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Subject[PATCH v2] ksm : use checksum and memcmp for rb_tree
Date
The current ksm is using memcmp to insert and search 'rb_tree'.
It does cause very expensive computation cost.
In order to reduce the time of this operation,
we have added a checksum to traverse.

Nearly all 'rb_node' in stable_tree_insert() function
can be inserted as a checksum, most of it is possible
in unstable_tree_search_insert() function.
In stable_tree_search() function, the checksum may be an additional.
But, checksum check duration is extremely small.
Considering the time of the whole cmp_and_merge_page() function,
it requires very little cost on average.

Using this patch, we compared the time of ksm_do_scan() function
by adding kernel trace at the start-end position of operation.
(ARM 32bit target android device,
over 1000 sample time gap stamps average)

On original KSM scan avg duration = 0.0166893 sec
14991.975619 : ksm_do_scan_start: START: ksm_do_scan
14991.990975 : ksm_do_scan_end: END: ksm_do_scan
14992.008989 : ksm_do_scan_start: START: ksm_do_scan
14992.016839 : ksm_do_scan_end: END: ksm_do_scan
...

On patch KSM scan avg duration = 0.0041157 sec
41081.46131 : ksm_do_scan_start : START: ksm_do_scan
41081.46636 : ksm_do_scan_end : END: ksm_do_scan
41081.48476 : ksm_do_scan_start : START: ksm_do_scan
41081.48795 : ksm_do_scan_end : END: ksm_do_scan
...

We have tested randomly so many times for the stability
and couldn't see any abnormal issue until now.
Also, we found out this patch can make some good advantage
for the power consumption than KSM default enable.

v1 -> v2
- add comment for oldchecksum value
- move the oldchecksum value out of union
- remove check code regarding checksum 0 in stable_tree_search()

link to v1 : https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/10/30/251

Signed-off-by: Kyeongdon Kim <kyeongdon.kim@lge.com>
---
mm/ksm.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 44 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index be8f457..9280569 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -134,6 +134,7 @@ struct ksm_scan {
* @kpfn: page frame number of this ksm page (perhaps temporarily on wrong nid)
* @chain_prune_time: time of the last full garbage collection
* @rmap_hlist_len: number of rmap_item entries in hlist or STABLE_NODE_CHAIN
+ * @oldchecksum: previous checksum of the page about a stable_node
* @nid: NUMA node id of stable tree in which linked (may not match kpfn)
*/
struct stable_node {
@@ -159,6 +160,7 @@ struct stable_node {
*/
#define STABLE_NODE_CHAIN -1024
int rmap_hlist_len;
+ u32 oldchecksum;
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
int nid;
#endif
@@ -1522,7 +1524,7 @@ static __always_inline struct page *chain(struct stable_node **s_n_d,
* This function returns the stable tree node of identical content if found,
* NULL otherwise.
*/
-static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
+static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page, u32 checksum)
{
int nid;
struct rb_root *root;
@@ -1550,6 +1552,18 @@ static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)

cond_resched();
stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
+
+ /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
+ if (checksum < stable_node->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_left;
+ continue;
+ } else if (checksum > stable_node->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_right;
+ continue;
+ }
+
stable_node_any = NULL;
tree_page = chain_prune(&stable_node_dup, &stable_node, root);
/*
@@ -1768,7 +1782,7 @@ static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
* This function returns the stable tree node just allocated on success,
* NULL otherwise.
*/
-static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
+static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage, u32 checksum)
{
int nid;
unsigned long kpfn;
@@ -1792,6 +1806,18 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
cond_resched();
stable_node = rb_entry(*new, struct stable_node, node);
stable_node_any = NULL;
+
+ /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
+ if (checksum < stable_node->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_left;
+ continue;
+ } else if (checksum > stable_node->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_right;
+ continue;
+ }
+
tree_page = chain(&stable_node_dup, stable_node, root);
if (!stable_node_dup) {
/*
@@ -1850,6 +1876,7 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)

INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&stable_node_dup->hlist);
stable_node_dup->kpfn = kpfn;
+ stable_node_dup->oldchecksum = checksum;
set_page_stable_node(kpage, stable_node_dup);
stable_node_dup->rmap_hlist_len = 0;
DO_NUMA(stable_node_dup->nid = nid);
@@ -1907,6 +1934,19 @@ struct rmap_item *unstable_tree_search_insert(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,

cond_resched();
tree_rmap_item = rb_entry(*new, struct rmap_item, node);
+
+ /* first make rb_tree by checksum */
+ if (rmap_item->oldchecksum < tree_rmap_item->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_left;
+ continue;
+ } else if (rmap_item->oldchecksum
+ > tree_rmap_item->oldchecksum) {
+ parent = *new;
+ new = &parent->rb_right;
+ continue;
+ }
+
tree_page = get_mergeable_page(tree_rmap_item);
if (!tree_page)
return NULL;
@@ -2031,7 +2071,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
}

/* We first start with searching the page inside the stable tree */
- kpage = stable_tree_search(page);
+ kpage = stable_tree_search(page, rmap_item->oldchecksum);
if (kpage == page && rmap_item->head == stable_node) {
put_page(kpage);
return;
@@ -2098,7 +2138,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
* node in the stable tree and add both rmap_items.
*/
lock_page(kpage);
- stable_node = stable_tree_insert(kpage);
+ stable_node = stable_tree_insert(kpage, checksum);
if (stable_node) {
stable_tree_append(tree_rmap_item, stable_node,
false);
--
2.6.2
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