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Subject[PATCH 2/9] mtd: spi-nor: add an alternative method to support memory >16MiB
Date
This patch provides an alternative mean to support memory above 16MiB
(128Mib) by replacing 3byte address op codes by their associated 4byte
address versions.

Using the dedicated 4byte address op codes doesn't change the internal
state of the SPI NOR memory as opposed to using other means such as
updating a Base Address Register (BAR) and sending command to enter/leave
the 4byte mode.

Hence when a CPU reset occurs, early bootloaders don't need to be aware
of BAR value or 4byte mode being enabled: they can still access the first
16MiB of the SPI NOR memory using the regular 3byte address op codes.

Signed-off-by: Cyrille Pitchen <cyrille.pitchen@atmel.com>
---
drivers/mtd/devices/serial_flash_cmds.h | 7 ---
drivers/mtd/devices/st_spi_fsm.c | 28 ++++-----
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c | 104 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h | 22 +++++--
4 files changed, 113 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/serial_flash_cmds.h b/drivers/mtd/devices/serial_flash_cmds.h
index f59a125295d0..8b81e15105dd 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/devices/serial_flash_cmds.h
+++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/serial_flash_cmds.h
@@ -18,19 +18,12 @@
#define SPINOR_OP_RDVCR 0x85

/* JEDEC Standard - Serial Flash Discoverable Parmeters (SFDP) Commands */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2 0xbb /* DUAL I/O READ */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4 0xeb /* QUAD I/O READ */
-
#define SPINOR_OP_WRITE 0x02 /* PAGE PROGRAM */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRITE_1_1_2 0xa2 /* DUAL INPUT PROGRAM */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRITE_1_2_2 0xd2 /* DUAL INPUT EXT PROGRAM */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRITE_1_1_4 0x32 /* QUAD INPUT PROGRAM */
#define SPINOR_OP_WRITE_1_4_4 0x12 /* QUAD INPUT EXT PROGRAM */

-/* READ commands with 32-bit addressing */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_2_2 0xbc
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_4_4 0xec
-
/* Configuration flags */
#define FLASH_FLAG_SINGLE 0x000000ff
#define FLASH_FLAG_READ_WRITE 0x00000001
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/st_spi_fsm.c b/drivers/mtd/devices/st_spi_fsm.c
index 5454b4113589..804313a33f2b 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/devices/st_spi_fsm.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/st_spi_fsm.c
@@ -507,13 +507,13 @@ static struct seq_rw_config n25q_read3_configs[] = {
* - 'FAST' variants configured for 8 dummy cycles (see note above.)
*/
static struct seq_rw_config n25q_read4_configs[] = {
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_4_4, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_4_4, 0, 4, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_4, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_4, 0, 1, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_2_2, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_2_2, 0, 2, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_2, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_2, 0, 1, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_FAST, SPINOR_OP_READ4_FAST, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_WRITE, SPINOR_OP_READ4, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 0},
- {0x00, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_4_4, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_4B, 0, 4, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_4, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4_4B, 0, 1, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_2_2, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2_4B, 0, 2, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_2, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2_4B, 0, 1, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_FAST, SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST_4B, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_WRITE, SPINOR_OP_READ_4B, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 0},
+ {0x00, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0},
};

/*
@@ -553,13 +553,13 @@ static int stfsm_mx25_en_32bit_addr_seq(struct stfsm_seq *seq)
* entering a state that is incompatible with the SPIBoot Controller.
*/
static struct seq_rw_config stfsm_s25fl_read4_configs[] = {
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_4_4, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_4_4, 0, 4, 4, 0x00, 2, 4},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_4, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_4, 0, 1, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_2_2, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_2_2, 0, 2, 2, 0x00, 4, 0},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_2, SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_2, 0, 1, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_FAST, SPINOR_OP_READ4_FAST, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 8},
- {FLASH_FLAG_READ_WRITE, SPINOR_OP_READ4, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 0},
- {0x00, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_4_4, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_4B, 0, 4, 4, 0x00, 2, 4},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_4, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4_4B, 0, 1, 4, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_2_2, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2_4B, 0, 2, 2, 0x00, 4, 0},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_1_1_2, SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2_4B, 0, 1, 2, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_FAST, SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST_4B, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 8},
+ {FLASH_FLAG_READ_WRITE, SPINOR_OP_READ_4B, 0, 1, 1, 0x00, 0, 0},
+ {0x00, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0},
};

static struct seq_rw_config stfsm_s25fl_write4_configs[] = {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
index 5c87b2d99507..423448c1c7a8 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
@@ -75,6 +75,10 @@ struct flash_info {
* bit. Must be used with
* SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK.
*/
+#define SPI_NOR_4B_OPCODES BIT(10) /*
+ * Use dedicated 4byte address op codes
+ * to support memory size above 128Mib.
+ */
};

#define JEDEC_MFR(info) ((info)->id[0])
@@ -188,6 +192,81 @@ static inline struct spi_nor *mtd_to_spi_nor(struct mtd_info *mtd)
return mtd->priv;
}

+
+struct spi_nor_address_entry {
+ u8 src_opcode;
+ u8 dst_opcode;
+};
+
+static u8 spi_nor_convert_opcode(u8 opcode,
+ const struct spi_nor_address_entry *entries,
+ size_t num_entries)
+{
+ int min, max;
+
+ min = 0;
+ max = num_entries - 1;
+ while (min <= max) {
+ int mid = (min + max) >> 1;
+ const struct spi_nor_address_entry *entry = &entries[mid];
+
+ if (opcode == entry->src_opcode)
+ return entry->dst_opcode;
+
+ if (opcode < entry->src_opcode)
+ max = mid - 1;
+ else
+ min = mid + 1;
+ }
+
+ /* No conversion found */
+ return opcode;
+}
+
+static u8 spi_nor_3to4_opcode(u8 opcode)
+{
+ /* MUST be sorted by 3byte opcode */
+#define ENTRY_3TO4(_opcode) { _opcode, _opcode##_4B }
+ static const struct spi_nor_address_entry spi_nor_3to4_table[] = {
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_PP), /* 0x02 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ), /* 0x03 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST), /* 0x0b */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_BE_4K), /* 0x20 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_PP_1_1_4), /* 0x32 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_PP_1_4_4), /* 0x38 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2), /* 0x3b */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_BE_32K), /* 0x52 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4), /* 0x6b */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2), /* 0xbb */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_SE), /* 0xd8 */
+ ENTRY_3TO4(SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4), /* 0xeb */
+ };
+#undef ENTRY_3TO4
+
+ return spi_nor_convert_opcode(opcode, spi_nor_3to4_table,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(spi_nor_3to4_table));
+}
+
+static void spi_nor_set_4byte_opcodes(struct spi_nor *nor,
+ const struct flash_info *info)
+{
+ /* Do some manufacturer fixups first */
+ switch (JEDEC_MFR(info)) {
+ case SNOR_MFR_SPANSION:
+ /* No small sector erase for 4-byte command set */
+ nor->erase_opcode = SPINOR_OP_SE;
+ nor->mtd.erasesize = info->sector_size;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ nor->read_opcode = spi_nor_3to4_opcode(nor->read_opcode);
+ nor->program_opcode = spi_nor_3to4_opcode(nor->program_opcode);
+ nor->erase_opcode = spi_nor_3to4_opcode(nor->erase_opcode);
+}
+
/* Enable/disable 4-byte addressing mode. */
static inline int set_4byte(struct spi_nor *nor, const struct flash_info *info,
int enable)
@@ -1476,27 +1555,10 @@ int spi_nor_scan(struct spi_nor *nor, const char *name, enum read_mode mode)
else if (mtd->size > 0x1000000) {
/* enable 4-byte addressing if the device exceeds 16MiB */
nor->addr_width = 4;
- if (JEDEC_MFR(info) == SNOR_MFR_SPANSION) {
- /* Dedicated 4-byte command set */
- switch (nor->flash_read) {
- case SPI_NOR_QUAD:
- nor->read_opcode = SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_4;
- break;
- case SPI_NOR_DUAL:
- nor->read_opcode = SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_2;
- break;
- case SPI_NOR_FAST:
- nor->read_opcode = SPINOR_OP_READ4_FAST;
- break;
- case SPI_NOR_NORMAL:
- nor->read_opcode = SPINOR_OP_READ4;
- break;
- }
- nor->program_opcode = SPINOR_OP_PP_4B;
- /* No small sector erase for 4-byte command set */
- nor->erase_opcode = SPINOR_OP_SE_4B;
- mtd->erasesize = info->sector_size;
- } else
+ if (JEDEC_MFR(info) == SNOR_MFR_SPANSION ||
+ info->flags & SPI_NOR_4B_OPCODES)
+ spi_nor_set_4byte_opcodes(nor, info);
+ else
set_4byte(nor, info, 1);
} else {
nor->addr_width = 3;
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
index c425c7b4c2a0..8b02fd7864d0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
@@ -43,9 +43,13 @@
#define SPINOR_OP_WRSR 0x01 /* Write status register 1 byte */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ 0x03 /* Read data bytes (low frequency) */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST 0x0b /* Read data bytes (high frequency) */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2 0x3b /* Read data bytes (Dual SPI) */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4 0x6b /* Read data bytes (Quad SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2 0x3b /* Read data bytes (Dual Output SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2 0xbb /* Read data bytes (Dual I/O SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4 0x6b /* Read data bytes (Quad Output SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4 0xeb /* Read data bytes (Quad I/O SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_PP 0x02 /* Page program (up to 256 bytes) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_1_1_4 0x32 /* Quad page program */
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_1_4_4 0x38 /* Quad page program */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K 0x20 /* Erase 4KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_PMC 0xd7 /* Erase 4KiB block on PMC chips */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_32K 0x52 /* Erase 32KiB block */
@@ -56,11 +60,17 @@
#define SPINOR_OP_RDFSR 0x70 /* Read flag status register */

/* 4-byte address opcodes - used on Spansion and some Macronix flashes. */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4 0x13 /* Read data bytes (low frequency) */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_FAST 0x0c /* Read data bytes (high frequency) */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_2 0x3c /* Read data bytes (Dual SPI) */
-#define SPINOR_OP_READ4_1_1_4 0x6c /* Read data bytes (Quad SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_4B 0x13 /* Read data bytes (low frequency) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_FAST_4B 0x0c /* Read data bytes (high frequency) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_2_4B 0x3c /* Read data bytes (Dual Output SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2_4B 0xbc /* Read data bytes (Dual I/O SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_4_4B 0x6c /* Read data bytes (Quad Output SPI) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_4B 0xec /* Read data bytes (Quad I/O SPI) */
#define SPINOR_OP_PP_4B 0x12 /* Page program (up to 256 bytes) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_1_1_4_4B 0x34 /* Quad page program */
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_1_4_4_4B 0x3e /* Quad page program */
+#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_4B 0x21 /* Erase 4KiB block */
+#define SPINOR_OP_BE_32K_4B 0x5c /* Erase 32KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_SE_4B 0xdc /* Sector erase (usually 64KiB) */

/* Used for SST flashes only. */
--
2.7.4
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