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Subject[PATCH 3.16 329/346] arm64: perf: reject groups spanning multiple HW PMUs
3.16.39-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: "Suzuki K. Poulose" <>

commit 8fff105e13041e49b82f92eef034f363a6b1c071 upstream.

The perf core implicitly rejects events spanning multiple HW PMUs, as in
these cases the event->ctx will differ. However this validation is
performed after pmu::event_init() is called in perf_init_event(), and
thus pmu::event_init() may be called with a group leader from a
different HW PMU.

The ARM64 PMU driver does not take this fact into account, and when
validating groups assumes that it can call to_arm_pmu(event->pmu) for
any HW event. When the event in question is from another HW PMU this is
wrong, and results in dereferencing garbage.

This patch updates the ARM64 PMU driver to first test for and reject
events from other PMUs, moving the to_arm_pmu and related logic after
this test. Fixes a crash triggered by perf_fuzzer on Linux-4.0-rc2, with
a CCI PMU present:

Bad mode in Synchronous Abort handler detected, code 0x86000006 -- IABT (current EL)
CPU: 0 PID: 1371 Comm: perf_fuzzer Not tainted 3.19.0+ #249
Hardware name: V2F-1XV7 Cortex-A53x2 SMM (DT)
task: ffffffc07c73a280 ti: ffffffc07b0a0000 task.ti: ffffffc07b0a0000
PC is at 0x0
LR is at validate_event+0x90/0xa8
pc : [<0000000000000000>] lr : [<ffffffc000090228>] pstate: 00000145
sp : ffffffc07b0a3ba0

[< (null)>] (null)
[<ffffffc0000907d8>] armpmu_event_init+0x174/0x3cc
[<ffffffc00015d870>] perf_try_init_event+0x34/0x70
[<ffffffc000164094>] perf_init_event+0xe0/0x10c
[<ffffffc000164348>] perf_event_alloc+0x288/0x358
[<ffffffc000164c5c>] SyS_perf_event_open+0x464/0x98c
Code: bad PC value

Also cleans up the code to use the arm_pmu only when we know
that we are dealing with an arm pmu event.

Cc: Will Deacon <>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <>
Acked-by: Peter Ziljstra (Intel) <>
Signed-off-by: Suzuki K. Poulose <>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <>
arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c | 21 +++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
@@ -316,22 +316,31 @@ out:

static int
-validate_event(struct pmu_hw_events *hw_events,
- struct perf_event *event)
+validate_event(struct pmu *pmu, struct pmu_hw_events *hw_events,
+ struct perf_event *event)
- struct arm_pmu *armpmu = to_arm_pmu(event->pmu);
+ struct arm_pmu *armpmu;
struct hw_perf_event fake_event = event->hw;
struct pmu *leader_pmu = event->group_leader->pmu;

if (is_software_event(event))
return 1;

+ /*
+ * Reject groups spanning multiple HW PMUs (e.g. CPU + CCI). The
+ * core perf code won't check that the pmu->ctx == leader->ctx
+ * until after pmu->event_init(event).
+ */
+ if (event->pmu != pmu)
+ return 0;
if (event->pmu != leader_pmu || event->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
return 1;

if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF && !event->attr.enable_on_exec)
return 1;

+ armpmu = to_arm_pmu(event->pmu);
return armpmu->get_event_idx(hw_events, &fake_event) >= 0;

@@ -349,15 +358,15 @@ validate_group(struct perf_event *event)
memset(fake_used_mask, 0, sizeof(fake_used_mask));
fake_pmu.used_mask = fake_used_mask;

- if (!validate_event(&fake_pmu, leader))
+ if (!validate_event(event->pmu, &fake_pmu, leader))
return -EINVAL;

list_for_each_entry(sibling, &leader->sibling_list, group_entry) {
- if (!validate_event(&fake_pmu, sibling))
+ if (!validate_event(event->pmu, &fake_pmu, sibling))
return -EINVAL;

- if (!validate_event(&fake_pmu, event))
+ if (!validate_event(event->pmu, &fake_pmu, event))
return -EINVAL;

return 0;
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