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Subject[PATCH v2 1/7] iio:core: add a callback to allow drivers to provide _available attributes
Date
From: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>

A large number of attributes can only take a limited range of values.
Currently in IIO this is handled by directly registering additional
*_available attributes thus providing this information to userspace.

It is desirable to provide this information via the core for much the same
reason this was done for the actual channel information attributes in the
first place. If it isn't there, then it can only really be accessed from
userspace. Other in kernel IIO consumers have no access to what valid
parameters are.

Two forms are currently supported:
* list of values in one particular IIO_VAL_* format.
e.g. 1.300000 1.500000 1.730000
* range specification with a step size:
e.g. [1.000000 0.500000 2.500000]
equivalent to 1.000000 1.5000000 2.000000 2.500000

An addition set of masks are used to allow different sharing rules for the
*_available attributes generated.

This allows for example:

in_accel_x_offset
in_accel_y_offset
in_accel_offset_available.

We could have gone with having a specification for each and every
info_mask element but that would have meant changing the existing userspace
ABI. This approach does not.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
[rather mindlessly forward ported from approx 3 years ago /peda]
Signed-off-by: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
---
drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c | 232 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
include/linux/iio/iio.h | 11 ++
include/linux/iio/types.h | 5 +
3 files changed, 223 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
index fc340ed3dca1..93c69ebeda1e 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
@@ -575,51 +575,41 @@ int of_iio_read_mount_matrix(const struct device *dev,
#endif
EXPORT_SYMBOL(of_iio_read_mount_matrix);

-/**
- * iio_format_value() - Formats a IIO value into its string representation
- * @buf: The buffer to which the formatted value gets written
- * @type: One of the IIO_VAL_... constants. This decides how the val
- * and val2 parameters are formatted.
- * @size: Number of IIO value entries contained in vals
- * @vals: Pointer to the values, exact meaning depends on the
- * type parameter.
- *
- * Return: 0 by default, a negative number on failure or the
- * total number of characters written for a type that belongs
- * to the IIO_VAL_... constant.
- */
-ssize_t iio_format_value(char *buf, unsigned int type, int size, int *vals)
+static ssize_t __iio_format_value(char *buf, unsigned int type,
+ int size, const int *vals)
{
unsigned long long tmp;
+ int tmp0, tmp1;
bool scale_db = false;

switch (type) {
case IIO_VAL_INT:
- return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", vals[0]);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d", vals[0]);
case IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO_DB:
scale_db = true;
case IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO:
if (vals[1] < 0)
- return sprintf(buf, "-%d.%06u%s\n", abs(vals[0]),
+ return sprintf(buf, "-%d.%06u%s", abs(vals[0]),
-vals[1], scale_db ? " dB" : "");
else
- return sprintf(buf, "%d.%06u%s\n", vals[0], vals[1],
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d.%06u%s", vals[0], vals[1],
scale_db ? " dB" : "");
case IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO:
if (vals[1] < 0)
- return sprintf(buf, "-%d.%09u\n", abs(vals[0]),
+ return sprintf(buf, "-%d.%09u", abs(vals[0]),
-vals[1]);
else
- return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u\n", vals[0], vals[1]);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u", vals[0], vals[1]);
case IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL:
tmp = div_s64((s64)vals[0] * 1000000000LL, vals[1]);
- vals[0] = (int)div_s64_rem(tmp, 1000000000, &vals[1]);
- return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u\n", vals[0], abs(vals[1]));
+ tmp1 = vals[1];
+ tmp0 = (int)div_s64_rem(tmp, 1000000000, &tmp1);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u", tmp0, abs(tmp1));
case IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2:
tmp = (s64)vals[0] * 1000000000LL >> vals[1];
- vals[1] = do_div(tmp, 1000000000LL);
- vals[0] = tmp;
- return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u\n", vals[0], vals[1]);
+ tmp1 = do_div(tmp, 1000000000LL);
+ tmp0 = tmp;
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d.%09u", tmp0, tmp1);
case IIO_VAL_INT_MULTIPLE:
{
int i;
@@ -628,13 +618,34 @@ ssize_t iio_format_value(char *buf, unsigned int type, int size, int *vals)
for (i = 0; i < size; ++i)
len += snprintf(&buf[len], PAGE_SIZE - len, "%d ",
vals[i]);
- len += snprintf(&buf[len], PAGE_SIZE - len, "\n");
return len;
}
default:
return 0;
}
}
+
+/**
+ * iio_format_value() - Formats a IIO value into its string representation
+ * @buf: The buffer to which the formatted value gets written
+ * @type: One of the IIO_VAL_... constants. This decides how the val
+ * and val2 parameters are formatted.
+ * @size: Number of IIO value entries contained in vals
+ * @vals: Pointer to the values, exact meaning depends on the
+ * type parameter.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 by default, a negative number on failure or the
+ * total number of characters written for a type that belongs
+ * to the IIO_VAL_... constant.
+ */
+ssize_t iio_format_value(char *buf, unsigned int type, int size, int *vals)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = __iio_format_value(buf, type, size, vals);
+
+ return len + sprintf(buf + len, "\n");
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iio_format_value);

static ssize_t iio_read_channel_info(struct device *dev,
@@ -662,6 +673,113 @@ static ssize_t iio_read_channel_info(struct device *dev,
return iio_format_value(buf, ret, val_len, vals);
}

+static ssize_t iio_format_avail_list(char *buf, const int *vals,
+ int type, int length)
+{
+ int i;
+ ssize_t len = 0;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case IIO_VAL_INT:
+ for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
+ len += __iio_format_value(buf + len, type, 1, &vals[i]);
+ if (i < length - 1)
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ " ");
+ else
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ "\n");
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ for (i = 0; i < length / 2; i++) {
+ len += __iio_format_value(buf + len,
+ type,
+ 2,
+ &vals[i * 2]);
+ if (i < length / 2 - 1)
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ " ");
+ else
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ "\n");
+ }
+ };
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t iio_format_avail_range(char *buf, const int *vals, int type)
+{
+ int i;
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "[");
+ switch (type) {
+ case IIO_VAL_INT:
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ len += __iio_format_value(buf + len, type, 1, &vals[i]);
+ if (i < 2)
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ " ");
+ else
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ "]\n");
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ len += __iio_format_value(buf + len,
+ type,
+ 2,
+ &vals[i * 2]);
+ if (i < 2)
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ " ");
+ else
+ len += snprintf(buf + len,
+ PAGE_SIZE - len,
+ "]\n");
+ }
+ };
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t iio_read_channel_info_avail(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_to_iio_dev(dev);
+ struct iio_dev_attr *this_attr = to_iio_dev_attr(attr);
+ const int *vals;
+ int ret;
+ int length;
+ int type;
+
+ ret = indio_dev->info->read_avail(indio_dev, this_attr->c,
+ &vals, &type, &length,
+ this_attr->address);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ switch (ret) {
+ case IIO_AVAIL_LIST:
+ return iio_format_avail_list(buf, vals, type, length);
+ case IIO_AVAIL_RANGE:
+ return iio_format_avail_range(buf, vals, type);
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
/**
* iio_str_to_fixpoint() - Parse a fixed-point number from a string
* @str: The string to parse
@@ -978,6 +1096,40 @@ static int iio_device_add_info_mask_type(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return attrcount;
}

+static int iio_device_add_info_mask_type_avail(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
+ enum iio_shared_by shared_by,
+ const long *infomask)
+{
+ int i, ret, attrcount = 0;
+ char *avail_postfix;
+
+ for_each_set_bit(i, infomask, sizeof(infomask) * 8) {
+ avail_postfix = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL,
+ "%s_available",
+ iio_chan_info_postfix[i]);
+ if (!avail_postfix)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = __iio_add_chan_devattr(avail_postfix,
+ chan,
+ &iio_read_channel_info_avail,
+ NULL,
+ i,
+ shared_by,
+ &indio_dev->dev,
+ &indio_dev->channel_attr_list);
+ kfree(avail_postfix);
+ if ((ret == -EBUSY) && (shared_by != IIO_SEPARATE))
+ continue;
+ else if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ attrcount++;
+ }
+
+ return attrcount;
+}
+
static int iio_device_add_channel_sysfs(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
struct iio_chan_spec const *chan)
{
@@ -993,6 +1145,14 @@ static int iio_device_add_channel_sysfs(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return ret;
attrcount += ret;

+ ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type_avail(indio_dev, chan,
+ IIO_SEPARATE,
+ &chan->
+ info_mask_separate_available);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ attrcount += ret;
+
ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type(indio_dev, chan,
IIO_SHARED_BY_TYPE,
&chan->info_mask_shared_by_type);
@@ -1000,6 +1160,14 @@ static int iio_device_add_channel_sysfs(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return ret;
attrcount += ret;

+ ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type_avail(indio_dev, chan,
+ IIO_SHARED_BY_TYPE,
+ &chan->
+ info_mask_shared_by_type_available);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ attrcount += ret;
+
ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type(indio_dev, chan,
IIO_SHARED_BY_DIR,
&chan->info_mask_shared_by_dir);
@@ -1007,6 +1175,13 @@ static int iio_device_add_channel_sysfs(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return ret;
attrcount += ret;

+ ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type_avail(indio_dev, chan,
+ IIO_SHARED_BY_DIR,
+ &chan->info_mask_shared_by_dir_available);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ attrcount += ret;
+
ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type(indio_dev, chan,
IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL,
&chan->info_mask_shared_by_all);
@@ -1014,6 +1189,13 @@ static int iio_device_add_channel_sysfs(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return ret;
attrcount += ret;

+ ret = iio_device_add_info_mask_type_avail(indio_dev, chan,
+ IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL,
+ &chan->info_mask_shared_by_all_available);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ attrcount += ret;
+
if (chan->ext_info) {
unsigned int i = 0;
for (ext_info = chan->ext_info; ext_info->name; ext_info++) {
diff --git a/include/linux/iio/iio.h b/include/linux/iio/iio.h
index b4a0679e4a49..c0f897084620 100644
--- a/include/linux/iio/iio.h
+++ b/include/linux/iio/iio.h
@@ -269,9 +269,13 @@ struct iio_chan_spec {
enum iio_endian endianness;
} scan_type;
long info_mask_separate;
+ long info_mask_separate_available;
long info_mask_shared_by_type;
+ long info_mask_shared_by_type_available;
long info_mask_shared_by_dir;
+ long info_mask_shared_by_dir_available;
long info_mask_shared_by_all;
+ long info_mask_shared_by_all_available;
const struct iio_event_spec *event_spec;
unsigned int num_event_specs;
const struct iio_chan_spec_ext_info *ext_info;
@@ -397,6 +401,13 @@ struct iio_info {
int *val_len,
long mask);

+ int (*read_avail)(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
+ const int **vals,
+ int *type,
+ int *length,
+ long mask_el);
+
int (*write_raw)(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
int val,
diff --git a/include/linux/iio/types.h b/include/linux/iio/types.h
index 32b579525004..2aa7b6384d64 100644
--- a/include/linux/iio/types.h
+++ b/include/linux/iio/types.h
@@ -29,4 +29,9 @@ enum iio_event_info {
#define IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL 10
#define IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2 11

+enum iio_available_type {
+ IIO_AVAIL_LIST,
+ IIO_AVAIL_RANGE,
+};
+
#endif /* _IIO_TYPES_H_ */
--
2.1.4
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