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Subject[PATCHv12 3/3] rdmacg: Added documentation for rdmacg
Date
Added documentation for v1 and v2 version describing high
level design and usage examples on using rdma controller.

Signed-off-by: Parav Pandit <pandit.parav@gmail.com>
---
Documentation/cgroup-v1/rdma.txt | 117 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Documentation/cgroup-v2.txt | 45 +++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 162 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/cgroup-v1/rdma.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/cgroup-v1/rdma.txt b/Documentation/cgroup-v1/rdma.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..28cb59e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/cgroup-v1/rdma.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,117 @@
+ RDMA Controller
+ ----------------
+
+Contents
+--------
+
+1. Overview
+ 1-1. What is RDMA controller?
+ 1-2. Why RDMA controller needed?
+ 1-3. How is RDMA controller implemented?
+2. Usage Examples
+
+1. Overview
+
+1-1. What is RDMA controller?
+-----------------------------
+
+RDMA controller allows user to limit RDMA/IB specific resources that a given
+set of processes can use. These processes are grouped using RDMA controller.
+
+RDMA controller defines well defined verb resources which can be limited for
+processes of a cgroup.
+
+1-2. Why RDMA controller needed?
+--------------------------------
+
+Currently user space applications can easily take away all the rdma device
+specific resources such as AH, CQ, QP, MR etc. Due to which other applications
+in other cgroup or kernel space ULPs may not even get chance to allocate any
+rdma resources. This can leads to service unavailability.
+
+Therefore RDMA controller is needed through which resource consumption
+of processes can be limited. Through this controller various different rdma
+resources can be accounted.
+
+1-3. How is RDMA controller implemented?
+----------------------------------------
+
+RDMA cgroup allows limit configuration of resources. Rdma cgroup maintains
+resource accounting per cgroup, per device using resource pool structure.
+Each such resource pool is limited up to 64 resources in given resource pool
+by rdma cgroup, which can be extended later if required.
+
+This resource pool object is linked to the cgroup css. Typically there
+are 0 to 4 resource pool instances per cgroup, per device in most use cases.
+But nothing limits to have it more. At present hundreds of RDMA devices per
+single cgroup may not be handled optimally, however there is no
+known use case or requirement for such configuration either.
+
+Since RDMA resources can be allocated from any process and can be freed by any
+of the child processes which shares the address space, rdma resources are
+always owned by the creator cgroup css. This allows process migration from one
+to other cgroup without major complexity of transferring resource ownership;
+because such ownership is not really present due to shared nature of
+rdma resources. Linking resources around css also ensures that cgroups can be
+deleted after processes migrated. This allow progress migration as well with
+active resources, even though that is not a primary use case.
+
+Whenever RDMA resource charging occurs, owner rdma cgroup is returned to
+the caller. Same rdma cgroup should be passed while uncharging the resource.
+This also allows process migrated with active RDMA resource to charge
+to new owner cgroup for new resource. It also allows to uncharge resource of
+a process from previously charged cgroup which is migrated to new cgroup,
+even though that is not a primary use case.
+
+Resource pool object is created in following situations.
+(a) User sets the limit and no previous resource pool exist for the device
+of interest for the cgroup.
+(b) No resource limits were configured, but IB/RDMA stack tries to
+charge the resource. So that it correctly uncharge them when applications are
+running without limits and later on when limits are enforced during uncharging,
+otherwise usage count will drop to negative.
+
+Resource pool is destroyed if all the resource limits are set to max and
+it is the last resource getting deallocated.
+
+User should set all the limit to max value if it intents to remove/unconfigure
+the resource pool for a particular device.
+
+IB stack honors limits enforced by the rdma controller. When application
+query about maximum resource limits of IB device, it returns minimum of
+what is configured by user for a given cgroup and what is supported by
+IB device.
+
+Following resources can be accounted by rdma controller.
+ uctx Maximum number of User Contexts
+ pd Maximum number of Protection domains
+ ah Maximum number of Address handles
+ mr Maximum number of Memory Regions
+ mw Maximum number of Memory Windows
+ cq Maximum number of Completion Queues
+ srq Maximum number of Shared Receive Queues
+ qp Maximum number of Queue Pairs
+ flow Maximum number of Flows
+
+
+2. Usage Examples
+-----------------
+
+(a) Configure resource limit:
+echo mlx4_0 mr=100 qp=10 ah=2 > /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma/1/rdma.max
+echo ocrdma1 mr=120 qp=20 cq=10 > /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma/2/rdma.max
+
+(b) Query resource limit:
+cat /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma/2/rdma.max
+#Output:
+mlx4_0 uctx=max pd=max ah=2 mr=100 mw=max cq=max srq=max qp=10 flow=max
+ocrdma1 uctx=max pd=max ah=max mr=120 mw=max cq=10 srq=max qp=20 flow=max
+
+(c) Query current usage:
+cat /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma/2/rdma.current
+#Output:
+mlx4_0 uctx=1 pd=2 ah=2 mr=95 mw=0 cq=2 srq=0 qp=8 flow=0
+ocrdma1 uctx=1 pd=6 ah=9 mr=20 mw=0 cq=1 srq=0 qp=2 flow=0
+
+(d) Delete resource limit:
+echo mlx4_0 mr=max qp=max ah=max > /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma/1/rdma.max
diff --git a/Documentation/cgroup-v2.txt b/Documentation/cgroup-v2.txt
index 4cc07ce..ca63a31 100644
--- a/Documentation/cgroup-v2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cgroup-v2.txt
@@ -47,6 +47,8 @@ CONTENTS
5-3. IO
5-3-1. IO Interface Files
5-3-2. Writeback
+ 5-4. RDMA
+ 5-4-1. RDMA Interface Files
6. Namespace
6-1. Basics
6-2. The Root and Views
@@ -1119,6 +1121,49 @@ writeback as follows.
vm.dirty[_background]_ratio.


+5-4. RDMA
+
+The "rdma" controller regulates the distribution and accounting of
+of RDMA resources.
+
+5-4-1. RDMA Interface Files
+
+ rdma.max
+ A readwrite nested-keyed file that exists for all the cgroups
+ except root that describes current configured resource limit
+ for a RDMA/IB device.
+
+ Lines are keyed by device name and are not ordered.
+ Each line contains space separated resource name and its configured
+ limit that can be distributed.
+
+ The following nested keys are defined.
+
+ uctx Maximum number of User Contexts
+ pd Maximum number of Protection domains
+ ah Maximum number of Address handles
+ mr Maximum number of Memory Regions
+ mw Maximum number of Memory Windows
+ cq Maximum number of Completion Queues
+ srq Maximum number of Shared Receive Queues
+ qp Maximum number of Queue Pairs
+ flow Maximum number of Flows
+
+ An example for mlx4 and ocrdma device follows.
+
+ mlx4_0 uctx=max pd=4 ah=2 mr=10 mw=max cq=1 srq=1 qp=10 flow=10
+ ocrdma1 uctx=2 pd=2 ah=2 mr=20 mw=max cq=1 srq=1 qp=10 flow=10
+
+ rdma.current
+ A read-only file that describes current resource usage.
+ It exists for all the cgroup except root.
+
+ An example for mlx4 and ocrdma device follows.
+
+ mlx4_1 uctx=1 ah=0 pd=1 cq=4 qp=4 mr=100 srq=0 flow=10
+ ocrdma1 uctx=2 pd=2 ah=2 mr=20 mw=max cq=1 srq=1 qp=10 flow=10
+
+
6. Namespace

6-1. Basics
--
1.8.3.1
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