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SubjectRe: [PATCH linux-next v9 2/3] mfd: devicetree: add bindings for Atmel Flexcom
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Hi Rob,

Le 09/09/2015 01:40, Rob Herring a écrit :
> On 09/01/2015 09:46 AM, Cyrille Pitchen wrote:
>> This patch documents the DT bindings for the Atmel Flexcom which will be
>> introduced by sama5d2x SoCs. These bindings will be used by the actual
>> Flexcom driver to be sent in another patch.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Cyrille Pitchen <cyrille.pitchen@atmel.com>
>> Acked-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com>
>> Acked-by: Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@free-electrons.com>
>
> A few comments, but in general looks fine.
>
>> ---
>> .../devicetree/bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.txt | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 67 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.txt
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.txt
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..fc3511e41542
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.txt
>> @@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
>> +* Device tree bindings for Atmel Flexcom (Flexible Serial Communication Unit)
>> +
>> +The Atmel Flexcom is just a wrapper which embeds a SPI controller, an I2C
>> +controller and an USART. Only one function can be used at a time and is chosen
>> +at boot time according to the device tree.
>
> Doesn't the board design choose (unless pins go to a header)?
>

The function may be chosen once for all by the board design but if we take the
sama5d2 xplained board as an example, most Flexcoms output their pins to
headers.

>> +
>> +Required properties:
>> +- compatible: Should be "atmel,sama5d2-flexcom"
>> +- reg: Should be the offset/length value for Flexcom dedicated
>> + I/O registers (without USART, TWI or SPI registers).
>> +- clocks: Should be the Flexcom peripheral clock from PMC.
>> +- #address-cells: Should be <1>
>> +- #size-cells: Should be <1>
>> +- ranges: Should be one range for the full I/O register region
>> + (including USART, TWI and SPI registers).
>> +- atmel,flexcom-mode: Should be one of the 3 following macros as defined in
>> + include/dt-bindings/mfd/atmel-flexcom.h:
>> + - ATMEL_FLEXCOM_MODE_USART for USART
>> + - ATMEL_FLEXCOM_MODE_SPI for SPI
>> + - ATMEL_FLEXCOM_MODE_TWI for I2C
>> +
>> +Required child:
>> +a single child device of type matching the "atmel,flexcom-mode" property.
>
> Okay, but why not allow all children and use "status"?
>

That is exactly what was proposed in v6 of this series: allow more than one
child so possibly all children but only one "available" child (status =
"okay").

The Flexocm driver still needs to find out the type of device of this
available child to know which function is to be enabled (USART, I2C or SPI).
So the "compatible" attribute was parsed using strstr() to search on of the
patterns "usart", "spi" or "i2c".

However the use of strstr() was discussed to know whether the driver should
looks for a partial or an exact match of the "compatible" string.
An exact match would require to keep the Flexcom driver synchonized with the
3 other drivers every time one of them introduces a new compatibility string,
which whould have made every driver more difficult to maintain by creating a
useless dependency.
So this implementation relying on the "compatible" attribute was abandoned.

To sum up, no other reliable (and simple) means to guess/extact the device
type from its DT node was found so we got back to the "atmel,flexcom-mode"
property.

>> +
>> +The reg property of this child should be:
>> +- <0x200 0x200> for USART
>> +- <0x400 0x200> for SPI
>> +- <0x600 0x200> for I2C
>> +
>> +The phandle provided by the clocks property of the child is the same as one for
>> +the Flexcom parent.
>> +
>> +Other properties remain unchanged. See documentation of the respective device:
>> +- ../serial/atmel-usart.txt
>> +- ../spi/spi_atmel.txt
>> +- ../i2c/i2c-at91.txt
>> +
>> +Example:
>> +
>> +flexcom@f8034000 {
>> + compatible = "atmel,sama5d2-flexcom";
>> + reg = <0xf8034000 0x200>;
>> + clocks = <&flx0_clk>;
>> + #address-cells = <1>;
>> + #size-cells = <1>;
>> + ranges = <0x0 0xf8034000 0x800>;
>> + atmel,flexcom-mode = <ATMEL_FLEXCOM_MODE_SPI>;
>> +
>> + spi@400 {
>> + compatible = "atmel,at91rm9200-spi";
>> + reg = <0x400 0x200>;
>> + interrupts = <19 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH 7>;
>> + pinctrl-names = "default";
>> + pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_flx0_default>;
>> + #address-cells = <1>;
>> + #size-cells = <0>;
>> + clocks = <&flx0_clk>;
>> + clock-names = "spi_clk";
>> + atmel,fifo-size = <32>;
>> +
>> + mtd_dataflash@0 {
>> + compatible = "atmel,at25f512b";
>> + reg = <0>;
>> + spi-max-frequency = <20000000>;
>> + };
>> + };
>> +};
>>
>

Best Regards,

Cyrille


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