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Subject[PATCH] kvm: mmu: lazy collapse small sptes into large sptes
Date
There are two scenarios for the requirement of collapsing small sptes
into large sptes.
- dirty logging tracks sptes in 4k granularity, so large sptes are splitted,
the large sptes will be reallocated in the destination machine and the
guest in the source machine will be destroyed when live migration successfully.
However, the guest in the source machine will continue to run if live migration
fail due to some reasons, the sptes still keep small which lead to bad
performance.
- our customers write tools to track the dirty speed of guests by EPT D bit/PML
in order to determine the most appropriate one to be live migrated, however
sptes will still keep small after tracking dirty speed.

This patch introduce lazy collapse small sptes into large sptes, the memory region
will be scanned on the ioctl context when dirty log is stopped, the ones which can
be collapsed into large pages will be dropped during the scan, it depends the on
later #PF to reallocate all large sptes.

Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 5 ++++
3 files changed, 73 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index a236e39..73de5d3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -859,6 +859,8 @@ void kvm_mmu_set_mask_ptes(u64 user_mask, u64 accessed_mask,
void kvm_mmu_reset_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
+void kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_sptes(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
void kvm_mmu_slot_leaf_clear_dirty(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
void kvm_mmu_slot_largepage_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
index cee7592..d25ced1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
@@ -4465,6 +4465,72 @@ void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
}

+static int kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_spte(struct kvm *kvm,
+ unsigned long *rmapp)
+{
+ u64 *sptep;
+ struct rmap_iterator iter;
+ int need_tlb_flush = 0;
+ pfn_t pfn;
+ struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
+
+ for (sptep = rmap_get_first(*rmapp, &iter); sptep;) {
+ BUG_ON(!(*sptep & PT_PRESENT_MASK));
+
+ sp = page_header(__pa(sptep));
+ pfn = spte_to_pfn(*sptep);
+ if (sp->role.direct &&
+ !kvm_is_reserved_pfn(pfn) &&
+ PageTransCompound(pfn_to_page(pfn))) {
+ drop_spte(kvm, sptep);
+ need_tlb_flush = 1;
+ }
+ sptep = rmap_get_next(&iter);
+ }
+
+ return need_tlb_flush;
+}
+
+void kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_sptes(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
+{
+ bool flush = false;
+ unsigned long *rmapp;
+ unsigned long last_index, index;
+ gfn_t gfn_start, gfn_end;
+
+ spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
+
+ gfn_start = memslot->base_gfn;
+ gfn_end = memslot->base_gfn + memslot->npages - 1;
+
+ if (gfn_start >= gfn_end)
+ goto out;
+
+ rmapp = memslot->arch.rmap[0];
+ last_index = gfn_to_index(gfn_end, memslot->base_gfn,
+ PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
+
+ for (index = 0; index <= last_index; ++index, ++rmapp) {
+ if (*rmapp)
+ flush |= kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_spte(kvm, rmapp);
+
+ if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(&kvm->mmu_lock)) {
+ if (flush) {
+ kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
+ flush = false;
+ }
+ cond_resched_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (flush)
+ kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
+}
+
void kvm_mmu_slot_leaf_clear_dirty(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index c5f7e03..6037389 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -7618,6 +7618,11 @@ void kvm_arch_commit_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm,
/* It's OK to get 'new' slot here as it has already been installed */
new = id_to_memslot(kvm->memslots, mem->slot);

+ if ((change != KVM_MR_DELETE) &&
+ (old->flags & KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES) &&
+ !(new->flags & KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES))
+ kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_sptes(kvm, new);
+
/*
* Set up write protection and/or dirty logging for the new slot.
*
--
1.9.1


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