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Subject[PATCH] sched/numa: Fix use-after-free bug in the task_numa_compare
From: Gavin Guo <>

The following message can be observed on the Ubuntu v3.13.0-65 with KASan

BUG: KASan: use after free in task_numa_find_cpu+0x64c/0x890 at addr ffff880dd393ecd8
Read of size 8 by task qemu-system-x86/3998900
BUG kmalloc-128 (Tainted: G B ): kasan: bad access detected

INFO: Allocated in task_numa_fault+0xc1b/0xed0 age=41980 cpu=18 pid=3998890
INFO: Freed in task_numa_free+0x1d2/0x200 age=62 cpu=18 pid=0
INFO: Slab 0xffffea00374e4f00 objects=37 used=17 fp=0xffff880dd393ecb0 flags=0x6ffff0000004080
INFO: Object 0xffff880dd393ecb0 @offset=11440 fp=0xffff880dd393f700

Bytes b4 ffff880dd393eca0: 0c 00 00 00 18 00 00 00 af 63 3a 04 01 00 00 00 .........c:.....
Object ffff880dd393ecb0: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ecc0: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ecd0: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ece0: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ecf0: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ed00: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ed10: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk
Object ffff880dd393ed20: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b a5 kkkkkkkkkkkkkkk.
CPU: 61 PID: 3998900 Comm: qemu-system-x86 Tainted: G B 3.13.0-65-generic #105
Hardware name: Supermicro X8QB6/X8QB6, BIOS 2.0c 06/11/2
ffffea00374e4f00 ffff8816c572b420 ffffffff81a6ce35 ffff88045f00f500
ffff8816c572b450 ffffffff81244aed ffff88045f00f500 ffffea00374e4f00
ffff880dd393ecb0 0000000000000012 ffff8816c572b478 ffffffff8124ac36
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff81a6ce35>] dump_stack+0x45/0x56
[<ffffffff81244aed>] print_trailer+0xfd/0x170
[<ffffffff8124ac36>] object_err+0x36/0x40
[<ffffffff8124cbf9>] kasan_report_error+0x1e9/0x3a0
[<ffffffff8124d260>] kasan_report+0x40/0x50
[<ffffffff810dda7c>] ? task_numa_find_cpu+0x64c/0x890
[<ffffffff8124bee9>] __asan_load8+0x69/0xa0
[<ffffffff814f5c38>] ? find_next_bit+0xd8/0x120
[<ffffffff810dda7c>] task_numa_find_cpu+0x64c/0x890
[<ffffffff810de16c>] task_numa_migrate+0x4ac/0x7b0
[<ffffffff810de523>] numa_migrate_preferred+0xb3/0xc0
[<ffffffff810e0b88>] task_numa_fault+0xb88/0xed0
[<ffffffff8120ef02>] do_numa_page+0x192/0x200
[<ffffffff81211038>] handle_mm_fault+0x808/0x1160
[<ffffffff810d7dbd>] ? sched_clock_cpu+0x10d/0x160
[<ffffffff81068c52>] ? native_load_tls+0x82/0xa0
[<ffffffff81a7bd68>] __do_page_fault+0x218/0x750
[<ffffffff810c2186>] ? hrtimer_try_to_cancel+0x76/0x160
[<ffffffff81a6f5e7>] ? schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock.part.24+0xf7/0x1c0
[<ffffffff81a7c2ba>] do_page_fault+0x1a/0x70
[<ffffffff81a772e8>] page_fault+0x28/0x30
[<ffffffff8128cbd4>] ? do_sys_poll+0x1c4/0x6d0
[<ffffffff810e64f6>] ? enqueue_task_fair+0x4b6/0xaa0
[<ffffffff810233c9>] ? sched_clock+0x9/0x10
[<ffffffff810cf70a>] ? resched_task+0x7a/0xc0
[<ffffffff810d0663>] ? check_preempt_curr+0xb3/0x130
[<ffffffff8128b5c0>] ? poll_select_copy_remaining+0x170/0x170
[<ffffffff810d3bc0>] ? wake_up_state+0x10/0x20
[<ffffffff8112a28f>] ? drop_futex_key_refs.isra.14+0x1f/0x90
[<ffffffff8112d40e>] ? futex_requeue+0x3de/0xba0
[<ffffffff8112e49e>] ? do_futex+0xbe/0x8f0
[<ffffffff81022c89>] ? read_tsc+0x9/0x20
[<ffffffff8111bd9d>] ? ktime_get_ts+0x12d/0x170
[<ffffffff8108f699>] ? timespec_add_safe+0x59/0xe0
[<ffffffff8128d1f6>] SyS_poll+0x66/0x1a0
[<ffffffff81a830dd>] system_call_fastpath+0x1a/0x1f
Memory state around the buggy address:
ffff880dd393eb80: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
ffff880dd393ec00: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
>ffff880dd393ec80: fc fc fc fc fc fc fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
ffff880dd393ed00: fb fb fb fb fb fb fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
ffff880dd393ed80: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc

As commit 1effd9f19324 ("sched/numa: Fix unsafe get_task_struct() in
task_numa_assign()") points out, the rcu_read_lock() cannot protect the
task_struct from being freed in the finish_task_switch(). And the bug
happens in the process of calculation of imp which requires the access of
p->numa_faults being freed in the following path:

current->flags |= PF_EXITING;
rq->curr = next;

The fix here to get_task_struct() early before end of dst_rq->lock to
protect the calculation process and also put_task_struct() in the
corresponding point if finally the dst_rq->curr somehow cannot be

Signed-off-by: Gavin Guo <>
Signed-off-by: Liang Chen <>
Currently, the bug still haven't been observed on the upstream kernel with
KASan enabled. However, even in the Ubuntu v3.13.0-65, we took about 1
week or more to reproduce the bug. After comparing the source between
v3.13.0-65 and latest mainline kernel, there seems not much difference in
the logic of task_numa_compare. So, it has possibilities to happen in the
tricky case.
kernel/sched/fair.c | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 1926606..6ef4033 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -1220,8 +1220,6 @@ static void task_numa_assign(struct task_numa_env *env,
if (env->best_task)
- if (p)
- get_task_struct(p);

env->best_task = p;
env->best_imp = imp;
@@ -1289,20 +1287,29 @@ static void task_numa_compare(struct task_numa_env *env,
long imp = env->p->numa_group ? groupimp : taskimp;
long moveimp = imp;
int dist = env->dist;
+ bool assigned = false;


cur = dst_rq->curr;
- * No need to move the exiting task, and this ensures that ->curr
- * wasn't reaped and thus get_task_struct() in task_numa_assign()
- * is safe under RCU read lock.
- * Note that rcu_read_lock() itself can't protect from the final
- * put_task_struct() after the last schedule().
+ * No need to move the exiting task or idle task.
if ((cur->flags & PF_EXITING) || is_idle_task(cur))
cur = NULL;
+ else
+ /*
+ * The task_struct must be protected here to protect the
+ * p->numa_faults access in the task_weight since the
+ * numa_faults could already be freed in the following path:
+ * finish_task_switch()
+ * --> put_task_struct()
+ * --> __put_task_struct()
+ * --> task_numa_free()
+ */
+ get_task_struct(cur);

@@ -1386,6 +1393,7 @@ balance:
if (!load_too_imbalanced(src_load, dst_load, env)) {
imp = moveimp - 1;
+ put_task_struct(cur);
cur = NULL;
goto assign;
@@ -1411,9 +1419,16 @@ balance:
env->dst_cpu = select_idle_sibling(env->p, env->dst_cpu);

+ assigned = true;
task_numa_assign(env, cur, imp);
+ /*
+ * The dst_rq->curr isn't assigned. The protection for task_struct is
+ * finished.
+ */
+ if (cur && !assigned)
+ put_task_struct(cur);

static void task_numa_find_cpu(struct task_numa_env *env,

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