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Subject[RFC PATCH v3 01/20] x86: Documentation for AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME)
This patch adds a Documenation entry to decribe the AMD Secure Memory
Encryption (SME) feature.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <>
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 5 +++
Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 45 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 030e9e9..4c730b0 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2282,6 +2282,11 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
memory contents and reserves bad memory
regions that are detected.

+ mem_encrypt= [X86-64] Enable AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME)
+ Memory encryption is disabled by default, using this
+ switch, memory encryption can be enabled.
+ on: enable memory encryption
meye.*= [HW] Set MotionEye Camera parameters
See Documentation/video4linux/meye.txt.

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..788d871
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/x86/amd-memory-encryption.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+Secure Memory Encryption (SME) is a feature found on AMD processors.
+SME provides the ability to mark individual pages of memory as encrypted using
+the standard x86 page tables. A page that is marked encrypted will be
+automatically decrypted when read from DRAM and encrypted when written to
+DRAM. SME can therefore be used to protect the contents of DRAM from physical
+attacks on the system.
+A page is encrypted when a page table entry has the encryption bit set (see
+below how to determine the position of the bit). The encryption bit can be
+specified in the cr3 register, allowing the PGD table to be encrypted. Each
+successive level of page tables can also be encrypted.
+Support for SME can be determined through the CPUID instruction. The CPUID
+function 0x8000001f reports information related to SME:
+ 0x8000001f[eax]:
+ Bit[0] indicates support for SME
+ 0x8000001f[ebx]:
+ Bit[5:0] pagetable bit number used to enable memory encryption
+ Bit[11:6] reduction in physical address space, in bits, when
+ memory encryption is enabled (this only affects system
+ physical addresses, not guest physical addresses)
+If support for SME is present, MSR 0xc00100010 (SYS_CFG) can be used to
+determine if SME is enabled and/or to enable memory encryption:
+ 0xc0010010:
+ Bit[23] 0 = memory encryption features are disabled
+ 1 = memory encryption features are enabled
+Linux relies on BIOS to set this bit if BIOS has determined that the reduction
+in the physical address space as a result of enabling memory encryption (see
+CPUID information above) will not conflict with the address space resource
+requirements for the system. If this bit is not set upon Linux startup then
+Linux itself will not set it and memory encryption will not be possible.
+SME support is configurable through the AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT config option.
+Additionally, the mem_encrypt=on command line parameter is required to activate
+memory encryption.
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