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Subject[PATCH 02/27] Add a SysRq option to lift kernel lockdown
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Date
From: Kyle McMartin <kyle@redhat.com>

Make an option to provide a sysrq key that will lift the kernel lockdown,
thereby allowing the running kernel image to be accessed and modified.

On x86_64 this is triggered with SysRq+x, but this key may not be available
on all arches, so it is set by setting LOCKDOWN_LIFT_KEY in asm/setup.h.

Signed-off-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: x86@kernel.org
---

arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h | 2 ++
drivers/input/misc/uinput.c | 1 +
drivers/tty/sysrq.c | 19 +++++++++++------
include/linux/input.h | 5 ++++
include/linux/sysrq.h | 8 ++++++-
kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c | 2 +-
security/Kconfig | 15 +++++++++++++
security/lock_down.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
8 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h
index a65cf544686a..863f77582c09 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h
@@ -8,6 +8,8 @@
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <asm/page_types.h>

+#define LOCKDOWN_LIFT_KEY 'x'
+
#ifdef __i386__

#include <linux/pfn.h>
diff --git a/drivers/input/misc/uinput.c b/drivers/input/misc/uinput.c
index 443151de90c6..45a1f5460805 100644
--- a/drivers/input/misc/uinput.c
+++ b/drivers/input/misc/uinput.c
@@ -408,6 +408,7 @@ static int uinput_allocate_device(struct uinput_device *udev)
if (!udev->dev)
return -ENOMEM;

+ udev->dev->flags |= INPUTDEV_FLAGS_SYNTHETIC;
udev->dev->event = uinput_dev_event;
input_set_drvdata(udev->dev, udev);

diff --git a/drivers/tty/sysrq.c b/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
index 3ffc1ce29023..8b766dbad6dd 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/sysrq.c
@@ -481,6 +481,7 @@ static struct sysrq_key_op *sysrq_key_table[36] = {
/* x: May be registered on mips for TLB dump */
/* x: May be registered on ppc/powerpc for xmon */
/* x: May be registered on sparc64 for global PMU dump */
+ /* x: May be registered on x86_64 for disabling secure boot */
NULL, /* x */
/* y: May be registered on sparc64 for global register dump */
NULL, /* y */
@@ -524,7 +525,7 @@ static void __sysrq_put_key_op(int key, struct sysrq_key_op *op_p)
sysrq_key_table[i] = op_p;
}

-void __handle_sysrq(int key, bool check_mask)
+void __handle_sysrq(int key, unsigned int from)
{
struct sysrq_key_op *op_p;
int orig_log_level;
@@ -544,11 +545,15 @@ void __handle_sysrq(int key, bool check_mask)

op_p = __sysrq_get_key_op(key);
if (op_p) {
+ /* Ban synthetic events from some sysrq functionality */
+ if ((from == SYSRQ_FROM_PROC || from == SYSRQ_FROM_SYNTHETIC) &&
+ op_p->enable_mask & SYSRQ_DISABLE_USERSPACE)
+ printk("This sysrq operation is disabled from userspace.\n");
/*
* Should we check for enabled operations (/proc/sysrq-trigger
* should not) and is the invoked operation enabled?
*/
- if (!check_mask || sysrq_on_mask(op_p->enable_mask)) {
+ if (from == SYSRQ_FROM_KERNEL || sysrq_on_mask(op_p->enable_mask)) {
pr_cont("%s\n", op_p->action_msg);
console_loglevel = orig_log_level;
op_p->handler(key);
@@ -580,7 +585,7 @@ void __handle_sysrq(int key, bool check_mask)
void handle_sysrq(int key)
{
if (sysrq_on())
- __handle_sysrq(key, true);
+ __handle_sysrq(key, SYSRQ_FROM_KERNEL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(handle_sysrq);

@@ -661,7 +666,7 @@ static void sysrq_do_reset(unsigned long _state)
static void sysrq_handle_reset_request(struct sysrq_state *state)
{
if (state->reset_requested)
- __handle_sysrq(sysrq_xlate[KEY_B], false);
+ __handle_sysrq(sysrq_xlate[KEY_B], SYSRQ_FROM_KERNEL);

if (sysrq_reset_downtime_ms)
mod_timer(&state->keyreset_timer,
@@ -812,8 +817,10 @@ static bool sysrq_handle_keypress(struct sysrq_state *sysrq,

default:
if (sysrq->active && value && value != 2) {
+ int from = sysrq->handle.dev->flags & INPUTDEV_FLAGS_SYNTHETIC ?
+ SYSRQ_FROM_SYNTHETIC : 0;
sysrq->need_reinject = false;
- __handle_sysrq(sysrq_xlate[code], true);
+ __handle_sysrq(sysrq_xlate[code], from);
}
break;
}
@@ -1097,7 +1104,7 @@ static ssize_t write_sysrq_trigger(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,

if (get_user(c, buf))
return -EFAULT;
- __handle_sysrq(c, false);
+ __handle_sysrq(c, SYSRQ_FROM_PROC);
}

return count;
diff --git a/include/linux/input.h b/include/linux/input.h
index fb5e23c7ed98..9d2b45a21ade 100644
--- a/include/linux/input.h
+++ b/include/linux/input.h
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ struct input_value {
* @phys: physical path to the device in the system hierarchy
* @uniq: unique identification code for the device (if device has it)
* @id: id of the device (struct input_id)
+ * @flags: input device flags (SYNTHETIC, etc.)
* @propbit: bitmap of device properties and quirks
* @evbit: bitmap of types of events supported by the device (EV_KEY,
* EV_REL, etc.)
@@ -124,6 +125,8 @@ struct input_dev {
const char *uniq;
struct input_id id;

+ unsigned int flags;
+
unsigned long propbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(INPUT_PROP_CNT)];

unsigned long evbit[BITS_TO_LONGS(EV_CNT)];
@@ -190,6 +193,8 @@ struct input_dev {
};
#define to_input_dev(d) container_of(d, struct input_dev, dev)

+#define INPUTDEV_FLAGS_SYNTHETIC 0x000000001
+
/*
* Verify that we are in sync with input_device_id mod_devicetable.h #defines
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/sysrq.h b/include/linux/sysrq.h
index 387fa7d05c98..f7c52a9ea394 100644
--- a/include/linux/sysrq.h
+++ b/include/linux/sysrq.h
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@
#define SYSRQ_ENABLE_BOOT 0x0080
#define SYSRQ_ENABLE_RTNICE 0x0100

+#define SYSRQ_DISABLE_USERSPACE 0x00010000
+
struct sysrq_key_op {
void (*handler)(int);
char *help_msg;
@@ -42,8 +44,12 @@ struct sysrq_key_op {
* are available -- else NULL's).
*/

+#define SYSRQ_FROM_KERNEL 0x0001
+#define SYSRQ_FROM_PROC 0x0002
+#define SYSRQ_FROM_SYNTHETIC 0x0004
+
void handle_sysrq(int key);
-void __handle_sysrq(int key, bool check_mask);
+void __handle_sysrq(int key, unsigned int from);
int register_sysrq_key(int key, struct sysrq_key_op *op);
int unregister_sysrq_key(int key, struct sysrq_key_op *op);
struct sysrq_key_op *__sysrq_get_key_op(int key);
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
index c8146d53ca67..b480cadf9272 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
@@ -1970,7 +1970,7 @@ static int kdb_sr(int argc, const char **argv)
return KDB_ARGCOUNT;

kdb_trap_printk++;
- __handle_sysrq(*argv[1], check_mask);
+ __handle_sysrq(*argv[1], check_mask ? SYSRQ_FROM_KERNEL : 0);
kdb_trap_printk--;

return 0;
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 8e01fd59ae7e..4be6be71e075 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -213,6 +213,21 @@ config LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL
turns off various features that might otherwise allow access to the
kernel image (eg. setting MSR registers).

+config ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT
+ bool
+ help
+ Allow the lockdown on a kernel to be lifted, thereby restoring the
+ ability of userspace to access the kernel image (eg. by SysRq+x under
+ x86).
+
+config ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT_BY_SYSRQ
+ bool "Allow the kernel lockdown to be lifted by SysRq"
+ depends on MAGIC_SYSRQ
+ help
+ Allow the lockdown on a kernel to be lifted, by pressing a SysRq key
+ combination on a wired keyboard.
+
+
source security/selinux/Kconfig
source security/smack/Kconfig
source security/tomoyo/Kconfig
diff --git a/security/lock_down.c b/security/lock_down.c
index d8595c0e6673..f71118c340d2 100644
--- a/security/lock_down.c
+++ b/security/lock_down.c
@@ -11,8 +11,13 @@

#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/sysrq.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT
+static __read_mostly bool kernel_locked_down;
+#else
static __ro_after_init bool kernel_locked_down;
+#endif

/*
* Put the kernel into lock-down mode.
@@ -58,3 +63,46 @@ bool __kernel_is_locked_down(const char *what, bool first)
return kernel_locked_down;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kernel_is_locked_down);
+
+/*
+ * Take the kernel out of lockdown mode.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT
+static void lift_kernel_lockdown(void)
+{
+ pr_notice("Lifting lockdown\n");
+ kernel_locked_down = false;
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Allow lockdown to be lifted by pressing something like SysRq+x (and not by
+ * echoing the appropriate letter into the sysrq-trigger file).
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT_BY_KEY
+
+static void sysrq_handle_lockdown_lift(int key)
+{
+ if (kernel_locked_down)
+ lift_kernel_lockdown();
+}
+
+static struct sysrq_key_op lockdown_lift_sysrq_op = {
+ .handler = sysrq_handle_lockdown_lift,
+ .help_msg = "unSB(x)",
+ .action_msg = "Disabling Secure Boot restrictions",
+ .enable_mask = SYSRQ_DISABLE_USERSPACE,
+};
+
+static int __init lockdown_lift_sysrq(void)
+{
+ if (kernel_locked_down) {
+ lockdown_lift_sysrq_op.help_msg[5] = LOCKDOWN_LIFT_KEY;
+ register_sysrq_key(LOCKDOWN_LIFT_KEY, &lockdown_lift_sysrq_op);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+late_initcall(lockdown_lift_sysrq);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_ALLOW_LOCKDOWN_LIFT_BY_KEY */
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