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SubjectRe: [PATCH 15/20] ARM/hw_breakpoint: Convert to hotplug state machine
On Fri, 18 Nov 2016, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 17, 2016 at 07:35:36PM +0100, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior wrote:
> > Install the callbacks via the state machine and let the core invoke
> > the callbacks on the already online CPUs.
> >
> > smp_call_function_single() has been removed because the function is already
> > invoked on the target CPU.
> >
> > Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> > Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> > Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
> > Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> > Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
> > Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> > ---
> > arch/arm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------------
> > 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>
> [...]
>
> > static int __init arch_hw_breakpoint_init(void)
> > {
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > debug_arch = get_debug_arch();
> >
> > if (!debug_arch_supported()) {
> > @@ -1072,8 +1069,6 @@ static int __init arch_hw_breakpoint_init(void)
> > core_num_brps = get_num_brps();
> > core_num_wrps = get_num_wrps();
> >
> > - cpu_notifier_register_begin();
> > -
> > /*
> > * We need to tread carefully here because DBGSWENABLE may be
> > * driven low on this core and there isn't an architected way to
> > @@ -1082,15 +1077,18 @@ static int __init arch_hw_breakpoint_init(void)
> > register_undef_hook(&debug_reg_hook);
> >
> > /*
> > - * Reset the breakpoint resources. We assume that a halting
> > - * debugger will leave the world in a nice state for us.
> > + * Register CPU notifier which resets the breakpoint resources. We
> > + * assume that a halting debugger will leave the world in a nice state
> > + * for us.
> > */
> > - on_each_cpu(reset_ctrl_regs, NULL, 1);
> > + ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "arm/hw_breakpoint:online",
> > + dbg_reset_online, NULL);
>
> I'm slightly unsure about this. The dbg_reset_online callback can execute
> undefined instructions (unfortunately, there's no way to probe the presence
> of some of the debug registers), so it absolutely has to run within the
> register_undef_hook/unregister_undef_hook calls that are in this function.
>
> With this patch, I worry that the callback can be postponed to ONLINE time
> for other CPUs, and then the kernel will panic.

No. The flow is the following:

register_undef_hook(&debug_reg_hook);

ret = cpuhp_setup_state(.., dbg_reset_online, NULL);
{
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
ret = call_on_cpu(cpu, dbg_reset_online);
if (ret)
return ret:
}
}

unregister_undef_hook(&debug_reg_hook);

The only difference to the current code is that the call is not invoked via
a smp function call (on_each_cpu), it's pushed to the hotplug thread
context of each cpu and executed there.

But it's guaranteed that cpuhp_setup_state() will not return before the
callback has been invoked on each online cpu.

If cpus are not yet online when that code is invoked, then it's the same
behaviour as before. It will be invoked when the cpu comes online.

Thanks,

tglx

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