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SubjectRe: igb driver can cause cache invalidation of non-owned memory?
On Mon, Oct 10, 2016 at 5:27 AM, Nikita Yushchenko
<> wrote:
>>> Hmm... I'm not about device writing to memory.
>> This absolutely is about whether the device wrote into the
>> area or not.
> Not only.
>>> Sequence in igb driver is:
>>> dma_map(full_page)
>>> <device writes here>
>>> sync_to_cpu(half_page);
>>> skb_add_rx_frag(skb, half_page);
>>> napi_gro_receive(skb);
>>> ...
>>> dma_unmap(full_page)
>>> What I'm concerned about is - same area is first passed up to network
>>> stack, and _later_ dma_unmap()ed. Is this indeed safe?
>> dma_unmap() should never write anything unless the device has
>> meanwhile written to that chunk of memory.
> dma_unmap() for DMA_FROM_DEVICE never writes whatever to memory,
> regardless of what device did.
> dma_unmap() for DMA_FROM_DEVICE ensures that data written to memory
> by device (if any) is visible to CPU. Cache may contain stale data
> for that memory region. To drop that from cache, dma_unmap() for
> DMA_FROM_DEVICE does cache invalidation.
> static void arm_dma_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t handle,
> size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
> {
> if ((attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC) == 0)
> __dma_page_dev_to_cpu(pfn_to_page(dma_to_pfn(dev, handle)),
> handle & ~PAGE_MASK, size, dir);
> }
> static void __dma_page_dev_to_cpu(struct page *page, unsigned long off,
> size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
> {
> ...
> if (dir != DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
> outer_inv_range(paddr, paddr + size);
> dma_cache_maint_page(page, off, size, dir, dmac_unmap_area);
> }
> ...
> }
>> If the device made no intervening writes into the area, dma_unmap()
>> should not cause any data to be written to that area, period.
> I'm not about writing.
> I'm about just the opposite - dropping not-written data from cache.
> - napi_gro_receive(skb) passes area to upper layers of the network stack,
> - something in those layers - perhaps packet mangling or such - writes
> to the area,
> - this write enters cache but does not end into memory immediately,
> - at this moment, igb does dma_unmap(),
> - write that was in cache but not yet in memory gets lost.
>> In your example above, consider the case where the device never
>> writes into the memory area after sync_to_cpu(). In that case
>> there is nothing that dma_unmap() can possibly write.
>> All the data has been synced
> Non-synced data is write done by CPU executing upper layers of network stack,

The main reason why this isn't a concern for the igb driver is because
we currently pass the page up as read-only. We don't allow the stack
to write into the page by keeping the page count greater than 1 which
means that the page is shared. It isn't until we unmap the page that
the page count is allowed to drop to 1 indicating that it is writable.

That being said, we are hoping to make the pages writable but in order
to do so I was thinking of adding a new DMA API call that would
destroy the mapping without performing any cache invalidation or sync.
The general idea would be to create the mapping using the map call, to
sync the contents using sync_for_cpu, and then to destroy the mapping
using a destroy call instead of an unmap call. It would allow us to
use streaming mappings without having to worry about possibly
invalidating writes by other holders of the page.

- Alex

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