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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] cgroups: add a pids subsystem
Hi Aleksa,
would you be willing to put your patches online in a repo like what Dwight Engen did 3 years ago.
https://github.com/dwengen/linux/tree/cpuacct-task-limit-3.14

I'm using his patchset for more then a year now. However I would be happy to experiment with your patches as well.

And heaving a public repo from where I can pull is extremely good for people like me. It is easier for testing and long
term support.

Thank you for your work on this matter,
Marian

On 03/04/2015 10:23 PM, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> Adds a new single-purpose pids subsystem to limit the number of
> tasks that can run inside a cgroup. Essentially this is an
> implementation of RLIMIT_NPROC that will applies to a cgroup rather than
> a process tree.
>
> PIDs are fundamentally a global resource, and it is possible to reach
> PID exhaustion inside a cgroup without hitting any reasonable kmemcg
> policy. Once you've hit PID exhaustion, you're only in a marginally
> better state than OOM. This subsystem allows PID exhaustion inside a
> cgroup to be prevented.
>
> Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> ---
> include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h | 4 +
> init/Kconfig | 12 ++
> kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> kernel/cgroup_pids.c | 281 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 298 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 kernel/cgroup_pids.c
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> index e4a96fb..a198822 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
> @@ -47,6 +47,10 @@ SUBSYS(net_prio)
> SUBSYS(hugetlb)
> #endif
>
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_PIDS)
> +SUBSYS(pids)
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * The following subsystems are not supported on the default hierarchy.
> */
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index f5dbc6d..58f104a 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -1054,6 +1054,18 @@ config CGROUP_HUGETLB
> control group is tracked in the third page lru pointer. This means
> that we cannot use the controller with huge page less than 3 pages.
>
> +config CGROUP_PIDS
> + bool "Process number limiting on cgroups"
> + depends on PAGE_COUNTER
> + help
> + This options enables the setting of process number limits in the scope
> + of a cgroup. Any attempt to fork more processes than is allowed in the
> + cgroup will fail. PIDs are fundamentally a global resource because it
> + is fairly trivial to reach PID exhaustion before you reach even a
> + conservative kmemcg limit. As a result, it is possible to grind a
> + system to halt without being limited by other cgroup policies. The pids
> + cgroup subsystem is designed to stop this from happening.
> +
> config CGROUP_PERF
> bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
> depends on PERF_EVENTS && CGROUPS
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index 1408b33..e823592 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST) += backtracetest.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER) += cgroup_freezer.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_PIDS) += cgroup_pids.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UTS_NS) += utsname.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_USER_NS) += user_namespace.o
> diff --git a/kernel/cgroup_pids.c b/kernel/cgroup_pids.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..65cbab3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/cgroup_pids.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,281 @@
> +/*
> + * Process number limiting subsys for cgroups.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2015 Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/atomic.h>
> +#include <linux/cgroup.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +#define PIDS_UNLIMITED -1
> +
> +struct pids {
> + struct pids *parent;
> + struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
> +
> + atomic_long_t counter;
> + long limit;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct pids *css_pids(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
> +{
> + return css ? container_of(css, struct pids, css) : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct pids *task_pids(struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + return css_pids(task_css(task, pids_cgrp_id));
> +}
> +
> +static struct pids *parent_pids(struct pids *pids)
> +{
> + return css_pids(pids->css.parent);
> +}
> +
> +static struct cgroup_subsys_state *
> +pids_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids;
> +
> + pids = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pids), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pids)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + return &pids->css;
> +}
> +
> +static int pids_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> + long limit = -1;
> +
> + pids->parent = parent_pids(pids);
> + if (pids->parent)
> + limit = pids->parent->limit;
> +
> + pids->limit = limit;
> + atomic_long_set(&pids->counter, 0);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void pids_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
> +{
> + kfree(css_pids(css));
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * pids_cancel - uncharge the local pid count
> + * @pids: the pid cgroup state
> + * @num: the number of pids to cancel
> + *
> + * This function will WARN if the pid count goes under 0,
> + * but will not prevent it.
> + */
> +static void pids_cancel(struct pids *pids, int num)
> +{
> + long new;
> +
> + new = atomic_long_sub_return(num, &pids->counter);
> +
> + /*
> + * A negative count is invalid, but pids_cancel() can't fail.
> + * So just emit a WARN.
> + */
> + WARN_ON(new < 0);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * pids_charge - hierarchically uncharge the pid count
> + * @pids: the pid cgroup state
> + * @num: the number of pids to uncharge
> + *
> + * This function will not allow the pid count to go under 0,
> + * and will WARN if a caller attempts to do so.
> + */
> +static void pids_uncharge(struct pids *pids, int num)
> +{
> + struct pids *p;
> +
> + for(p = pids; p; p = p->parent)
> + pids_cancel(p, num);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * pids_charge - hierarchically charge the pid count
> + * @pids: the pid cgroup state
> + * @num: the number of pids to charge
> + *
> + * This function does *not* follow the pid limit set. It will not
> + * fail and the new pid count may exceed the limit.
> + */
> +static void pids_charge(struct pids *pids, int num)
> +{
> + struct pids *p;
> +
> + for(p = pids; p; p = p->parent)
> + atomic_long_add(num, &p->counter);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * pids_try_charge - hierarchically try to charge the pid count
> + * @pids: the pid cgroup state
> + * @num: the number of pids to charge
> + *
> + * This function follows the set limit. It can fail if the charge
> + * would cause the new value to exceed the limit.
> + * Returns 0 if the charge succeded, otherwise -EAGAIN.
> + */
> +static int pids_try_charge(struct pids *pids, int num)
> +{
> + struct pids *p, *fail;
> +
> + for(p = pids; p; p = p->parent) {
> + long new;
> +
> + new = atomic_long_add_return(num, &p->counter);
> +
> + if (p->limit == PIDS_UNLIMITED)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (new > p->limit) {
> + atomic_long_sub(num, &p->counter);
> + fail = p;
> + goto revert;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +revert:
> + for(p = pids; p != fail; p = p->parent)
> + pids_cancel(pids, num);
> +
> + return -EAGAIN;
> +}
> +
> +static int pids_can_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> + unsigned long num_tasks = 0;
> + struct task_struct *task;
> +
> + cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, tset)
> + num_tasks++;
> +
> + /*
> + * Attaching to a cgroup is allowed to overcome the
> + * the PID limit, so that organisation operations aren't
> + * blocked by the `pids` cgroup controller.
> + */
> + pids_charge(pids, num_tasks);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void pids_cancel_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> + unsigned long num_tasks = 0;
> + struct task_struct *task;
> +
> + cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, tset)
> + num_tasks++;
> +
> + pids_uncharge(pids, num_tasks);
> +}
> +
> +static int pids_can_fork(struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = task_pids(task);
> +
> + return pids_try_charge(pids, 1);
> +}
> +
> +static void pids_cancel_fork(struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = task_pids(task);
> +
> + pids_uncharge(pids, 1);
> +}
> +
> +static void pids_exit(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cgroup_subsys_state *old_css,
> + struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(old_css);
> +
> + /*
> + * cgroup_exit() gets called as part of the cleanup code when copy_process()
> + * fails. This should ignored, because the pids_cancel_fork callback already
> + * deals with the cgroup failed fork case.
> + */
> + if (!(task->flags & PF_EXITING))
> + return;
> +
> + pids_uncharge(pids, 1);
> +}
> +
> +static int pids_write_max(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft, s64 val)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> +
> + /* PIDS_UNLIMITED is the only legal negative value. */
> + if (val < 0 && val != PIDS_UNLIMITED)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Limit updates don't need to be mutex'd, since they
> + * are more of a "soft" limit in the sense that you can
> + * set a limit which is smaller than the current count
> + * to stop any *new* processes from spawning.
> + */
> + pids->limit = val;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static s64 pids_read_max(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> +
> + return pids->limit;
> +}
> +
> +static s64 pids_read_current(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> + struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> + struct pids *pids = css_pids(css);
> +
> + return atomic_long_read(&pids->counter);
> +}
> +
> +static struct cftype files[] = {
> + {
> + .name = "max",
> + .write_s64 = pids_write_max,
> + .read_s64 = pids_read_max,
> + },
> + {
> + .name = "current",
> + .read_s64 = pids_read_current,
> + },
> + { } /* terminate */
> +};
> +
> +struct cgroup_subsys pids_cgrp_subsys = {
> + .css_alloc = pids_css_alloc,
> + .css_online = pids_css_online,
> + .css_free = pids_css_free,
> + .can_attach = pids_can_attach,
> + .cancel_attach = pids_cancel_attach,
> + .can_fork = pids_can_fork,
> + .cancel_fork = pids_cancel_fork,
> + .exit = pids_exit,
> + .legacy_cftypes = files,
> + .early_init = 0,
> +};



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