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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] ksm : use checksum and memcmp for rb_tree
Reviewed-by: Timofey Titovets <nefelim4ag@gmail.com>

2017-11-15 6:19 GMT+03:00 Kyeongdon Kim <kyeongdon.kim@lge.com>:
> The current ksm is using memcmp to insert and search 'rb_tree'.
> It does cause very expensive computation cost.
> In order to reduce the time of this operation,
> we have added a checksum to traverse.
>
> Nearly all 'rb_node' in stable_tree_insert() function
> can be inserted as a checksum, most of it is possible
> in unstable_tree_search_insert() function.
> In stable_tree_search() function, the checksum may be an additional.
> But, checksum check duration is extremely small.
> Considering the time of the whole cmp_and_merge_page() function,
> it requires very little cost on average.
>
> Using this patch, we compared the time of ksm_do_scan() function
> by adding kernel trace at the start-end position of operation.
> (ARM 32bit target android device,
> over 1000 sample time gap stamps average)
>
> On original KSM scan avg duration = 0.0166893 sec
> 14991.975619 : ksm_do_scan_start: START: ksm_do_scan
> 14991.990975 : ksm_do_scan_end: END: ksm_do_scan
> 14992.008989 : ksm_do_scan_start: START: ksm_do_scan
> 14992.016839 : ksm_do_scan_end: END: ksm_do_scan
> ...
>
> On patch KSM scan avg duration = 0.0041157 sec
> 41081.46131 : ksm_do_scan_start : START: ksm_do_scan
> 41081.46636 : ksm_do_scan_end : END: ksm_do_scan
> 41081.48476 : ksm_do_scan_start : START: ksm_do_scan
> 41081.48795 : ksm_do_scan_end : END: ksm_do_scan
> ...
>
> We have tested randomly so many times for the stability
> and couldn't see any abnormal issue until now.
> Also, we found out this patch can make some good advantage
> for the power consumption than KSM default enable.
>
> v1 -> v2
> - add comment for oldchecksum value
> - move the oldchecksum value out of union
> - remove check code regarding checksum 0 in stable_tree_search()
>
> link to v1 : https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/10/30/251
>
> Signed-off-by: Kyeongdon Kim <kyeongdon.kim@lge.com>
> ---
> mm/ksm.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 1 file changed, 44 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
> index be8f457..9280569 100644
> --- a/mm/ksm.c
> +++ b/mm/ksm.c
> @@ -134,6 +134,7 @@ struct ksm_scan {
> * @kpfn: page frame number of this ksm page (perhaps temporarily on wrong nid)
> * @chain_prune_time: time of the last full garbage collection
> * @rmap_hlist_len: number of rmap_item entries in hlist or STABLE_NODE_CHAIN
> + * @oldchecksum: previous checksum of the page about a stable_node
> * @nid: NUMA node id of stable tree in which linked (may not match kpfn)
> */
> struct stable_node {
> @@ -159,6 +160,7 @@ struct stable_node {
> */
> #define STABLE_NODE_CHAIN -1024
> int rmap_hlist_len;
> + u32 oldchecksum;
> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> int nid;
> #endif
> @@ -1522,7 +1524,7 @@ static __always_inline struct page *chain(struct stable_node **s_n_d,
> * This function returns the stable tree node of identical content if found,
> * NULL otherwise.
> */
> -static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
> +static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page, u32 checksum)
> {
> int nid;
> struct rb_root *root;
> @@ -1550,6 +1552,18 @@ static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
>
> cond_resched();
> stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
> +
> + /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
> + if (checksum < stable_node->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_left;
> + continue;
> + } else if (checksum > stable_node->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_right;
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> stable_node_any = NULL;
> tree_page = chain_prune(&stable_node_dup, &stable_node, root);
> /*
> @@ -1768,7 +1782,7 @@ static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
> * This function returns the stable tree node just allocated on success,
> * NULL otherwise.
> */
> -static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
> +static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage, u32 checksum)
> {
> int nid;
> unsigned long kpfn;
> @@ -1792,6 +1806,18 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
> cond_resched();
> stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
> stable_node_any = NULL;
> +
> + /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
> + if (checksum < stable_node->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_left;
> + continue;
> + } else if (checksum > stable_node->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_right;
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> tree_page = chain(&stable_node_dup, stable_node, root);
> if (!stable_node_dup) {
> /*
> @@ -1850,6 +1876,7 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
>
> INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&stable_node_dup->hlist);
> stable_node_dup->kpfn = kpfn;
> + stable_node_dup->oldchecksum = checksum;
> set_page_stable_node(kpage, stable_node_dup);
> stable_node_dup->rmap_hlist_len = 0;
> DO_NUMA(stable_node_dup->nid = nid);
> @@ -1907,6 +1934,19 @@ struct rmap_item *unstable_tree_search_insert(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
>
> cond_resched();
> tree_rmap_item = rb_entry(*new, struct rmap_item, node);
> +
> + /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
> + if (rmap_item->oldchecksum < tree_rmap_item->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_left;
> + continue;
> + } else if (rmap_item->oldchecksum
> + > tree_rmap_item->oldchecksum) {
> + parent = *new;
> + new = &parent->rb_right;
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> tree_page = get_mergeable_page(tree_rmap_item);
> if (!tree_page)
> return NULL;
> @@ -2031,7 +2071,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
> }
>
> /* We first start with searching the page inside the stable tree */
> - kpage = stable_tree_search(page);
> + kpage = stable_tree_search(page, rmap_item->oldchecksum);
> if (kpage == page && rmap_item->head == stable_node) {
> put_page(kpage);
> return;
> @@ -2098,7 +2138,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
> * node in the stable tree and add both rmap_items.
> */
> lock_page(kpage);
> - stable_node = stable_tree_insert(kpage);
> + stable_node = stable_tree_insert(kpage, checksum);
> if (stable_node) {
> stable_tree_append(tree_rmap_item, stable_node,
> false);
> --
> 2.6.2
>
> --
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--
Have a nice day,
Timofey.

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