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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v3 13/20] x86: DMA support for memory encryption
On Wed, Nov 09, 2016 at 06:37:23PM -0600, Tom Lendacky wrote:
> Since DMA addresses will effectively look like 48-bit addresses when the
> memory encryption mask is set, SWIOTLB is needed if the DMA mask of the
> device performing the DMA does not support 48-bits. SWIOTLB will be
> initialized to create un-encrypted bounce buffers for use by these devices.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/dma-mapping.h | 5 ++-
> arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h | 5 +++
> arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c | 11 ++++---
> arch/x86/kernel/pci-nommu.c | 2 +
> arch/x86/kernel/pci-swiotlb.c | 8 ++++-
> arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c | 17 +++++++++++
> include/linux/swiotlb.h | 1 +
> init/main.c | 13 ++++++++
> lib/swiotlb.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 9 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/dma-mapping.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
> index 4446162..c9cdcae 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/dma-mapping.h
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
> #include <asm/io.h>
> #include <asm/swiotlb.h>
> #include <linux/dma-contiguous.h>
> +#include <asm/mem_encrypt.h>
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ISA
> # define ISA_DMA_BIT_MASK DMA_BIT_MASK(24)
> @@ -69,12 +70,12 @@ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size)
>
> static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr)
> {
> - return paddr;
> + return paddr | sme_me_mask;
> }
>
> static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t daddr)
> {
> - return daddr;
> + return daddr & ~sme_me_mask;
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_X86_DMA_REMAP */
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
> index d544481..a024451 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mem_encrypt.h
> @@ -35,6 +35,11 @@ void __init sme_encrypt_ramdisk(resource_size_t paddr,
>
> void __init sme_early_init(void);
>
> +/* Architecture __weak replacement functions */
> +void __init mem_encrypt_init(void);
> +
> +void swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(void *vaddr, unsigned long size);
> +
> #define __sme_pa(x) (__pa((x)) | sme_me_mask)
> #define __sme_pa_nodebug(x) (__pa_nodebug((x)) | sme_me_mask)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c
> index d30c377..0ce28df 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c
> @@ -92,9 +92,12 @@ again:
> /* CMA can be used only in the context which permits sleeping */
> if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(flag)) {
> page = dma_alloc_from_contiguous(dev, count, get_order(size));
> - if (page && page_to_phys(page) + size > dma_mask) {
> - dma_release_from_contiguous(dev, page, count);
> - page = NULL;
> + if (page) {
> + addr = phys_to_dma(dev, page_to_phys(page));
> + if (addr + size > dma_mask) {
> + dma_release_from_contiguous(dev, page, count);
> + page = NULL;
> + }
> }
> }
> /* fallback */
> @@ -103,7 +106,7 @@ again:
> if (!page)
> return NULL;
>
> - addr = page_to_phys(page);
> + addr = phys_to_dma(dev, page_to_phys(page));
> if (addr + size > dma_mask) {
> __free_pages(page, get_order(size));
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-nommu.c b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-nommu.c
> index 00e71ce..922c10d 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-nommu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-nommu.c
> @@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ static dma_addr_t nommu_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> enum dma_data_direction dir,
> unsigned long attrs)
> {
> - dma_addr_t bus = page_to_phys(page) + offset;
> + dma_addr_t bus = phys_to_dma(dev, page_to_phys(page)) + offset;
> WARN_ON(size == 0);
> if (!check_addr("map_single", dev, bus, size))
> return DMA_ERROR_CODE;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-swiotlb.c b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-swiotlb.c
> index b47edb8..34a9e524 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/pci-swiotlb.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/pci-swiotlb.c
> @@ -12,6 +12,8 @@
> #include <asm/dma.h>
> #include <asm/xen/swiotlb-xen.h>
> #include <asm/iommu_table.h>
> +#include <asm/mem_encrypt.h>
> +
> int swiotlb __read_mostly;
>
> void *x86_swiotlb_alloc_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
> @@ -64,13 +66,15 @@ static struct dma_map_ops swiotlb_dma_ops = {
> * pci_swiotlb_detect_override - set swiotlb to 1 if necessary
> *
> * This returns non-zero if we are forced to use swiotlb (by the boot
> - * option).
> + * option). If memory encryption is enabled then swiotlb will be set
> + * to 1 so that bounce buffers are allocated and used for devices that
> + * do not support the addressing range required for the encryption mask.
> */
> int __init pci_swiotlb_detect_override(void)
> {
> int use_swiotlb = swiotlb | swiotlb_force;
>
> - if (swiotlb_force)
> + if (swiotlb_force || sme_me_mask)
> swiotlb = 1;
>
> return use_swiotlb;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
> index 41cfdf9..e351003 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
> #include <linux/linkage.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> #include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
> +#include <linux/swiotlb.h>
>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> #include <asm/fixmap.h>
> @@ -240,3 +242,18 @@ void __init sme_early_init(void)
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(protection_map); i++)
> protection_map[i] = __pgprot(pgprot_val(protection_map[i]) | sme_me_mask);
> }
> +
> +/* Architecture __weak replacement functions */
> +void __init mem_encrypt_init(void)
> +{
> + if (!sme_me_mask)
> + return;
> +
> + /* Make SWIOTLB use an unencrypted DMA area */
> + swiotlb_clear_encryption();
> +}
> +
> +void swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(void *vaddr, unsigned long size)
> +{
> + sme_set_mem_unenc(vaddr, size);
> +}
> diff --git a/include/linux/swiotlb.h b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> index 5f81f8a..5c909fc 100644
> --- a/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ int swiotlb_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs, int verbose);
> extern unsigned long swiotlb_nr_tbl(void);
> unsigned long swiotlb_size_or_default(void);
> extern int swiotlb_late_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs);
> +extern void __init swiotlb_clear_encryption(void);
>
> /*
> * Enumeration for sync targets
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index a8a58e2..ae37f0d 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -458,6 +458,10 @@ void __init __weak thread_stack_cache_init(void)
> }
> #endif
>
> +void __init __weak mem_encrypt_init(void)
> +{
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Set up kernel memory allocators
> */
> @@ -598,6 +602,15 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> */
> locking_selftest();
>
> + /*
> + * This needs to be called before any devices perform DMA
> + * operations that might use the swiotlb bounce buffers.
> + * This call will mark the bounce buffers as un-encrypted so
> + * that their usage will not cause "plain-text" data to be
> + * decrypted when accessed.
> + */
> + mem_encrypt_init();
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
> if (initrd_start && !initrd_below_start_ok &&
> page_to_pfn(virt_to_page((void *)initrd_start)) < min_low_pfn) {
> diff --git a/lib/swiotlb.c b/lib/swiotlb.c
> index 22e13a0..638e99c 100644
> --- a/lib/swiotlb.c
> +++ b/lib/swiotlb.c
> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
> #include <linux/highmem.h>
> #include <linux/gfp.h>
> #include <linux/scatterlist.h>
> +#include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
>
> #include <asm/io.h>
> #include <asm/dma.h>
> @@ -131,6 +132,17 @@ unsigned long swiotlb_size_or_default(void)
> return size ? size : (IO_TLB_DEFAULT_SIZE);
> }
>
> +void __weak swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(void *vaddr, unsigned long size)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +/* For swiotlb, clear memory encryption mask from dma addresses */
> +static dma_addr_t swiotlb_phys_to_dma(struct device *hwdev,
> + phys_addr_t address)
> +{
> + return phys_to_dma(hwdev, address) & ~sme_me_mask;
> +}
> +
> /* Note that this doesn't work with highmem page */
> static dma_addr_t swiotlb_virt_to_bus(struct device *hwdev,
> volatile void *address)
> @@ -159,6 +171,31 @@ void swiotlb_print_info(void)
> bytes >> 20, vstart, vend - 1);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * If memory encryption is active, the DMA address for an encrypted page may
> + * be beyond the range of the device. If bounce buffers are required be sure
> + * that they are not on an encrypted page. This should be called before the
> + * iotlb area is used.

Makes sense, but I think at least a dmesg warning here
might be a good idea.

A boot flag that says "don't enable devices that don't support
encryption" might be a good idea, too, since most people
don't read dmesg output and won't notice the message.


> + */
> +void __init swiotlb_clear_encryption(void)
> +{
> + void *vaddr;
> + unsigned long bytes;
> +
> + if (no_iotlb_memory || !io_tlb_start || late_alloc)
> + return;
> +
> + vaddr = phys_to_virt(io_tlb_start);
> + bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT);
> + swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(vaddr, bytes);
> + memset(vaddr, 0, bytes);
> +
> + vaddr = phys_to_virt(io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
> + bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_overflow);
> + swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(vaddr, bytes);
> + memset(vaddr, 0, bytes);
> +}
> +
> int __init swiotlb_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs, int verbose)
> {
> void *v_overflow_buffer;
> @@ -294,6 +331,8 @@ swiotlb_late_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs)
> io_tlb_start = virt_to_phys(tlb);
> io_tlb_end = io_tlb_start + bytes;
>
> + /* Keep TLB in unencrypted memory if memory encryption is active */
> + swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(tlb, bytes);
> memset(tlb, 0, bytes);
>
> /*
> @@ -304,6 +343,9 @@ swiotlb_late_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs)
> if (!v_overflow_buffer)
> goto cleanup2;
>
> + /* Keep overflow in unencrypted memory if memory encryption is active */
> + swiotlb_set_mem_unenc(v_overflow_buffer, io_tlb_overflow);
> + memset(v_overflow_buffer, 0, io_tlb_overflow);
> io_tlb_overflow_buffer = virt_to_phys(v_overflow_buffer);
>
> /*
> @@ -541,7 +583,7 @@ static phys_addr_t
> map_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t phys, size_t size,
> enum dma_data_direction dir)
> {
> - dma_addr_t start_dma_addr = phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_start);
> + dma_addr_t start_dma_addr = swiotlb_phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_start);
>
> return swiotlb_tbl_map_single(hwdev, start_dma_addr, phys, size, dir);
> }
> @@ -659,7 +701,7 @@ swiotlb_alloc_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
> goto err_warn;
>
> ret = phys_to_virt(paddr);
> - dev_addr = phys_to_dma(hwdev, paddr);
> + dev_addr = swiotlb_phys_to_dma(hwdev, paddr);
>
> /* Confirm address can be DMA'd by device */
> if (dev_addr + size - 1 > dma_mask) {
> @@ -758,15 +800,15 @@ dma_addr_t swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> map = map_single(dev, phys, size, dir);
> if (map == SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR) {
> swiotlb_full(dev, size, dir, 1);
> - return phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
> + return swiotlb_phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
> }
>
> - dev_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, map);
> + dev_addr = swiotlb_phys_to_dma(dev, map);
>
> /* Ensure that the address returned is DMA'ble */
> if (!dma_capable(dev, dev_addr, size)) {
> swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, map, size, dir);
> - return phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
> + return swiotlb_phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
> }
>
> return dev_addr;
> @@ -901,7 +943,7 @@ swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
> sg_dma_len(sgl) = 0;
> return 0;
> }
> - sg->dma_address = phys_to_dma(hwdev, map);
> + sg->dma_address = swiotlb_phys_to_dma(hwdev, map);
> } else
> sg->dma_address = dev_addr;
> sg_dma_len(sg) = sg->length;
> @@ -985,7 +1027,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device);
> int
> swiotlb_dma_mapping_error(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dma_addr)
> {
> - return (dma_addr == phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer));
> + return (dma_addr == swiotlb_phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer));
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_dma_mapping_error);
>
> @@ -998,6 +1040,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_dma_mapping_error);
> int
> swiotlb_dma_supported(struct device *hwdev, u64 mask)
> {
> - return phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_end - 1) <= mask;
> + return swiotlb_phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_end - 1) <= mask;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_dma_supported);
>
> --
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