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Subject[HMM v13 16/18] mm/hmm/migrate: new memory migration helper for use with device memory
Date
This patch add a new memory migration helpers, which migrate memory
backing a range of virtual address of a process to different memory
(which can be allocated through special allocator). It differs from
numa migration by working on a range of virtual address and thus by
doing migration in chunk that can be large enough to use DMA engine
or special copy offloading engine.

Expected users are any one with heterogeneous memory where different
memory have different characteristics (latency, bandwidth, ...). As
an example IBM platform with CAPI bus can make use of this feature
to migrate between regular memory and CAPI device memory. New CPU
architecture with a pool of high performance memory not manage as
cache but presented as regular memory (while being faster and with
lower latency than DDR) will also be prime user of this patch.

Migration to private device memory will be usefull for device that
have large pool of such like GPU, NVidia plans to use HMM for that.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jatin Kumar <jakumar@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com>
---
include/linux/hmm.h | 54 ++++-
mm/migrate.c | 584 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 635 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
index c79abfc..9777309 100644
--- a/include/linux/hmm.h
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -101,10 +101,13 @@ struct hmm;
* HMM_PFN_EMPTY: corresponding CPU page table entry is none (pte_none() true)
* HMM_PFN_FAULT: use by hmm_vma_fault() to signify which address need faulting
* HMM_PFN_DEVICE: this is device memory (ie a ZONE_DEVICE page)
+ * HMM_PFN_LOCKED: underlying struct page is lock
* HMM_PFN_SPECIAL: corresponding CPU page table entry is special ie result of
* vm_insert_pfn() or vm_insert_page() and thus should not be mirror by a
* device (the entry will never have HMM_PFN_VALID set and the pfn value
* is undefine)
+ * HMM_PFN_MIGRATE: use by hmm_vma_migrate() to signify which address can be
+ * migrated
* HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE: unaddressable device memory (ZONE_DEVICE)
*/
typedef unsigned long hmm_pfn_t;
@@ -116,9 +119,11 @@ typedef unsigned long hmm_pfn_t;
#define HMM_PFN_EMPTY (1 << 4)
#define HMM_PFN_FAULT (1 << 5)
#define HMM_PFN_DEVICE (1 << 6)
-#define HMM_PFN_SPECIAL (1 << 7)
-#define HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE (1 << 8)
-#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 9
+#define HMM_PFN_LOCKED (1 << 7)
+#define HMM_PFN_SPECIAL (1 << 8)
+#define HMM_PFN_MIGRATE (1 << 9)
+#define HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE (1 << 10)
+#define HMM_PFN_SHIFT 11

static inline struct page *hmm_pfn_to_page(hmm_pfn_t pfn)
{
@@ -323,6 +328,49 @@ bool hmm_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
hmm_pfn_t *pfns);


+/*
+ * struct hmm_migrate_ops - migrate operation callback
+ *
+ * @alloc_and_copy: alloc destination memoiry and copy source to it
+ * @finalize_and_map: allow caller to inspect successfull migrated page
+ *
+ * The new HMM migrate helper hmm_vma_migrate() allow memory migration to use
+ * device DMA engine to perform copy from source to destination memory it also
+ * allow caller to use its own memory allocator for destination memory.
+ *
+ * Note that in alloc_and_copy device driver can decide not to migrate some of
+ * the entry, for those it must clear the HMM_PFN_MIGRATE flag. The destination
+ * page must lock and the corresponding hmm_pfn_t value in the array updated
+ * with the HMM_PFN_MIGRATE and HMM_PFN_LOCKED flag set (and of course be a
+ * valid entry). It is expected that the page allocated will have an elevated
+ * refcount and that a put_page() will free the page. Device driver might want
+ * to allocate with an extra-refcount if they want to control deallocation of
+ * failed migration inside the finalize_and_map() callback.
+ *
+ * Inside finalize_and_map() device driver must use the HMM_PFN_MIGRATE flag to
+ * determine which page have been successfully migrated.
+ */
+struct hmm_migrate_ops {
+ void (*alloc_and_copy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ void *private);
+ void (*finalize_and_map)(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ void *private);
+};
+
+int hmm_vma_migrate(const struct hmm_migrate_ops *ops,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ void *private);
+
+
/* Below are for HMM internal use only ! Not to be use by device driver ! */
void hmm_mm_destroy(struct mm_struct *mm);

diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index d9ce8db..393d592 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#include <linux/page_idle.h>
#include <linux/page_owner.h>
#include <linux/memremap.h>
+#include <linux/hmm.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

@@ -421,6 +422,14 @@ int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
int expected_count = 1 + extra_count;
void **pslot;

+ /*
+ * ZONE_DEVICE pages have 1 refcount always held by their device
+ *
+ * Note that DAX memory will never reach that point as it does not have
+ * the MEMORY_MOVABLE flag set (see include/linux/memory_hotplug.h).
+ */
+ expected_count += is_zone_device_page(page);
+
if (!mapping) {
/* Anonymous page without mapping */
if (page_count(page) != expected_count)
@@ -2087,3 +2096,578 @@ out_unlock:
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */

#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */
+
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_HMM)
+struct hmm_migrate {
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ unsigned long start;
+ unsigned long end;
+ unsigned long npages;
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns;
+};
+
+static int hmm_collect_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ struct mm_walk *walk)
+{
+ struct hmm_migrate *migrate = walk->private;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = walk->vma->vm_mm;
+ unsigned long addr = start;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns;
+ int pages = 0;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+again:
+ if (pmd_none(*pmdp))
+ return 0;
+
+ split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmdp, addr);
+ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmdp))
+ goto again;
+
+ pfns = &migrate->pfns[(addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT];
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
+ arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
+
+ for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, pfns++, ptep++) {
+ unsigned long pfn;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ struct page *page;
+ hmm_pfn_t flags;
+ bool write;
+ pte_t pte;
+
+ pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep);
+ if (!pte_present(pte)) {
+ if (pte_none(pte))
+ continue;
+
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
+ if (!is_device_entry(entry)) {
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ flags = HMM_PFN_DEVICE | HMM_PFN_UNADDRESSABLE;
+ page = device_entry_to_page(entry);
+ write = is_write_device_entry(entry);
+ pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+
+ if (!(page->pgmap->flags & MEMORY_MOVABLE)) {
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ } else {
+ pfn = pte_pfn(pte);
+ page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+ write = pte_write(pte);
+ flags = is_zone_device_page(page) ? HMM_PFN_DEVICE : 0;
+ }
+
+ /* FIXME support THP see hmm_migrate_page_check() */
+ if (PageTransCompound(page))
+ continue;
+
+ *pfns = hmm_pfn_from_pfn(pfn) | HMM_PFN_MIGRATE | flags;
+ *pfns |= write ? HMM_PFN_WRITE : 0;
+ migrate->npages++;
+ get_page(page);
+
+ if (!trylock_page(page)) {
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
+ } else {
+ pte_t swp_pte;
+
+ *pfns |= HMM_PFN_LOCKED;
+
+ entry = make_migration_entry(page, write);
+ swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
+ if (pte_soft_dirty(pte))
+ swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte);
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, swp_pte);
+
+ page_remove_rmap(page, false);
+ put_page(page);
+ pages++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);
+
+ /* Only flush the TLB if we actually modified any entries */
+ if (pages)
+ flush_tlb_range(walk->vma, start, end);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void hmm_migrate_collect(struct hmm_migrate *migrate)
+{
+ struct mm_walk mm_walk;
+
+ mm_walk.pmd_entry = hmm_collect_walk_pmd;
+ mm_walk.pte_entry = NULL;
+ mm_walk.pte_hole = NULL;
+ mm_walk.hugetlb_entry = NULL;
+ mm_walk.test_walk = NULL;
+ mm_walk.vma = migrate->vma;
+ mm_walk.mm = migrate->vma->vm_mm;
+ mm_walk.private = migrate;
+
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm_walk.mm,
+ migrate->start,
+ migrate->end);
+ walk_page_range(migrate->start, migrate->end, &mm_walk);
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm_walk.mm,
+ migrate->start,
+ migrate->end);
+}
+
+static inline bool hmm_migrate_page_check(struct page *page, int extra)
+{
+ /*
+ * FIXME support THP (transparent huge page), it is bit more complex to
+ * check them then regular page because they can be map with a pmd or
+ * with a pte (split pte mapping).
+ */
+ if (PageCompound(page))
+ return false;
+
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page))
+ extra++;
+
+ if ((page_count(page) - extra) > page_mapcount(page))
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static void hmm_migrate_lock_and_isolate(struct hmm_migrate *migrate)
+{
+ unsigned long addr = migrate->start, i = 0;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = migrate->vma->vm_mm;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma = migrate->vma;
+ unsigned long restore = 0;
+ bool allow_drain = true;
+
+ lru_add_drain();
+
+again:
+ for (; addr < migrate->end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
+ struct page *page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+
+ if (!page)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!(migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_LOCKED)) {
+ lock_page(page);
+ migrate->pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_LOCKED;
+ }
+
+ /* ZONE_DEVICE page are not on LRU */
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page))
+ goto check;
+
+ if (!PageLRU(page) && allow_drain) {
+ /* Drain CPU's pagevec so page can be isolated */
+ lru_add_drain_all();
+ allow_drain = false;
+ goto again;
+ }
+
+ if (isolate_lru_page(page)) {
+ migrate->pfns[i] &= ~HMM_PFN_MIGRATE;
+ migrate->npages--;
+ put_page(page);
+ restore++;
+ } else
+ /* Drop the reference we took in collect */
+ put_page(page);
+
+check:
+ if (!hmm_migrate_page_check(page, 1)) {
+ migrate->pfns[i] &= ~HMM_PFN_MIGRATE;
+ migrate->npages--;
+ restore++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!restore)
+ return;
+
+ for (addr = migrate->start, i = 0; addr < migrate->end;) {
+ struct page *page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+ unsigned long next, restart;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ if (!page || !(migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE)) {
+ addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ i++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ restart = addr;
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ if (!pgdp || pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgdp)) {
+ addr = pgd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ if (!pudp || pud_none(*pudp)) {
+ addr = pgd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ if (!pmdp || pmd_none(*pmdp) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp)) {
+ addr = next;
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
+ for (; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, ptep++) {
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ bool write;
+ pte_t pte;
+
+ page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+ if (!page || (migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE))
+ continue;
+
+ write = migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_WRITE;
+ write &= (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE);
+
+ /* Here it means pte must be a valid migration entry */
+ pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep);
+ if (pte_none(pte) || pte_present(pte))
+ /* SOMETHING BAD IS GOING ON ! */
+ continue;
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
+ if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
+ /* SOMETHING BAD IS GOING ON ! */
+ continue;
+
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page) &&
+ !is_addressable_page(page)) {
+ entry = make_device_entry(page, write);
+ pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
+ } else {
+ pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
+ pte = pte_mkold(pte);
+ if (write)
+ pte = pte_mkwrite(pte);
+ }
+ if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*ptep))
+ pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte);
+
+ get_page(page);
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
+ if (PageAnon(page))
+ page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr, false);
+ else
+ page_add_file_rmap(page, false);
+ }
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);
+
+ addr = restart;
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ for (; addr < next && restore; addr += PAGE_SHIFT, i++) {
+ page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+ if (!page || (migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE))
+ continue;
+
+ migrate->pfns[i] = 0;
+ unlock_page(page);
+ restore--;
+
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page)) {
+ put_page(page);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ putback_lru_page(page);
+ }
+
+ if (!restore)
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+static void hmm_migrate_unmap(struct hmm_migrate *migrate)
+{
+ int flags = TTU_MIGRATION | TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK | TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS;
+ unsigned long addr = migrate->start, i = 0, restore = 0;
+
+ for (; addr < migrate->end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
+ struct page *page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+
+ if (!page || !(migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE))
+ continue;
+
+ try_to_unmap(page, flags);
+ if (page_mapped(page) || !hmm_migrate_page_check(page, 1)) {
+ migrate->pfns[i] &= ~HMM_PFN_MIGRATE;
+ migrate->npages--;
+ restore++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (; (addr < migrate->end) && restore; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
+ struct page *page = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+
+ if (!page || (migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE))
+ continue;
+
+ remove_migration_ptes(page, page, false);
+
+ migrate->pfns[i] = 0;
+ unlock_page(page);
+ restore--;
+
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page)) {
+ put_page(page);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ putback_lru_page(page);
+ }
+}
+
+static void hmm_migrate_struct_page(struct hmm_migrate *migrate)
+{
+ unsigned long addr = migrate->start, i = 0;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = migrate->vma->vm_mm;
+
+ for (; addr < migrate->end;) {
+ unsigned long next;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ if (!pgdp || pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgdp)) {
+ addr = pgd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ if (!pudp || pud_none(*pudp)) {
+ addr = pgd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+ if (!pmdp || pmd_none(*pmdp) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp)) {
+ addr = next;
+ i = (addr - migrate->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* No need to lock nothing can change from under us */
+ ptep = pte_offset_map(pmdp, addr);
+ for (; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, ptep++) {
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ struct page *newpage, *page;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ int r;
+
+ newpage = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+ if (!newpage || !(migrate->pfns[i] & HMM_PFN_MIGRATE))
+ continue;
+ if (pte_none(*ptep) || pte_present(*ptep)) {
+ /* This should not happen but be nice */
+ migrate->pfns[i] = 0;
+ put_page(newpage);
+ continue;
+ }
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*ptep);
+ if (!is_migration_entry(entry)) {
+ /* This should not happen but be nice */
+ migrate->pfns[i] = 0;
+ put_page(newpage);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ page = migration_entry_to_page(entry);
+ mapping = page_mapping(page);
+
+ /*
+ * For now only support private anonymous when migrating
+ * to un-addressable device memory.
+ */
+ if (mapping && is_zone_device_page(newpage) &&
+ !is_addressable_page(newpage)) {
+ migrate->pfns[i] &= ~HMM_PFN_MIGRATE;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ r = migrate_page(mapping, newpage, page,
+ MIGRATE_SYNC, false);
+ if (r != MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS)
+ migrate->pfns[i] &= ~HMM_PFN_MIGRATE;
+ }
+ pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
+ }
+}
+
+static void hmm_migrate_remove_migration_pte(struct hmm_migrate *migrate)
+{
+ unsigned long addr = migrate->start, i = 0;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = migrate->vma->vm_mm;
+
+ for (; addr < migrate->end;) {
+ unsigned long next;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, migrate->end);
+
+ /* No need to lock nothing can change from under us */
+ ptep = pte_offset_map(pmdp, addr);
+ for (; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, ptep++) {
+ struct page *page, *newpage;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+
+ if (pte_none(*ptep) || pte_present(*ptep))
+ continue;
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*ptep);
+ if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
+ continue;
+
+ page = migration_entry_to_page(entry);
+ newpage = hmm_pfn_to_page(migrate->pfns[i]);
+ if (!newpage)
+ newpage = page;
+ remove_migration_ptes(page, newpage, false);
+
+ migrate->pfns[i] = 0;
+ unlock_page(page);
+ migrate->npages--;
+
+ if (is_zone_device_page(page))
+ put_page(page);
+ else
+ putback_lru_page(page);
+
+ if (newpage != page) {
+ unlock_page(newpage);
+ if (is_zone_device_page(newpage))
+ put_page(newpage);
+ else
+ putback_lru_page(newpage);
+ }
+ }
+ pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * hmm_vma_migrate() - migrate a range of memory inside vma using accel copy
+ *
+ * @ops: migration callback for allocating destination memory and copying
+ * @vma: virtual memory area containing the range to be migrated
+ * @start: start address of the range to migrate (inclusive)
+ * @end: end address of the range to migrate (exclusive)
+ * @pfns: array of hmm_pfn_t first containing source pfns then destination
+ * @private: pointer passed back to each of the callback
+ * Returns: 0 on success, error code otherwise
+ *
+ * This will try to migrate a range of memory using callback to allocate and
+ * copy memory from source to destination. This function will first collect,
+ * lock and unmap pages in the range and then call alloc_and_copy() callback
+ * for device driver to allocate destination memory and copy from source.
+ *
+ * Then it will proceed and try to effectively migrate the page (struct page
+ * metadata) a step that can fail for various reasons. Before updating CPU page
+ * table it will call finalize_and_map() callback so that device driver can
+ * inspect what have been successfully migrated and update its own page table
+ * (this latter aspect is not mandatory and only make sense for some user of
+ * this API).
+ *
+ * Finaly the function update CPU page table and unlock the pages before
+ * returning 0.
+ *
+ * It will return an error code only if one of the argument is invalid.
+ */
+int hmm_vma_migrate(const struct hmm_migrate_ops *ops,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+ void *private)
+{
+ struct hmm_migrate migrate;
+
+ /* Sanity check the arguments */
+ start &= PAGE_MASK;
+ end &= PAGE_MASK;
+ if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!vma || !ops || !pfns || start >= end)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (start < vma->vm_start || start >= vma->vm_end)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (end <= vma->vm_start || end > vma->vm_end)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ migrate.start = start;
+ migrate.pfns = pfns;
+ migrate.npages = 0;
+ migrate.end = end;
+ migrate.vma = vma;
+
+ /* Collect, and try to unmap source pages */
+ hmm_migrate_collect(&migrate);
+ if (!migrate.npages)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Lock and isolate page */
+ hmm_migrate_lock_and_isolate(&migrate);
+ if (!migrate.npages)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Unmap pages */
+ hmm_migrate_unmap(&migrate);
+ if (!migrate.npages)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * At this point pages are lock and unmap and thus they have stable
+ * content and can safely be copied to destination memory that is
+ * allocated by the callback.
+ *
+ * Note that migration can fail in hmm_migrate_struct_page() for each
+ * individual page.
+ */
+ ops->alloc_and_copy(vma, start, end, pfns, private);
+
+ /* This does the real migration of struct page */
+ hmm_migrate_struct_page(&migrate);
+
+ ops->finalize_and_map(vma, start, end, pfns, private);
+
+ /* Unlock and remap pages */
+ hmm_migrate_remove_migration_pte(&migrate);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_migrate);
+#endif /* CONFIG_HMM */
--
2.4.3
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