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SubjectRe: Allocation failure of ring buffer for trace
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Hi Mel,

Your patch works good.

Here are the results of your patch.

- boot up without trace_buf_size boot option

When system boots up without trace_buf_size boot option, deferred_init_memmap()
runs after booting SMP configuration. There no change of boot sequence between
4.14.0 and 4.14.0 with your patch.

[ 0.256285] x86: Booting SMP configuration:
...
[ 5.313195] node 0 initialised, 15530251 pages in 653ms
[ 5.330691] node 1 initialised, 15988494 pages in 670ms
[ 5.331746] node 2 initialised, 15988493 pages in 671ms
[ 5.332166] node 6 initialised, 15982779 pages in 670ms
[ 5.332673] node 3 initialised, 15988494 pages in 671ms
[ 5.332618] node 4 initialised, 15988494 pages in 672ms
[ 5.334187] node 7 initialised, 15987304 pages in 672ms
[ 5.334976] node 5 initialised, 15988494 pages in 673ms

- boot up with trace_buf_size boot option

When system boots up with trace_buf_size boot option, deferred_init_memmap()
runs before booting SMP configuration. So every memory on all nodes is
initialised before allocating trace buffer. And system can boot up even if
we set trace_buf_size boot option.

[ 0.932114] node 0 initialised, 15530251 pages in 684ms
[ 1.604918] node 1 initialised, 15988494 pages in 671ms
[ 2.278933] node 2 initialised, 15988494 pages in 673ms
[ 2.965076] node 3 initialised, 15988494 pages in 686ms
[ 3.669064] node 4 initialised, 15988494 pages in 703ms
[ 4.354983] node 5 initialised, 15988493 pages in 684ms
[ 5.028681] node 6 initialised, 15982779 pages in 673ms
[ 5.716102] node 7 initialised, 15987304 pages in 687ms
[ 5.727855] smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
[ 5.745937] x86: Booting SMP configuration:

Thanks,
Yasuaki Ishimatsu

On 11/14/2017 06:46 AM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 13, 2017 at 12:48:36PM -0500, YASUAKI ISHIMATSU wrote:
>> When using trace_buf_size= boot option, memory allocation of ring buffer
>> for trace fails as follows:
>>
>> [ ] x86: Booting SMP configuration:
>> <SNIP>
>>
>> In my server, there are 384 CPUs, 512 GB memory and 8 nodes. And
>> "trace_buf_size=100M" is set.
>>
>> When using trace_buf_size=100M, kernel allocates 100 MB memory
>> per CPU before calling free_are_init_core(). Kernel tries to
>> allocates 38.4GB (100 MB * 384 CPU) memory. But available memory
>> at this time is about 16GB (2 GB * 8 nodes) due to the following commit:
>>
>> 3a80a7fa7989 ("mm: meminit: initialise a subset of struct pages
>> if CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT is set")
>>
>
> 1. What is the use case for such a large trace buffer being allocated at
> boot time?
> 2. Is disabling CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT at compile time an
> option for you given that it's a custom-built kernel and not a
> distribution kernel?
>
> Basically, as the allocation context is within smp_init(), there are no
> opportunities to do the deferred meminit early. Furthermore, the partial
> initialisation of memory occurs before the size of the trace buffers is
> set so there is no opportunity to adjust the amount of memory that is
> pre-initialised. We could potentially catch when memory is low during
> system boot and adjust the amount that is initialised serially but the
> complexity would be high. Given that deferred meminit is basically a minor
> optimisation that only affects very large machines and trace_buf_size being
> used is somewhat specialised, I think the most straight-forward option is
> to go back to serialised meminit if trace_buf_size is specified like this;
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/gfp.h b/include/linux/gfp.h
> index 710143741eb5..6ef0ab13f774 100644
> --- a/include/linux/gfp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/gfp.h
> @@ -558,6 +558,19 @@ void drain_local_pages(struct zone *zone);
>
> void page_alloc_init_late(void);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> +extern void __init disable_deferred_meminit(void);
> +extern void page_alloc_init_late_prepare(void);
> +#else
> +static inline void disable_deferred_meminit(void)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void page_alloc_init_late_prepare(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */
> +
> /*
> * gfp_allowed_mask is set to GFP_BOOT_MASK during early boot to restrict what
> * GFP flags are used before interrupts are enabled. Once interrupts are
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index 0ee9c6866ada..0248b8b5bc3a 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -1058,6 +1058,8 @@ static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
> do_pre_smp_initcalls();
> lockup_detector_init();
>
> + page_alloc_init_late_prepare();
> +
> smp_init();
> sched_init_smp();
>
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> index 752e5daf0896..cfa7175ff093 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> @@ -1115,6 +1115,13 @@ static int __init set_buf_size(char *str)
> if (buf_size == 0)
> return 0;
> trace_buf_size = buf_size;
> +
> + /*
> + * The size of buffers are unpredictable so initialise all memory
> + * before the allocation attempt occurs.
> + */
> + disable_deferred_meminit();
> +
> return 1;
> }
> __setup("trace_buf_size=", set_buf_size);
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 77e4d3c5c57b..4dd0e153b0f2 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -290,6 +290,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(nr_online_nodes);
> int page_group_by_mobility_disabled __read_mostly;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> +bool __initdata deferred_meminit_disabled;
> +
> +/*
> + * Allow deferred meminit to be disabled by subsystems that require large
> + * allocations before the memory allocator is fully initialised. It should
> + * only be used in cases where the size of the allocation may not fit into
> + * the 2G per node that is allocated serially.
> + */
> +void __init disable_deferred_meminit(void)
> +{
> + deferred_meminit_disabled = true;
> +}
> +
> static inline void reset_deferred_meminit(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> {
> unsigned long max_initialise;
> @@ -1567,6 +1580,23 @@ static int __init deferred_init_memmap(void *data)
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> +/*
> + * Serialised init of remaining memory if large buffers of unknown size
> + * are required that might fail before parallelised meminit can start
> + */
> +void __init page_alloc_init_late_prepare(void)
> +{
> + int nid;
> +
> + if (!deferred_meminit_disabled)
> + return;
> +
> + for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY)
> + deferred_init_memmap(NODE_DATA(nid));
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> void __init page_alloc_init_late(void)
> {
> struct zone *zone;
>

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