq_len = rseq_len;
>> + current->rseq_sig = sig;
>> + /*
>> + * If rseq was previously inactive, and has just been
>> + * registered, ensure the cpu_id_start and cpu_id fields
>> + * are updated before returning to user-space.
>> + */
>> + rseq_set_notify_resume(current);
>> + }
>
> Thanks,

Thanks a lot for the thorough review Thomas !!

Mathieu


>
> tglx

--
Mathieu Desnoyers
EfficiOS Inc.
http://www.efficios.com

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