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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/3] spi-nor: Add support for Intel SPI serial flash controller
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Hi Mika,

Le 14/11/2016 à 11:24, Mika Westerberg a écrit :
> Add support for the SPI serial flash host controller found on many Intel
> CPUs including Baytrail and Braswell. The SPI serial flash controller is
> used to access BIOS and other platform specific information. By default the
> driver exposes a single read-only MTD device but with a module parameter
> "writeable=1" the MTD device can be made read-write which makes it possible
> to upgrade BIOS directly from Linux.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Cyrille Pitchen <cyrille.pitchen@atmel.com>

Thanks!
> ---
> Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt | 88 ++++
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig | 20 +
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile | 2 +
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c | 57 +++
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c | 791 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h | 24 +
> include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h | 31 ++
> 7 files changed, 1013 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
> create mode 100644 include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt b/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..bc357729c2cb
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/mtd/intel-spi.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
> +Upgrading BIOS using intel-spi
> +------------------------------
> +
> +Many Intel CPUs like Baytrail and Braswell include SPI serial flash host
> +controller which is used to hold BIOS and other platform specific data.
> +Since contents of the SPI serial flash is crucial for machine to function,
> +it is typically protected by different hardware protection mechanisms to
> +avoid accidental (or on purpose) overwrite of the content.
> +
> +Not all manufacturers protect the SPI serial flash, mainly because it
> +allows upgrading the BIOS image directly from an OS.
> +
> +The intel-spi driver makes it possible to read and write the SPI serial
> +flash, if certain protection bits are not set and locked. If it finds
> +any of them set, the whole MTD device is made read-only to prevent
> +partial overwrites. By default the driver exposes SPI serial flash
> +contents as read-only but it can be changed from kernel command line,
> +passing "intel-spi.writeable=1".
> +
> +Please keep in mind that overwriting the BIOS image on SPI serial flash
> +might render the machine unbootable and requires special equipment like
> +Dediprog to revive. You have been warned!
> +
> +Below are the steps how to upgrade MinnowBoard MAX BIOS directly from
> +Linux.
> +
> + 1) Download and extract the latest Minnowboard MAX BIOS SPI image
> + [1]. At the time writing this the latest image is v92.
> +
> + 2) Install mtd-utils package [2]. We need this in order to erase the SPI
> + serial flash. Distros like Debian and Fedora have this prepackaged with
> + name "mtd-utils".
> +
> + 3) Add "intel-spi.writeable=1" to the kernel command line and reboot
> + the board (you can also reload the driver passing "writeable=1" as
> + module parameter to modprobe).
> +
> + 4) Once the board is up and running again, find the right MTD partition
> + (it is named as "BIOS"):
> +
> + # cat /proc/mtd
> + dev: size erasesize name
> + mtd0: 00800000 00001000 "BIOS"
> +
> + So here it will be /dev/mtd0 but it may vary.
> +
> + 5) Make backup of the existing image first:
> +
> + # dd if=/dev/mtd0ro of=bios.bak
> + 16384+0 records in
> + 16384+0 records out
> + 8388608 bytes (8.4 MB) copied, 10.0269 s, 837 kB/s
> +
> + 6) Verify the backup
> +
> + # sha1sum /dev/mtd0ro bios.bak
> + fdbb011920572ca6c991377c4b418a0502668b73 /dev/mtd0ro
> + fdbb011920572ca6c991377c4b418a0502668b73 bios.bak
> +
> + The SHA1 sums must match. Otherwise do not continue any further!
> +
> + 7) Erase the SPI serial flash. After this step, do not reboot the
> + board! Otherwise it will not start anymore.
> +
> + # flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
> + Erasing 4 Kibyte @ 7ff000 -- 100 % complete
> +
> + 8) Once completed without errors you can write the new BIOS image:
> +
> + # dd if=MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin of=/dev/mtd0
> +
> + 9) Verify that the new content of the SPI serial flash matches the new
> + BIOS image:
> +
> + # sha1sum /dev/mtd0ro MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin
> + 9b4df9e4be2057fceec3a5529ec3d950836c87a2 /dev/mtd0ro
> + 9b4df9e4be2057fceec3a5529ec3d950836c87a2 MNW2MAX1.X64.0092.R01.1605221712.bin
> +
> + The SHA1 sums should match.
> +
> + 10) Now you can reboot your board and observe the new BIOS starting up
> + properly.
> +
> +References
> +----------
> +
> +[1] https://firmware.intel.com/sites/default/files/MinnowBoard.MAX_.X64.92.R01.zip
> +[2] http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
> index 4a682ee0f632..02013ffa5231 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
> @@ -76,4 +76,24 @@ config SPI_NXP_SPIFI
> Flash. Enable this option if you have a device with a SPIFI
> controller and want to access the Flash as a mtd device.
>
> +config SPI_INTEL_SPI
> + tristate
> +
> +config SPI_INTEL_SPI_PLATFORM
> + tristate "Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver" if EXPERT
> + depends on X86
> + select SPI_INTEL_SPI
> + help
> + This enables platform support for the Intel PCH/PCU SPI
> + controller in master mode. This controller is present in modern
> + Intel hardware and is used to hold BIOS and other persistent
> + settings. Using this driver it is possible to upgrade BIOS
> + directly from Linux.
> +
> + Say N here unless you know what you are doing. Overwriting the
> + SPI flash may render the system unbootable.
> +
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> + will be called intel-spi-platform.
> +
> endif # MTD_SPI_NOR
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
> index 121695e83542..1796e8cd6e1a 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Makefile
> @@ -5,3 +5,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSL_QUADSPI) += fsl-quadspi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_HISI_SFC) += hisi-sfc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_MT81xx_NOR) += mtk-quadspi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_NXP_SPIFI) += nxp-spifi.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_INTEL_SPI) += intel-spi.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_INTEL_SPI_PLATFORM) += intel-spi-platform.o
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5c943df9398f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi-platform.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
> +/*
> + * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
> + * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/ioport.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +
> +#include "intel-spi.h"
> +
> +static int intel_spi_platform_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info;
> + struct intel_spi *ispi;
> + struct resource *mem;
> +
> + info = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
> + if (!info)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> + ispi = intel_spi_probe(&pdev->dev, mem, info);
> + if (IS_ERR(ispi))
> + return PTR_ERR(ispi);
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ispi);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_platform_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + return intel_spi_remove(ispi);
> +}
> +
> +static struct platform_driver intel_spi_platform_driver = {
> + .probe = intel_spi_platform_probe,
> + .remove = intel_spi_platform_remove,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "intel-spi",
> + },
> +};
> +
> +module_platform_driver(intel_spi_platform_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash platform driver");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_ALIAS("platform:intel-spi");
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..ecf82208e624
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,791 @@
> +/*
> + * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
> + * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/sizes.h>
> +#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
> +#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
> +#include <linux/mtd/spi-nor.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h>
> +
> +#include "intel-spi.h"
> +
> +/* Offsets are from @ispi->base */
> +#define BFPREG 0x00
> +
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL 0x04
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE BIT(31)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT 24
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK (0x3f << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT)
> +
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT 17
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK (0x0f << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +/* HW sequencer opcodes */
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_READ (0x00 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRITE (0x02 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE (0x03 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE_64K (0x04 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDID (0x06 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRSR (0x07 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDSR (0x08 << HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_SHIFT)
> +
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FGO BIT(16)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FLOCKDN BIT(15)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDV BIT(14)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_SCIP BIT(5)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_AEL BIT(2)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR BIT(1)
> +#define HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE BIT(0)
> +
> +#define FADDR 0x08
> +#define DLOCK 0x0c
> +#define FDATA(n) (0x10 + ((n) * 4))
> +
> +#define FRACC 0x50
> +
> +#define FREG(n) (0x54 + ((n) * 4))
> +#define FREG_BASE_MASK 0x3fff
> +#define FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT 16
> +#define FREG_LIMIT_MASK (0x03fff << FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* Offset is from @ispi->pregs */
> +#define PR(n) ((n) * 4)
> +#define PR_WPE BIT(31)
> +#define PR_LIMIT_SHIFT 16
> +#define PR_LIMIT_MASK (0x3fff << PR_LIMIT_SHIFT)
> +#define PR_RPE BIT(15)
> +#define PR_BASE_MASK 0x3fff
> +/* Last PR is GPR0 */
> +#define PR_NUM (5 + 1)
> +
> +/* Offsets are from @ispi->sregs */
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL 0x00
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE BIT(23)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_DS BIT(22)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_DBC_SHIFT 16
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_SPOP BIT(11)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_ACS BIT(10)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_SCGO BIT(9)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_COP_SHIFT 12
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_FRS BIT(7)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_DOFRS BIT(6)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_AEL BIT(4)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR BIT(3)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_FDONE BIT(2)
> +#define SSFSTS_CTL_SCIP BIT(0)
> +
> +#define PREOP_OPTYPE 0x04
> +#define OPMENU0 0x08
> +#define OPMENU1 0x0c
> +
> +/* CPU specifics */
> +#define BYT_PR 0x74
> +#define BYT_SSFSTS_CTL 0x90
> +#define BYT_BCR 0xfc
> +#define BYT_BCR_WPD BIT(0)
> +#define BYT_FREG_NUM 5
> +
> +#define LPT_PR 0x74
> +#define LPT_SSFSTS_CTL 0x90
> +#define LPT_FREG_NUM 5
> +
> +#define BXT_PR 0x84
> +#define BXT_SSFSTS_CTL 0xa0
> +#define BXT_FREG_NUM 12
> +
> +#define INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT 5000 /* ms */
> +#define INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ 64
> +
> +/**
> + * struct intel_spi - Driver private data
> + * @dev: Device pointer
> + * @info: Pointer to board specific info
> + * @nor: SPI NOR layer structure
> + * @base: Beginning of MMIO space
> + * @pregs: Start of protection registers
> + * @sregs: Start of software sequencer registers
> + * @nregions: Maximum number of regions
> + * @writeable: Is the chip writeable
> + * @swseq: Use SW sequencer in register reads/writes
> + * @erase_64k: 64k erase supported
> + * @opcodes: Opcodes which are supported. This are programmed by BIOS
> + * before it locks down the controller.
> + * @preopcodes: Preopcodes which are supported.
> + */
> +struct intel_spi {
> + struct device *dev;
> + const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info;
> + struct spi_nor nor;
> + void __iomem *base;
> + void __iomem *pregs;
> + void __iomem *sregs;
> + size_t nregions;
> + bool writeable;
> + bool swseq;
> + bool erase_64k;
> + u8 opcodes[8];
> + u8 preopcodes[2];
> +};
> +
> +static bool writeable;
> +module_param(writeable, bool, 0);
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(writeable, "Enable write access to SPI flash chip (default=0)");
> +
> +static void intel_spi_dump_regs(struct intel_spi *ispi)
> +{
> + u32 value;
> + int i;
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "BFPREG=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + BFPREG));
> +
> + value = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "HSFSTS_CTL=0x%08x\n", value);
> + if (value & HSFSTS_CTL_FLOCKDN)
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "-> Locked\n");
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FADDR=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + FADDR));
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "DLOCK=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + DLOCK));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FDATA(%d)=0x%08x\n",
> + i, readl(ispi->base + FDATA(i)));
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FRACC=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + FRACC));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ispi->nregions; i++)
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "FREG(%d)=0x%08x\n", i,
> + readl(ispi->base + FREG(i)));
> + for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++)
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "PR(%d)=0x%08x\n", i,
> + readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i)));
> +
> + value = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "SSFSTS_CTL=0x%08x\n", value);
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "PREOP_OPTYPE=0x%08x\n",
> + readl(ispi->sregs + PREOP_OPTYPE));
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "OPMENU0=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU0));
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "OPMENU1=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU1));
> +
> + if (ispi->info->type == INTEL_SPI_BYT)
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "BCR=0x%08x\n", readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR));
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Protected regions:\n");
> + for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++) {
> + u32 base, limit;
> +
> + value = readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i));
> + if (!(value & (PR_WPE | PR_RPE)))
> + continue;
> +
> + limit = (value & PR_LIMIT_MASK) >> PR_LIMIT_SHIFT;
> + base = value & PR_BASE_MASK;
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d base: 0x%08x limit: 0x%08x [%c%c]\n",
> + i, base << 12, (limit << 12) | 0xfff,
> + value & PR_WPE ? 'W' : '.',
> + value & PR_RPE ? 'R' : '.');
> + }
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Flash regions:\n");
> + for (i = 0; i < ispi->nregions; i++) {
> + u32 region, base, limit;
> +
> + region = readl(ispi->base + FREG(i));
> + base = region & FREG_BASE_MASK;
> + limit = (region & FREG_LIMIT_MASK) >> FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT;
> +
> + if (base >= limit || (i > 0 && limit == 0))
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d disabled\n", i);
> + else
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, " %02d base: 0x%08x limit: 0x%08x\n",
> + i, base << 12, (limit << 12) | 0xfff);
> + }
> +
> + dev_dbg(ispi->dev, "Using %cW sequencer for register access\n",
> + ispi->swseq ? 'S' : 'H');
> +}
> +
> +/* Reads max INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ bytes from the device fifo */
> +static int intel_spi_read_block(struct intel_spi *ispi, void *buf, size_t size)
> +{
> + size_t bytes;
> + int i = 0;
> +
> + if (size > INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + while (size > 0) {
> + bytes = min_t(size_t, size, 4);
> + memcpy_fromio(buf, ispi->base + FDATA(i), bytes);
> + size -= bytes;
> + buf += bytes;
> + i++;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/* Writes max INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ bytes to the device fifo */
> +static int intel_spi_write_block(struct intel_spi *ispi, const void *buf,
> + size_t size)
> +{
> + size_t bytes;
> + int i = 0;
> +
> + if (size > INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + while (size > 0) {
> + bytes = min_t(size_t, size, 4);
> + memcpy_toio(ispi->base + FDATA(i), buf, bytes);
> + size -= bytes;
> + buf += bytes;
> + i++;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(struct intel_spi *ispi)
> +{
> + unsigned long timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT);
> + u32 hwstat;
> +
> + while (!time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
> + hwstat = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (!(hwstat & HSFSTS_CTL_SCIP))
> + return 0;
> + cond_resched();
> + }
> +
> + return -ETIMEDOUT;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_wait_sw_busy(struct intel_spi *ispi)
> +{
> + unsigned long timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(INTEL_SPI_TIMEOUT);
> + u32 swstat;
> +
> + while (!time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
> + swstat = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (!(swstat & SSFSTS_CTL_SCIP))
> + return 0;
> + cond_resched();
> + }
> +
> + return -ETIMEDOUT;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_init(struct intel_spi *ispi)
> +{
> + u32 opmenu0, opmenu1, val;
> + int i;
> +
> + switch (ispi->info->type) {
> + case INTEL_SPI_BYT:
> + ispi->sregs = ispi->base + BYT_SSFSTS_CTL;
> + ispi->pregs = ispi->base + BYT_PR;
> + ispi->nregions = BYT_FREG_NUM;
> +
> + if (writeable) {
> + /* Disable write protection */
> + val = readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
> + if (!(val & BYT_BCR_WPD)) {
> + val |= BYT_BCR_WPD;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
> + val = readl(ispi->base + BYT_BCR);
> + }
> +
> + ispi->writeable = !!(val & BYT_BCR_WPD);
> + }
> +
> + break;
> +
> + case INTEL_SPI_LPT:
> + ispi->sregs = ispi->base + LPT_SSFSTS_CTL;
> + ispi->pregs = ispi->base + LPT_PR;
> + ispi->nregions = LPT_FREG_NUM;
> + break;
> +
> + case INTEL_SPI_BXT:
> + ispi->sregs = ispi->base + BXT_SSFSTS_CTL;
> + ispi->pregs = ispi->base + BXT_PR;
> + ispi->nregions = BXT_FREG_NUM;
> + ispi->erase_64k = true;
> + break;
> +
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /* Disable #SMI generation */
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + /*
> + * BIOS programs allowed opcodes and then locks down the register.
> + * So read back what opcodes it decided to support. That's the set
> + * we are going to support as well.
> + */
> + opmenu0 = readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU0);
> + opmenu1 = readl(ispi->sregs + OPMENU1);
> +
> + /*
> + * Some controllers can only do basic operations using hardware
> + * sequencer. All other operations are supposed to be carried out
> + * using software sequencer. If we find that BIOS has programmed
> + * opcodes for the software sequencer we use that over the hardware
> + * sequencer.
> + */
> + if (opmenu0 && opmenu1) {
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ispi->opcodes) / 2; i++) {
> + ispi->opcodes[i] = opmenu0 >> i * 8;
> + ispi->opcodes[i + 4] = opmenu1 >> i * 8;
> + }
> +
> + val = readl(ispi->sregs + PREOP_OPTYPE);
> + ispi->preopcodes[0] = val;
> + ispi->preopcodes[1] = val >> 8;
> +
> + /* Disable #SMI generation from SW sequencer */
> + val = readl(ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
> + val &= ~SSFSTS_CTL_FSMIE;
> + writel(val, ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ispi->swseq = true;
> + }
> +
> + intel_spi_dump_regs(ispi);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_opcode_index(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ispi->opcodes); i++)
> + if (ispi->opcodes[i] == opcode)
> + return i;
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_hw_cycle(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode, u8 *buf,
> + int len)
> +{
> + u32 val, status;
> + int ret;
> +
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + val &= ~(HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK | HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK);
> +
> + switch (opcode) {
> + case SPINOR_OP_RDID:
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDID;
> + break;
> + case SPINOR_OP_WRSR:
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRSR;
> + break;
> + case SPINOR_OP_RDSR:
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_RDSR;
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + val |= (len - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
> + return -EIO;
> + else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
> + return -EACCES;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_sw_cycle(struct intel_spi *ispi, u8 opcode, u8 *buf,
> + int len)
> +{
> + u32 val, status;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_opcode_index(ispi, opcode);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + val = (len << SSFSTS_CTL_DBC_SHIFT) | SSFSTS_CTL_DS;
> + val |= ret << SSFSTS_CTL_COP_SHIFT;
> + val |= SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | SSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
> + val |= SSFSTS_CTL_SCGO;
> + writel(val, ispi->sregs + SSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_wait_sw_busy(ispi);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + status = readl(ispi->base + SSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (status & SSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
> + return -EIO;
> + else if (status & SSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
> + return -EACCES;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_read_reg(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /* Address of the first chip */
> + writel(0, ispi->base + FADDR);
> +
> + if (ispi->swseq)
> + ret = intel_spi_sw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
> + else
> + ret = intel_spi_hw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return intel_spi_read_block(ispi, buf, len);
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_write_reg(struct spi_nor *nor, u8 opcode, u8 *buf, int len)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * This is handled with atomic operation and preop code in Intel
> + * controller so skip it here now.
> + */
> + if (opcode == SPINOR_OP_WREN)
> + return 0;
> +
> + writel(0, ispi->base + FADDR);
> +
> + /* Write the value beforehand */
> + ret = intel_spi_write_block(ispi, buf, len);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if (ispi->swseq)
> + return intel_spi_sw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
> + return intel_spi_hw_cycle(ispi, opcode, buf, len);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t intel_spi_read(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t from, size_t len,
> + u_char *read_buf)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
> + size_t block_size, retlen = 0;
> + u32 val, status;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + switch (nor->read_opcode) {
> + case SPINOR_OP_READ:
> + case SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST:
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + while (len > 0) {
> + block_size = min_t(size_t, len, INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ);
> +
> + writel(from, ispi->base + FADDR);
> +
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
> + val |= (block_size - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_READ;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
> + ret = -EIO;
> + else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
> + ret = -EACCES;
> +
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(ispi->dev, "read error: %llx: %#x\n", from,
> + status);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_read_block(ispi, read_buf, block_size);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + len -= block_size;
> + from += block_size;
> + retlen += block_size;
> + read_buf += block_size;
> + }
> +
> + return retlen;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t intel_spi_write(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t to, size_t len,
> + const u_char *write_buf)
> +{
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
> + size_t block_size, retlen = 0;
> + u32 val, status;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + while (len > 0) {
> + block_size = min_t(size_t, len, INTEL_SPI_FIFO_SZ);
> +
> + writel(to, ispi->base + FADDR);
> +
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
> + val |= (block_size - 1) << HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_SHIFT;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_WRITE;
> +
> + /* Write enable */
> + if (ispi->preopcodes[1] == SPINOR_OP_WREN)
> + val |= SSFSTS_CTL_SPOP;
> + val |= SSFSTS_CTL_ACS;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_write_block(ispi, write_buf, block_size);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(ispi->dev, "failed to write block\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /* Start the write now */
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + writel(val | HSFSTS_CTL_FGO, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(ispi->dev, "timeout\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
> + ret = -EIO;
> + else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
> + ret = -EACCES;
> +
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(ispi->dev, "write error: %llx: %#x\n", to,
> + status);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + len -= block_size;
> + to += block_size;
> + retlen += block_size;
> + write_buf += block_size;
> + }
> +
> + return retlen;
> +}
> +
> +static int intel_spi_erase(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t offs)
> +{
> + size_t erase_size, len = nor->mtd.erasesize;
> + struct intel_spi *ispi = nor->priv;
> + u32 val, status, cmd;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /* If the hardware can do 64k erase use that when possible */
> + if (len >= SZ_64K && ispi->erase_64k) {
> + cmd = HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE_64K;
> + erase_size = SZ_64K;
> + } else {
> + cmd = HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_ERASE;
> + erase_size = SZ_4K;
> + }
> +
> + while (len > 0) {
> + writel(offs, ispi->base + FADDR);
> +
> + val = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_AEL | HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR | HSFSTS_CTL_FDONE;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FDBC_MASK;
> + val &= ~HSFSTS_CTL_FCYCLE_MASK;
> + val |= cmd;
> + val |= HSFSTS_CTL_FGO;
> + writel(val, ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_wait_hw_busy(ispi);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + status = readl(ispi->base + HSFSTS_CTL);
> + if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_FCERR)
> + return -EIO;
> + else if (status & HSFSTS_CTL_AEL)
> + return -EACCES;
> +
> + offs += erase_size;
> + len -= erase_size;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static bool intel_spi_is_protected(const struct intel_spi *ispi,
> + unsigned int base, unsigned int limit)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < PR_NUM; i++) {
> + u32 pr_base, pr_limit, pr_value;
> +
> + pr_value = readl(ispi->pregs + PR(i));
> + if (!(pr_value & (PR_WPE | PR_RPE)))
> + continue;
> +
> + pr_limit = (pr_value & PR_LIMIT_MASK) >> PR_LIMIT_SHIFT;
> + pr_base = pr_value & PR_BASE_MASK;
> +
> + if (pr_base >= base && pr_limit <= limit)
> + return true;
> + }
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * There will be a single partition holding all enabled flash regions. We
> + * call this "BIOS".
> + */
> +static void intel_spi_fill_partition(struct intel_spi *ispi,
> + struct mtd_partition *part)
> +{
> + u64 end;
> + int i;
> +
> + memset(part, 0, sizeof(*part));
> +
> + /* Start from the mandatory descriptor region */
> + part->size = 4096;
> + part->name = "BIOS";
> +
> + /*
> + * Now try to find where this partition ends based on the flash
> + * region registers.
> + */
> + for (i = 1; i < ispi->nregions; i++) {
> + u32 region, base, limit;
> +
> + region = readl(ispi->base + FREG(i));
> + base = region & FREG_BASE_MASK;
> + limit = (region & FREG_LIMIT_MASK) >> FREG_LIMIT_SHIFT;
> +
> + if (base >= limit || limit == 0)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * If any of the regions have protection bits set, make the
> + * whole partition read-only to be on the safe side.
> + */
> + if (intel_spi_is_protected(ispi, base, limit))
> + ispi->writeable = 0;
> +
> + end = (limit << 12) + 4096;
> + if (end > part->size)
> + part->size = end;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +struct intel_spi *intel_spi_probe(struct device *dev,
> + struct resource *mem, const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info)
> +{
> + struct mtd_partition part;
> + struct intel_spi *ispi;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!info || !mem)
> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> + ispi = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*ispi), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ispi)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + ispi->base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, mem);
> + if (IS_ERR(ispi->base))
> + return ispi->base;
> +
> + ispi->dev = dev;
> + ispi->info = info;
> + ispi->writeable = info->writeable;
> +
> + ret = intel_spi_init(ispi);
> + if (ret)
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +
> + ispi->nor.dev = ispi->dev;
> + ispi->nor.priv = ispi;
> + ispi->nor.read_reg = intel_spi_read_reg;
> + ispi->nor.write_reg = intel_spi_write_reg;
> + ispi->nor.read = intel_spi_read;
> + ispi->nor.write = intel_spi_write;
> + ispi->nor.erase = intel_spi_erase;
> +
> + ret = spi_nor_scan(&ispi->nor, NULL, SPI_NOR_NORMAL);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_info(dev, "failed to locate the chip\n");
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> + }
> +
> + intel_spi_fill_partition(ispi, &part);
> +
> + /* Prevent writes if not explicitly enabled */
> + if (!ispi->writeable || !writeable)
> + ispi->nor.mtd.flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
> +
> + ret = mtd_device_parse_register(&ispi->nor.mtd, NULL, NULL, &part, 1);
> + if (ret)
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +
> + return ispi;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(intel_spi_probe);
> +
> +int intel_spi_remove(struct intel_spi *ispi)
> +{
> + return mtd_device_unregister(&ispi->nor.mtd);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(intel_spi_remove);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash core driver");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5ab7dc250050
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/intel-spi.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
> +/*
> + * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
> + * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef INTEL_SPI_H
> +#define INTEL_SPI_H
> +
> +#include <linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h>
> +
> +struct intel_spi;
> +struct resource;
> +
> +struct intel_spi *intel_spi_probe(struct device *dev,
> + struct resource *mem, const struct intel_spi_boardinfo *info);
> +int intel_spi_remove(struct intel_spi *ispi);
> +
> +#endif /* INTEL_SPI_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h b/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..942b0c3f8f08
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/platform_data/intel-spi.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
> +/*
> + * Intel PCH/PCU SPI flash driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016, Intel Corporation
> + * Author: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H
> +#define INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H
> +
> +enum intel_spi_type {
> + INTEL_SPI_BYT = 1,
> + INTEL_SPI_LPT,
> + INTEL_SPI_BXT,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct intel_spi_boardinfo - Board specific data for Intel SPI driver
> + * @type: Type which this controller is compatible with
> + * @writeable: The chip is writeable
> + */
> +struct intel_spi_boardinfo {
> + enum intel_spi_type type;
> + bool writeable;
> +};
> +
> +#endif /* INTEL_SPI_PDATA_H */
>

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