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Subject[HMM v13 12/18] mm/hmm/mirror: helper to snapshot CPU page table
Date
This does not use existing page table walker because we want to share
same code for our page fault handler.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jatin Kumar <jakumar@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
---
include/linux/hmm.h | 30 +++++++++-
mm/hmm.c | 163 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 191 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
index 6571647..9e0f00d 100644
--- a/include/linux/hmm.h
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -95,13 +95,28 @@ struct hmm;
*
* Flags:
* HMM_PFN_VALID: pfn is valid
+ * HMM_PFN_READ: read permission set
* HMM_PFN_WRITE: CPU page table have the write permission set
+ * HMM_PFN_ERROR: corresponding CPU page table entry point to poisonous memory
+ * HMM_PFN_EMPTY: corresponding CPU page table entry is none (pte_none() true)
+ * HMM_PFN_DEVICE: this is device memory (ie a ZONE_DEVICE page)
+ * HMM_PFN_SPECIAL: corresponding CPU page table entry is special ie result of
+ * vm_insert_pfn() or vm_insert_page() and thus should not be mirror by a
+ * device (the entry will never have HMM_PFN_VALID set and the pfn value
+ * is undefine)
+ * HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE: unaddressable device memory (ZONE_DEVICE)
*/
typedef unsigned long hmm_pfn_t;

#define HMM_PFN_VALID (1 << 0)
-#define HMM_PFN_WRITE (1 << 1)
-#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 2
+#define HMM_PFN_READ (1 << 1)
+#define HMM_PFN_WRITE (1 << 2)
+#define HMM_PFN_ERROR (1 << 3)
+#define HMM_PFN_EMPTY (1 << 4)
+#define HMM_PFN_DEVICE (1 << 5)
+#define HMM_PFN_SPECIAL (1 << 6)
+#define HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE (1 << 7)
+#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 8

static inline struct page *hmm_pfn_to_page(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
{
@@ -272,6 +287,17 @@ bool hmm_vma_range_monitor_start(struct hmm_range *range,
bool hmm_vma_range_monitor_end(struct hmm_range *range);


+/*
+ * Snapshot CPU page table, the snapshot content validity can be track using
+ * hmm_range_monitor_start/end() or hmm_vma_range_lock()/hmm_vma_range_unlock()
+ * mechanism. See function description in mm/hmm.c for documentation.
+ */
+int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns);
+
+
/* Below are for HMM internal use only ! Not to be use by device driver ! */
void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm);

diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index 746eb96..f2ea76b 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -19,10 +19,15 @@
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/hmm.h>
+#include <linux/rmap.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>

+
/*
* struct hmm - HMM per mm struct
*
@@ -454,3 +459,161 @@ bool hmm_vma_range_monitor_end(struct hmm_range *range)
return valid;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_range_monitor_end);
+
+
+static void hmm_pfns_empty(hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, pfns++)
+ *pfns = HMM_PFN_EMPTY;
+}
+
+static void hmm_pfns_special(hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, pfns++)
+ *pfns = HMM_PFN_SPECIAL;
+}
+
+static void hmm_vma_walk(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, next;
+ hmm_pfn_t flag;
+
+ flag = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? HMM_PFN_READ : 0;
+
+ for (addr = start; addr < end; addr = next) {
+ unsigned long i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+ pmd_t pmd;
+
+ /*
+ * We are accessing/faulting for a device from an unknown
+ * thread that might be foreign to the mm we are faulting
+ * against so do not call arch_vma_access_permitted() !
+ */
+
+ next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
+ if (pgd_none(*pgdp) || pgd_bad(*pgdp)) {
+ hmm_pfns_empty(&pfns[i], addr, next);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ if (pud_none(*pudp) || pud_bad(*pudp)) {
+ hmm_pfns_empty(&pfns[i], addr, next);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ pmd = pmd_read_atomic(pmdp);
+ barrier();
+ if (pmd_none(pmd) || pmd_bad(pmd)) {
+ hmm_pfns_empty(&pfns[i], addr, next);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(pmd) || pmd_devmap(pmd)) {
+ unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd) + pte_index(addr);
+ hmm_pfn_t flags = flag;
+
+ if (pmd_protnone(pmd)) {
+ hmm_pfns_clear(&pfns[i], addr, next);
+ continue;
+ }
+ flags |= pmd_write(*pmdp) ? HMM_PFN_WRITE : 0;
+ flags |= pmd_devmap(pmd) ? HMM_PFN_DEVICE : 0;
+ for (; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, pfn++)
+ pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_from_pfn(pfn) | flags;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ ptep = pte_offset_map(pmdp, addr);
+ for (; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, ptep++) {
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ pte_t pte = *ptep;
+
+ pfns[i] = 0;
+
+ if (pte_none(pte)) {
+ pfns[i] = HMM_PFN_EMPTY;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
+ if (!pte_present(pte) && !non_swap_entry(entry)) {
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (pte_present(pte)) {
+ pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_from_pfn(pte_pfn(pte))|flag;
+ pfns[i] |= pte_write(pte) ? HMM_PFN_WRITE : 0;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * This is a special swap entry, ignore migration, use
+ * device and report anything else as error.
+ */
+ if (is_device_entry(entry)) {
+ pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_from_pfn(swp_offset(entry));
+ if (is_write_device_entry(entry))
+ pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_WRITE;
+ pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_DEVICE;
+ pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE;
+ pfns[i] |= flag;
+ } else if (!is_migration_entry(entry)) {
+ pfns[i] = HMM_PFN_ERROR;
+ }
+ }
+ pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_vma_get_pfns() - snapshot CPU page table for a range of virtual address
+ * @vma: virtual memory area containing the virtual address range
+ * @start: range virtual start address (inclusive)
+ * @end: range virtual end address (exclusive)
+ * @entries: array of hmm_pfn_t provided by caller fill by function
+ * Returns: -EINVAL if invalid argument, 0 otherwise
+ *
+ * This snapshot the CPU page table for a range of virtual address, snapshot is
+ * only valid while protected by hmm_vma_range_lock() or if return cookie value
+ * is still valid (see hmm_vma_check_cookie()).
+ *
+ * It will fill the pfns array using CPU pte. Note that any invalid CPU page
+ * table entry, at time of snapshot, can turn into a valid one after this
+ * function return but before calling hmm_vma_range_unlock().
+ */
+int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns)
+{
+ /* FIXME support hugetlb fs */
+ if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL)) {
+ hmm_pfns_special(pfns, start, end);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* Sanity check, this really should not happen ! */
+ if (start < vma->vm_start || start >= vma->vm_end)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (end < vma->vm_start || end > vma->vm_end)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ hmm_vma_walk(vma, start, end, pfns);
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_get_pfns);
--
2.4.3
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