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Subject[PATCH 3.16 241/346] ALSA: timer: fix NULL pointer dereference in read()/ioctl() race
3.16.39-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Vegard Nossum <>

commit 11749e086b2766cccf6217a527ef5c5604ba069c upstream.

I got this with syzkaller:

BUG: KASAN: null-ptr-deref on address 0000000000000020
Read of size 32 by task syz-executor/22519
CPU: 1 PID: 22519 Comm: syz-executor Not tainted 4.8.0-rc2+ #169
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 04/01/2
0000000000000001 ffff880111a17a00 ffffffff81f9f141 ffff880111a17a90
ffff880111a17c50 ffff880114584a58 ffff880114584a10 ffff880111a17a80
ffffffff8161fe3f ffff880100000000 ffff880118d74a48 ffff880118d74a68
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff81f9f141>] dump_stack+0x83/0xb2
[<ffffffff8161fe3f>] kasan_report_error+0x41f/0x4c0
[<ffffffff8161ff74>] kasan_report+0x34/0x40
[<ffffffff82c84b54>] ? snd_timer_user_read+0x554/0x790
[<ffffffff8161e79e>] check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1a0
[<ffffffff8161e9c1>] kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20
[<ffffffff82c84b54>] snd_timer_user_read+0x554/0x790
[<ffffffff82c84600>] ? snd_timer_user_info_compat.isra.5+0x2b0/0x2b0
[<ffffffff817d0831>] ? proc_fault_inject_write+0x1c1/0x250
[<ffffffff817d0670>] ? next_tgid+0x2a0/0x2a0
[<ffffffff8127c278>] ? do_group_exit+0x108/0x330
[<ffffffff8174653a>] ? fsnotify+0x72a/0xca0
[<ffffffff81674dfe>] __vfs_read+0x10e/0x550
[<ffffffff82c84600>] ? snd_timer_user_info_compat.isra.5+0x2b0/0x2b0
[<ffffffff81674cf0>] ? do_sendfile+0xc50/0xc50
[<ffffffff81745e10>] ? __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags+0x60/0x60
[<ffffffff8143fec6>] ? kcov_ioctl+0x56/0x190
[<ffffffff81e5ada2>] ? common_file_perm+0x2e2/0x380
[<ffffffff81746b0e>] ? __fsnotify_parent+0x5e/0x2b0
[<ffffffff81d93536>] ? security_file_permission+0x86/0x1e0
[<ffffffff816728f5>] ? rw_verify_area+0xe5/0x2b0
[<ffffffff81675355>] vfs_read+0x115/0x330
[<ffffffff81676371>] SyS_read+0xd1/0x1a0
[<ffffffff816762a0>] ? vfs_write+0x4b0/0x4b0
[<ffffffff82001c2c>] ? __this_cpu_preempt_check+0x1c/0x20
[<ffffffff8150455a>] ? __context_tracking_exit.part.4+0x3a/0x1e0
[<ffffffff816762a0>] ? vfs_write+0x4b0/0x4b0
[<ffffffff81005524>] do_syscall_64+0x1c4/0x4e0
[<ffffffff810052fc>] ? syscall_return_slowpath+0x16c/0x1d0
[<ffffffff83c3276a>] entry_SYSCALL64_slow_path+0x25/0x25

There are a couple of problems that I can see:

- ioctl(SNDRV_TIMER_IOCTL_SELECT), which potentially sets
tu->queue/tu->tqueue to NULL on memory allocation failure, so read()
would get a NULL pointer dereference like the above splat

- the same ioctl() can free tu->queue/to->tqueue which means read()
could potentially see (and dereference) the freed pointer

We can fix both by taking the ioctl_lock mutex when dereferencing
->queue/->tqueue, since that's always held over all the ioctl() code.

Just looking at the code I find it likely that there are more problems
here such as tu->qhead pointing outside the buffer if the size is
changed concurrently using SNDRV_TIMER_IOCTL_PARAMS.

Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <>
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <>
sound/core/timer.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

--- a/sound/core/timer.c
+++ b/sound/core/timer.c
@@ -1985,6 +1985,7 @@ static ssize_t snd_timer_user_read(struc

+ mutex_lock(&tu->ioctl_lock);
if (tu->tread) {
if (copy_to_user(buffer, &tu->tqueue[qhead],
sizeof(struct snd_timer_tread)))
@@ -1994,6 +1995,7 @@ static ssize_t snd_timer_user_read(struc
sizeof(struct snd_timer_read)))
err = -EFAULT;
+ mutex_unlock(&tu->ioctl_lock);

if (err < 0)
 \ /
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