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Subject[PATCH 2/2] memory: jz4780-nemc: driver for the NEMC on JZ4780 SoCs
Date
From: Alex Smith <alex.smith@imgtec.com>

Add a driver for the NAND/External Memory Controller (NEMC) on JZ4780
and later SoCs.

The primary function of this driver is to configure parameters, such
as timings, for external memory devices using data supplied in the
device tree. Devices connected to the NEMC are represented in the DT
as children of the NEMC node, the driver uses optional properties
specified in these child nodes to configure the parameters of each
bank.

Signed-off-by: Alex Smith <alex@alex-smith.me.uk>
Signed-off-by: Zubair Lutfullah Kakakhel <Zubair.Kakakhel@imgtec.com>
---
drivers/memory/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/memory/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/memory/jz4780-nemc.c | 405 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/jz4780-nemc.h | 43 +++++
4 files changed, 458 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/memory/jz4780-nemc.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/jz4780-nemc.h

diff --git a/drivers/memory/Kconfig b/drivers/memory/Kconfig
index 191383d8..868036f 100644
--- a/drivers/memory/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/memory/Kconfig
@@ -83,6 +83,15 @@ config FSL_IFC
bool
depends on FSL_SOC

+config JZ4780_NEMC
+ bool "Ingenic JZ4780 SoC NEMC driver"
+ default y
+ depends on MACH_JZ4780
+ help
+ This driver is for the NAND/External Memory Controller (NEMC) in
+ the Ingenic JZ4780. This controller is used to handle external
+ memory devices such as NAND and SRAM.
+
source "drivers/memory/tegra/Kconfig"

endif
diff --git a/drivers/memory/Makefile b/drivers/memory/Makefile
index 6b65481..b670441 100644
--- a/drivers/memory/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/memory/Makefile
@@ -13,5 +13,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FSL_CORENET_CF) += fsl-corenet-cf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FSL_IFC) += fsl_ifc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MVEBU_DEVBUS) += mvebu-devbus.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEGRA20_MC) += tegra20-mc.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_JZ4780_NEMC) += jz4780-nemc.o

obj-$(CONFIG_TEGRA_MC) += tegra/
diff --git a/drivers/memory/jz4780-nemc.c b/drivers/memory/jz4780-nemc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..370dc7b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/memory/jz4780-nemc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,405 @@
+/*
+ * JZ4780 NAND/external memory controller (NEMC)
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2015 Imagination Technologies
+ * Author: Alex Smith <alex@alex-smith.me.uk>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/math64.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/of_platform.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+#include <linux/jz4780-nemc.h>
+
+#define NEMC_SMCRn(n) (0x14 + (((n) - 1) * 4))
+#define NEMC_NFCSR 0x50
+
+#define NEMC_SMCR_SMT BIT(0)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_BW_SHIFT 6
+#define NEMC_SMCR_BW_MASK (0x3 << NEMC_SMCR_BW_SHIFT)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_BW_8 (0 << 6)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAS_SHIFT 8
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAS_MASK (0xf << NEMC_SMCR_TAS_SHIFT)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAH_SHIFT 12
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAH_MASK (0xf << NEMC_SMCR_TAH_SHIFT)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TBP_SHIFT 16
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TBP_MASK (0xf << NEMC_SMCR_TBP_SHIFT)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAW_SHIFT 20
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TAW_MASK (0xf << NEMC_SMCR_TAW_SHIFT)
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TSTRV_SHIFT 24
+#define NEMC_SMCR_TSTRV_MASK (0x3f << NEMC_SMCR_TSTRV_SHIFT)
+
+#define NEMC_NFCSR_NFEn(n) BIT(((n) - 1) << 1)
+#define NEMC_NFCSR_NFCEn(n) BIT((((n) - 1) << 1) + 1)
+#define NEMC_NFCSR_TNFEn(n) BIT(16 + (n) - 1)
+
+struct jz4780_nemc {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct device *dev;
+ void __iomem *base;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ uint32_t clk_period;
+ unsigned long banks_present;
+};
+
+/**
+ * jz4780_nemc_num_banks() - count the number of banks referenced by a device
+ * @dev: device to count banks for, must be a child of the NEMC.
+ *
+ * Return: The number of unique NEMC banks referred to by the specified NEMC
+ * child device. Unique here means that a device that references the same bank
+ * multiple times in the its "reg" property will only count once.
+ */
+unsigned int jz4780_nemc_num_banks(struct device *dev)
+{
+ const __be32 *prop;
+ unsigned int bank, count = 0;
+ unsigned long referenced = 0;
+ int i = 0;
+
+ while ((prop = of_get_address(dev->of_node, i++, NULL, NULL))) {
+ bank = of_read_number(prop, 1);
+ if (!(referenced & BIT(bank))) {
+ referenced |= BIT(bank);
+ count++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return count;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(jz4780_nemc_num_banks);
+
+/**
+ * jz4780_nemc_set_type() - set the type of device connected to a bank
+ * @dev: child device of the NEMC.
+ * @bank: bank number to configure.
+ * @type: type of device connected to the bank.
+ */
+void jz4780_nemc_set_type(struct device *dev, unsigned int bank,
+ enum jz4780_nemc_bank_type type)
+{
+ struct jz4780_nemc *nemc = dev_get_drvdata(dev->parent);
+ uint32_t nfcsr;
+
+ nfcsr = readl(nemc->base + NEMC_NFCSR);
+
+ /* TODO: Support toggle NAND devices. */
+ switch (type) {
+ case JZ47XX_NEMC_BANK_SRAM:
+ nfcsr &= ~(NEMC_NFCSR_TNFEn(bank) | NEMC_NFCSR_NFEn(bank));
+ break;
+ case JZ47XX_NEMC_BANK_NAND:
+ nfcsr &= ~NEMC_NFCSR_TNFEn(bank);
+ nfcsr |= NEMC_NFCSR_NFEn(bank);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ writel(nfcsr, nemc->base + NEMC_NFCSR);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(jz4780_nemc_set_type);
+
+/**
+ * jz4780_nemc_assert() - (de-)assert a NAND device's chip enable pin
+ * @dev: child device of the NEMC.
+ * @bank: bank number of device.
+ * @assert: whether the chip enable pin should be asserted.
+ *
+ * (De-)asserts the chip enable pin for the NAND device connected to the
+ * specified bank.
+ */
+void jz4780_nemc_assert(struct device *dev, unsigned int bank, bool assert)
+{
+ struct jz4780_nemc *nemc = dev_get_drvdata(dev->parent);
+ uint32_t nfcsr;
+
+ nfcsr = readl(nemc->base + NEMC_NFCSR);
+
+ if (assert)
+ nfcsr |= NEMC_NFCSR_NFCEn(bank);
+ else
+ nfcsr &= ~NEMC_NFCSR_NFCEn(bank);
+
+ writel(nfcsr, nemc->base + NEMC_NFCSR);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(jz4780_nemc_assert);
+
+static uint32_t jz4780_nemc_clk_period(struct jz4780_nemc *nemc)
+{
+ unsigned long rate;
+
+ rate = clk_get_rate(nemc->clk);
+ if (!rate)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Return in picoseconds. */
+ return div64_ul(1000000000000ull, rate);
+}
+
+static uint32_t jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(struct jz4780_nemc *nemc, uint32_t ns)
+{
+ return ((ns * 1000) + nemc->clk_period - 1) / nemc->clk_period;
+}
+
+static bool jz4780_nemc_configure_bank(struct jz4780_nemc *nemc,
+ unsigned int bank,
+ struct device_node *node)
+{
+ uint32_t smcr, val, cycles;
+
+ /*
+ * Conversion of tBP and tAW cycle counts to values supported by the
+ * hardware (round up to the next supported value).
+ */
+ static const uint32_t convert_tBP_tAW[] = {
+ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
+
+ /* 11 - 12 -> 12 cycles */
+ 11, 11,
+
+ /* 13 - 15 -> 15 cycles */
+ 12, 12, 12,
+
+ /* 16 - 20 -> 20 cycles */
+ 13, 13, 13, 13, 13,
+
+ /* 21 - 25 -> 25 cycles */
+ 14, 14, 14, 14, 14,
+
+ /* 26 - 31 -> 31 cycles */
+ 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15
+ };
+
+ smcr = readl(nemc->base + NEMC_SMCRn(bank));
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_SMT;
+
+ if (!of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-bus-width", &val)) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_BW_MASK;
+ switch (val) {
+ case 8:
+ smcr |= NEMC_SMCR_BW_8;
+ break;
+ default:
+ /*
+ * Earlier SoCs support a 16 bit bus width (the 4780
+ * does not), until those are properly supported, error.
+ */
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "unsupported bus width: %u\n", val);
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-tAS", &val) == 0) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_TAS_MASK;
+ cycles = jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(nemc, val);
+ if (cycles > 15) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "tAS %u is too high (%u cycles)\n",
+ val, cycles);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ smcr |= cycles << NEMC_SMCR_TAS_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-tAH", &val) == 0) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_TAH_MASK;
+ cycles = jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(nemc, val);
+ if (cycles > 15) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "tAH %u is too high (%u cycles)\n",
+ val, cycles);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ smcr |= cycles << NEMC_SMCR_TAH_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-tBP", &val) == 0) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_TBP_MASK;
+ cycles = jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(nemc, val);
+ if (cycles > 31) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "tBP %u is too high (%u cycles)\n",
+ val, cycles);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ smcr |= convert_tBP_tAW[cycles] << NEMC_SMCR_TBP_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-tAW", &val) == 0) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_TAW_MASK;
+ cycles = jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(nemc, val);
+ if (cycles > 31) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "tAW %u is too high (%u cycles)\n",
+ val, cycles);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ smcr |= convert_tBP_tAW[cycles] << NEMC_SMCR_TAW_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(node, "ingenic,nemc-tSTRV", &val) == 0) {
+ smcr &= ~NEMC_SMCR_TSTRV_MASK;
+ cycles = jz4780_nemc_ns_to_cycles(nemc, val);
+ if (cycles > 63) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "tSTRV %u is too high (%u cycles)\n",
+ val, cycles);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ smcr |= cycles << NEMC_SMCR_TSTRV_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ writel(smcr, nemc->base + NEMC_SMCRn(bank));
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int jz4780_nemc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+ struct jz4780_nemc *nemc;
+ struct resource *res;
+ struct device_node *child;
+ const __be32 *prop;
+ unsigned int bank;
+ unsigned long referenced;
+ int i, ret;
+
+ nemc = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*nemc), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&nemc->lock);
+ nemc->dev = dev;
+
+ res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ nemc->base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, res);
+ if (IS_ERR(nemc->base)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to get I/O memory\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(nemc->base);
+ }
+
+ writel(0, nemc->base + NEMC_NFCSR);
+
+ nemc->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(nemc->clk)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to get clock\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(nemc->clk);
+ }
+
+ ret = clk_prepare_enable(nemc->clk);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to enable clock: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ nemc->clk_period = jz4780_nemc_clk_period(nemc);
+ if (!nemc->clk_period) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to calculate clock period\n");
+ clk_disable_unprepare(nemc->clk);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Iterate over child devices, check that they do not conflict with
+ * each other, and register child devices for them. If a child device
+ * has invalid properties, it is ignored and no platform device is
+ * registered for it.
+ */
+ for_each_child_of_node(nemc->dev->of_node, child) {
+ referenced = 0;
+ i = 0;
+ while ((prop = of_get_address(child, i++, NULL, NULL))) {
+ bank = of_read_number(prop, 1);
+ if (bank < 1 || bank >= JZ47XX_NEMC_NUM_BANKS) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev,
+ "%s requests invalid bank %u\n",
+ child->full_name, bank);
+
+ /* Will continue the outer loop below. */
+ referenced = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ referenced |= BIT(bank);
+ }
+
+ if (!referenced) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "%s has no addresses\n",
+ child->full_name);
+ continue;
+ } else if (nemc->banks_present & referenced) {
+ dev_err(nemc->dev, "%s conflicts with another node\n",
+ child->full_name);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* Configure bank parameters. */
+ for_each_set_bit(bank, &referenced, JZ47XX_NEMC_NUM_BANKS) {
+ if (!jz4780_nemc_configure_bank(nemc, bank, child)) {
+ referenced = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (referenced) {
+ if (of_platform_device_create(child, NULL, nemc->dev))
+ nemc->banks_present |= referenced;
+ }
+ }
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, nemc);
+ dev_info(dev, "JZ4780 NEMC initialised\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int jz4780_nemc_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct jz4780_nemc *nemc = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ clk_disable_unprepare(nemc->clk);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id jz4780_nemc_dt_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "ingenic,jz4780-nemc" },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, jz4780_nemc_dt_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver jz4780_nemc_driver = {
+ .probe = jz4780_nemc_probe,
+ .remove = jz4780_nemc_remove,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "jz4780-nemc",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(jz4780_nemc_dt_match),
+ },
+};
+
+static int __init jz4780_nemc_init(void)
+{
+ return platform_driver_register(&jz4780_nemc_driver);
+}
+subsys_initcall(jz4780_nemc_init);
+
+static void __exit jz4780_nemc_exit(void)
+{
+ platform_driver_unregister(&jz4780_nemc_driver);
+}
+module_exit(jz4780_nemc_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Alex Smith <alex@alex-smith.me.uk>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Ingenic JZ4780 NEMC driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/include/linux/jz4780-nemc.h b/include/linux/jz4780-nemc.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e7f1cc7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/jz4780-nemc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+/*
+ * JZ4780 NAND/external memory controller (NEMC)
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2015 Imagination Technologies
+ * Author: Alex Smith <alex@alex-smith.me.uk>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_JZ4780_NEMC_H__
+#define __LINUX_JZ4780_NEMC_H__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct device;
+
+/*
+ * Number of NEMC banks. Note that there are actually 6, but they are numbered
+ * from 1.
+ */
+#define JZ4780_NEMC_NUM_BANKS 7
+
+/**
+ * enum jz4780_nemc_bank_type - device types which can be connected to a bank
+ * @JZ4780_NEMC_BANK_SRAM: SRAM
+ * @JZ4780_NEMC_BANK_NAND: NAND
+ */
+enum jz4780_nemc_bank_type {
+ JZ4780_NEMC_BANK_SRAM,
+ JZ4780_NEMC_BANK_NAND,
+};
+
+extern unsigned int jz4780_nemc_num_banks(struct device *dev);
+
+extern void jz4780_nemc_set_type(struct device *dev, unsigned int bank,
+ enum jz4780_nemc_bank_type type);
+extern void jz4780_nemc_assert(struct device *dev, unsigned int bank,
+ bool assert);
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_JZ4780_NEMC_H__ */
--
1.9.1


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