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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/5] coresight-stm: adding driver for CoreSight STM component
Adding Al Grant to the conversation - his knowledge on HW tracing for
the ARM architecture is definitely an asset for this kind of planning.
Please add him to future patchset as well.

On 31 March 2015 at 09:04, Alexander Shishkin
<> wrote:
> Mathieu Poirier <> writes:
>> On 30 March 2015 at 08:04, Alexander Shishkin
>> <> wrote:
>>> As it looks from the above snippet, you're using a stream of DATA
>>> packets for user's payload. I also noticed that you use an ioctl to
>>> trigger timestamps.
>> Right, the ioctl() conveys user space intentions on that channel.
>> Options are kept and applied on every packet for as long as the
>> channel is open.
> So this means that, for example, if you enable timestamps on a channel,
> then every single data packet on that channel will be timestamped, which
> is a lot of timestamps.

That is how the original coresight-stm driver was implemented. My
initial goal was to upstream something that could be used as a
conversation starter or a foundation to start building on. I had
planned to look into the protocol specification itself in later steps.
But addressing the issue now is just as worthy.

>Normally, you would only be interested in the
> timestamp on the first data packet in the message (or frame or however
> we decide to call it). This is one of the reasons why I'm suggesting a
> common framing scheme or a "protocol".
>>> Now, in the STP protocol there are, for example, marked data packets
>>> that can be used to mark beginning of a higher-level message,
>>> timestamped data packets that can be used to mean the same thing and
>>> FLAG packets to mark message boundaries.
>> Same on my side, I simply haven't included them yet. I'll do so in my
>> next iteration.
>>> In my Intel TH code, I'm using D*TS packet for the beginning of a
>>> message (or "frame") and FLAG packet for the the end of a message.

By the way, are you following the OST specification of this is a
scheme you came up with?

>>> So my question is, is there any specific STP framing pattern that you
>>> use with Coresight STM or should we perhaps figure out a generic framing
>>> pattern and make it part of the stm class as well?
>> Now specific pattern... Sending a packet consists of MARK, DATA, FLAG.
> Is this pattern mandated by a decoder that you use or is there any other
> reason why it's exactly that?

The driver was following the OST specification, or something close to
that. I don't have access to the standard itself and as such not in a
position to assert how accurate the implementation. That is one of
the reason I left it out of my patchset.

>>> For example, we can replace stm's .write callback with something like
>>> int (*packet)(struct stm_data *data,
>>> unsigned int type, /* data, flag, trig etc */
>>> unsigned int options, /* timestamped, marked */
>>> u64 payload);
>>> and let the stm core do the "framing", which, then, will be common and
>>> consistent across different architectures/stm implementations.
>> I think the framing should be left to individual drivers. It's only a
>> matter of time before we get a weird device that doesn't play well
>> with others, forcing to carry the ugliness in the STM core rather than
>> the driver.
> Not necessarily. If a device doesn't support one type of packet or the
> other, it will be up to them to work around that in the above .packet
> callback.
> As for the devices that don't play well, there's a question of how much
> one can violate the spec and still call oneself compliant.

I understand your point of view. On my side I'm trying to avoid
painting ourselves in the corner.

>> And isn't carrying "options" redundant? Using "container_of" on the
>> "data" field one can get back to the driver specific structure, which
>> is definitely a better place to keep that information. I think the
>> general structure looks good right now, we simply need to find a way
>> to get rid of the ioctls.
> No, what I mean by options here is a property of each individual packet,
> not the whole channel. For example, if I want the underlying driver to
> send a marked data packet, I do
> stm_data->packet(stm_data, STP_PACKET_D8, STP_OPTION_MARKED, payload);
> or if I want to send a timestamped flag, I do
> stm_data->packet(stm_data, STP_PACKET_FLAG, STP_OPTION_TS, 0);

Ah! It's getting clearer now.

> Like I said above, there seems little to be gained from enabling
> timestamps for all packets in one channel.
>> Regarding the same "options", how did you plan on getting those from user space?
> Ideally, if we have a framing convension, we don't need to get it from
> userspace at all, all userspace should care about is writing data to the
> character device and we wrap it up and feed it to the underlying driver.

What do you have in mind for "framing convention"? As mentioned above
codeAurora was using the OST specification but Al Grant tell me it
isn't supported anymore.

Thanks for the open dialogue,

> Regards,
> --
> Alex

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