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Subject[PATCH][v3] mfd: intel-lpss: Avoid resuming runtime-suspended lpss unnecessarily
We have report that the intel_lpss_prepare() takes too much time during
suspend, and this is because we first resume the devices from runtime
suspend by resume_lpss_device(), to make sure they are in proper state
before system suspend, which takes 100ms for each LPSS devices(PCI power
state from D3_cold to D0). And since resume_lpss_device() resumes the
devices synchronously, we might get huge latency if we have many
LPSS devices.

So first try is to use pm_request_resume() instead, to make the runtime
resume process asynchronously. Unfortunately the asynchronous runtime
resume relies on pm_wq, which is freezed at early stage. So we choose
another method, that is to avoid resuming runtime-suspended devices,
if they are already runtime suspended. This is safe because for LPSS
driver, the runtime suspend and system suspend are of the same
hook - i.e., intel_lpss_suspend(). And moreover, this device is
neither runtime wakeup source nor system wakeup source.

Suggested-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
Acked-by: Mika Westerberg <>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <>
Cc: Mika Westerberg <>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
Cc: Lee Jones <>
Signed-off-by: Chen Yu <>
drivers/mfd/intel-lpss.c | 9 +++++++++
include/linux/pm.h | 7 +++++++
2 files changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/intel-lpss.c b/drivers/mfd/intel-lpss.c
index 41b1138..2583db8 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/intel-lpss.c
+++ b/drivers/mfd/intel-lpss.c
@@ -485,6 +485,15 @@ static int resume_lpss_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
int intel_lpss_prepare(struct device *dev)
+ * This is safe because:
+ * 1. The runtime suspend and system suspend
+ * are of the same hook.
+ * 2. This device is neither runtime wakeup source
+ * nor system wakeup source.
+ */
+ if (pm_runtime_status_suspended(dev))
+ /*
* Resume both child devices before entering system sleep. This
* ensures that they are in proper state before they get suspended.
diff --git a/include/linux/pm.h b/include/linux/pm.h
index 06eb353..4a788b4 100644
--- a/include/linux/pm.h
+++ b/include/linux/pm.h
@@ -786,4 +786,11 @@ enum dpm_order {

+ * Return this from system suspend/hibernation ->prepare() callback to
+ * request the core to leave the device runtime-suspended during system
+ * suspend if possible.
+ */
#endif /* _LINUX_PM_H */
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