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SubjectRe: [PATCHv4] shmem: avoid huge pages for small files
On Mon, 14 Nov 2016, Kirill A. Shutemov wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 11, 2016 at 01:41:11PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> >
> > Certainly the new condition is easier to understand than the old condition:
> > which is a plus, even though it's hackish (I do dislike hobbling the first
> > extent, when it's an incomplete last extent which deserves to be hobbled -
> > easier said than implemented of course).
>
> Well, it's just heuristic that I found useful. I don't see a reason to
> make more complex if it works.

You like it because it allocates huge pages to some extents,
but not to all extents. I dislike it because it allocates
huge pages to the wrong extents.

You did much the same three or four years ago, in your THP-on-ramfs
series: I admired your resourcefulness, in getting the little files
to fit in memory; but it was not a solution I wanted to see again.

Consider copying a 2097153-byte file into such a filesystem: the first
2MB would be allocated with 4kB pages, the final byte with a 2MB page;
but it looks like I already pointed that out, and we just disagree.

This patch does not convince me at all: I expect you will come up with
some better strategy in a month or two, and I'd rather wait for that
than keep messing around with what we have. But if you can persuade
the filesystem guys that this heuristic would be a sensible mount
option for them, then in the end I shall not want tmpfs to diverge.

>
> > But isn't the new condition (with its ||) always weaker than the old
> > condition (with its &&)? Whereas I thought you were trying to change
> > it to be less keen to allocate hugepages, not more.
>
> I tried to make it less keen to allocate hugepages comparing to
> huge=always.
>
> Current huge=within_size is fairly restrictive: we don't allocate huge
> pages to grow the file. For shmem, it means we would allocate huge pages
> if user did truncate(2) to set file size, before touching data in it
> (shared memory APIs do this). This policy would be more useful for
> filesystem with backing storage.
>
> The patch relaxes condition: only require file size >= HPAGE_PMD_SIZE.
>
> > What the condition ought to say, I don't know: I got too confused,
> > and depressed by my confusion, so I'm just handing it back to you.
> >
> > And then there's the SHMEM_HUGE_WITHIN_SIZE case in shmem_huge_enabled()
> > (for khugepaged), which you have explicitly not changed in this patch:
> > looks strange to me, is it doing the right thing?
>
> I missed that.
>
> -----8<-----
> From b2158fdd8523e3e35a548857a1cb02fe6bcd1ea4 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
> Date: Mon, 17 Oct 2016 14:44:47 +0300
> Subject: [PATCH] shmem: avoid huge pages for small files
>
> Huge pages are detrimental for small file: they causes noticible
> overhead on both allocation performance and memory footprint.
>
> This patch aimed to address this issue by avoiding huge pages until
> file grown to size of huge page if the filesystem mounted with
> huge=within_size option.
>
> This would cover most of the cases where huge pages causes slowdown
> comparing to small pages.
>
> Later we can consider huge=within_size as the default for tmpfs.

I'm sceptical of that, and I do not think this implementation will
make a sensible default.

>
> Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt | 8 ++++++--
> mm/shmem.c | 12 +++---------
> 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt b/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
> index 2ec6adb5a4ce..7703e9c241ca 100644
> --- a/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
> @@ -206,13 +206,17 @@ You can control hugepage allocation policy in tmpfs with mount option
> "huge=". It can have following values:
>
> - "always":
> - Attempt to allocate huge pages every time we need a new page;
> + Attempt to allocate huge pages every time we need a new page.
> + This option can lead to significant overhead if filesystem is used to
> + store small files.

Good, yes, that part I fully agree with.

>
> - "never":
> Do not allocate huge pages;
>
> - "within_size":
> - Only allocate huge page if it will be fully within i_size.
> + Only allocate huge page if size of the file more than size of huge
> + page. This helps to avoid overhead for small files.
> +
> Also respect fadvise()/madvise() hints;
>
> - "advise:
> diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
> index ad7813d73ea7..ef8fdadd0626 100644
> --- a/mm/shmem.c
> +++ b/mm/shmem.c
> @@ -1677,14 +1677,11 @@ static int shmem_getpage_gfp(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
> goto alloc_huge;
> switch (sbinfo->huge) {
> loff_t i_size;
> - pgoff_t off;
> case SHMEM_HUGE_NEVER:
> goto alloc_nohuge;
> case SHMEM_HUGE_WITHIN_SIZE:
> - off = round_up(index, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> - i_size = round_up(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
> - if (i_size >= HPAGE_PMD_SIZE &&
> - i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT >= off)

I certainly agree that the old test is obscure: I give up and cry each
time I try to work out exactly what it does. I wanted so much to offer
a constructive alternative before responding: how about

if (index < round_down(i_size_read(inode),
HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT))

Of course that does not give you any huge pages while a file is being
copied in (without a preparatory ftruncate), but it seems a more
comprehensible within_size implementation to me.

> + i_size = i_size_read(inode);
> + if (index >= HPAGE_PMD_NR || i_size >= HPAGE_PMD_SIZE)
> goto alloc_huge;
> /* fallthrough */
> case SHMEM_HUGE_ADVISE:
> @@ -3856,7 +3853,6 @@ bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> struct inode *inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file);
> struct shmem_sb_info *sbinfo = SHMEM_SB(inode->i_sb);
> loff_t i_size;
> - pgoff_t off;
>
> if (shmem_huge == SHMEM_HUGE_FORCE)
> return true;
> @@ -3868,10 +3864,8 @@ bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> case SHMEM_HUGE_ALWAYS:
> return true;
> case SHMEM_HUGE_WITHIN_SIZE:
> - off = round_up(vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> i_size = round_up(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
> - if (i_size >= HPAGE_PMD_SIZE &&
> - i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT >= off)
> + if (i_size >= HPAGE_PMD_SIZE)
> return true;

That's reasonable, given what you propose for shmem_getpage_gfp().
And given other conditions at the calling khugepaged end, it might
even be okay with my suggestion - I've not given it enough thought.
Or simply return true there, and let khugepaged work it out?
I am pretty sure the original condition was wrong.

> case SHMEM_HUGE_ADVISE:
> /* TODO: implement fadvise() hints */
> --
> Kirill A. Shutemov

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