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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/6] ebpf: add a seccomp program type
On 09/09/2015 05:50 PM, Tycho Andersen wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 04, 2015 at 02:08:37PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
>> On Fri, Sep 4, 2015 at 2:06 PM, Tycho Andersen
[...]
>>>> I was expecting to see a validator, similar to the existing BPF
>>>> validator that is called when creating seccomp filters currently. Can
>>>> we add a similar validator for new BPF_PROG_TYPE_SECCOMP?
>>>
>>> That's effectively what this patch does; when the eBPF is loaded via
>>> bpf(), you tell bpf() you want a BPF_PROG_TYPE_SECCOMP, and it invokes
>>> this validation/translation code, i.e. it uses
>>> seccomp_is_valid_access() to check and make sure access are aligned
>>> and inside struct seccomp_data.
>>
>> What about limiting the possible instructions?
>
> I totally overlooked this. A quick glance through the eBPF verifier
> makes me think that we can just add another function to struct
> bpf_verifier_ops called valid_instruction, which shouldn't be too
> hard. Perhaps a more interesting question is what to allow:

It's possible, but keep in mind that when you disallow various
instructions from the base insns set, you won't be able to leverage
filter creation in the minimal C subset via clang/llvm anymore, so
usability would suffer from this side, even if you just use clang/llvm
to create the raw insns and later keep them in your application
directly.

And if you later on decide to allow maps, etc, hacking this together
by hand is a bit of a pain. ;)

[ Restricting helper functions and ctx access, etc via bpf_verifier_ops
(as you can currently do) should not affect this. ]

> BPF_LD(X) and BPF_ST(X): it looks like all types of stores are
> allowed, and only BPF_MEM and BPF_IMM loads are allowed; I think
> these can stay the same. BPF_XADD is new in eBPF, and I don't think
> we need it for seccomp (yet), since we don't have any shared memory
> via maps.
>
> BPF_ALU: It looks like we're also not allowing regular BPF_ALU
> instruction BPF_MOD; eBPF adds a few ones: BPF_MOV (register move),
> BPF_ARSH (sign extended right shift), and BPF_END (endianness
> conversion), wich I think should all be safe. In particular, we need
> to allow BPF_MOV at least, since that's how the converter implements
> BPF_MISC | BPF_TAX from classic.
>
> BPF_ALU64: I think we can safely allow all these as above, since
> they're just the 64-bit versions.
>
> BPF_JMP: eBPF adds BPF_JNE, BPF_JSGT, BPF_JSGE, BPF_CALL, and
> BPF_EXIT, which I think all should be safe (except maybe BPF_CALL
> since we're not allowing functions really). Again we have to allow
> one of the new eBPF codes, as the converter implements BPF_RET as
> BPF_JMP | BPF_EXIT.
>
> Thoughts?
>
> Tycho



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