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SubjectRe: [GIT PULL v4.5] Fix INT1 recursion with unregistered breakpoints
On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 6:50 PM, Jeff Merkey <> wrote:
> On 1/11/16, Andy Lutomirski <> wrote:
>> On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 6:26 PM, Jeff Merkey <> wrote:
>>> On 1/11/16, Andy Lutomirski <> wrote:
>>>> On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 6:07 PM, Jeff Merkey <>
>>>> wrote:
>>>>> On 1/11/16, Andy Lutomirski <> wrote:
>>>>>> On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 5:30 PM, Jeff Merkey <>
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>> On 1/11/16, Andy Lutomirski <> wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Mon, Jan 11, 2016 at 4:44 PM, Jeff Merkey <>
>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Hi Thomas,
>>>>>>>>> I agree with #2, we should clear the breakpoint. As for #1, if
>>>>>>>>> there's an execute breakpoint it MUST be cleared or it will just
>>>>>>>>> fire
>>>>>>>>> off again when it sees the iretd from the int1 exception handler.
>>>>>>>>> I
>>>>>>>>> do use the breakpoint API Thomas, this showed up while debugging
>>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>>> testing the API with "lazy debug register switching".
>>>>>>>>> So do you want me to expand the patch and clear the breakpoint?
>>>>>>>>> Just
>>>>>>>>> give the word and I'll get busy and GIT -R- DONE.
>>>>>>>> It seems to me that you're papering over some issue instead of
>>>>>>>> fixing
>>>>>>>> the root cause. If you're using the API, then either you're doing
>>>>>>>> it
>>>>>>>> wrong or the API is broken. Can you figure out which and fix it?
>>>>>>>> --Andy
>>>>>>> Andy,
>>>>>>> Linux should not crash because someone triggered a breakpoint or one
>>>>>>> got triggered due to a program leaving some bits lying in a read only
>>>>>>> register (DR6) which for some strange reason someone in the linux
>>>>>>> world decided could be used as local storage and to pass arguments
>>>>>>> between subsystems - a register intel designed to be read from for
>>>>>>> status. I did not design what's in that API, I have to live with
>>>>>>> it.
>>>>>> The API appears to work, though. Are you *sure* you're using it
>>>>>> correctly? Are you telling the code in kernel/hw_breakpoint.c about
>>>>>> your breakpoint?
>>>>>>> So all I am asking is that we fix this issue. It does not matter
>>>>>>> to my debugger is this is fixed or not in Linux, since I carry the
>>>>>>> fix
>>>>>>> in my patch, but it does matter to the overall robustness of Linux.
>>>>>> Robust against what, exactly? What's the bug?
>>>>>> I will grant that the comments about lazy dr7 switching are
>>>>>> mystifying, and cleaning them up might be nice. But there's no
>>>>>> adequate explanation of what the failure mode is, how to trigger it,
>>>>>> or why your patch is a reasonable fix. As it stands, you're
>>>>>> duplicating code.
>>>>>> --Andy
>>>>> Andy,
>>>>> Couple of things:
>>>>> Would you like a copy of the test harness that creates this bug to
>>>>> test for yourself? I previously posted it on the list. If you don't
>>>>> have it, I'll provide it.
>>>> If you can send a short, buildable thing that triggers it, I'll read it.
>>>>> Since the dr6 bits get shifted around, it doesn't matter if the
>>>>> breakpoint was registered or not in the API because the broken handler
>>>>> will call NULL bp structures and crash whether its registered or not.
>>>> And what exactly does this have to do with anything? Your patch is
>>>> all about spurious breakpoints triggered by dr7 and should have
>>>> nothing much to do with the value in dr6. Unless dr6 is missing a bit
>>>> due to some issue, but you never suggested any problem like that.
>>> It's about setting the resume flag when an execute breakpoint occurs, no
>>> matter
>>> what caused the breakpoint. If is not set, the system will hang with
>>> that processor
>>> hung on the same execution address. You cannot have an int1 exception
>>> path
>>> that does not set the resume flag which is the case here -- there
>>> should be no path
>>> where this flag does not get set on an execute breakpoint.
>> There are many, many ways that one can corrupt kernel state to break
>> things. You could screw up IST state basically anywhere and crash.
>> You could screw up GSBASE. You could poke bad values into pt_regs in
>> a fast syscall and hit the infamous SYSRET failure. You can write a
>> buggy .fault handler that returns success and doesn't actually do
>> anything. And yes, you can set a bit in dr7 without telling the
>> hw_breakpoint code about it and thus infinite loop.
>> Meanwhile, you keep claiming that kernel has a bug and that the bug
>> can't be triggered without out-of-tree code. In my book, that's not a
>> bug.
> The handler that fails to set the resume flag is in tree code.

It's an unreachable code path.

>> If you want to submit a nice clean patch to hw_breakpoint_handler to
>> change the behavior on an unmatched breakpoint, then submit such a
>> patch and justify why (a) the new behavior is better and (b) why it
>> doesn't break any actual in-tree code.
> At last, a compromise -- accepted. In the meantime, put this patch in
> to get rid of the crash. I'll code up another series and you can help me by
> reviewing it and keeping me on my toes.

No, because it still doesn't fix a bug *and* it's not a cleanup.

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