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Subject[PATCHv4 19/24] thp, mm: use migration entries to freeze page counts on split
Date
Currently, we rely on compound_lock() to get page counts stable on
splitting page refcounting. To get it work we also take the lock on
get_page() and put_page() which is hot path.

This patch rework splitting code to setup migration entries to stabilaze
page count/mapcount before distribute refcounts. It means we don't need
to compound lock in get_page()/put_page().

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
include/linux/migrate.h | 3 +
include/linux/mm.h | 1 +
include/linux/pagemap.h | 9 ++-
mm/huge_memory.c | 188 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
mm/internal.h | 26 +++++--
mm/migrate.c | 79 +++++++++++---------
mm/rmap.c | 21 ------
7 files changed, 218 insertions(+), 109 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/migrate.h b/include/linux/migrate.h
index 78baed5f2952..b9bc86c24829 100644
--- a/include/linux/migrate.h
+++ b/include/linux/migrate.h
@@ -43,6 +43,9 @@ extern int migrate_page_move_mapping(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
struct buffer_head *head, enum migrate_mode mode,
int extra_count);
+extern int __remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, struct page *old);
+
#else

static inline void putback_movable_pages(struct list_head *l) {}
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 28aeae6e553b..43a9993f1333 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -981,6 +981,7 @@ extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page);
/* Neutral page->mapping pointer to address_space or anon_vma or other */
static inline void *page_rmapping(struct page *page)
{
+ page = compound_head(page);
return (void *)((unsigned long)page->mapping & ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS);
}

diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
index ad6da4e49555..faef48e04fc4 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
@@ -387,10 +387,17 @@ static inline struct page *read_mapping_page(struct address_space *mapping,
*/
static inline pgoff_t page_to_pgoff(struct page *page)
{
+ pgoff_t pgoff;
+
if (unlikely(PageHeadHuge(page)))
return page->index << compound_order(page);
- else
+
+ if (likely(!PageTransTail(page)))
return page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ pgoff = page->first_page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ pgoff += page - page->first_page;
+ return pgoff;
}

/*
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index f1d88b9059e2..2bc89b2169aa 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>

#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
@@ -1599,7 +1600,7 @@ static void __split_huge_zero_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,


static void __split_huge_pmd_locked(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address)
+ pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, int freeze)
{
unsigned long haddr = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
struct page *page;
@@ -1637,12 +1638,18 @@ static void __split_huge_pmd_locked(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* transferred to avoid any possibility of altering
* permissions across VMAs.
*/
- entry = mk_pte(page + i, vma->vm_page_prot);
- entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
- if (!write)
- entry = pte_wrprotect(entry);
- if (!young)
- entry = pte_mkold(entry);
+ if (freeze) {
+ swp_entry_t swp_entry;
+ swp_entry = make_migration_entry(page + i, write);
+ entry = swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry);
+ } else {
+ entry = mk_pte(page + i, vma->vm_page_prot);
+ entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
+ if (!write)
+ entry = pte_wrprotect(entry);
+ if (!young)
+ entry = pte_mkold(entry);
+ }
pte = pte_offset_map(&_pmd, haddr);
BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
atomic_inc(&page[i]._mapcount);
@@ -1668,7 +1675,7 @@ void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)))
- __split_huge_pmd_locked(vma, pmd, address);
+ __split_huge_pmd_locked(vma, pmd, address, 0);
spin_unlock(ptl);
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
}
@@ -1703,20 +1710,127 @@ static void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
__split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, address);
}

-static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page,
- struct list_head *list)
+static void freeze_page(struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct page *page)
+{
+ struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ pgoff_t pgoff = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ unsigned long addr, haddr;
+ unsigned long mmun_start, mmun_end;
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *start_pte, *pte;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+
+ anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root, pgoff,
+ pgoff + HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1) {
+ vma = avc->vma;
+ haddr = addr = __vma_address(page, vma) & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
+ mmun_start = haddr;
+ mmun_end = haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(vma->vm_mm,
+ mmun_start, mmun_end);
+
+ pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
+ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+ goto next;
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
+ if (!pud_present(*pud))
+ goto next;
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+
+ ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd);
+ if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) {
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ goto next;
+ }
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
+ if (page == pmd_page(*pmd))
+ __split_huge_pmd_locked(vma, pmd, addr, 1);
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ goto next;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+
+ start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
+ pte = start_pte;
+ do {
+ pte_t entry, swp_pte;
+ swp_entry_t swp_entry;
+
+ if (!pte_present(*pte))
+ continue;
+ if (page_to_pfn(page) != pte_pfn(*pte))
+ continue;
+ flush_cache_page(vma, addr, page_to_pfn(page));
+ entry = ptep_clear_flush(vma, addr, pte);
+ swp_entry = make_migration_entry(page,
+ pte_write(entry));
+ swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry);
+ if (pte_soft_dirty(entry))
+ swp_pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(swp_pte);
+ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, pte, swp_pte);
+ } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, page++, addr != mmun_end);
+ pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl);
+next:
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm,
+ mmun_start, mmun_end);
+ }
+}
+
+static void unfreeze_page(struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct page *page)
+{
+ struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
+ pgoff_t pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page);
+ unsigned long addr;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++, pgoff++, page++) {
+ if (!page_mapcount(page))
+ continue;
+
+ anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root,
+ pgoff, pgoff) {
+ addr = vma_address(page, avc->vma);
+ pmd = mm_find_pmd(avc->vma->vm_mm, addr);
+ if (!pmd)
+ continue;
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(avc->vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr,
+ &ptl);
+ __remove_migration_pte(page, avc->vma, addr,
+ ptep, page);
+
+ /*
+ * remove_migration_pte() adds page to rmap, but we
+ * didn't remove it on freeze_page().
+ * Let's fix it up here.
+ */
+ page_remove_rmap(page, false);
+ put_page(page);
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma,
+ struct page *page, struct list_head *list)
{
int i;
struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
struct lruvec *lruvec;
int tail_mapcount = 0;

+ freeze_page(anon_vma, page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_mapcount(page), page);
+
/* prevent PageLRU to go away from under us, and freeze lru stats */
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);

- compound_lock(page);
-
/*
* We cannot split pinned THP page: we expect page count to be equal
* to sum of mapcount of all sub-pages plus one (split_huge_page()
@@ -1732,8 +1846,8 @@ static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page,
tail_mapcount += page_mapcount(page + i);
if (tail_mapcount != page_count(page) - 1) {
BUG_ON(tail_mapcount > page_count(page) - 1);
- compound_unlock(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+ unfreeze_page(anon_vma, page);
return -EBUSY;
}

@@ -1780,6 +1894,7 @@ static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page,
(1L << PG_mlocked) |
(1L << PG_uptodate) |
(1L << PG_active) |
+ (1L << PG_locked) |
(1L << PG_unevictable)));
page_tail->flags |= (1L << PG_dirty);

@@ -1805,12 +1920,14 @@ static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page,
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ANON_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGES, -1);

ClearPageCompound(page);
- compound_unlock(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

+ unfreeze_page(anon_vma, page);
+
for (i = 1; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
struct page *page_tail = page + i;
BUG_ON(page_count(page_tail) <= 0);
+ unlock_page(page_tail);
/*
* Tail pages may be freed if there wasn't any mapping
* like if add_to_swap() is running on a lru page that
@@ -1839,14 +1956,13 @@ static int __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page,
int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list)
{
struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
- struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
- pgoff_t pgoff = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
int i, tail_mapcount;
- int ret = -EBUSY;
+ int ret;

BUG_ON(is_huge_zero_page(page));
BUG_ON(!PageAnon(page));
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+ BUG_ON(PageTail(page));

/*
* The caller does not necessarily hold an mmap_sem that would prevent
@@ -1856,17 +1972,18 @@ int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list)
* against parallel split or collapse operations.
*/
anon_vma = page_get_anon_vma(page);
- if (!anon_vma)
+ if (!anon_vma) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
goto out;
+ }
anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma);

+ BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
if (!PageCompound(page)) {
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock;
}

- BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
-
/*
* Racy check if __split_huge_page_refcount() can be successful, before
* splitting PMDs.
@@ -1880,40 +1997,13 @@ int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list)
goto out_unlock;
}

- anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root, pgoff, pgoff) {
- struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma;
- unsigned long addr = vma_address(page, vma);
- spinlock_t *ptl;
- pmd_t *pmd;
- unsigned long haddr = addr & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
- unsigned long mmun_start; /* For mmu_notifiers */
- unsigned long mmun_end; /* For mmu_notifiers */
-
- mmun_start = haddr;
- mmun_end = haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(vma->vm_mm,
- mmun_start, mmun_end);
- pmd = page_check_address_pmd(page, vma->vm_mm, addr, &ptl);
- if (pmd) {
- __split_huge_pmd_locked(vma, pmd, addr);
- spin_unlock(ptl);
- }
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm,
- mmun_start, mmun_end);
- }
-
- BUG_ON(compound_mapcount(page));
- ret = __split_huge_page_refcount(page, list);
+ ret = __split_huge_page_refcount(anon_vma, page, list);
BUG_ON(!ret && PageCompound(page));
-
out_unlock:
anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma);
put_anon_vma(anon_vma);
out:
- if (ret)
- count_vm_event(THP_SPLIT_PAGE_FAILED);
- else
- count_vm_event(THP_SPLIT_PAGE);
+ count_vm_event(!ret ? THP_SPLIT_PAGE : THP_SPLIT_PAGE_FAILED);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 67017c32dfba..07ffd9fe0728 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@

#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>

void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma,
unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling);
@@ -263,10 +264,27 @@ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page)

extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma);

-#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
-extern unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page,
- struct vm_area_struct *vma);
-#endif
+/*
+ * At what user virtual address is page expected in @vma?
+ */
+static inline unsigned long
+__vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ pgoff_t pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page);
+ return vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long
+vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ unsigned long address = __vma_address(page, vma);
+
+ /* page should be within @vma mapping range */
+ VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end, vma);
+
+ return address;
+}
+
#else /* !CONFIG_MMU */
static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { }
static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { }
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 91a67029bb18..dbc4fc974464 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -102,45 +102,24 @@ void putback_movable_pages(struct list_head *l)
/*
* Restore a potential migration pte to a working pte entry
*/
-static int remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long addr, void *old)
+int __remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep,
+ struct page *old_page)
{
- struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
swp_entry_t entry;
- pmd_t *pmd;
- pte_t *ptep, pte;
- spinlock_t *ptl;
-
- if (unlikely(PageHuge(new))) {
- ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, addr);
- if (!ptep)
- goto out;
- ptl = huge_pte_lockptr(hstate_vma(vma), mm, ptep);
- } else {
- pmd = mm_find_pmd(mm, addr);
- if (!pmd)
- goto out;
-
- ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
+ pte_t pte;

- /*
- * Peek to check is_swap_pte() before taking ptlock? No, we
- * can race mremap's move_ptes(), which skips anon_vma lock.
- */
-
- ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
- }
-
- spin_lock(ptl);
pte = *ptep;
- if (!is_swap_pte(pte))
- goto unlock;
+ if (!is_swap_pte(pte)) {
+ return SWAP_AGAIN;
+ }

entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);

if (!is_migration_entry(entry) ||
- migration_entry_to_page(entry) != old)
- goto unlock;
+ migration_entry_to_page(entry) != old_page) {
+ return SWAP_AGAIN;
+ }

get_page(new);
pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, vma->vm_page_prot));
@@ -158,7 +137,7 @@ static int remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
#endif
flush_dcache_page(new);
- set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
+ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte);

if (PageHuge(new)) {
if (PageAnon(new))
@@ -172,9 +151,41 @@ static int remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, ptep);
-unlock:
+ return SWAP_AGAIN;
+}
+
+static int remove_migration_pte(struct page *new, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, void *old)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (unlikely(PageHuge(new))) {
+ ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, addr);
+ if (!ptep)
+ return SWAP_AGAIN;
+ ptl = huge_pte_lockptr(hstate_vma(vma), mm, ptep);
+ } else {
+ pmd = mm_find_pmd(mm, addr);
+ if (!pmd)
+ return SWAP_AGAIN;
+
+ ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
+
+ /*
+ * Peek to check is_swap_pte() before taking ptlock? No, we
+ * can race mremap's move_ptes(), which skips anon_vma lock.
+ */
+
+ ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
+ }
+
+ spin_lock(ptl);
+ ret = __remove_migration_pte(new, vma, addr, ptep, old);
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
-out:
return SWAP_AGAIN;
}

diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index eb2f4a0d3961..2dc26770d1d3 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -554,27 +554,6 @@ void page_unlock_anon_vma_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
}

/*
- * At what user virtual address is page expected in @vma?
- */
-static inline unsigned long
-__vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
-{
- pgoff_t pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page);
- return vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
-}
-
-inline unsigned long
-vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
-{
- unsigned long address = __vma_address(page, vma);
-
- /* page should be within @vma mapping range */
- VM_BUG_ON_VMA(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end, vma);
-
- return address;
-}
-
-/*
* At what user virtual address is page expected in vma?
* Caller should check the page is actually part of the vma.
*/
--
2.1.4


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