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Subject[PATCH v9 5/7] x86/cpufeature: Detect CPUID faulting support
Date
Intel supports faulting on the CPUID instruction beginning with Ivy Bridge.
When enabled, the processor will fault on attempts to execute the CPUID
instruction with CPL>0. This will allow a ptracer to emulate the CPUID
instruction.

Bit 31 of MSR_PLATFORM_INFO advertises support for this feature. It is
documented in detail in Section 2.3.2 of
http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/application-notes/virtualization-technology-flexmigration-application-note.pdf

Detect support for this feature and expose it as X86_FEATURE_CPUID_FAULT.

Signed-off-by: Kyle Huey <khuey@kylehuey.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/scattered.c | 22 +++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index a396292..62962e8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -184,16 +184,17 @@
* Auxiliary flags: Linux defined - For features scattered in various
* CPUID levels like 0x6, 0xA etc, word 7.
*
* Reuse free bits when adding new feature flags!
*/

#define X86_FEATURE_CPB ( 7*32+ 2) /* AMD Core Performance Boost */
#define X86_FEATURE_EPB ( 7*32+ 3) /* IA32_ENERGY_PERF_BIAS support */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CPUID_FAULT ( 7*32+ 4) /* Intel CPUID faulting */

#define X86_FEATURE_HW_PSTATE ( 7*32+ 8) /* AMD HW-PState */
#define X86_FEATURE_PROC_FEEDBACK ( 7*32+ 9) /* AMD ProcFeedbackInterface */

#define X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT ( 7*32+15) /* Intel Processor Trace */
#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4VNNIW (7*32+16) /* AVX-512 Neural Network Instructions */
#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4FMAPS (7*32+17) /* AVX-512 Multiply Accumulation Single precision */

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 78f3760..97fb50b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -36,16 +36,18 @@
#define EFER_LMSLE (1<<_EFER_LMSLE)
#define EFER_FFXSR (1<<_EFER_FFXSR)

/* Intel MSRs. Some also available on other CPUs */
#define MSR_IA32_PERFCTR0 0x000000c1
#define MSR_IA32_PERFCTR1 0x000000c2
#define MSR_FSB_FREQ 0x000000cd
#define MSR_PLATFORM_INFO 0x000000ce
+#define PLATINFO_CPUID_FAULT_BIT 31
+#define PLATINFO_CPUID_FAULT (1ULL << PLATINFO_CPUID_FAULT_BIT)

#define MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL 0x000000e2
#define NHM_C3_AUTO_DEMOTE (1UL << 25)
#define NHM_C1_AUTO_DEMOTE (1UL << 26)
#define ATM_LNC_C6_AUTO_DEMOTE (1UL << 25)
#define SNB_C1_AUTO_UNDEMOTE (1UL << 27)
#define SNB_C3_AUTO_UNDEMOTE (1UL << 28)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/scattered.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/scattered.c
index 1db8dc4..97a340d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/scattered.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/scattered.c
@@ -19,41 +19,61 @@ struct cpuid_bit {

enum cpuid_regs {
CR_EAX = 0,
CR_ECX,
CR_EDX,
CR_EBX
};

+struct msr_bit {
+ u16 feature;
+ u16 msr;
+ u8 bit;
+};
+
void init_scattered_cpuid_features(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
+ const struct cpuid_bit *cb;
+ const struct msr_bit *mb;
u32 max_level;
u32 regs[4];
- const struct cpuid_bit *cb;
+ u64 msrval;

static const struct cpuid_bit cpuid_bits[] = {
{ X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT, CR_EBX,25, 0x00000007, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4VNNIW, CR_EDX, 2, 0x00000007, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_AVX512_4FMAPS, CR_EDX, 3, 0x00000007, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_APERFMPERF, CR_ECX, 0, 0x00000006, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_EPB, CR_ECX, 3, 0x00000006, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_HW_PSTATE, CR_EDX, 7, 0x80000007, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_CPB, CR_EDX, 9, 0x80000007, 0 },
{ X86_FEATURE_PROC_FEEDBACK, CR_EDX,11, 0x80000007, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};

+ static const struct msr_bit msr_bits[] = {
+ { X86_FEATURE_CPUID_FAULT, MSR_PLATFORM_INFO, 31 },
+ { 0, 0, 0 }
+ };
+
for (cb = cpuid_bits; cb->feature; cb++) {

/* Verify that the level is valid */
max_level = cpuid_eax(cb->level & 0xffff0000);
if (max_level < cb->level ||
max_level > (cb->level | 0xffff))
continue;

cpuid_count(cb->level, cb->sub_leaf, &regs[CR_EAX],
&regs[CR_EBX], &regs[CR_ECX], &regs[CR_EDX]);

if (regs[cb->reg] & (1 << cb->bit))
set_cpu_cap(c, cb->feature);
}
+
+ for (mb = msr_bits; mb->feature; mb++) {
+ if (rdmsrl_safe(mb->msr, &msrval))
+ continue;
+ if (msrval & (1ULL << mb->bit))
+ set_cpu_cap(c, mb->feature);
+ }
}
--
2.10.2
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