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SubjectRe: [RFC/RFT][PATCH v3 2/5] driver core: Functional dependencies tracking support
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Hi Rafael,

On 2016-09-16 00:06, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
>
> Currently, there is a problem with taking functional dependencies
> between into account.
>
> What I mean by a "functional dependency" is when the driver of device
> B needs device A to be functional and (generally) its driver to be
> present in order to work properly. This has certain consequences
> for power management (suspend/resume and runtime PM ordering) and
> shutdown ordering of these devices. In general, it also implies that
> the driver of A needs to be working for B to be probed successfully
> and it cannot be unbound from the device before the B's driver.
>
> Support for representing those functional dependencies between
> devices is added here to allow the driver core to track them and act
> on them in certain cases where applicable.
>
> The argument for doing that in the driver core is that there are
> quite a few distinct use cases involving device dependencies, they
> are relatively hard to get right in a driver (if one wants to
> address all of them properly) and it only gets worse if multiplied
> by the number of drivers potentially needing to do it. Morever, at
> least one case (asynchronous system suspend/resume) cannot be handled
> in a single driver at all, because it requires the driver of A to
> wait for B to suspend (during system suspend) and the driver of B to
> wait for A to resume (during system resume).
>
> For this reason, represent dependencies between devices as "links",
> with the help of struct device_link objects each containing pointers
> to the "linked" devices, a list node for each of them, status
> information, flags, a lock and an RCU head for synchronization.
>
> Also add two new list heads, links_to_consumers and links_to_suppliers,
> to struct device to represent the lists of links to the devices that
> depend on the given one (consumers) and to the devices depended on
> by it (suppliers), respectively.
>
> The entire data structure consisting of all of the lists of link
> objects for all devices is protected by SRCU (for list walking)
> and a by mutex (for link object addition/removal). In addition
> to that, each link object has an internal status field whose
> value reflects what's happening to the devices pointed to by
> the link. That status field is protected by an internal spinlock.
>
> New links are added by calling device_link_add() which takes four
> arguments: pointers to the devices in question, the initial status
> of the link and flags. In particular, if DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS is
> set in the flags, the link status is not to be taken into account
> for this link and the driver core will not manage it. In turn, if
> DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE is set in the flags, the driver core will
> remove the link automatically when the consumer device driver
> unbinds from it.
>
> One of the actions carried out by device_link_add() is to reorder
> the lists used for device shutdown and system suspend/resume to
> put the consumer device along with all of its children and all of
> its consumers (and so on, recursively) to the ends of those list
> in order to ensure the right ordering between all of the supplier
> and consumer devices.
>
> For this reason, it is not possible to create a link between two
> devices if the would-be supplier device already depends on the
> would-be consumer device as either a direct descendant of it or a
> consumer of one of its direct descendants or one of its consumers
> and so on.
>
> It also is impossible to create a link between a parent and a child
> device (in any direction).
>
> There are two types of link objects, persistent and non-persistent.
> The persistent ones stay around until one of the target devices is
> deleted, while the non-persistent ones are removed automatically when
> the consumer driver unbinds from its device (ie. they are assumed to
> be valid only as long as the consumer device has a driver bound to
> it). Persistent links are created by default and non-persistent
> links are created when the DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE flag is passed
> to device_link_add().
>
> Both persistent and non-persistent device links can be deleted
> explicitly with the help of device_link_del().
>
> Links created without the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are managed
> by the driver core using a simple state machine. There are 5 states
> each link can be in: DORMANT (unused), AVAILABLE (the supplier driver
> is present and functional), CONSUMER_PROBE (the consumer driver is
> probing), ACTIVE (both supplier and consumer drivers are present and
> functional), and SUPPLIER_UNBIND (the supplier driver is unbinding).
> The driver core updates the link state automatically depending on
> what happens to the linked devices and for each link state specific
> actions are taken in addition to that.
>
> For example, if the supplier driver unbinds from its device, the
> driver core will also unbind the drivers of all of its consumers
> automatically under the assumption that they cannot function
> properly without the supplier. Analogously, the driver core will
> only allow the consumer driver to bind to its device is the
> supplier driver is present and functional (ie. the link is in
> the AVAILABLE state). If that's not the case, it will rely on
> the existing deferred probing mechanism to wait for the supplier
> driver to become available.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/base/base.h | 11 +
> drivers/base/core.c | 471 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/base/dd.c | 42 +++-
> include/linux/device.h | 38 +++
> 4 files changed, 557 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/base.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/base.h
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/base.h
> @@ -107,6 +107,9 @@ extern void bus_remove_device(struct dev
>
> extern int bus_add_driver(struct device_driver *drv);
> extern void bus_remove_driver(struct device_driver *drv);
> +extern void device_release_driver_internal(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_driver *drv,
> + struct device *parent);
>
> extern void driver_detach(struct device_driver *drv);
> extern int driver_probe_device(struct device_driver *drv, struct device *dev);
> @@ -152,3 +155,11 @@ extern int devtmpfs_init(void);
> #else
> static inline int devtmpfs_init(void) { return 0; }
> #endif
> +
> +/* Device links */
> +extern int device_links_check_suppliers(struct device *dev);
> +extern void device_links_driver_bound(struct device *dev);
> +extern void device_links_driver_gone(struct device *dev);
> +extern void device_links_no_driver(struct device *dev);
> +extern bool device_links_busy(struct device *dev);
> +extern void device_links_unbind_consumers(struct device *dev);
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/core.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,450 @@ static int __init sysfs_deprecated_setup
> early_param("sysfs.deprecated", sysfs_deprecated_setup);
> #endif
>
> +/* Device links support. */
> +
> +DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU(device_links_srcu);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(device_links_lock);
> +
> +/**
> + * device_is_dependent - Check if one device depends on another one
> + * @dev: Device to check dependencies for.
> + * @target: Device to check against.
> + *
> + * Check if @target depends on @dev or any device dependent on it (its child or
> + * its consumer etc). Return 1 if that is the case or 0 otherwise.
> + */
> +static int device_is_dependent(struct device *dev, void *target)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(dev == target))
> + return 1;
> +
> + ret = device_for_each_child(dev, target, device_is_dependent);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + if (WARN_ON(link->consumer == target))
> + return 1;
> +
> + ret = device_is_dependent(link->consumer, target);
> + if (ret)
> + break;
> + }
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int device_reorder_to_tail(struct device *dev, void *not_used)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> +
> + devices_kset_move_last(dev);
> + device_pm_move_last(dev);
> + device_for_each_child(dev, NULL, device_reorder_to_tail);
> + list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node)
> + device_reorder_to_tail(link->consumer, NULL);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_link_add - Create a link between two devices.
> + * @consumer: Consumer end of the link.
> + * @supplier: Supplier end of the link.
> + * @status: The initial status of the link.
> + * @flags: Link flags.
> + *
> + * If the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag is set, @status is ignored. Otherwise,
> + * the caller is responsible for ensuring that @status reflects the current
> + * status of both @consumer and @supplier.
> + *
> + * If the DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE is set, the link will be removed automatically
> + * when the consumer device driver unbinds from it. The combination of both
> + * DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE and DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS set is invalid and will
> + * cause NULL to be returned.
> + *
> + * A side effect of the link creation is re-ordering of dpm_list and the
> + * devices_kset list by moving the consumer device and all devices depending
> + * on it to the ends of these lists.
> + */
> +struct device_link *device_link_add(struct device *consumer,
> + struct device *supplier,
> + enum device_link_status status, u32 flags)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> +
> + if (!consumer || !supplier || supplier == consumer->parent ||
> + ((flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS) && (flags & DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE)))
> + return NULL;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&device_links_lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * If there is a reverse dependency between the consumer and the
> + * supplier already in the graph, return NULL.
> + */
> + if (device_is_dependent(consumer, supplier)) {
> + link = NULL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(link, &supplier->links_to_consumers, s_node)
> + if (link->consumer == consumer)
> + goto out;
> +
> + link = kmalloc(sizeof(*link), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!link)
> + goto out;
> +
> + get_device(supplier);
> + link->supplier = supplier;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->s_node);
> + get_device(consumer);
> + link->consumer = consumer;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&link->c_node);
> + spin_lock_init(&link->lock);
> + link->flags = flags;
> + link->status = (flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS) ?
> + DEVICE_LINK_NO_STATE : status;
> +
> + /*
> + * Move the consumer and all of the devices depending on it to the end
> + * of dpm_list and the devices_kset list.
> + *
> + * It is necessary to hold dpm_list locked throughout all that or else
> + * we may end up suspending with a wrong ordering of it.
> + */
> + device_pm_lock();
> + device_reorder_to_tail(consumer, NULL);
> + device_pm_unlock();
> +
> + list_add_tail_rcu(&link->s_node, &supplier->links_to_consumers);
> + list_add_tail_rcu(&link->c_node, &consumer->links_to_suppliers);
> +
> + dev_info(consumer, "Linked as a consumer to %s\n", dev_name(supplier));
> +
> + out:
> + mutex_unlock(&device_links_lock);
> + return link;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_link_add);
> +
> +static void __device_link_free_srcu(struct rcu_head *rhead)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> +
> + link = container_of(rhead, struct device_link, rcu_head);
> + put_device(link->consumer);
> + put_device(link->supplier);
> + kfree(link);
> +}
> +
> +static void __device_link_del(struct device_link *link)
> +{
> + dev_info(link->consumer, "Dropping the link to %s\n",
> + dev_name(link->supplier));
> +
> + list_del_rcu(&link->s_node);
> + list_del_rcu(&link->c_node);
> + call_srcu(&device_links_srcu, &link->rcu_head, __device_link_free_srcu);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_link_del - Delete a link between two devices.
> + * @link: Device link to delete.
> + *
> + * The caller must ensure proper synchronization of this function with runtime
> + * PM.
> + */
> +void device_link_del(struct device_link *link)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&device_links_lock);
> + device_pm_lock();
> + __device_link_del(link);
> + device_pm_unlock();
> + mutex_unlock(&device_links_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_link_del);
> +
> +static int device_links_read_lock(void)
> +{
> + return srcu_read_lock(&device_links_srcu);
> +}
> +
> +static void device_links_read_unlock(int idx)
> +{
> + return srcu_read_unlock(&device_links_srcu, idx);
> +}
> +
> +static void device_links_missing_supplier(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_suppliers, c_node) {
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> +
> + if (link->status == DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE)
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_AVAILABLE;
> +
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_check_suppliers - Check supplier devices for this one.
> + * @dev: Consumer device.
> + *
> + * Check links from this device to any suppliers. Walk the list of the device's
> + * consumer links and see if all of the suppliers are available. If not, simply
> + * return -EPROBE_DEFER.
> + *
> + * Walk the list under SRCU and check each link's status field under its lock.
> + *
> + * We need to guarantee that the supplier will not go away after the check has
> + * been positive here. It only can go away in __device_release_driver() and
> + * that function checks the device's links to consumers. This means we need to
> + * mark the link as "consumer probe in progress" to make the supplier removal
> + * wait for us to complete (or bad things may happen).
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +int device_links_check_suppliers(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx, ret = 0;
> +
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_suppliers, c_node) {
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + if (link->status != DEVICE_LINK_AVAILABLE) {
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + device_links_missing_supplier(dev);
> + ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
> + break;
> + }
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE;
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_driver_bound - Update device links after probing its driver.
> + * @dev: Device to update the links for.
> + *
> + * The probe has been successful, so update links from this device to any
> + * consumers by changing their status to "available".
> + *
> + * Also change the status of @dev's links to suppliers to "active".
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +void device_links_driver_bound(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx;
> +
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + WARN_ON(link->status != DEVICE_LINK_DORMANT);
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_AVAILABLE;
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_suppliers, c_node) {
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + WARN_ON(link->status != DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE);
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_ACTIVE;
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_driver_gone - Update links after driver removal.
> + * @dev: Device whose driver has gone away.
> + *
> + * Update links to consumers for @dev by changing their status to "dormant".
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +void device_links_driver_gone(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx;
> +
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + WARN_ON(link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE);
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + WARN_ON(link->status != DEVICE_LINK_SUPPLIER_UNBIND);
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_DORMANT;
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_no_driver - Update links of a device without a driver.
> + * @dev: Device without a drvier.
> + *
> + * Delete all non-persistent links from this device to any suppliers.
> + *
> + * Persistent links stay around, but their status is changed to "available",
> + * unless they already are in the "supplier unbind in progress" state in which
> + * case they need not be updated.
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +void device_links_no_driver(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link, *ln;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&device_links_lock);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(link, ln, &dev->links_to_suppliers, c_node)

missing "{"

> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE) {
> + __device_link_del(link);
> + } else {
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> +
> + if (link->status != DEVICE_LINK_SUPPLIER_UNBIND)
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_AVAILABLE;
> +
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }

missing "}"

> +
> + mutex_unlock(&device_links_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_busy - Check if there are any busy links to consumers.
> + * @dev: Device to check.
> + *
> + * Check each consumer of the device and return 'true' if its link's status
> + * is one of "consumer probe" or "active" (meaning that the given consumer is
> + * probing right now or its driver is present). Otherwise, change the link
> + * state to "supplier unbind" to prevent the consumer from being probed
> + * successfully going forward.
> + *
> + * Return 'false' if there are no probing or active consumers.
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +bool device_links_busy(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx;
> + bool ret = false;
> +
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + if (link->status == DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE
> + || link->status == DEVICE_LINK_ACTIVE) {
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + ret = true;
> + break;
> + }
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_SUPPLIER_UNBIND;
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * device_links_unbind_consumers - Force unbind consumers of the given device.
> + * @dev: Device to unbind the consumers of.
> + *
> + * Walk the list of links to consumers for @dev and if any of them is in the
> + * "consumer probe" state, wait for all device probes in progress to complete
> + * and start over.
> + *
> + * If that's not the case, change the status of the link to "supplier unbind"
> + * and check if the link was in the "active" state. If so, force the consumer
> + * driver to unbind and start over (the consumer will not re-probe as we have
> + * changed the state of the link already).
> + *
> + * Links with the DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> + */
> +void device_links_unbind_consumers(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct device_link *link;
> + int idx;
> +
> + start:
> + idx = device_links_read_lock();
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + enum device_link_status status;
> +
> + if (link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&link->lock);
> + status = link->status;
> + if (status == DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE) {
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +
> + wait_for_device_probe();
> + goto start;
> + }
> + link->status = DEVICE_LINK_SUPPLIER_UNBIND;
> + if (status == DEVICE_LINK_ACTIVE) {
> + struct device *consumer = link->consumer;
> +
> + get_device(consumer);
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +
> + device_release_driver_internal(consumer, NULL,
> + consumer->parent);
> + put_device(consumer);
> + goto start;
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&link->lock);
> + }
> +
> + device_links_read_unlock(idx);
> +}
> +
> +/* Device links support end. */
> +
> int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
> int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev) = NULL;
> static struct kobject *dev_kobj;
> @@ -711,6 +1155,8 @@ void device_initialize(struct device *de
> #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->msi_list);
> #endif
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->links_to_consumers);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->links_to_suppliers);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_initialize);
>
> @@ -1233,6 +1679,7 @@ void device_del(struct device *dev)
> {
> struct device *parent = dev->parent;
> struct class_interface *class_intf;
> + struct device_link *link, *ln;
>
> /* Notify clients of device removal. This call must come
> * before dpm_sysfs_remove().
> @@ -1240,6 +1687,30 @@ void device_del(struct device *dev)
> if (dev->bus)
> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
> BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE, dev);
> +
> + /*
> + * Delete all of the remaining links from this device to any other
> + * devices (either consumers or suppliers).
> + *
> + * This requires that all links be dormant, so warn if that's no the
> + * case.
> + */
> + mutex_lock(&device_links_lock);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(link, ln, &dev->links_to_suppliers, c_node) {
> + WARN_ON(link->status != DEVICE_LINK_DORMANT &&
> + !(link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS));
> + __device_link_del(link);
> + }
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(link, ln, &dev->links_to_consumers, s_node) {
> + WARN_ON(link->status != DEVICE_LINK_DORMANT &&
> + !(link->flags & DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS));
> + __device_link_del(link);
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&device_links_lock);
> +
> dpm_sysfs_remove(dev);
> if (parent)
> klist_del(&dev->p->knode_parent);
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/dd.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/dd.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/dd.c
> @@ -249,6 +249,7 @@ static void driver_bound(struct device *
> __func__, dev_name(dev));
>
> klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_driver, &dev->driver->p->klist_devices);
> + device_links_driver_bound(dev);
>
> device_pm_check_callbacks(dev);
>
> @@ -399,6 +400,7 @@ probe_failed:
> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
> BUS_NOTIFY_DRIVER_NOT_BOUND, dev);
> pinctrl_bind_failed:
> + device_links_no_driver(dev);
> devres_release_all(dev);
> driver_sysfs_remove(dev);
> dev->driver = NULL;
> @@ -489,6 +491,10 @@ int driver_probe_device(struct device_dr
> if (!device_is_registered(dev))
> return -ENODEV;
>
> + ret = device_links_check_suppliers(dev);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> pr_debug("bus: '%s': %s: matched device %s with driver %s\n",
> drv->bus->name, __func__, dev_name(dev), drv->name);
>
> @@ -756,7 +762,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(driver_attach);
> * __device_release_driver() must be called with @dev lock held.
> * When called for a USB interface, @dev->parent lock must be held as well.
> */
> -static void __device_release_driver(struct device *dev)
> +static void __device_release_driver(struct device *dev, struct device *parent)
> {
> struct device_driver *drv;
>
> @@ -765,6 +771,25 @@ static void __device_release_driver(stru
> if (driver_allows_async_probing(drv))
> async_synchronize_full();
>
> + while (device_links_busy(dev)) {
> + device_unlock(dev);
> + if (parent)
> + device_unlock(parent);
> +
> + device_links_unbind_consumers(dev);
> + if (parent)
> + device_lock(parent);
> +
> + device_lock(dev);
> + /*
> + * A concurrent invocation of the same function might
> + * have released the driver successfully while this one
> + * was waiting, so check for that.
> + */
> + if (dev->driver != drv)
> + return;
> + }
> +
> pm_runtime_get_sync(dev);
>
> driver_sysfs_remove(dev);
> @@ -780,6 +805,9 @@ static void __device_release_driver(stru
> dev->bus->remove(dev);
> else if (drv->remove)
> drv->remove(dev);
> +
> + device_links_driver_gone(dev);
> + device_links_no_driver(dev);
> devres_release_all(dev);
> dev->driver = NULL;
> dev_set_drvdata(dev, NULL);
> @@ -796,16 +824,16 @@ static void __device_release_driver(stru
> }
> }
>
> -static void device_release_driver_internal(struct device *dev,
> - struct device_driver *drv,
> - struct device *parent)
> +void device_release_driver_internal(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_driver *drv,
> + struct device *parent)
> {
> if (parent)
> device_lock(parent);
>
> device_lock(dev);
> if (!drv || drv == dev->driver)
> - __device_release_driver(dev);
> + __device_release_driver(dev, parent);
>
> device_unlock(dev);
> if (parent)
> @@ -818,6 +846,10 @@ static void device_release_driver_intern
> *
> * Manually detach device from driver.
> * When called for a USB interface, @dev->parent lock must be held.
> + *
> + * If this function is to be called with @dev->parent lock held, ensure that
> + * the device's consumers are unbound in advance or that their locks can be
> + * acquired under the @dev->parent lock.
> */
> void device_release_driver(struct device *dev)
> {
> Index: linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/device.h
> +++ linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> @@ -706,6 +706,35 @@ struct device_dma_parameters {
> unsigned long segment_boundary_mask;
> };
>
> +enum device_link_status {
> + DEVICE_LINK_NO_STATE = -1,
> + DEVICE_LINK_DORMANT = 0, /* Link not in use. */
> + DEVICE_LINK_AVAILABLE, /* Supplier driver is present. */
> + DEVICE_LINK_ACTIVE, /* Consumer driver is present too. */
> + DEVICE_LINK_CONSUMER_PROBE, /* Consumer is probing. */
> + DEVICE_LINK_SUPPLIER_UNBIND, /* Supplier is unbinding. */
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Device link flags.
> + *
> + * STATELESS: The state machine is not applicable to this link.
> + * AUTOREMOVE: Remove this link automatically on cunsumer driver unbind.
> + */
> +#define DEVICE_LINK_STATELESS (1 << 0)
> +#define DEVICE_LINK_AUTOREMOVE (1 << 1)
> +
> +struct device_link {
> + struct device *supplier;
> + struct list_head s_node;
> + struct device *consumer;
> + struct list_head c_node;
> + enum device_link_status status;
> + u32 flags;
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + struct rcu_head rcu_head;
> +};
> +
> /**
> * struct device - The basic device structure
> * @parent: The device's "parent" device, the device to which it is attached.
> @@ -731,6 +760,8 @@ struct device_dma_parameters {
> * on. This shrinks the "Board Support Packages" (BSPs) and
> * minimizes board-specific #ifdefs in drivers.
> * @driver_data: Private pointer for driver specific info.
> + * @links_to_consumers: Links to consumer devices.
> + * @links_to_suppliers: Links to supplier devices.
> * @power: For device power management.
> * See Documentation/power/devices.txt for details.
> * @pm_domain: Provide callbacks that are executed during system suspend,
> @@ -797,6 +828,8 @@ struct device {
> core doesn't touch it */
> void *driver_data; /* Driver data, set and get with
> dev_set/get_drvdata */
> + struct list_head links_to_consumers;
> + struct list_head links_to_suppliers;
> struct dev_pm_info power;
> struct dev_pm_domain *pm_domain;
>
> @@ -1113,6 +1146,11 @@ extern void device_shutdown(void);
> /* debugging and troubleshooting/diagnostic helpers. */
> extern const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev);
>
> +/* Device links interface. */
> +struct device_link *device_link_add(struct device *consumer,
> + struct device *supplier,
> + enum device_link_status status, u32 flags);
> +void device_link_del(struct device_link *link);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK
>
>
>
>

Best regards
--
Marek Szyprowski, PhD
Samsung R&D Institute Poland

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