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Subject[PATCH v3 19/21] efi: stub: add implementation of efi_random_alloc()
Date
This implements efi_random_alloc(), which allocates a chunk of memory of
a certain size at a certain alignment, and uses the random_seed argument
it receives to randomize the offset of the allocation.

This is implemented by iterating over the UEFI memory map, counting the
number of suitable slots (aligned offsets) within each region, and picking
a random number between 0 and 'number of slots - 1' to select the slot,
This should guarantee that each possible offset is chosen equally likely.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h | 4 +
drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/random.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 89 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
index 206b7252b9d1..7a38e29da53d 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/efistub.h
@@ -46,4 +46,8 @@ void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
efi_status_t efi_get_random_bytes(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
unsigned long size, u8 *out);

+efi_status_t efi_random_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
+ unsigned long size, unsigned long align_bits,
+ unsigned long *addr, unsigned long random_seed);
+
#endif
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/random.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/random.c
index f539b1e31459..d4829824508c 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/random.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/random.c
@@ -33,3 +33,88 @@ efi_status_t efi_get_random_bytes(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,

return rng->get_rng(rng, NULL, size, out);
}
+
+/*
+ * Return a weight for a memory entry depending on how many offsets it covers
+ * that are suitably aligned and supply enough room for the allocation.
+ */
+static unsigned long get_entry_weight(efi_memory_desc_t *md, unsigned long size,
+ unsigned long align_bits)
+{
+ u64 start, end;
+
+ if (md->type != EFI_CONVENTIONAL_MEMORY)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB))
+ return 0;
+
+ start = round_up(md->phys_addr, 1 << align_bits);
+ end = round_down(md->phys_addr + md->num_pages * EFI_PAGE_SIZE - size,
+ 1 << align_bits);
+
+ if (start >= end)
+ return 0;
+
+ return (end - start) >> align_bits;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The UEFI memory descriptors have a virtual address field that is only used
+ * when installing the virtual mapping using SetVirtualAddressMap(). Since it
+ * is unused here, we can reuse it to keep track of each descriptor's weight.
+ */
+#define MD_WEIGHT(md) ((md)->virt_addr)
+
+efi_status_t efi_random_alloc(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
+ unsigned long size, unsigned long align_bits,
+ unsigned long *addr, unsigned long random_seed)
+{
+ unsigned long map_size, desc_size, max_weight = 0, target;
+ efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map;
+ efi_status_t status = EFI_NOT_FOUND;
+ int l;
+
+ status = efi_get_memory_map(sys_table_arg, &memory_map, &map_size,
+ &desc_size, NULL, NULL);
+ if (status != EFI_SUCCESS)
+ return status;
+
+ /* assign each entry in the memory map a weight */
+ for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size) {
+ efi_memory_desc_t *md = (void *)memory_map + l;
+ unsigned long weight;
+
+ weight = get_entry_weight(md, size, align_bits);
+ MD_WEIGHT(md) = weight;
+ max_weight += weight;
+ }
+
+ /* find a random number between 0 and max_weight */
+ target = (max_weight * (u16)random_seed) >> 16;
+
+ /* find the entry whose accumulated weight covers the target */
+ for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size) {
+ efi_memory_desc_t *md = (void *)memory_map + l;
+
+ if (target < MD_WEIGHT(md)) {
+ unsigned long pages;
+
+ *addr = round_up(md->phys_addr, 1 << align_bits) +
+ (target << align_bits);
+ pages = round_up(size, EFI_PAGE_SIZE) / EFI_PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ status = efi_call_early(allocate_pages,
+ EFI_ALLOCATE_ADDRESS,
+ EFI_LOADER_DATA,
+ pages,
+ (efi_physical_addr_t *)addr);
+ break;
+ }
+ target -= MD_WEIGHT(md);
+ }
+
+ efi_call_early(free_pool, memory_map);
+
+ return status;
+}
--
2.5.0
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