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Subject[PATCH v3 11/21] arm64: avoid R_AARCH64_ABS64 relocations for Image header fields
Date
Unfortunately, the current way of using the linker to emit build time
constants into the Image header will no longer work once we switch to
the use of PIE executables. The reason is that such constants are emitted
into the binary using R_AARCH64_ABS64 relocations, which we will resolve
at runtime, not at build time, and the places targeted by those
relocations will contain zeroes before that.

So move back to assembly time constants or R_AARCH64_ABS32 relocations
(which, interestingly enough, do get resolved at build time)

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h | 15 ++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/head.S | 17 +++++++--
arch/arm64/kernel/image.h | 37 ++++++--------------
3 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
index d8bfcc1ce923..e211af783a3d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -222,4 +222,19 @@ lr .req x30 // link register
.size __pi_##x, . - x; \
ENDPROC(x)

+ .macro le16, val
+ .byte \val & 0xff
+ .byte (\val >> 8) & 0xff
+ .endm
+
+ .macro le32, val
+ le16 \val
+ le16 (\val >> 16)
+ .endm
+
+ .macro le64, val
+ le32 \val
+ le32 (\val >> 32)
+ .endm
+
#endif /* __ASM_ASSEMBLER_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
index 350515276541..211f75e673f4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
@@ -51,6 +51,17 @@
#define KERNEL_START _text
#define KERNEL_END _end

+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
+#define __HEAD_FLAG_BE 1
+#else
+#define __HEAD_FLAG_BE 0
+#endif
+
+#define __HEAD_FLAG_PAGE_SIZE ((PAGE_SHIFT - 10) / 2)
+
+#define __HEAD_FLAGS ((__HEAD_FLAG_BE << 0) | \
+ (__HEAD_FLAG_PAGE_SIZE << 1))
+
/*
* Kernel startup entry point.
* ---------------------------
@@ -83,9 +94,9 @@ efi_head:
b stext // branch to kernel start, magic
.long 0 // reserved
#endif
- .quad _kernel_offset_le // Image load offset from start of RAM, little-endian
- .quad _kernel_size_le // Effective size of kernel image, little-endian
- .quad _kernel_flags_le // Informative flags, little-endian
+ le64 TEXT_OFFSET // Image load offset from start of RAM, little-endian
+ .long _kernel_size_le, 0 // Effective size of kernel image, little-endian
+ le64 __HEAD_FLAGS // Informative flags, little-endian
.quad 0 // reserved
.quad 0 // reserved
.quad 0 // reserved
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/image.h b/arch/arm64/kernel/image.h
index bc2abb8b1599..bb6b0e69d0a4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/image.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/image.h
@@ -26,41 +26,26 @@
* There aren't any ELF relocations we can use to endian-swap values known only
* at link time (e.g. the subtraction of two symbol addresses), so we must get
* the linker to endian-swap certain values before emitting them.
+ * Note that this will not work for 64-bit values: these are resolved using
+ * R_AARCH64_ABS64 relocations, which are fixed up at runtime rather than at
+ * build time when building the PIE executable (for KASLR).
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
-#define DATA_LE64(data) \
- ((((data) & 0x00000000000000ff) << 56) | \
- (((data) & 0x000000000000ff00) << 40) | \
- (((data) & 0x0000000000ff0000) << 24) | \
- (((data) & 0x00000000ff000000) << 8) | \
- (((data) & 0x000000ff00000000) >> 8) | \
- (((data) & 0x0000ff0000000000) >> 24) | \
- (((data) & 0x00ff000000000000) >> 40) | \
- (((data) & 0xff00000000000000) >> 56))
+#define DATA_LE32(data) \
+ ((((data) & 0x000000ff) << 24) | \
+ (((data) & 0x0000ff00) << 8) | \
+ (((data) & 0x00ff0000) >> 8) | \
+ (((data) & 0xff000000) >> 24))
#else
-#define DATA_LE64(data) ((data) & 0xffffffffffffffff)
+#define DATA_LE32(data) ((data) & 0xffffffff)
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
-#define __HEAD_FLAG_BE 1
-#else
-#define __HEAD_FLAG_BE 0
-#endif
-
-#define __HEAD_FLAG_PAGE_SIZE ((PAGE_SHIFT - 10) / 2)
-
-#define __HEAD_FLAGS ((__HEAD_FLAG_BE << 0) | \
- (__HEAD_FLAG_PAGE_SIZE << 1))
-
/*
* These will output as part of the Image header, which should be little-endian
- * regardless of the endianness of the kernel. While constant values could be
- * endian swapped in head.S, all are done here for consistency.
+ * regardless of the endianness of the kernel.
*/
#define HEAD_SYMBOLS \
- _kernel_size_le = DATA_LE64(_end - _text); \
- _kernel_offset_le = DATA_LE64(TEXT_OFFSET); \
- _kernel_flags_le = DATA_LE64(__HEAD_FLAGS);
+ _kernel_size_le = DATA_LE32(_end - _text);

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI

--
2.5.0
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