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SubjectRe: [RFC v3 03/22] bpf,landlock: Add a new arraymap type to deal with (Landlock) handles
On Thu, Sep 15, 2016 at 01:22:49AM +0200, Mickaël Salaün wrote:
>
> On 14/09/2016 20:51, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 14, 2016 at 09:23:56AM +0200, Mickaël Salaün wrote:
> >> This new arraymap looks like a set and brings new properties:
> >> * strong typing of entries: the eBPF functions get the array type of
> >> elements instead of CONST_PTR_TO_MAP (e.g.
> >> CONST_PTR_TO_LANDLOCK_HANDLE_FS);
> >> * force sequential filling (i.e. replace or append-only update), which
> >> allow quick browsing of all entries.
> >>
> >> This strong typing is useful to statically check if the content of a map
> >> can be passed to an eBPF function. For example, Landlock use it to store
> >> and manage kernel objects (e.g. struct file) instead of dealing with
> >> userland raw data. This improve efficiency and ensure that an eBPF
> >> program can only call functions with the right high-level arguments.
> >>
> >> The enum bpf_map_handle_type list low-level types (e.g.
> >> BPF_MAP_HANDLE_TYPE_LANDLOCK_FS_FD) which are identified when
> >> updating a map entry (handle). This handle types are used to infer a
> >> high-level arraymap type which are listed in enum bpf_map_array_type
> >> (e.g. BPF_MAP_ARRAY_TYPE_LANDLOCK_FS).
> >>
> >> For now, this new arraymap is only used by Landlock LSM (cf. next
> >> commits) but it could be useful for other needs.
> >>
> >> Changes since v2:
> >> * add a RLIMIT_NOFILE-based limit to the maximum number of arraymap
> >> handle entries (suggested by Andy Lutomirski)
> >> * remove useless checks
> >>
> >> Changes since v1:
> >> * arraymap of handles replace custom checker groups
> >> * simpler userland API
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
> >> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
> >> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
> >> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> >> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
> >> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> >> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/CALCETrWwTiz3kZTkEgOW24-DvhQq6LftwEXh77FD2G5o71yD7g@mail.gmail.com
> >> ---
> >> include/linux/bpf.h | 14 ++++
> >> include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 18 +++++
> >> kernel/bpf/arraymap.c | 203 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 12 ++-
> >> 4 files changed, 246 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> >> index fa9a988400d9..eae4ce4542c1 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> >> @@ -13,6 +13,10 @@
> >> #include <linux/percpu.h>
> >> #include <linux/err.h>
> >>
> >> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK
> >> +#include <linux/fs.h> /* struct file */
> >> +#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK */
> >> +
> >> struct perf_event;
> >> struct bpf_map;
> >>
> >> @@ -38,6 +42,7 @@ struct bpf_map_ops {
> >> struct bpf_map {
> >> atomic_t refcnt;
> >> enum bpf_map_type map_type;
> >> + enum bpf_map_array_type map_array_type;
> >> u32 key_size;
> >> u32 value_size;
> >> u32 max_entries;
> >> @@ -187,6 +192,9 @@ struct bpf_array {
> >> */
> >> enum bpf_prog_type owner_prog_type;
> >> bool owner_jited;
> >> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK
> >> + u32 n_entries; /* number of entries in a handle array */
> >> +#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK */
> >> union {
> >> char value[0] __aligned(8);
> >> void *ptrs[0] __aligned(8);
> >> @@ -194,6 +202,12 @@ struct bpf_array {
> >> };
> >> };
> >>
> >> +#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK
> >> +struct map_landlock_handle {
> >> + u32 type; /* enum bpf_map_handle_type */
> >> +};
> >> +#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK */
> >> +
> >> #define MAX_TAIL_CALL_CNT 32
> >>
> >> struct bpf_event_entry {
> >> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> >> index 7cd36166f9b7..b68de57f7ab8 100644
> >> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> >> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> >> @@ -87,6 +87,15 @@ enum bpf_map_type {
> >> BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY,
> >> BPF_MAP_TYPE_STACK_TRACE,P_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY
> >> BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY,
> >> + BPF_MAP_TYPE_LANDLOCK_ARRAY,
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> +enum bpf_map_array_type {
> >> + BPF_MAP_ARRAY_TYPE_UNSPEC,
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> +enum bpf_map_handle_type {
> >> + BPF_MAP_HANDLE_TYPE_UNSPEC,
> >> };
> >
> > missing something. why it has to be special to have it's own
> > fd array implementation?
> > Please take a look how BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY,
> > BPF_MAP_TYPE_CGROUP_ARRAY and BPF_MAP_TYPE_PROG_ARRAY are done.
> > The all store objects into array map that user space passes via FD.
> > I think the same model should apply here.
>
> The idea is to have multiple way for userland to describe a resource
> (e.g. an open file descriptor, a path or a glob pattern). The kernel
> representation could then be a "struct path *" or dedicated types (e.g.
> custom glob).

hmm. I think user space api should only deal with FD. Everything
else is user space job to encapsulate/hide.

> Another interesting point (that could replace
> check_map_func_compatibility()) is that BPF_MAP_TYPE_LANDLOCK_ARRAY
> translate to dedicated (abstract) types (instead of CONST_PTR_TO_MAP)
> thanks to bpf_reg_type_from_map(). This is useful to abstract userland
> (map) interface with kernel object(s) dealing with that type.

I probably missing something. If user space interface is FD,
to the kernel they're different object types. Nothing else.

> A third point is that BPF_MAP_TYPE_LANDLOCK_ARRAY is a kind of set. It
> is optimized to quickly walk through all the elements in a sequential way.

why set is any faster to walk vs array?

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