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Subject[PATCH 14/21] userfaultfd: mcopy_atomic|mfill_zeropage: UFFDIO_COPY|UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE preparation
Date
This implements mcopy_atomic and mfill_zeropage that are the lowlevel
VM methods that are invoked respectively by the UFFDIO_COPY and
UFFDIO_ZEROPAGE userfaultfd commands.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/userfaultfd_k.h | 6 +
mm/Makefile | 1 +
mm/userfaultfd.c | 267 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 274 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 mm/userfaultfd.c

diff --git a/include/linux/userfaultfd_k.h b/include/linux/userfaultfd_k.h
index e1e4360..587480a 100644
--- a/include/linux/userfaultfd_k.h
+++ b/include/linux/userfaultfd_k.h
@@ -30,6 +30,12 @@
extern int handle_userfault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
unsigned int flags, unsigned long reason);

+extern ssize_t mcopy_atomic(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, unsigned long dst_start,
+ unsigned long src_start, unsigned long len);
+extern ssize_t mfill_zeropage(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
+ unsigned long dst_start,
+ unsigned long len);
+
/* mm helpers */
static inline bool is_mergeable_vm_userfaultfd_ctx(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_ctx)
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 3c1caa2..ea9828e 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -76,3 +76,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_EARLY_IOREMAP) += early_ioremap.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CMA) += cma.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_BALLOON) += balloon_compaction.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION) += page_ext.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_USERFAULTFD) += userfaultfd.o
diff --git a/mm/userfaultfd.c b/mm/userfaultfd.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f4c0ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/userfaultfd.c
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+/*
+ * mm/userfaultfd.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
+ * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/rmap.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
+#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+static int mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
+ pmd_t *dst_pmd,
+ struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma,
+ unsigned long dst_addr,
+ unsigned long src_addr)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ pte_t _dst_pte, *dst_pte;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ struct page *page;
+ void *page_kaddr;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, dst_vma, dst_addr);
+ if (!page)
+ goto out;
+
+ page_kaddr = kmap(page);
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *) src_addr,
+ PAGE_SIZE))
+ goto out_kunmap_release;
+ kunmap(page);
+
+ /*
+ * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that
+ * preceeding stores to the page contents become visible before
+ * the set_pte_at() write.
+ */
+ __SetPageUptodate(page);
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ if (mem_cgroup_try_charge(page, dst_mm, GFP_KERNEL, &memcg))
+ goto out_release;
+
+ _dst_pte = mk_pte(page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot);
+ if (dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+ _dst_pte = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(_dst_pte));
+
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ dst_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_addr, &ptl);
+ if (!pte_none(*dst_pte))
+ goto out_release_uncharge_unlock;
+
+ inc_mm_counter(dst_mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
+ page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, dst_vma, dst_addr);
+ mem_cgroup_commit_charge(page, memcg, false);
+ lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(page, dst_vma);
+
+ set_pte_at(dst_mm, dst_addr, dst_pte, _dst_pte);
+
+ /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
+ update_mmu_cache(dst_vma, dst_addr, dst_pte);
+
+ pte_unmap_unlock(dst_pte, ptl);
+ ret = 0;
+out:
+ return ret;
+out_release_uncharge_unlock:
+ pte_unmap_unlock(dst_pte, ptl);
+ mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg);
+out_release:
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ goto out;
+out_kunmap_release:
+ kunmap(page);
+ goto out_release;
+}
+
+static int mfill_zeropage_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
+ pmd_t *dst_pmd,
+ struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma,
+ unsigned long dst_addr)
+{
+ pte_t _dst_pte, *dst_pte;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ int ret;
+
+ _dst_pte = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(dst_addr),
+ dst_vma->vm_page_prot));
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ dst_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_addr, &ptl);
+ if (!pte_none(*dst_pte))
+ goto out_unlock;
+ set_pte_at(dst_mm, dst_addr, dst_pte, _dst_pte);
+ /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
+ update_mmu_cache(dst_vma, dst_addr, dst_pte);
+ ret = 0;
+out_unlock:
+ pte_unmap_unlock(dst_pte, ptl);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static pmd_t *mm_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd = NULL;
+
+ pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
+ pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, address);
+ if (pud)
+ /*
+ * Note that we didn't run this because the pmd was
+ * missing, the *pmd may be already established and in
+ * turn it may also be a trans_huge_pmd.
+ */
+ pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address);
+ return pmd;
+}
+
+static ssize_t __mcopy_atomic(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, unsigned long dst_start,
+ unsigned long src_start, unsigned long len,
+ bool zeropage)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma;
+ ssize_t err;
+ pmd_t *dst_pmd;
+ unsigned long src_addr, dst_addr;
+ long copied = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Sanitize the command parameters:
+ */
+ BUG_ON(dst_start & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ BUG_ON(len & ~PAGE_MASK);
+
+ /* Does the address range wrap, or is the span zero-sized? */
+ BUG_ON(src_start + len <= src_start);
+ BUG_ON(dst_start + len <= dst_start);
+
+ down_read(&dst_mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure the vma is not shared, that the dst range is
+ * both valid and fully within a single existing vma.
+ */
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ dst_vma = find_vma(dst_mm, dst_start);
+ if (!dst_vma || (dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
+ goto out;
+ if (dst_start < dst_vma->vm_start ||
+ dst_start + len > dst_vma->vm_end)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * Be strict and only allow __mcopy_atomic on userfaultfd
+ * registered ranges to prevent userland errors going
+ * unnoticed. As far as the VM consistency is concerned, it
+ * would be perfectly safe to remove this check, but there's
+ * no useful usage for __mcopy_atomic ouside of userfaultfd
+ * registered ranges. This is after all why these are ioctls
+ * belonging to the userfaultfd and not syscalls.
+ */
+ if (!dst_vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx.ctx)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME: only allow copying on anonymous vmas, tmpfs should
+ * be added.
+ */
+ if (dst_vma->vm_ops)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * Ensure the dst_vma has a anon_vma or this page
+ * would get a NULL anon_vma when moved in the
+ * dst_vma.
+ */
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(dst_vma)))
+ goto out;
+
+ for (src_addr = src_start, dst_addr = dst_start;
+ src_addr < src_start + len; ) {
+ pmd_t dst_pmdval;
+ BUG_ON(dst_addr >= dst_start + len);
+ dst_pmd = mm_alloc_pmd(dst_mm, dst_addr);
+ if (unlikely(!dst_pmd)) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ dst_pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(dst_pmd);
+ /*
+ * If the dst_pmd is mapped as THP don't
+ * override it and just be strict.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(dst_pmdval))) {
+ err = -EEXIST;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (unlikely(pmd_none(dst_pmdval)) &&
+ unlikely(__pte_alloc(dst_mm, dst_vma, dst_pmd,
+ dst_addr))) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+ /* If an huge pmd materialized from under us fail */
+ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(*dst_pmd))) {
+ err = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ BUG_ON(pmd_none(*dst_pmd));
+ BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*dst_pmd));
+
+ if (!zeropage)
+ err = mcopy_atomic_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma,
+ dst_addr, src_addr);
+ else
+ err = mfill_zeropage_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma,
+ dst_addr);
+
+ cond_resched();
+
+ if (!err) {
+ dst_addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ src_addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ copied += PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
+ err = -EINTR;
+ }
+ if (err)
+ break;
+ }
+
+out:
+ up_read(&dst_mm->mmap_sem);
+ BUG_ON(copied < 0);
+ BUG_ON(err > 0);
+ BUG_ON(!copied && !err);
+ return copied ? copied : err;
+}
+
+ssize_t mcopy_atomic(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, unsigned long dst_start,
+ unsigned long src_start, unsigned long len)
+{
+ return __mcopy_atomic(dst_mm, dst_start, src_start, len, false);
+}
+
+ssize_t mfill_zeropage(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long len)
+{
+ return __mcopy_atomic(dst_mm, start, 0, len, true);
+}

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